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Oranur and Paranormal Phenomena – Part One

Oranur and Paranormal Phenomena – Part One

Part One: An Oranur Medium

Authors: Nik Hayes and Leon Southgate MSc

Reviewer’s Comment:

In the present papers the authors propose that an Oranur field is the basis of most, if not all paranormal phenomena. In the first part of the series they provide some evidence for the above assertion by making reference to a robust literature review where the occurrence of paranormal phenomena can be interpreted as the consequence of higher-than-average orgone energy concentrations in Oranur (the highly excited state of the energy). As the authors establish, the high concentration of orgone energy, can be triggered or excited into the Oranur state by using a radioactive source, or even by consciousness. The second part of the series includes a collection of pictures taken by the authors with an Infra-Red (IR) camera (with no flash) when a sudden and momentous increase of radioactivity occurred (a typical indication of an Oranur field) in a certain location. To the naked eye nothing was seen during these shots but the pictures revealed forms that could not be addressed to a simple mechanical artefact, or to particular concomitant phenomena during the shot (as the flash was absent). The authors hypothesised that the possible bio-forms observed in the pictures were high orgone energy concentrations in its Oranur (highly excited) state quickly moving in space. According to what is reported by the authors, it might be inferred that our sky could be teeming with such bio-forms that are simply manifesting with qualities that are not perceptible to the naked human eye.
Such contributions complement the previous ones recently published by Southgate in JPOT in which he found that an Oranur field at various degrees of excitation can be considered as a fundamental quality to understand the perception of time (thus evidencing the importance of an Oranur field in the economy and understanding of still obscure and difficult to explain phenomena).


In Part One it is explored how oranur, or energised orgone, a type of subtle energy, may be associated both with consciousness and also with paranormal types of phenomena. A theoretical background supporting this hypothesis is presented. Historical evidence and past research that may illustrate such a connection is also discussed.

Part Two will explore unusual phenomena that Southgate and Hayes have photographed during their oranur-associated research. This involves Southgate’s oranur experiment in 2017 and Hayes’ ongoing work with Constable’s claimed orgonotic bio-forms. The similarity and unusual nature of the evidence will be explored.


In the Orgone Continuum (1) it was argued that it would be understandable that orgone itself, the life-force or subtle energy that Wilhelm Reich discovered, may indeed possess consciousness. It may have awareness without the need of a material body. Both philosophically, and with respect to evidence in other fields, such as acupuncture, healing and orgone psychotherapy, it was noted that such might be a coherent position (2).

Hayes and Southgate’s previous joint papers (3) demonstrate that possible living orgonotic entities, termed bio-forms by Trevor Constable in Cosmic Pulse of Life, have good quality evidence supporting their existence. This is from multiple countries, a good number of researchers and over some decades. The main researchers are Constable 1957 – 1975, the Italian team, GRCU, 1976 – to the mid-1980s and Hayes’ work from 2010 through to the present day.

The existence of material boundaries seems to be a characteristic, but not necessarily a prerequisite, of the living. That a portion of orgone plasma may possess consciousness, without material boundary, supports the view that the wider universal field may also have its own awareness. The plasmatic entities seen by Hayes and others still have an energetic membrane presumably, as its outer edges can be perceived under certain conditions.

The term oranur derives from ‘ORgone Against NUcleaR’. Reich, always fond of acronyms, coined this term when he found a new type of energy after exposing a highly concentrated orgone field to a small amount of radium in 1951 (4). Oranur is concentrated, excited orgone. The fastest way to excite orgone is through radioactivity but there are other methods too, such as mechanical or electrical stimulation of a concentrated orgone field. Consciousness itself may also act as an exciting factor. Indeed, it would be strange it if did not, if orgone possesses consciousness as postulated. Orgone has three main states of existence: primary, dynamic orgone, DOR or Deadly Orgone and oranur or excited orgone.

With the concept of aether, the Victorians were familiar with the view of an underlying, universal energy that may have spiritual or consciousness aspects. It is possible that a view that aether exists partly led to the strong Victorian interest in spiritual phenomena. The Victorians appeared to believe that the spiritual and the material were conjoined at the most basic level. This unified view of reality was obfuscated with the rise of modern relativity and quantum mechanical physics. On a practical level it was also assumed that the aether was thoroughly debunked from around the late 19th century. Modern physics thus became all about two extremes: either material/energetic ‘particles’ or transcendental ‘nothingness’.

However, this modern duality may well not be the case in reality. Aether could be existent but merely sidelined for political rather than scientific reasons. The ‘nothingness’ juggernauts of relativity and quantum mechanics would not easily be derailed (what the scientist Demeo called ‘empty space’ theories). There is good quality evidence for the existence of aether which may surpass the evidence given for its dismissal by Michelson and Morley, as Demeo describes (5).

Some of that evidence is actually from Michelson himself. The very person most quoted as disproving aether believed he had later evidenced it. But he was not the only one. Another physicist and student of Michelson, Miller, provided perhaps the best quality evidence for aether. It should be noted though, that both orgone and aether are potentially compatible with modern quantum field theories. These theories view the field as primary and particles as a secondary condensation. The condensation-particle of orgone/aether might be the electron or some other sub-atomic particle. Aether or orgone could be viewed as a primary quantum field.

Oranur as a Medium for Paranormal Phenomena

When considering the causative factors for paranormal phenomena researchers understandably tend to stay within the confines of currently accepted physics. Paranormal occurrences are considered to be either purely spiritual in nature (akin to the empty space ‘nothingness’ of modern physics) or perhaps to be entirely electro-magnetic (‘particulate’ based). There is nothing in-between these two extremes except an intangible, unknown consciousness ‘field’. This is an ‘energy’ that cannot be measured physically but inexplicably affects everything, albeit subtly. Often in paranormal research, Faraday cages are used in order to exclude the possibility of the unusual phenomena being electro-magnetic. However, a Faraday cage itself acts as a partial ORgone ACcumulator (or ORAC), according to Reich (6).

The paranormal phenomena generally turns out to be unaffected by electro-magnetic shielding in the majority of cases. However, most experimenters still strive to demonstrate that electrical effects are not causing any phenomena they observe. So the electrical shielding is partly an attempt to gain validity in the eyes of conventional science and not something arrived at due to empirical factors in paranormal research. The mainstream scientific establishment does not want to understand paranormal phenomena however so no amount of evidence would persuade it. There are already libraries full of such material. Edgar Cayce, the phenomenal and highly documented medical psychic, alone puts such phenomena beyond reasonable doubt, at least in Southgate’s view. Hayes has seen enough paranormal phenomena, and researched it personally, not to doubt its existence and he is aware it possesses a psychic dimension (bio-forms seem to know he is there). Practically speaking though, evidence of the paranormal kind may even be enhanced by electrical shielding (although this is not usually considered).

Dr William Tiller

Some of the strongest evidence for consciousness or even paranormal phenomena comes from Dr William Tiller of Stanford University. His set-ups are unusual in that they are particularly ‘quantitative’ in their approach to psychic phenomena. His experiments, from an orgonomic perspective, appear almost designed to enhance an oranur field. For example, in one experiment he had used both Faraday cages and aluminium foil wraps in the experimental design. The samples were therefore orgonotically charged but this was not all. He made sure he had a number of strong and practised psychic influencers working together to charge up the experimental devices. They were physiologically checked to be in an ideal state to influence objects. This appears to be taking into account a quantitative aspect to the psychic imprinting (as also noted by the Russian researcher, Kozyrev) (7).

Unusually for psychic experiments Tiller got highly significant, strongly repeatable results for psychokinesis effects (8). He was measuring a robust, tangible effect, in this case of a mentally-influenced electronic device and its influence upon biological samples. It was not a deeply hidden effect that needed teasing out. Tiller took an electronic device, orgone charged it within a Faraday cage and in addition stored it within aluminium foil wraps (further increasing the orgone charge). Next, he imprinted the device with strongly quantitative consciousness information (four psychic influencers in peak physiological state). He then stored the device as before in their metal coverings: aluminium foil wraps inside metal Faraday cages. The given rationale would have been to thoroughly exclude electromechanical (EM) effects but the effect would have been to orgone charge. When the electronic device was finally switched on experimentally, presumably it had a small electrical current running through it in order to ‘broadcast’ the imprinted information (Tiller’s words). The current would have excited the residual orgone field thus creating an electro-oranur effect (about which very little is known). Tiller does not mention much about the electrical input in his reports. So altogether it appears that he is, consciously or otherwise, using various aspects of orgone as a quantitative psychic energy. Consciousness is here being treated in a quantitative manner as though it was in some way similar to a substance.

Tiller also found that a camera energised with subtle energy from a practitioner’s body could take pictures through the lens shutter (9). Reich also took very early energy pictures of orgone clouding on photographic plates and demonstrated that orgone cannot be fully shielded (10). He was aware that something other than light could affect light-sensitive plates or films. Hayes has also seen non-lens effects in bio-form pictures (11) and such is described in part two of this series. Tiller appeared to know that this subtle energy field was quantitative but also that it dissipated slowly over time. It is acquired gradually and fades gradually – both well known orgonotic characteristics. He even used a meditation room which was basically a strong orgone room, being metal-lined like Reich’s orgone room at Orgonon or Demeo’s orgone room at Orgonelab in Oregon.

Tiller modified a Geiger Muller tube to produce a Gas Ionisation tube device. This is similar to Reich’s work where he modified a Geiger Muller tube to produce the orgone vacuum tubes (termed VACOR tubes by Reich). Tiller found that his tubes (which registered anomalous electron discharges) were affected by the mind. Again, Tiller’s experiments with these tubes would have utilised both orgone (storage in Faraday cages, usage in an ‘orgone’ room) and oranur effects (voltage applied to an orgone field). Much of the electrical equipment was situated within what was in effect an orgone room. The energy charge must have been very high. Glass (as used in the tubes) is also one of the best dielectric condensing materials for orgone as shown by Reich’s Geiger counter and orgone motor research.

It is documented that Tiller was informed about orgonomy in 1994 by a Dr Roger Taylor, a colleague of the well-known British UFO researcher, Collins (12). Tiller was probably aware prior to this however. Tiller evidenced that strong conscious intention (from four experienced meditation experts), simultaneously imprinted onto an electronic device will subsequently alter cell cultures. It does this according to the conscious intention selected (which was usually suppression or enhancement of standard biological effects in the cell samples). The experimental process can also demonstrate changes at a distance to the experimental test tubes. Additionally, the laboratory where the experiment is undertaken appears to gain some kind of semi-permanent field effect after time. In other words, an area of unusual effects is created by continual experimentation in that locale. Again this is a known orgone effect as Hayes can attest to after doing much experimentation in the same area with cloudbusters and bio-form attraction. Southgate is also familiar with such an orgone field effect on an environment from the oranur cabinet. Tiller’s device and cultures were kept in Faraday cages, which are in effect orgone accumulators, though relatively weak ones.

Tiller certainly seems to know of a ‘quantitative’ effect of consciousness and of some kind of non-electro-magnetic energetic effect. It is not a simple matter to get highly statistically significant results showing a direct effect of consciousness upon matter. Southgate believes Tiller was successful and gained significant results because he incorporated oranur aspects of consciousness into his research methods. Perhaps consciousness is indeed inseparable from a subtle energy as Tiller now believes. Southgate considers that consciousness is not directly associated with either electro-magnetic effects or a non-physical, purely spiritual field. Consciousness could rather be an aspect of a physical entity which can be measured and accumulated. Therefore if one concentrates the oranur one will concentrate the paranormal effects. Southgate believes that Tiller may be aware of this subtle energy principle and that is why his statistical significance levels are so strong.

Researchers such as Jahn and Radin of PEAR labs (13) on the other hand also showed that the mind can influence materiality directly. Their experiments mostly used intention to influence random event generators (REGs). They demonstrated definite effects of the mind over matter (through a departure from random in the REGs. However, perhaps because, unlike Tiller, they were not able to incorporate the apparently quantitative aspects of consciousness, they had to rely on large numbers of data points to extract the effects. This does not diminish that those effects were real and were meticulously demonstrated over many years of research. It is just that without a quantitative approach to consciousness the effects were necessarily not as strong and therefore required a lot of statistical power to illuminate.

It appears that Tiller was aware of subtle energies since at least the mid 1970s. Gerber provides an in-depth overview of the subtle energy maps Tiller elucidates (14). It is not a coincidence that Tiller, Southgate and Hayes, and Russian researchers, such as Kozyrev have all been lead toward similar views of consciousness and paranormal phenomena.

Time Storms and Oranur

An author and researcher, Jenny Randles, has investigated strange occurrences wherein an energy ball appears and effects time or dislocates people and vehicles in space (15). Much of Randle’s descriptions lends itself to considering that the energy concentrations described are of an oranur nature. Many of the descriptions would be familiar to readers of Reich’s Oranur experiment (16). Additionally, if time itself is analogous to the movement of subtle energy, and energy possesses consciousness (as orgone) then a super concentration of oranur would logically affect time itself, as Southgate has argued elsewhere (17). Randles however proposed that the strange time anomalies she reports were caused by some kind of natural warp or tear in the space-time continuum that Einstein has described. The events reported by Randles typically involved a foggy, illuminated cloud appearing at ground level and being associated with time-slips, relocation, property and bodily effects.

Following are some of the phenomena Randles noted. The classifications are according to orgonomic principles:

Oranur-like Overcharge

• Burns.
• Sunburn.
• Headaches.
• Nausea.
• Rashes.
• Hot Feelings.
• Water Consumed.
• Effects upon Eyes.
• Red/Purple Coloured.
• Illuminated Cloud (indicating power source).
• Foggy.


• Skin Tingles/Goosebumps.
• Hair on End.
• Engines Shorted.


• Sense of being Watched.
• Wooziness.

Southgate believes that if the above phenomena are indeed time-slips they would likely have an oranur basis and could therefore be both natural and artificial in causation (with the common functioning principle being a substantial increase in oranur energy).

Ark of Covenant

The Ark of the Covenant of the ancient Hebrews was known to have many paranormal effects, as detailed in the Bible and elsewhere.

These include:
• Levitation.
• Weather Changes.
• Glowing Clouds.
• Creation of Matter (Manna). (Manna is indirectly associated with the Ark through the cloud that accompanied both the Lord of the Old Testament and the Ark – see Isaacs, Talking With God. See also Exodus 16:34. Reich too had noted the creation of matter from orgone in Experiment XX).
• Destruction of Matter (Walls of Jericho).
• Transmutation of Matter (the gold-based consumable, spiritual-enhancing white powder, possibly monatomic gold).
• Spirit Communication.
• Energy Discharges.
• Time Changes.
• Biological Effects.

This energy of the Ark was also known by the Hebrews to speed up time. The Ark was thought to enhance animal and human fertility and boost fruit ripening and plant growth (18). The Ark’s energy source was almost certainly oranur being an orgone box activated by a mysterious small substance or stone. This activating agent was the shamir according to Maglione or the schethiya according to Gardner. In addition, the Rabbi Isaacs recognises that the Ark was highly radioactive though he was not aware of oranur when he wrote his book on the subject (19). Perhaps the Ark itself hints at time travel. It appears in the Bible both before it is constructed in the narrative and after it has become unknown to the Hebrews (Exodus 16:34 and Revelation 11:9 respectively).

Reich described ‘gremlins’ occurring around the oranur experiment, things being moved mysteriously (20). Also UFOs were highly attracted to oranur. Reich, Demeo, Eden and others all had UFO experiences linked to cloudbusters (21). UFO’s are inextricably linked to orgone it would appear. Reich thought they were propelled by orgone or oranur as there are many similarities between the claimed orgone motor and UFO propulsion, such as silent running, cold propulsion and sudden changes in direction, defying inertial limitations (22). In addition, the paranormal aspect of many phenomena, such as telepathic contact, spiritual experiences, time slips and the remembering of past lives is bound up to UFOs through contactee experiences. For more on this see Rodwell’s well-written and fascinating accounts (23). So indirectly, a strong link already exists between oranur and paranormal phenomena in the shape of UFO-connected phenomena.

Torsion Fields

Russian subtle energy research also supports a connection between oranur and paranormal effects. There are many papers examining what has been termed torsion fields or torsion energy by Russian professors, such as Kozyrev and others, including researchers at Moscow University examining consciousness and torsion fields in the 1990s (24). Torsion fields are unable to be shielded, have biological effects and create a change in temperature. The Russian Torsion temperature experiments excluded the effects being thermal or mechanical in causation. These effects are also well known characteristics of orgone including non-shielding, rise in temperature (To-T) and biological associations (25). In addition, metal-lined enclosures, called Kozyrev Mirrors, are used to concentrate the torsion fields. This is very similar to Reich’s orgone accumulators. It appears that torsion fields and orgone are quite possibly the same energy.

Kozyrev’s views on time developed from his understanding of an energy underlying reality which initiates movement (manifesting in subtle torsion or twisting fields). He came to see time as identical to, or an aspect of this subtle energy. Time being an energetic phenomena is similar to Southgate’s views on time (26). Time therein being the flow of consciousness (which in turn is the flow of orgone). There is no such thing as non-time in Southgate’s view as this would imply a state of non-energy and non-consciousness. In Kozyrev’s view time is allied with a subtle energy which in turn affects time and consciousness. Move the torsion field therefore and one also moves time and perception. On a side-note, some in the USSR were familiar with orgonomy right from its outset. The Kremlin ordered copies of orgonomic literature in the 1940s. The Soviets also reportedly had ORACs in hospitals at this time. Reich believed the first orgone motors may have ended up in the USSR possibly via a student, Washington, who had worked for Reich in 1948 (27).

Orgone research has much it could learn from present day Russian studies. Many physical effects of subtle fields have been outlined which are as yet unknown within orgonomy. One such is the effect of torsion fields upon very subtle mechanical devices (torsion detectors) or upon the rate of quartz pulsation (28). Torsion fields are known to be associated with consciousness and paranormal effects. It is also known to Russian researchers that the stronger the torsion field is (and the weaker the background electromagnetic field) the greater the psychic effects obtained. Reich viewed orgonotic forces as primary (orgone, oranur) and electromagnetic forces as secondary (particles/electrical forces). These two sets of forces being antithetical, though ultimately derived from a common source (the orgone). A ‘torsion field psychic-enhancement’ versus an ‘electromagnetic psychic-suppression’ effect would therefore be supported by orgonomy (certainly if orgone and consciousness are unitary).

If oranur is an excitation of the conscious orgone, then one would expect paranormal phenomena to be related to it. The more such energy one has, the more psychic effects one would expect. Wilcock, who became somewhat of an expert on Russian torsion field research believes there are somewhere in the region of 10,000 Russian language papers on torsion fields, though many remain classified or untranslated (29).

Southgate has made a modified torsion detector for use with oranur. It uses a gold plated acupuncture needle that has been oranur charged for some days (gold is shown historically to be the best accumulating material and oranur charging the needle may further enhance any effects). The needle is suspended on a thread at a balancing point on the handle area (near the midpoint of the needle) in a plastic cylinder jar.

One can gets one’s orgone field strong by breathing and then point a finger at Point A (see Figure 1) a few millimetres from the sharp tip of the needle in line with the angle of the needle horizontally. Then await a tingling sensation. Next slowly move the finger left and right horizontally. If the energy charge is good the needle will follow the finger by a few degrees perhaps. On a good day the needle can be made to bounce sideways by a small amount. It works more easily when there is clear sunny weather. Sometimes the effect is enhanced when the other hand is cupped around the other side of the cylinder (without touching it). The needle will also react in the same way to orgone compounds (orgonite) particularly if there is a sharp tip that can be pointed at the sharp end of the gold needle in the device. The large oranur acupuncture tube which is stored in Southgate’s oranur box creates a deflection more easily, up to approximately 20 degrees laterally. The gold needles are commercially bought ordinary surgical steel acupuncture needles that have been electro-plated with gold.

There are videos of Russian torsion detection devices reacting to the energy field from a person’s hands. It was one of these devices that Southgate adapted so that it would be sensitive enough to react to an oranur tube (30). An orgone acupuncture or oranur tube is based on Bernd Senf’s work and is a metal pipe surrounded by hundreds of layers of plastic and aluminium foil sheeting. The one used is approximately 2 foot long by 6 inches in diameter and has been oranur charged. The layering material overhangs the inner metal tube by an inch or so with mostly the non-magnetic aluminium and plastic being at the front open end of the tube. The other end of the tube is closed by the layering material.

That the adapted torsion meter may react to oranur indicates that the two energies are possibly the same. The tube was tested for electrical charge and none was found. That the meter also reacts (at times) to bodily orgone indicates that it is likely not a magnetic effect. The finger used was tested for static charge using a thin piece of tissue and none was found. A magnet will deflect the needle sharply but the oranur or body orgone on the other hand seems to form an invisible ‘bridge’ which then ‘pulls’ the needle when the oranur source is moved slowly horizontally. This ‘bridge’ can actually be felt tingling on the end of one’s fingertip. This aspect is not entirely simple however as strong orgone charges will also deflect a magnetic needle, the relationship between magnetism and oranur is still unclear. Southgate thinks that magnetism may even be a kind of molecular orgone flow.

Figure 1 – Adapted Torsion Detector


Additionally there is a device known as an Egely Wheel from Hungary, which is similar to a torsion meter in principle and is used to measure subtle energy flow from the hands. This lightweight wheel moves according to the flow of energy from a person’s hands. This device has been shown previously to react to oranur (31). Recently it has been found that placing the wheel at the periphery of a strong oranur field (on the outside surface or near to the outside surface of the oranur box at peak charge) is the most conducive position to obtaining movement of the device solely through the action of the oranur field. This is additional evidence that torsion fields and oranur are similar.

Intention Research

The intention experiments cited by McTaggart, the author of ‘The Field’ and a researcher who does not usually mention orgone or aether, has reported on the quantitative aspects of consciousness research, albeit indirectly. She notes that when people are gathered together in one place (in order to have an intention effect) it is stronger than when the participants are spread out across the world and only connected via the internet. In other words being materially present together in a group boosts the effects. Southgate would argue that the boosting effect is because the orgone energy fields of the participants are enhancing each other and combining as one field such as one might find in a place of worship or at a concert (32).

Neolithic Monuments

It is quite probable that Newgrange and similar Neolithic monuments were oranur energy psychic-enhancement devices. As Comerford describes in his detailed book, the huge mound structure at Newgrange in Ireland is composed of layered material as in an ORAC but using turfs, dry stones and a kerbstone insulator. Some stone and granite materials are also known to have low levels of radioactivity, so some degree of oranur effect might also be naturally afforded (as also in the Giza Pyramids). It is known from excavations that the mound was layered with organic and inorganic materials exactly as in an ORAC (33). In addition, the mound being underneath the ground surface would shield from EMF fields and thus amplify subtle energy fields – perfect for psychic enhancement effects. In comparison to the size of the mound the inner chamber is quite small. It would probably be quite an intense experience being inside this chamber for some time.

Famous Paranormal Events

In the claimed events of the infamous Philadelphia Experiment the US Navy’s invisibility efforts were said to have inadvertently caused time and dimensional shifts with devastating effects. Al Bielek, who states to have been involved in the work, related how the whole project was greatly rushed due to the pressures of attacks on shipping by U-Boats during WW2. Initial successes were not treated with the caution warranted but huge leaps were made before the process was understood. Again, the energies in general seem to have a strong oranur component. The key detail from this point of view was that Bielek claimed that the old-style thick steel decks on WW2-era warships protected those on the lower decks from suffering the full effects that those on the upper decks experienced. Steel decks would deflect orgone and oranur more effectively than modern lighter-weight alloys (orgone cannot be completely shielded but it can be impeded or deflected to some extent by very dense materials). Also those who were moderately affected could be treated later using hands-on healing, Bielek stated. This suggests that something went wrong with an energy which is also biological in nature like oranur (34). Bielek makes no references to orgone in this piece and is unlikely to be aware of these associations.


Jessica Jones is an American remote viewer and big foot (Sasquatch) researcher. In one expedition she led a team which saw a cube-shaped portal appearing in a dense, remote wood which had very strange effects. Heat signatures for the proximity disappeared, the environment within the immediate area of the cube portal completely changed, a black velvet-like sensory curtain appeared which marked off the area. The cube shrank, and then moved away and disappeared. Jones noted that radiation effects always appear near paranormal phenomena. This indicates charged particle flux (which is an effect of oranur). It sounds like the radiation was extremely high near the cube: two of the team got sick in the year afterwards. She notes that UFOs, strange lightning effects, orbs, and big foot appearances are always accompanied by a spike of such radiation (35).

Crop Circles

It is commonly reported that spending time within crop circles can cause strange physical and mental effects. Barnes, who lives in the North West of England and seems to regularly see UFOs, reports that as a young man he used to go to crop circles in Wiltshire. He would often feel strange energies within these formations and one time, when he meditated within a circle, he later found that he was affected by unusual skin rashes, very itchy with red blotches, which persisted for some days (36). Barnes may have seen a UFO later that day (he was staying in the area). The author wonders if his close connection to UFOs in later years was affected by his earlier fascination with crop circles. Genuine circles, apart from their visual complexity, are easy to identify as the stems are bent as if by steam rather than broken. Some believe they are made by energetic imprint via an orb, perhaps controlled from a UFO. Southgate considers that Barnes’ rash may have been caused by oranur energies residual in the crop circle created by its mode of construction. The Ark of the Covenant and Reich’s oranur experiment could also cause strange skin rashes.


Other ORAC-like Devices:

Orgonomy is not the only science to have used devices similar to ORACs.


Nostradamus reportedly used a kind of ORAC. He is believed to have used a mirrored, egg-shaped cabinet (said to be made of polished copper, brass and bronze with silver fastenings) to sit within, presumably to enhance his psychic powers (Figure 2). Nostradamus himself would have been the organic, dielectric element of the ‘ORAC’.alongside any residual waxing materials used to polish the metals into a mirror or any outer organic coverings which have been lost to history.

Figure 2 – Nostradamus Cabinet


Mesmer’s bacquet was in effect a combined ORAC and medical DOR-buster (a kind of cloud-buster used for healing), see Figure 3 below. Mesmer’s ‘animal magnetism’ was thought to affect both the mind and the body and in many ways was similar to orgone in its effects. The bacquet contained glass bottles of subtle energy charged water, stones and metals. People held the ends of the cords so their individual body orgone would also participate as a group and increase any effect.

Figure 3 – Mesmer’s Bacquet


The 19th Century Austrian chemist, prolific inventor (creosote being one of his many compounds) industrialist and subtle energy researcher, Baron Von Reichenbach, used iron plates, metal wires, glass rods and organic materials to affect the passage of a subtle energy that he called od or the odic force. It is pronounced ‘ode’ as it is named after Odin – to symbolise a powerful force that is everywhere (similar to a universal orgone). Some researchers call it odyl.

Like orgone, it was affected by the sun, the living and the mind. In Vienna, (contrary to Berlin which was quite hostile to his work) there were many psychic ‘sensitives’ as they were called then. These were people who were particularly attuned to subtle energies (not mediums or psychics, just those who were adept at feeling subtle energy). Reichenbach demonstrated that this energy was gathered from living beings, crystals, the sun and could be channelled along materials at slow speeds. He found that it was this energy that may be involved in various psychic phenomena.

On a side-note, controlling for Faraday’s pressure based objections, Reichenbach showed that it was this odic energy that could be the force in Victorian ‘table turning’ during séances – which was very popular at the time. Reichenbach, although interested in consciousness and spiritual phenomena, remained a scientifically-minded, careful experimentalist. He was however derided, labelled a Mesmerist and given much criticism. He was saddened by the generally dismissive attitude shown towards his painstaking work over many years opting eventually to continue it alone in his Austrian castle.

Reichenbach found that there are two main types of subtle energy flow: a warm, depleting flow from the left hand and the base of crystals and a cool, invigorating flow from the right hand, the apex of crystals and other materials. Such a ‘handedness’ or some kind of polarity to subtle energy is not known within orgonomy. He found that his sensitives could feel the flow of od, as well as visualise it and sense the difference when facing the various compass points. They also found that they felt much more peaceful sleeping with their head towards the north. This Reichenbach felt was because of the polarity of od in the body. Constable, who experimented with cloudbusters and claimed to have discovered orgonotic bio-forms, originally used a subtle energy exercise where he would turn through the four compass points with arms outstretched (to attract the bio-forms). This was known as the star exercise (37).

Reichenbach demonstrated that this od energy was in the atmosphere and concentrated in the living and the sun. He also managed to visualise it to sensitives directly with the aid of light-sealed dark rooms. After a lengthy period of acclimatisation (up to 2 hours) a subtle fiery flame can be seen from crystals, the living and objects charged with od. The contemporary of Reichenbach, the great natural philosopher, Goethe, was also aware of a glowing force around living things. Reichenbach’s work was recognised by a few great scientists at the time, such as the pioneer in cathode rays, William Crookes.

Reich’s glowing vacuum tube anomalies were also seen in early experiments in the late 1800s, which O’Byrne, a biographer of Reichenbach, relates to the activity of od in a vacuum (38). Incidentally, Reich also spent hours in the dark in his orgone room in order to visualise orgone. Reichenbach would probably have classed him as a ‘sensitive’ though possibly most people can learn to see orgone under the right circumstances Southgate believes.


The Russian torsion field researcher Prof. Kozyrev used an ORAC-like device which had pronounced psychic and paranormal effects according to reports. It is also said to have had effects upon time itself. Similarly to the orgone theory of time, Kozyrev considered time as an aspect, or even directly related to the torsion field, as previously noted. A person can sit within the spiral-shaped metal cabinet termed a Kozyrev mirror (Figure 4). Strange effects are subsequent, particularly on the cognition of time. Research and development in Russia and elsewhere are still ongoing (39). There are a number of clinics with devices based on Kozyrev mirrors currently in use in Russia.

Figure 4 – Kozyrev Mirror

If orgone is a conscious energy it would make sense if consciousness itself could excite it. If excited orgone is the same as oranur, consciousness should be able to create oranur, especially if the orgone concentration in an environment is already dense. Perhaps the ability of people like Uri Geller and others to have paranormal effects is partly explained by this association. Incidentally, it is known that Geller has been able to strongly influence Geiger counters in the past (40).


The possible commonality between consciousness and orgone has already been explored elsewhere. Oranur logically would have connections to the paranormal due to such phenomena involving unknown forces which may also possess consciousness. An excitation of orgone affected by consciousness would by definition result in oranur (excited orgone).

It appears that there may also be an association between paranormal phenomena and oranur in practice. Psychic phenomena in orgone-type devices (such as those used by Dr Tiller and Prof. Kozyrev) alongside Geiger count spikes near paranormal occurrences support this conclusion. Also, historical examples (the Biblical Ark, Nostradamus, Mesmer and Reichenbach) lend substance to this view.

It is argued therefore that oranur may perhaps form a medium for the transmission of paranormal observations.

In Part 2 of this paper Southgate’s oranur work and Hayes’ oranur-associated bio-form research is presented. Both work appears to have visualised forms which could be described as paranormal in appearance.


  1. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy
  2. Southgate, L. (2018) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, Implications of Orgone for Consciousness Research Part 1.
  3. Hayes, N. and Southgate, L. (2019) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, Positive Findings on Constable’s Orgonotic bio-forms Parts 1 and 2, and
  4. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA.
  5. Demeo, J. (2002) Dayton Miller’s Ether-Drift Experiments: A Fresh Look, Pulse of the Planet No5,
  6. Reich, W. (Editor Higgins) (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux
  7. Parker, D & J. (1990) Atlas of the Supernatural, USSR Research, pp160.
  8. Tiller, W. (Accessed 2023) Subtle Energies Document, pp5. First published in Science and Human Transformation, Pavior Publishing, 1997.
  9. Ibid, pp2.
  10. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA, see pp198 to 200.
  11. Southgate and Hayes (2019) Personal Discussions regarding bio-form papers and observations.
  12. Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books, pp 137.
  13. Radin, D. (2018) Accessed 2023,
  14. Gerber, R. (2001) Vibrational Medicine, Bear and Company, Canada. (See Chapter 4 or pp119 onwards).
  15. Randles, J. (2001) Time Storms: The Amazing Evidence of Time Warps, Space Rifts and Time Travel, Piatkus, UK.
  16. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA. (See Also, Oranur Second Report, Contact With Space and Selected Writings, Oranur Chapter).
  17. Southgate, L. (2023) An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part One and Two, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy.
  18. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir,
  19. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, (and Shamir/Oranur) and Gardner, L. (2004) Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark, Element Books pp29 (and Schethiya activation) and Isaacs, R. (2010) Talking With God, Sacred Closet Books (and radioactivity of Ark).
  20. Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, republished by
  21. Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, republished by See Also Southgate, L. (2023) Reich’s Other Secret, (Reich/Demeo/Eden cloudbusters and UFOs).
  22. Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, republished by
  23. Rodwell, M. (2017) The New Human, New Mind Publishers, Australia.
  24. Wilcock, D. (2012 onwards) Gaia TV series, Wisdom Teachings, Series 7 (whole of series 7 is on Russian work, particularly Kozyrev). See also chapter in online book Divine Cosmos, Wilcock’s in-depth series on Reich and orgone is also worth watching, Gaia TV, Wisdom Teachings, Series 10.
  25. Reich, W. (Editor Higgins) (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux
  26. Southgate, L. (2023) An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part One and Two, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy.
  27. Constable, T. (1971) Book Reviews, Journal of Orgonomy, V5, N2, pp223 (Soviets and Orgone Literature) and Blasband, D. (1967) Journal of Orgonomy, V1, N1 & 2, USA Vs Reich, pp83 (Disappearance of Orgone Motors).
  28. Wilcock, D. (2012 onwards) Gaia TV series, Wisdom Teachings, Series 7 (series 7 is on Russian work, particularly Kozyrev). See also chapter in online book Divine Cosmos,
  29. Wilcock, D. (2012 onwards) Gaia TV series, Wisdom Teachings, Series 7, Episode 3, 1 minute approx.
  30. Jaynes Network (2020) Psychotronic Torsion Detector (Russian type Torsion Device reacting to Subtle Energy Fields from Hands)
  31. Southgate, L. (2020) Oranur and its Possible Applications in AI, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, (see Egely wheel section).
  32. Comerford, K. (2012) Newgrange and the New Science, CTM Books, pp167 (discussion of McTaggart’s Intention Experiments in ‘The Field’ HarperCollins 2001).
  33. Comerford, K. (2012) Newgrange and the New Science, CTM Books, pp64.
  34. Al Bielek (Accessed 2023) The Philadelphia Experiment, Filmed Interview with Bielek,
  35. Jessica Jones (2023, Accessed 2023) Underground SSP Hub – Cryptid Breeding Programs – Montauk & Time Travel see 24 mins to 28 approx
  36. Barnes, C. (2023) Personal Communication to Southgate.
  37. Constable, J. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, The Book Tree
  38. Reichenbach, K. (1968) The Odic Force, Letters on Od and Magnetism, Translated and Extensive Introduction by O’Byrne and Foreword by Shepard, University Books. (See pp98 for William Crookes association with od and pp112 for glowing vacuum tube anomalies in the 1800s).
  39. Kozyrev Mirrors Accessed (2023), auto-translated, a research site for Litvinoff and Kozyrev mirrors.
  40. Taylor, John. (1976) Super Minds, Picador pp61.


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Further Oranur Experiments Examining Consciousness and Other Aspects

Further Oranur Experiments Examining Consciousness and Other Aspects


The reason for the interest in oranur, for this author, has from the start, been the relationship between orgone and consciousness. Oranur is Reich’s description for orgone which has been activated by small amounts of radioactivity (the term derives from the acronym, ORgone Against NUcleaR). From an orgonomic point of view, consciousness is associated with raised orgone charges in organisms and oranur represents the strongest activity of orgone. The author therefore wished to conduct experiments examining the effect of charged orgone, or oranur on consciousness. As the oranur charge Southgate previously acquired in 2017 appeared to have dissipated, the experimental equipment was subject to a renewed oranur process, which is herein described. Although the author has conducted some previous experiments looking into various effects of oranur, the effects upon consciousness had not been examined directly. This set of experiments therefore sought to replicate some of the earlier oranur work but principally it aimed to examine whether oranur had any direct effects upon consciousness. This paper suggests some effects upon consciousness by oranur as experienced by a group of meditators (and vice versa by consciousness upon oranur). However these results are obviously very preliminary and will need to be re-examined. The experiments also indicated some physical characteristics previously only hinted at by Southgate’s prior oranur work, for example, that radioactivity levels might be modified in oranur treated substances, which was known as an ORUR effect by Reich (ORgonised URanium). Some other possible effects of oranur upon the environment are also reported.


It had been planned for some time to revisit aspects of the oranur experiments that Southgate conducted beginning in 2017 and was then published by the Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy (1). This was a scaled down examination of Reich’s original oranur experiment that begun in the winter of 1950 as detailed in The First Oranur Report and Contact with Space (Oranur Second Report) (2). It was some years after Southgate’s original repetition of the oranur experiment before it was possible to examine any effects again. It had been difficult finding suitable places to store the oranur devices and to conduct further research. Possibly due to storage of the equipment outside, in an area where there was a lot of fresh air, it was found that when reassembled the charge was now low enough for the device to be kept within the author’s premises. Also, it was getting difficult to ensure the equipment stayed dry during stormy winter weather and so the decision was taken to reassemble all the components indoors.

Previously the device had felt overpowering if it was inside a building. It could be felt even when stored next to the house in a caravan in a state of partial dismantlement. But now the charge seemed manageable. This was after many months of fresh air exposure and admittedly getting a little damp a couple of times when there was particularly bad weather and the waterproof coverings had failed a little. It also helped that the house was mostly occupied just by myself. The back room of the house where the device was kept was in a corner plot away from the neighbours on both sides. Incense was burned every morning by the reassembled device with the aim of lowering the charge and this seemed sufficient for some months. It has been noted by the author that smoke may lower oranur charge in previous experiments. Maglione has noted that the use of incense in the care of ancient devices such as the Ark of the Covenant was perhaps intended to lower an associated oranur charge (3). The house is near the top of a hill and is built on limestone. The Geiger count readings were within normal limits for the area. Using electrical equipment with strong fields, within close proximity of the device can have an uncomfortable feeling on one’s organism so this is avoided.

It has been put forward previously by the author that a relationship may exist between people who have expanded consciousness states, such as shamans or psychics and oranur energy. In addition religious sites such as cathedrals and possibly pyramids, and certain religious objects may have an association with increased oranur. Some phenomena that borderline consciousness and the paranormal such as Trevor Constable’s bio-forms also appear to have an association with oranur. A direct relationship between conscious states and oranur has been considered probable. An oranur-consciousness experiment was therefore scheduled for the 16th of November 2022. The author had decided to revisit the oranur experimental protocols prior to this experiment to hopefully increase the charge of the device, which subjectively had felt lower than usual for some time.

To that end, a glass uranium plate, a decorative fruit bowl probably pre-World War 2, was used to excite the orgone cabinet (see Figure 1). This plate had been purchased from a car boot sale in North Wales about 18 months previously. Prior to the 1940s uranium glass was an occasional decorative item as it glows an unearthly fluorescence in dark light. It is usually a green or yellow colour and has very low quantities of uranium within the glass. After World War 2 it was no longer worthwhile using uranium glass as governments commandeered all uranium and it was too bothersome in terms of regulations and paperwork. Cheaper fluorescents and dyes also became available at the same time (4). It should be noted that Reich used radium paint and other low grade radioactive materials that were commonly available in the 1940s and 50s from as early as 1939 so it is possible that his laboratory, Orgonon, always had some level of oranur effect.

Figure 1
I) Uranium Glass Plate 1930s/40s Used in Experiments (Top)
II) A Collectors Plate Seen Under Special Light (Bottom)

The plate is not particularly radioactive, dropping off to undetectable from background within approximately 6 foot. At 1cm distance the radioactivity was measured with a Radex One Geiger Counter at 2.33 microSieverts per hour (uSv/hr). This reading was taken well away from the oranur device in a garden area. Normal background in this area is 0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr. The plate has approximately twenty times the natural radiation of the area.

The general background radioactivity of the area (0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr) was rechecked at the current location where the box is being stored. This current area, on a limestone hill, is more rock based than the previous area where the box was stored a few miles away (it is noted that rock can emit radiation). The author thought the localised general radioactivity might be higher due to this. However, it remains the same as the rest of the general locality at 0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr. This is higher than some areas of the UK however.

A Second Set of Oranur Experiments

Following the experience gathered in the first set of oranur experiments carried out by Southgate beginning in 2017 (5), a second oranur experiment was planned to be carried out in November 2022. In the oranur papers published in 2018 and 2019 by the Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, Southgate for the first time conducted a full repeat of Reich’s original oranur experiments. There was some investigations of anomalous effects in modified Faraday cages done in the 1990s in Spain (6). However, these were not full ORACs with a high orgone charge and therefore the original conditions of Reich’s oranur experiment did not appear to be met. Southgate’s work did meet these conditions, having a set up of very high orgone charge (over 12 strong orgone devices within a large orgone cabinet). A smaller amount of radioactive stimulus was used than Reich had. The radioactivity was also gradually introduced to the orgone field. Both of these measures were in order to avoid an oranur crisis. The work confirmed various physical parameters from electrical to magnetic and lumination effects but the actual intent of Southgate’s research – to examine the relationship between consciousness and orgone had not yet even been broached. Further published work detailed some early medical effects of oranur, confirming a possible beneficial effect, but still direct examination of consciousness processes went untouched. The philosophical background and connections between orgonomy and a view of the mind had also been explored in detail as a preparatory stage but the experimental side remained lacking. Alongside that there was practical considerations. The prolonged outdoor storage of the device had lessened the oranur charge to a degree that it was felt that the oranur process needed to be redone. After that, any effects upon consciousness could be directly explored. This would of course be an initial exploration as it is not known how one might measure oranur effects upon consciousness.

On the experimental day, there was relatively fine weather although it had been raining or overcast for some days prior. It had been planned to repeat the oranur experiment on a small scale with the uranium glass plate to recharge the device.

The plate was first measured outside where it was being stored at the maximum distance from the oranur device (40 feet approximately). All readings were taken at 1cm distance. The reading was normal for the plate and was stable. The oranur device was measuring the same as background radiation. It usually measures at background or slightly higher, if for example it is excited by the presence of people. The plate was put into the device for 12 minutes with the lid open.

The readings continued to be within the usual limits. It was wondered therefore if the lid being open was mitigating against any oranur effects, so the box was shut, with the plate inside. This seemed to increase an effect and at around 20 minutes, the readings had surprisingly dropped below background. At 30 minutes the lid was opened and the plate removed. The readings in the immediate vicinity had now increased momentarily. The plate after being removed from the box was re-measured inside the building in the nearby room and it now measured very low, almost completely non-radioactive. There seemed to be some kind of inverse relationship between the Geiger counts and the oranur charge. The room itself had dropped to a very low reading too. The oranur device Geiger readings were also suppressed. Some incense was lit near the box and within half an hour all the readings were just above background again. It is not clear if the incense was just coincidental to the normalisation of the readings or had some direct effect. Table 1 shows all the radioactivity data measured at different locations during the preparation of the Oranur experiment II.

Table 1 – Oranur Experiment II

It is noted that once in the first set of Southgate’s oranur experiments carried out in 2017, radioactivity had appeared to have been suddenly suppressed for some distance. This was when 3 or 4 radioactive smoke alarms were abruptly introduced to the device field for a short period – a gradual acclimatisation process had normally been used wherein the slightly radioactive materials were gradually brought within the orgone box’s field.

It seems the radioactivity of the plate has become motile and may no longer have as stable a rate for a period. This is an unexpected phenomenon and is perhaps a sign that some pre-ORUR characteristics are taking place. ORUR is Reich’s term for orgone treated radioactive materials. The acronym being derived from the words, ORgone URanium (Reich mainly used radium needles but this is derived from uranium). Reich sometimes also referred to the ORUR as oranur radium. After the original oranur experiment which took place from the Winter of 1950 to Spring 1951, Reich had buried the three orgone charged 1mg radium needles. They had remained in a lead container within a steel and concrete safe buried for over 3 years. When the radium needles were retrieved in 1954 some strange characteristics of the radium were noted (7). The material when used alongside the cloudbuster had a powerfully positive effect on its operation – an immediate brightening of rocks and mountains, sky and even vegetation. There was a feeling of well-being felt by all nearby. It appeared to have a very positive effect on human beings and animals, including Reich’s dog, Troll (Figure 2). Reich called the charged cloudbuster a spacegun. However, the orgone charged radium was strangely either hyper-radioactive when enclosed in a metal box or quite quiescent and much lower in radiation than normal when stored in an open container or measured ‘naked’. Geiger counts, or ‘impulse’ counts as Reich sometimes called it, could be much higher than those expected by solely radioactive processes. The ORUR material had also produced a colourless, water-like liquid in one of the containers during the three years of storage – it was very unlikely for this to be from the environment due to the completely sealed, watertight container.

Figure 2
Wilhelm Reich and Troll

Certainly, it can suffice to say that long term orgone charging of radioactive materials may change their nature in some way. It is not thought by mainstream science that radioactivity can be quickly changed, but rather is something that is stable over time, degrading only slowly at a set rate and not suddenly increasing or decreasing for no discernible chemical reason. On a related note, UFOs have often been reported near nuclear facilities. There are hundreds, if not thousands of reports of UFO encounters connected to nuclear sites. There are numerous testimonials from military officers regarding shutdowns (and even temporary powering up) of nuclear tipped missiles. Most of the reports concern UFOs hovering near nuclear facilities, shutting down the electronic control systems of nuclear missiles and monitoring nuclear powered Navy vessels. These are well known in UFO literature. However, some believe that actual nuclear weapons may not perform exactly as claimed for them and certainly it has been known that UFOs have directed light beams into nuclear weapon storage facilities on at least two reported occasions, one in the UK and one in Soviet Russia (8). The author reasons that if any denaturing of nuclear materials by UFOs has occurred it could be an orgone process that has happened. However it is not clear if any materials have been denatured, all the reports are from military personnel or from other witnesses, none this author has found are from scientists so it is not known if UFOs can change nuclear materials remotely. Also, if this did happen, it would likely be kept secret. But this author believes, based on Reich’s findings of changes in radioactivity substances exposed to oranur (ORUR), that it is at least possible in theory. Possibly the UFOs merely had some type of energy field which disarmed the electronic control systems and did not affect the actual radioactivity within the missiles. UFOs seem to take an interest in nuclear sites and are associated with non-intentional electronic effects, such as car engines and computers shutting down near them.

To return to the experiment, the uranium plate had been stored 25 feet, then 40 feet away from the oranur device that had previously been used in the first of the author’s oranur experiments in 2017. It is possible that the orgone field extended out to the uranium plate which had been stored in contact with the earth but not buried. When it was stored at 40 foot it was not in contact with the earth but in a plastic container. The plate had been outside within 25 feet of the device for approximately 12 months and then within 40 feet of the device for a further 6 months.

The plate was checked on further occasions after the end of the second set of oranur experiments. At this point its radioactivity appeared to continue to be somewhat unstable. At the end of February 2023, it was again rechecked. Background counts were normal. The plate itself was measured outside away from the oranur device. It cycled up and down both above and below normal readings. A couple of weeks later in March 2023 it was measured inside the house but away from the oranur device and it gave a steadier though slightly raised reading. The other background counts inside the house and in the garden were normal (0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr) though the reading by the oranur device was slightly raised perhaps due to the plate being in the building. The next month the readings were rechecked. All background readings including by the oranur device were as usual. The uranium plate was measured outside 40 feet away from the device and it gave changing readings as though my presence had excited the plate and then it had gradually subsided. The Radex One Geiger counter itself was checked and it gave stable readings in nearby environments, such as in a local wooded area. It is also noted that when the plate was purchased it was checked with the same Geiger counter and gave the expected readings. The readings were similar to what was found later and were stable. The measured data is reported in Table 2. New high quality batteries had been used in the device.

Table 2 – Unstable Readings of Plate


Consciousness Experiment

To return to Southgate’s oranur experiment, the oranur device, having been recharged via the uranium plate, was ready for the consciousness experiment that was performed on November 16th, 2022.

Figure 3
Oranur Device Set Up for Consciousness Experiment

As can be seen in the above Figure 3 there are two steel tubes set up either side of the oranur device which is composed of a human-sized orgone cabinet placed on its side with additional accumulating devices inside: orgone acupuncture boxes, orgone tubes, a glass condensing cabinet (glass is one of the strongest dielectric orgone materials) and various crystals. The box was open and placed like this for approximately 3 hours including the hour of meditation. It is the same box from previous experiments only it has been painted now.

When the tubes were put up and the meditation was taking place, the radiation readings in the room were cycling up and down and did not appear to be stable, both suppressed and slightly raised. After the consciousness experiment the readings became stable again and remained slightly raised. The orgone life energy meter (Heliognosis Mark II) readings of the device were 40% before the placement of the plate. This meter is based upon Reich’s original orgone field meter and is thought to work by the changes induced within an electrical circuit by the presence of orgone (9). The oranur cabinet was measured at a later date and was within its normal range of 40% but with areas of stronger charge, up to 60% on the life meter. This may indicate that the orgone charge of the box has increased since the oranur recharge process and the consciousness experiment.

Seven people and one dog attended the consciousness experiment (the latter joined in by sleeping in the middle of the meditation circle which is not an area it normally chooses to sleep). The group varied in age and sex with three being experienced in meditation. The device was set up as shown in Figure 3 and the participants were between 6 to 18 feet away from the device in an adjoining room, the door was left open and the energy field of the device would have been strong where the meditation took place. The group meditated for about 45 minutes. There was a positive picture to focus on beforehand, some introductory positive words and quiet music.

One person reported an Out Of Body Experience (OOBE) though a relatively mild one. She had felt an energy standing behind her, then briefly went out of body and felt herself travelling around the country. Her and another participant independently reported feeling a great sense of sadness at one point but which they were able to move through and go beyond. Everyone else just felt calm. The author did not have time to go as deep as he would have liked in the meditation as he was focusing on conducting the process and generally is slow to enter deep states. Following the experiment, the weather seemed to have reacted as though conventional cloudbusting had been done (spacegun-like devices tend to dry the atmosphere it has been found by the author) (10). It is speculated that the consciousness field perhaps acted like a water reservoir next to the oranur device and this may have been projected by the tubes into the atmosphere (cloudbuster pipes may ‘draw’ and space-gun pipes ‘project’ possibly). In any case, it may have been coincidental but there was heavy rains and localised flooding on the 17th, the day following the experiment. Only light rains and scattered showers were forecast for the area according to the archive. The day following that, a brightness and clearing was felt and formed, gently moving clouds were seen on the 18th as though a general stagnation had been moved.

Table 3 shows all the measured radioactivity (by the Geiger counter) and orgone charge (by life meter) data during and after the consciousness experiment.

Table 3 – Consciousness Experiment


A Third Set of Oranur Experiments

The theory is testable on at least three levels.

The aim of these experiments was to standardise measurements from the second set of experiments and to ascertain the effect of shutting the cabinet lid whilst the activating plate was inside the box. The experiment took place on the 1st of April 2023.

The weather was overcast early in the morning (preparations commenced at 7am) but with increasingly sunny spells and brightening occurring during the experiment. The weather forecast was partly cloudy with some scattered sunshine. The weather was broadly in line with what was expected, perhaps a little brighter.

Before starting the oranur process the plate and rooms were to be measured. The author felt as though the device was somehow anticipating a change. Table 4 reports all the measured radioactivity and orgone charge data.

Table 4 – Prior Readings

The oranur device and the room had slightly raised Geiger counts. The plate was measured outside, 40 feet from the oranur device. It was almost as though the oranur device had reached out to affect the plate. The plate was then measured in the building but away from the oranur device and as can be seen in the above Table 4, the readings were not stable. The orgone charge of the plate was minimal on the orgone life meter. The orgone charge of the oranur device was surprisingly quite varied from 20 to 80% at this point, after the experiment the charge was higher and more evenly spread. The ‘hot spot’ – a stronger charged zone within the box, was detected with the orgone life meter. It had increased and was noted to have moved to the bottom middle of the box.

The plate was placed in the oranur device in the upper half on top of one of the orgone acupuncture boxes. The lid was left open to test the effects of this weaker set up first. Measured radioactivity and orgone charge data are reported in Table 5.

Table 5 -15 Minutes with Lid Open


The lid was now shut for 20 minutes with the plate inside the box at the top of the device, which is a weaker orgone charge spot (Table 6).

Table 6 – 20 Minutes with Lid Shut


The existence of an orgone ‘hot spot’ had not been planned for though it was known previously that dependent on how the box was arranged, a strong spot occurred. Therefore, it was decided to do a further 15 minutes oranur protocol placing the plate in the new strongest position at the bottom middle of the device (Table 7).

Table 7 -Further 15 Minutes with Lid Shut



It appears that the radioactivity of the plate, having been exposed for long periods to a weak oranur charge has become somewhat fluid. The radioactivity and the orgone or oranur charge seem to have a relationship that is a little like two antagonistic organisms. There appears to be a sizeable field, perhaps 40 foot in diameter wherein these two energies can interact and affect one another. One gets excited and the other depressed or vice versa. Or one excites the other and so on. The mild radioactivity seems to increase the orgone charge as registered by the orgone life meter, as one would expect. Whether the changes in the plates’ radioactivity is merely a reaction to the oranur field or has itself become labile is not clear presently, although the author would lean towards the plate being somewhat changed, perhaps in a mild pre-ORUR direction.

The plate seems to react to the author’s presence away from the oranur field which indicates it is very sensitive to orgone charge and perhaps more fluid energetically, independent of the oranur device.

The feel of the plate subjectively is quite pleasant, a tingly, warming, activating feel. There can be a feeling of mild overcharge in the limb and nearest axilla after carrying the plate, although gloves were worn. Some mild energetically cooling treatment was twice given in this regard afterwards.

The oranur device seemed to react before the experiment had even started which is very curious. It does seem that an oranur device can be safely recharged by careful use of slightly radioactive materials. It also seems that the space-gun effect was stronger once the device had been recharged after the November 2022 oranur experiment. It seems that a long standing and detrimental oranur overcharge can be avoided using careful dosing of both orgone charge levels and radioactive stimulus. It is noted that the oranur effect depends both on the level of orgone charge stimulated and the amount of radioactive catalyst employed. There is also a time factor: an orgone field and a radioactive stimulus can be accustomed to each other it would appear. In the phase when the orgone box lid was open the device hardly reacted to the plate. In future work the internal orgone layers of the large cabinet may be renewed in order to increase the orgone charge.

Lastly, there may be ways to quickly reduce radioactivity via orgone processes (though sometimes the orgone appears to increase the readings too of course). It is also noted that it appears that oranur charge does gradually tail off over time, especially if the equipment is outdoors. Oranur charge is long lasting but not without gradual decline it would appear.

The Geiger readings during the large meditation were erratic and this needs to be re-examined. It appears that the Geiger count readings were both suppressed and very changeable during the meditation. That there may be an effect however is a promising avenue to explore in future consciousness and oranur experiments.

Protocol Issues

It is not known how to measure any effects of the consciousness experiment on the conducting group’s consciousness or any wider effects. Thought will be put toward this end though this is a difficult thing to ascertain. The author hopes this will become clearer over time due to practical efforts in the experimental process. One avenue, suggested in the recent Orgone Theory of Time articles (11), might be closer Geiger counter and orgone life meter monitoring before, during and after the meditation experiments. It has been found that paranormal occurrences might have an association with raised oranur (indicated by raised Geiger counts). As consciousness effects may be considered by some to border the paranormal these measurements might be a starting point.

There were problems with the second set of oranur experiments. It was not foreseen how big a difference closing the cabinet lid would make (whilst the plate was within the device). In hindsight it makes sense as Reich noted great differences in the behaviour of the ORUR materials depending on whether it was enclosed or not by metal casing (see Contact with Space or Selected Writings). Also it is logical that the oranur energy would increase if it is in an enclosed system due to strengthened feedback loops. Therefore, this aspect needed to be completely separated from merely putting the plate inside the device with the lid open. The measurements before, during and after needed standardisation so the third oranur experiments therefore took place on the 1st of April 2023 to try and meet these indications.


Two Oranur Medical Treatments

Broken leg

A person of 71 years age had a badly broken leg sustained whilst winter hillwalking. There was a clean break through the larger of the lower leg bones, the tibia, just above the ankle, alongside two other more minor fractures.

At first an inflatable boot was used instead of a plastercast to hold the break but there was such acute pain that a week later a plastercast was applied instead. A large oranur charged orgone blanket that had been inside the oranur cabinet for a long period was used to treat the leg for up to 2 to 3 hours a day from immediately after the injury for about a month and then every few days for a further month. It helped to ease the pain and the frequent foot swelling due to immobility and changes in circulation.

The person also had strong analgesia (opiates and paracetamol) and anticoagulants, injected at first then orally to treat a small haemotoma on the back of the leg and to prevent further clotting. Despite all this, it was such an acute injury that it took approximately 3 weeks until the pain had reduced to an in any way tolerable level. The person was active and fairly fit previously but also quite overweight and a large frame. Mobility for basic functions was a big issue. There was discussion of the need for a residential admission due to the severely reduced mobility and the acute, nearly unmanageable pain. Through a combination of the oranur blanket, which did seem to ease the at times terrible pain, strong analgesia and help from friends and family he managed to stay at home until he was more able to cope (he needed about 6 weeks of twice daily support as he lived alone). He was very reluctant to be in an institution.

It was noticed that he was becoming slightly tanned despite being indoors almost continually which the author thought was due to the oranur blanket (oranur can have a tanning effect).

It took 3 months for the bones to heal and the person to regain most of his mobility. He has recovered well though there were some issues due to stress from a personal situation which is now resolving. There was occasional foot swelling still though this is getting less over time. The heamotoma went and there was no further clotting problems to date although the leg could become sore and inflamed if overworked. At 3 months healing was still ongoing though the inflammation was gone. Occasionally moderate oedema is still apparent on over-exertion. At 4 to 5 months post-crisis the healing appears mostly complete. The bones healed in alignment. After 3 months he was driving again and walking short distances without a stick. He had occasional foot swelling and some skin discolouration at times if he did too much activity up to 4 months post-crisis.

This was the first time oranur had been used therapeutically for an extended period and the first time it was used to help treat an acute injury as far as the author is aware.

Wellbeing treatment

The same person had a well-being treatment aimed at helping with emotional and muscle stagnation issues. He has a tendency towards energy overcharge and stuckness especially in the head and neck area. A mattress was placed alongside the oranur cabinet. The person lay there with a few acupuncture points inserted alongside crystals placed around him. The box was opened and two of the tubes were placed nearby. He felt very relaxed and fell asleep for a while. It was noted that unusually for the area, which is urban, a flock of buzzards hovered above the house at one point during the treatment. Buzzards have been seen nearby but only in the more countryside locales 10 or so miles to the south and then only one or two and rarely. A whole group of 6 to 8 birds was overhead, this would not normally be seen outside of nearby North Wales. Perhaps they could sense an energy charge. The person did not report any major changes to his emotional state although his life has been changing circumstance quite significantly since the treatment.


With many thanks to Roberto Maglione for his extensive editing advice and detailed assistance with this article.



1. Southgate, Leon (2018) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

2. Reich, W. (1951) The Oranur Experiment – First Report, Orgone Institute Press & Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space – Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press. Both now reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Museum and available from their website See also physics chapter in Wilhelm Reich, Selected Writings, edited by Higgins.

3. Southgate, Leon (2019) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

See ‘Effect of Smoke on Oranur’ in Section 1. Also see Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, for details on smoke effects with the Ark device.

4. Accessed March 2023,

5. Southgate, L. (2018) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

6. Milian V. et al, (2002) Confirmation of an Oranur Anomaly, Heretics Handbook, Pulse of the Planet 5 pp182 taken from a presentation to the European Society for Scientific Exploration conference 9-12th October 1998, Valencia, Spain.

7. Reich, W. (Editor Higgins) (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux see pp 416 onwards. Also see Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, pp 26 (now republished by the Wilhelm Reich Museum – See also Maglione, R. (2021) The Orur, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

8. Hastings, L, Robert. (2017) UFOs & Nukes: Extraordinary Encounters at Nuclear Weapons Sites, CreateSpace Publishers. See also the author’s webpage which details two encounters where UFO’s direct light beams into nuclear weapon storage facilities (one British, Bentwaters AFB and one Soviet). Hastings is the foremost researcher in this area and has collated most of the key evidence in his book and at his website.

9. A Heliognosis Mark II Life Energy Meter with a vacuum tube sensor was used in this experiment. A newer model is available from The Heliognosis meter is a miniaturised version of Reich’s original device which he called the orgone energy field meter. It is described in Reich, W. (1973) The Cancer Biopathy, Vision Press, UK pp147-150. Heliognosis is based in Canada and has produced some interesting and well conducted research available at the website.

The researcher Snyder reproduced a large version of the meter and did some early research in the 1970s into it. Although basic and somewhat unwieldy it confirmed some effects claimed by Reich. He also produced Kirlian photography using the same Tesla coil used in the meter, see Snyder, C. (1973) Energy Field Investigations, Journal of Orgonomy, 1973, Vol 7, Num 1, pp92-98.

10. Previously the oranur device had been used as a kind of space-gun by putting up metal tubes near to the oranur cabinet. This seemed to have some clearing and clarifying effect on the weather and on particulates in the atmosphere, as detailed in this article: Southgate, L. (2020) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

An additional space-gun operation was carried out on the 30th of March 2023. Using the recharged device, the four tubes were put up for an hour at 9am. The weather was overcast and looked like it would rain most of the day. After the operation the weather steadily cleared and dried and became somewhat fine with formed clouds for the rest of the day. A lot of people were outside walking dogs and attending business. The weather returned to overcast with light rains the following day of the 31st of March. These two days were broadly in line with forecasts on the archive for the locality though possibly a little sunnier and drier than expected.

11. Southgate, Leon. (2023) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, and

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An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part Two – A New Theory of Time

An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part Two – A New Theory of Time


In part one the background to a new orgonomic theory of time was presented. Various types of time theory were discussed alongside some time anomalies, some of which were possibly associated with oranur energy. It was argued that factors such as these may require the formation of new ways of looking at time.

In part two, a new orgonomic theory of time is presented. This consists of a universal time with three subtypes: individual, group and energetic. Altogether, these four aspects of time reside in three modes of a singular reality. The modes are orgonotic physicality, consciousness and time itself. Time is defined as the flow of consciousness or orgone.


If time were indeed solely an emergent property of things or events relating to each other, then without those events, time would not be. But as has been argued, time and events are not the same thing. Time must be more than just Aristotle’s counting or Liebniz’s successive relationship of A to B. Ordinary time comes from our consciousness of events, not the events themselves. The same events can be in one time to one person and in another time to someone else. The same day can pass slowly or quickly.

One can imagine a consciousness existing prior to any event or object and independent of them. A totally unbound and free consciousness would still experience itself, absent all objects or events. One could say that experiencing oneself is an event but it would be a continuous and never-ending event as one never stops being oneself. This rather negates the definition of an event. Consciousness is not apparently restrained to material objects so it is not unreasonable to assume a totally free consciousness could exist. Therefore, it seems that such a consciousness, and thus time itself, could exist prior to, or independent of, any event within it. Thus the Newtonian and Platonic views of absolute time (which are not the same but have some commonality) appear to this author to have some validity and could constitute an aspect of the universal orgonotic time proposed here – a time which transcends all other times. This is experienced in daily life to some extent. When one is asleep one enters a time which is independent of the clock in the bedroom. A whole day’s events can take place and yet only a few minutes of terrestrial time has passed. Time still occurs when people are in Out Of Body Experiences (OOBE) or in Near Death Experiences (NDE) but at a rate which is unique to them and not dependent on the outside world. In one NDE a whole decade past within her consciousness whilst she was in a medical coma for a few days.

Time cannot be reduced to anything else it appears. If time is merely counting, then once all clocks are gotten rid of time itself should cease. There should be no time in a dream, as there are no material objects to act as clocks, yet time still exists there (the author defines materiality and physicality differently incidentally). If time is merely relational there must be periods of time before time – before those relationships existed. One philosopher said time can only be stated to be time, negating anything with which it could be defined by – this seems somewhat circular, a non-definition.

Impossible Definitions of Time

This definition seems to say time is both only time and not time (‘nor anything else’). If time is not change or events, then it cannot be Smith’s ‘series of items.’ Perhaps it could be something ‘irreducible’ though which relates those items? Maybe this is the hidden meaning of Smith’s definition. But the only absolute irreducible is consciousness itself which Smith partly rules out by saying time is not perception of events either. Perhaps time is perception itself though – more broadly, consciousness. The only thing which cannot be reduced further is consciousness. Items only exist within consciousness so they can be reduced to consciousness too. Even the fundamental laws of the universe, its fundamental irreducible parameters, if they exist, only exist inside consciousness. This author believes Smith’s argument can reasonably be interpreted to say that time is consciousness – which is a central thesis here.

Time as Consciousness

Consciousness cannot exist without time as even to be conscious of one’s own consciousness implies a sense of time passing. Therefore, time is a fundamental aspect of consciousness. Wherever there is one there will be the other. This also means that there can be no such thing as complete timelessness as there can never be a state of no consciousness if consciousness is a fundamental property of the universe. As consciousness has been argued in other papers to be identical with the primordial orgone (1) then we can also say that time is identical with orgone. At its most succinct, ordinary time would be defined as the local flow of consciousness (which in turn is the local flow of orgone).

Plato’s eternal time would be the awareness of a universal consciousness and would be transcendent of any event within it. It would be the alpha and the omega, it would know all pasts and all futures. Universal time would be simply the orgone itself considered holistically. The other types of time recounted herein would be the flows of the orgone as it splits off from itself. Plato’s eternal time and orgonotic universal time might not be the exact same thing however as will be explored.

The author would argue that Hegel’s view of time as the unfolding of space is also consistent if we view that no space is possible without consciousness (as in this view space is orgonotic and thus conscious). This would be in keeping with Hegel’s notion of Absolute Spirit. Consciousness also in itself always implies a sense of the existence of a space. Even a dream has a sense of spatiality. However, for Hegel the primary association or expression of time was space but in this orgonomic theory of time the primary association and expression of time would be consciousness. So it could be argued it is closest to the Platonic view in this regard, though again it is not purely Platonic either.


In particle entanglement and instant psychic communication there is indicated to be a state of infinite or near infinite speed (one could say that this is not travel but some other type of unity perhaps). There is no indication that there is any upper speed limit to consciousness, however that unity is defined, or indeed to orgone itself as an ideo-substance. In the universal time of pure orgone there could be instant communication throughout the universe at infinite speed or infinite unity. Therefore, there would be no separation possible and all experienced ‘nows’ in the same space would have a universal simultaneity aspect, even if other aspects of their time expression were apparently separate. A person on Earth and on Jupiter could experience the same now, even if some other aspects of their now were delayed. The two could experience a telepathic comprehension of the same moment even if their TV signals encountered a delay. This would imply the existence of a universally shared time-flow. The author is not referring to a static eternalism here incidentally but simultaneity.

I. Universal Orgonotic Time

The first aspect of this orgonomic theory of time is that there exists a state of universal time which is transcendent of any other time and is not dependent on any event within it. This universal time is also a universal consciousness and is identical with the most whole aspect of orgone.

Just as orgone energy can slow down, or condense into matter and water, or excite, perhaps speed up, into charged particles, this theory proposes that the universal orgone, that is also universal time, can split off into the streams of group time that we experience collectively as a temporal sequence. This can be creative, as orgone is negentropic, creating life and matter, going from less to more complex. This ‘becoming’ of orgone can be experienced as temporality. The flow could also be entropic, recounting demise. For some reason physics has had preference for entropy in time but there is no necessity for this. Man himself is the result of negentropy yet he creates a physics which does not recognise the process. This is strange indeed. A seed growing into an oak tree is as deserving of the passage of time as is the dying of a star or the decay of an atom. The whole universe created the negentropy that resulted in the oak tree even if eventually entropy will follow when it returns to dust. But negentropy can follow the entropy in like fashion. The dust will once more give birth.

It could be argued that a universal time is not required as this is merely a form of absolute time as dismissed by Leibniz and others. However, Leibniz’s arguments theorise problems which we have not actually encountered, such as multiple worlds each displaced by one second against the clock of absolute time. It is a kind of straw-man argument therefore. The other argument against absolute time is that it is creating more entities than are required – we do not need an absolute time. But again this author believes a universal time is required to explain what we encounter in reality. Time cannot be adequately explained on a purely relational, emergent or successive basis so some other type of foundation is required. Local time can be measured by the movement of objects but time itself seems to be more than just external change or succession. There are also no fixed speeds and hence no universal standard to measure local time against. Additionally, instantaneousness and precognition indicate that successive time is not always a universal property even when things do occur in a sequence. Time in this author’s view is also dependent on consciousness so it cannot merely be tied to objects or even dimensions, consciousness transcends all these things. Further, consciousness or even material entities may be able to step out of the relational or successive time stream altogether and if this is so then a universal time is essential as an explanation.

Liebniz and the Rationalist View of Time

The above factors, taken together, in conjunction with Plato’s views and contrary to Liebniz, would imply that there is indeed a universal time. This slows down or substantialises into our usual flows of time which we have here called the group and individual streams of time. Within these streams the rational view of time of Liebniz would then take precedence. If we can however step out of the flows of group time and back into it this implies an underlying universal time into which we step to and from the group streams. Instantaneous events also imply a universal time which connects them beyond any single event or movement.

The universal time would be subtly different to Newton’s absolute time however. Newton’s absolute time is a form of timelessness just as his absolute space is a form of spaceless-ness, an unmoving, nothingness in which the real bodies have their true motion. The universal time proposed here would rather have both its own unique kind of universal movement and would also experience time in a unique way. Unlike Newton’s absolute time, or perhaps Plato’s unchanging eternity, the universal time would be both conscious and physical and have flow, or change, though its own unique type.

Time does not come solely from the movement of objects and their relationships but from our awareness of them and ultimately from consciousness itself – even a dream has time, its own unique chronology. Time emerging from movement as in current physics, or from succession, as argued by Liebniz, has explanatory value within the group time streams but doesn’t explain time completely, certainly if the conscious and paranormal aspects are true. However, a universal orgonotic time might imply the following options:

Firstly, that there is ultimately only mind and what we perceive as reality is just a passing illusion, a dream. There is really no physicality and no orgone. Secondly, it could be that orgone has an aspect which is infinite and thus beyond local movement. Local movement and pulsation is a property of orgone within local living organisms and as local energy but ultimately the definition of orgone may rest with the physicality of consciousness alone. This is seen in the view that the author puts forward regarding orgone and consciousness being identical, see the Orgone Continuum essays (2). Local movement or transcendence of local movement would shift down to perception eventually. For example, from the perspective of a fish there is continual movement in a fish-tank but given time, from the perspective of the tank it remains still.

Time and Motion

However, if time is not local movement, it is also not stillness – if such is even possible. Universal consciousness would have its own kind of transcendent movement. It is always experiencing a flow, an awareness of itself. The universal consciousness would experience itself and thus would know time. There would therefore always be a sense of movement within the universal consciousness. Consciousness cannot be without time as time is flow of consciousness. Consciousness always experiences and therefore always has flow. Therefore, there must be no true stillness even at the universal level, but a movement which is beyond locality. This is a somewhat paradoxical situation – a universal movement which is beyond local movement. The universal consciousness (and thus universal time) would still have physicality as consciousness and physicality also cannot be separated. Therefore, as in the orgone continuum, we can only have pure mind if it is also physical – an ideo-substance. This would apply to universal time too. The universal time would transcend local movement but would remain a physical conscious substance with its own aspect of universal movement. Orgone would thus have the quality of local movement within organisms and local energy but the ability to transcend local movement in its most whole state of universal time.

It appears experimentally that consciousness and particles or energy can transcend distance and local movement (entering the universal state perhaps). However, unlike locality, physicality and time are intrinsic to consciousness. They are at once a unity and a trinity of the same entity. This will be explored further in the conclusion.

II. Group Time Streams

The second aspect of this orgonomic theory of time is that the universal time splits off into mass or group streams of time. It is noticeable that in accounts of time slips the jumps do not generally seem to be more than a century or two. The time slips reported in Liverpool are of only a few decades. Perhaps time streams decay and there is only a certain amount of flexibility in the movement within them. Group time streams could be a little like a combination of the growing block and moving spotlight types of time theories. In time slips of greater separation, it is sometimes more like a movie being replayed, like the energy of that period has an echo down the timeline such as when Roman soldiers have been seen trooping along a now built over road. However, it might be possible to move further in time if there is greater energy powering the transition.

If the universal time has its own special sense of universal movement this would imply that it is not static and there is indeed a process of development within the streams that branch off and return to the universal time, as Hegel foresaw as the process of the development of Absolute Spirit.

III. Individual Time Streams

The third aspect of this orgonomic theory of time is that individual conscious entities can enter into these group streams of time but as they are themselves a locus of consciousness this would also make them a locus of time. Individual time streams would be affected by the quantity of consciousness of the entity concerned and by the activity of this consciousness and its relationship to the universal, group and energetic times. It would thus be a complex reckoning and constantly changing. The individual time and the time within the group stream could thus be seen to differ. This could result at one end as psychological changes affecting personal time perception to psychic time travel in the middle and at the other extreme to actual material time travel being perhaps possible.

Such travel might be where the energy charge of the entity’s consciousness within the group time stream became so radically different to that of the group time stream that the individual materially alters their position in the forward direction of the group time stream. There is no reason to suppose that there would automatically be preference for travel in the group time stream, past or future, if the individual were to be able to depart from the group stream location. However, on the other hand, orgone is inherently directional as it is negentropic (towards greater complexity) so perhaps this would be reflected in the direction of travel most easily obtained.

Each consciousness locus would have its own individual time stream (due to being a locus of orgone and thus of time). These streams of time would affect each other, increasing or decreasing their respective quantities of time. The overall weight of the timestreams would merge into the group time stream with the present being the consensus reality. Even a grain of sand would have its own quantity and stream of time. As a dog runs across a sandy beach the time streams of the seagulls flying off and the humans on the beach would subtly interact and alter as would the time streams of the sand beneath the dog’s paws.

IV. Energetic Time

The fourth aspect of this theory would be that since energetic objects are condensations of orgone and orgone is identical to time, the greater the object’s mass, the more condensed ‘time’ it would contain. A kind of orgonotic relativity would thus come into play. So greater material mass would increase the orgonotic density and slow down time in the object relative to the surroundings. Anti-gravity effects might in the opposite way decrease the mass of an object, increase its energetic activity and so it’s time might become faster relative to its slower, more dense surroundings. As all objects would have a measure of time and as objects exist in relationship to each other there would be a relational aspect to time in the group time stream. Increasing this complexity still further would be that the group time streams themselves would have an energy relationship to the universal time. If something moved fast enough with enough energy it could leave the group time stream and move toward the universal.

The more conscious and energetic vortexes there are in each space the more stable the time would become. For example, in a dream there is usually only one mind, or one locus of time. A house in a dream might have a time of existence of some minutes subjectively. It is unlikely to be visited twice, though it might. But a house in shared consensus reality would have millions of conscious vortexes involved in its reality. From the housefly to the rice in the cupboard to the people living in and around it to the birds singing in the garden and the worms digging the soil – all lend their awareness. Such a house might thus have a time reality of hundreds of years.

Temporal everyday time is an integral part of orgone. This is because orgone energy flows are inherently temporal in nature like the wave functions of quantum physics. Any orgonotic negentropic flow (the superimposition of orgone streams creating a galaxy for example) or the condensation biologically from bion to amoeba to cell also has time. An orgonotic flow in the other direction, for example the breakdown of a red blood cell has orgonotic stages and thus also possesses temporal time.

The creative and destructive cycles like Reich’s four beat life cycle (Relaxation, Tension, Charge, Discharge) both follow time in the forward arrow.

John Southgate’s Creative Cycle

John Southgate, a pioneering North London psychoanalyst was interested his whole working life in the dynamics of groups. He started work as a ‘time and motion’ manager in a factory in Nottingham and eventually taught group dynamics at the North London Polytechnic before setting up the Institute for Self-Analysis in Hampstead. This became the Centre for Attachment-Based Psychoanalytical Psychotherapy. In the above diagram he used Reich’s four-beat life formula to illustrate how groups go through creative (and destructive) cycles over time (3). John Southgate’s creative and destructive cycles mirror the yin yang symbol with its sine wave segmenting a circle. The yin yang symbol also symbolises time, creation and destruction, male and female changing within the overall tao, the latter being similar to Leon Southgate’s universal time. The yin yang symbol is best visualised not as static but as moving. Interestingly, the yin yang symbol is also Reich’s orgonome biological shape and can thus be viewed in three dimensions as well as in motion (4).

Biological Orgonome as 3D Yin Yang Symbol in Motion

John Southgate’s notion of a barefoot psychoanalyst was based on the Chinese notion of barefoot doctors.

Group Dynamics in Time

Orgonotic energetic time would be forwards, temporal and both negentropic and entropic. It could also explain why the forward direction of time is preferenced. Orgone is inherently and preferentially creative as a field, it tends to go from less to more, from cold to hot, it is more negentropic than entropic. Orgone itself has a direction, a choice. These flows would tend to preference creative movement within the group time flows but would also allow for destructive flows in the same temporal direction. There is no creation without some destruction.

Time has an aspect as a universal container and as a thing in this theory. It is not solely something intangible or merely descriptive arising from the unfolding of reality, but a tangible correlate and identity of orgone and thus consciousness. Time like a substance or fluid may conceivably split off into streams, yet the ocean (universal time) from which the streams derive (group and individual) would contain them. Orgone’s qualities could be said to be consciousness, physicality and time. All three aspects are identical and interchangeable. If there is any consciousness at all there must be a sense of experiencing something and thus all consciousness implies physicality to some degree. Consciousness and physicality are thus identical. If there is any consciousness at all there is also time. Even awareness of one’s own consciousness without any objects or others would still have a sense of time in that awareness. Consciousness and time are therefore identical. If consciousness is identical with orgone then if one can move within the orgone then one can move within time. Time itself could be considered a physical thing but with simultaneous multiple existences, a trinity.

Topology of Orgonomic Time

Overall Conclusion

This theory would be both Platonic (viewing the background universal time as independent of change, otherwise known as absolutism) but also its opposite the relational conception (viewing the group time streams as generating time partly through the relations of objects and energy). The universal time would have flow however, so perhaps not completely identical to Plato’s unchanging eternity. It has aspects of spiritual theories of time in that it includes a transcendent factor (the universal orgonotic time). It includes psychological theories of time because it sees time as an aspect of consciousness (hence it includes animal time and real duration, time as subjectively real – depending on one’s position in the time streams). It explains apparent timelessness as a different kind of time rather than no-time. In this sense, the universal time is subtly different to the Platonic concept – there can be no absolute stillness in even the universal time. This is because the universal time is also conscious, and consciousness always implies flow.

As in Einstein’s theory of time it views time as physical (as time is an aspect of a physical entity – orgone). Incidentally, Einstein himself never completely rejected the aether (which is related to orgone). There must be a physically real background medium even in relativity theories (space-time). He was content merely to strip away nearly all the functions of an aether aside from those required by relativity (5). Within the time streams, the orgone theory of time would have aspects of relativity as the quanta of orgone (and thus time) would change relative to factors such as mass, energy and movement. It incorporates aspects of moving block theory (the collective of individual time streams would create an increasing block travelling along the group time stream). This is illustrated via the segments in the group stream illustrated above. It would also have aspects of spotlight theory – the collective of individuals at the ‘present’ in the group time stream would preference the growing present and past but individual time streams might ‘spotlight’ differently. This is illustrated with the figures ‘spotlighting’ different points in the group stream. The relationship of the group time stream to the flow of the universal time would create a real group temporality even if individuals within the stream changed position. This temporality of the present might be stretched somewhat along the segment of the group-time stream.

It may be possible to materially move within a portion or block of the group time stream. It may also be possible to psychically, or even materially, move the ‘spotlight’ of one’s consciousness within the block of time. It has aspects of a dynamic eternalism and aspects of presentism. It is both an A type of time theory (temporality is real within the group stream) and a B type (temporality can be transcended to a degree via the universal time or ‘spotlight’ movement within a block). It thus includes temporality and non-temporality. It delineates four interacting aspects of time; universal, group, individual and energetic.

It avoids McTaggerts influential dismissal of time by freeing it from being merely the reflection of change as in the Aristotlian definition. The existence of a universal background time can be said to counterbalance McTaggerts dismissal of time’s existence (6). Past, present and future need not entirely contradict each other from the point of view of the universal time. McTaggert reasonably argued that events cannot be considered in two tenses at once, say past and present, therefore the tenses do not make sense, hence time does not exist. However, perhaps it is not time itself that does not exist but temporality and then only from one perspective – that of the universal time. Temporality may exist according to the flow of change in group and individual time streams – the consensus present would be where most individual time streams are together spotlighting the group time stream (although this consensus present might spread out across a segment to some degree). An individual’s present could alter forwards and backwards from the group or even be multiple. Temporality would be the function of consciousness and thus real to that consciousness or group of consciousnesses.

The theory is not deterministic (because consciousness always influences it throughout the entirety of time) and it allows for multiple causation in either direction – as is claimed to be noted in some scientific experiments which show causation to be bypassed or even backward. It is not non-existent like Newton’s absolute time as the universal time itself experiences consciousness, flow and physicality. It is not still like Plato’s eternity, as it has flow and development even in the universal aspect.

There is not duality in this theory as the universal time is not non-time but a form of time. The universal time remains physical and conscious so of the same substance as time experienced in the group, individual and energetic forms. It does require physicality to have an aspect beyond local movement – a kind of universal movement which is transcendent of local movement. This transcendent universal movement is not stillness however – and this is the heart of the paradox. It cannot be stillness as it is conscious and consciousness always has time and thus flow. Empirically, there is no absolute stillness evidenced as all observed things have energy. There is also no absolute stillness evidenced psychically. All experienced things have flow. There is no zero. Even if one were to experience absolute void there would still be a flow created by the consciousness of that void. Yet if something can be everywhere at once it is beyond localised movement – thus there is a paradox. Liverpool also had a famous nightclub of this name in the 1980s on the outskirts of town, a huge place, where some three thousand people could party. It had as its central building feature a 1920s Art Deco clocktower, formally the famous workplace of Vernon’s Pools Football lottery which brought betting to the masses and away from horseracing alone. The year that Reich died, 1957, saw the launch of door-to-door betting coupons in England. The club hosted thousands of revellers every week through the 1980s and 90s and the author visited once and had a great time.

The Paradox Nightclub Building, Liverpool

Perhaps there is a mystery beyond which science cannot venture. The science fiction series, Doctor Who is well named, it implies that there is always this paradox. It is a question as well as a name, Doctor Who? The creator of the most famous time-based science fiction series in history, Southgate believes based their premier villains on Reich’s notion of armouring. Terry Nation in the first series of Doctor Who, which aired from December 1963, introduces the Daleks (7). They were so popular they survived almost exactly as first envisioned right through to recent episodes. The Daleks were a brain in a super-armoured mechanical body. They were obsessed with destroying things. As survivors of a terrible war on their planet they hate free-flowing, natural life. The other group of intelligent beings on their planet were called the Thals and were pacifist, very unarmoured and ‘flowing’ characters. They had a Greek type of dress. Thallasso is Greek for deep waters/ocean. Thallasophobia, which the Daleks have, is fear of deep waters (emotionally speaking). Reich’s epitome of the unarmoured character was from a free-flowing jellyfish – a sea creature. Also, Reich’s notion of a cosmic orgone ocean corresponds to the deep waters (8).

The use of a police box as the time travelling Tardis is interesting. The word polis originally meant state, or a Greek city. So the outer city (polis) could represent the universal time described here with the changes or travel being the individual and group time streams, represented by the doctor (individual) and where he visits (group). The Tardis is also bigger on the inside than the outside indicating that it is a container for time. Nation also introduced the idea in series one that the Daleks were dependent on the deadly radiation post an atomic war. This is reminiscent of Reich’s idea of an extra-terrestrial DOR-Men in Contact with Space published a few years earlier (DOR is Deadly Orgone). This author believes the idea of the Daleks being based on the SS or Nazis as commonly argued was just a cover story and the real basis was Reich’s notion of armoured versus unarmoured character types, which Nation would not have been free to disclose but which makes more sense to this author.

The Unarmoured Thals Versus Armoured Daleks in Original Doctor Who, Series 1, 1963

An additional reason for the belief in Reich’s influence is from another later series by Nation, the brilliant science fiction TV series portraying a fascist space-travelling Earth civilisation – Blake’s 7 (9). A breakaway group of criminals eventually commandeers an Artificial Intelligence called ORAC on an abandoned planet called Aristo (meaning noble) where a computer scientist named Ensor works alone but for his son and persecuted by the authorities (perhaps ENergy Sentience ORgone). Reich worked alone but for a few associates and his son, Peter, and daughter Eva, and was persecuted by the authorities. ORAC is an unusual name for a computer and Reich’s acronym is the best-known use of the term (ORgone ACcumulator). Orgonomy was experiencing an upsurge in the late 1970s when Nation was writing and he would have been familiar with it at least to some degree. Sometimes the name is capitalised in the original Blake’s 7 graphics suggesting an acronym rather than an abbreviation, say for oracle, which again would make a good cover story. ORAC in the series is a box and Reich’s ORAC is also a box. Both Blake’s 7 ORAC and Reich’s ORAC motor may have had an activating component – the Y Factor for Reich’s motor and in Blake’s 7 a small handheld switch which was placed on the box to activate it. This is also reminiscent of the shamir which activated the Ark of the Covenant. The Ark was itself perhaps an oranur computer for conversing with a higher intelligence, see Maglione for discussion of the Ark, oranur and the shamir (10). Coincidentally, Nation in English and Reich in German both mean the same thing, the homeland.

Blake’s 7 – ORAC

The ideo-physical, pan-psychic view of orgone, required only two components: orgonotic physicality and consciousness. This orgone theory of time requires only three components: orgonotic physicality, consciousness and time itself (or flow of consciousness). The only essentials in this theory are those three elements – one cannot have any reality at all without all three at once. There is no reality if any of the three are separate. Local movement and stillness, matter and local energy are sub-concepts in this view. Time always implies flow. Consciousness always implies time so even the universal time would have flow. The universal time would thus have a transcendent movement. It is not still as it is conscious. But it transcends any movement within it. This is a paradox which can be illustrated with a diagram:

Time Paradox

As can be seen above the universal time is shown moving, this has been termed transcendent movement by the author. The universal time is shown here as the ouroboros – as it is living, conscious and moving and thus a good symbol. The universal time cannot be stillness as it is aware and thus has its own universal flow or time. But it also transcends any movement within it, hence its paradoxical nature. The circular nature of the symbol represents the universal time as it is whole and all-containing. Any streams inside the greater circle would be the group and individual streams. The universal time can transcend any movement within it but is itself not still. Thus one could imagine it as the ouroboros therefore. One could also imagine the universal time as the onlooker observing a waterfall. Various points in the waterfall can represent points in time; past, present and future, coming into being as an object traverses the falls. Perhaps an object could teleport from one point in the falls to another, representing time travel. Similarly, a Ferris Wheel could represent, holistically, the universal time and each moving seat a temporal ‘present’. As each ‘present’ moves around the wheel one moves from the past into the future. But again, if one were able to jump from one seat to another then time travel would have occurred. A group of people in a seat would represent a consensus ‘present’. A consciousness could conceivably exist at more than one point in the waterfall or Ferris Wheel.

Temporal Time as Points on a Waterfall or Ferris Wheel

Temporal time could also be viewed as an ancient hippodrome – the building being the universal time and the racehorses being individual time streams with each race being a group time stream. Different audience vantage points along the way could represent different temporal locations in the timestream. The hippodrome building, like the universal time, could be subtly moving especially if it is full of people. Temporality could also be seen as a carousel. The carousel viewed holistically could represent the universal time with the individual moving figures being individual and group streams. Looking from the perspective of the whole or from outside the carousel one would know the past and future of each animal. That the outside of the Ferris Wheel, carousel or waterfall also moves represents the transcendent movement which contains the movement of anything within it. Riders moving from one animal to another on a carousel would represent time travel. Relative movement would be viewing the animal and rider from within the carousel and relative stillness would be viewing the same thing from outside the carousel.

Temporality as a Hippodrome or Carousel


The theory is testable on at least three levels.

1. If orgone is time this could be tested by creating concentrations of orgone and seeing if such concentrations affect the experience or mechanical passage of time. The theory would predict that a moderate accumulation of orgone might affect a change in psychic time. On the other hand, a great accumulation of orgone might affect a material change in time. Oranur seems to affect psychics and shamans more than most people and this could be initial evidence of orgone affecting psychic passage of time – shamans and psychics can be out of time flows or contain more time than most people. One shaman repeatedly reported that oranur caused her to experience ‘time-jumping’ where her temporal stability became elastic. This was a very difficult experience so caution with oranur near psychics is strongly advised. The author considers that psychics and shamans may generate their own oranur, this being why they are more sensitive to it than most people – they are already highly charged. Uri Geller could change Geiger counts and this author posits that it might not have been through mechanical interference (as Geller’s team thought) but through oranur (11).

2. As this theory predicts time travel might be possible, both psychically and materially, then a simple way to investigate this could include systematically collating and analysing the reports of out-of-time occurrences to see if there are common factors such as oranur-like energy concentrations. There is some evidence of this already as has been noted in this essay, see the Jenny Randles book previously referenced for example.

3. This theory predicts that oranur would be associated with time travel and other paranormal occurrences. Oranur can be measured using Geiger counters as the energy creates an increase in charged particles. It could be investigated if Geiger counts increase near possible paranormal time phenomena. This has already been evidenced to some extent if one considers the Constable bio-forms (12) as paranormal phenomena (they are associated with an increase in Geiger counts). Researchers might consider Geiger count measurements as a useful tool. Faraday cages, as used in some paranormal research as a controlling factor, do not reduce oranur, in fact they increase it, so they are not a complete control. Electrical phenomena itself can also be viewed as secondary to oranur in some cases.


Consciousness is created by time as the latter is an aspect of consciousness itself. Orgone may possibly be created by consciousness (for example through meditation, Yoga or Tai-chi). Orgone can also be created by time as it is naturally negentropic (generally the more time passes the more orgone accumulates). This would also mean there might be no conservation of energy ultimately and that new energy may be creatable as consciousness is without limit. Consciousness may not conserve itself or have a set quantity. Words, numbers and symbols, such as posited by religious traditions might be able to create things by speaking them into being as is claimed in our great books.



T = C x Or

Time would be affected by the amount of consciousness multiplied by the amount of orgonotic charge. The latter would be affected by the density of the physicality one is within. For example, in the arena of a dream, travel within time might be easier than in the arena of terrestrial life. Orgone is anchored (in accumulators or geometric shapes such as the pyramid), excited (charged particles), frozen (matter) and condensed (water) into physicality so it thus ‘divided’ in the process (from the whole). One could therefore amend the equation as follows:


T = C x Or / d

It is hard to visualise as an orgonometric equation using Reich’s symbols, as each of the three so-called variables is a Common Functioning Principle or CFP to the other two variables (density is an aspect of orgone so not actually a separate variable but a sub-variable). Neither of the three variables is the root of the other two. One cannot have any consciousness at all without physicality. There is no consciousness without time, as all awareness inherently possesses time. Orgone as a substance cannot exist without consciousness or therefore outside of time. There is no single CFP. Consciousness cannot split into time on the one hand and orgone on the other – it would no longer be consciousness in such a scenario and the variables would also not exist separately. It appears that factually we are left with no other option but to visualise the relationship as a trinity. Hence the symbol at the beginning of Part 2 of this essay, the ouroboros is pictured as the universal time containing the triangle representing the three aspects of reality, as pictured here.

Reality as Trinity


1. Southgate, Leon. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

2. Southgate, Leon, (2018)

3. Southgate, John, Randall and Tomlinson (1978) The Barefoot Psychoanalyst, Barefoot Books quoted in Southgate, Leon. Chinese Medicine and Wilhelm Reich (2009) Lambert Academic Publishing, pp 39 (also MSc Univ of Wales 2002).

4. Southgate, Leon. (2002) Chinese Medicine and Wilhelm Reich, MSc Thesis, University of Wales, Northern College of Acupuncture. Also available as a book by LAP publishers. Synopsis at

– see orgonome and Yin Yang symbol.

5. Relativity and Time

6. Section 4.

7. Accessed 2022 See synopsis Series 1. (The original series 1 was available to view on at time of writing).

8. Reich, Wilhelm (1960) Selected Writings of Wilhelm Reich, Ed – Higgins, Farrer, Straus, Giroux/Noonday Press.

9. Blake’s 7, Series 1, Episode 13 (1978) Nation, Terry. (synopsis). Series available in part on Youtube or as DVD, 2022.

10. Maglione, Roberto. (2017) The Legendary Shamir,

11. Taylor, John. (1976) Super Minds, Picador pp61.

12. Southgate, Leon and Hayes, Nik (2019) Positive Findings on Constable’s Bioforms, See Also Part 1.

Posted in Orgone Biophysics2 Comments

Temperature And Electric Measurements On An Organism Exposed To A Concentrated Orgone Energy Field

Temperature And Electric Measurements On An Organism Exposed To A Concentrated Orgone Energy Field

Co-Author: Luca Piergentili


Body temperature, body resistance and skin voltage were measured before and after a 20-minute daily ORAC session, carried out in the period April 5th-December 10th, 2021, on a male patient aged 62.

Total number of daily sessions was 226. The difference of the temperature and electrical parameters was found by a t-Student test to be highly statistically significant. This means effects were unlikely to have occurred by chance. During an ORAC session the organism, in addition to energy dissipation through the well-known basal metabolic rate process, might be subjected to two further processes in which energy variation might occur. These are related to the variation of thermal energy, and of electrical energy. Healing processes observed in an ill organism during the use of ORACs might be closely related in some still unknown ways to the action of the variation of the above energies.

Introduction and background

The orgone energy accumulator (ORAC) is a device, conceived by Wilhelm Reich in the ‘40s of the last century, whose peculiarity is to concentrate a specific kind of energy from the atmosphere.1 According to Reich this kind of energy, called orgone energy, can be found everywhere and fills the Universe and all things in Nature and is the primary component of matter. In high concentrations, such as those found inside an ORAC, it has many beneficial effects on living organisms and it might be useful in medical therapies of several diseases, including cancer. Orgone energy is said to be a pre-atomic energy as matter is formed by the superimposition of two or more orgone energy waves.2 This phenomenon marks the line beyond which formation of secondary physical phenomena, recognised by traditional physics as electricity, magnetism, gravity, etc., occur. Reich remarked that the qualities of the orgone energy continuum he discovered, made of an infinite number of units and filling the Universe, might be compared with those of the well-known aether of the scientific revolution (called also luminiferous aether) and of that of the Ancient’s, and it can be identified with them.3

Indeed, the presence of the aether in Nature and its qualities had been thoroughly investigated and discussed in the past few centuries by a long list of scientists. They conceived it as a very dense medium either composed of discrete, separate parts or grains, or perhaps made of a jelly or continuous substance.4 Supporter of the first hypothesis were for example Reynolds (1842-1912),5 and Todeschini (1899-1988);6 while amongst the many of the other group we find Kelvin (1824-1907)7 and Lodge (1851-1940)8 that promoted a continuous and partless aether similar to an infinite liquid. Reich’s orgone energy continuum or ocean might belong to the first school of thought in that Reich made many examples from direct observations and experiments in which the orgone energy continuum was found to be made of tiny, dynamic, and sometimes visible dots or points or particles.9 In addition, the tiny orgone particles were endowed by Reich with life-giving and therapeutic or syntropic qualities. These latter properties were less considered by the scientific circles of the 18th and 19th centuries in that scientists were more committed to consider the aether as a medium fundamental to explain the ‘action-at-a-distance’ of bodies and various physical phenomena rather than the biological and medical properties. According to Reich, orgone energy was also responsible for metaphysical phenomena in that he thought that the oranur state (one of three characterising the orgone energy continuum) might help to promote higher states of consciousness.10

In the period of the scientific revolution we find many important scientists that devoted their existence to elucidating the secrets of the aether conundrum. Amongst them we find Ciolkovskij (1857-1935), Lorentz (1853-1928), Hertz (1857-1894), Maxwell (1831-1879), Faraday (1791-1867), Fresnel (1788-1827), Ampere (1775-1836), Young (1773-1829), Bernoulli (Johann, 1710-1790), Euler (1707-1783), Huygens (1629-1695), and also Descartes (1596-1650) who was the first in the 17th century, to develop and to bring into science a modern concept of aether, constituted of subtle particles moving in vortexes.

Going further back in time, there is a period of relatively scarce evidence of interest in the aether where the only few enquiries were advanced by theologians and philosophers of the medieval Islamic East tradition.11 After this we find the philosophical schools of the Ancients. Amongst the many we may consider the work of Lucretius (1st century BCE) and Epicurus (about 3rd century BCE) and above all of Leucippus and Democritus, the founders of the atomist school in the 5th century BCE. They conceived an aether characterized by a continuous granular structure and called its basic constituents atomos or atomom (indivisible or indestructible), or ideai (shapes or forms).12 These basic components were thought to be made of different shapes and sizes and to be eternal. Democritus considered the visible objects of the world of appearance to be brought about by clusters of these atomos that were dynamic and characterized by whirling movements. Before them an aether with similar characteristics was discussed by Anaximander (that he called apeiron)13 and Pythagoras in the 6th century BCE, and then by Moschus of Sidon, in the 13th-14th century BCE.14 Possibly, the properties of this aether were already known to the ancient Egyptians, as proposed by Maglione,15 and even further back in time to the Chinese (Qi) and Indians (Prana) of the 5-10 millennia BCE who were the few to endow it with therapeutic qualities.

Reich’s orgone energy continuum might be considered the most complete conception of the aether today available endowed with both physical and biological qualities, and directly connected to the metaphysical realm. And, one of the most important results of Reich’s investigation might be the law of the orgonomic potentials from which one very important natural law can be deduced, i.e. the orgasm formula from which the pulsation of an organism follows.16 Indeed, the law of the orgonomic potentials is a powerful tool to explain the evenness, the equilibrium and the resilience of the orgone energy continuum in that each unit or particles of the continuum might be subjected to the attractive force of the surrounding units (constituting a higher orgonomic potential when compared to that of the single unit) thus making the continuum a homogeneous and stable structure unless a higher orgonomic potential is applied somewhere to the system from the outside.

The concrete and tangible orgone energy continuum might match quite well also with the philosophical view the late Planck expressed at a lecture in Florence, Italy, in 1944. A conception totally against the view of physics of the time he contributed to develop:17


“As a man who has devoted his whole life to the most clear-headed science, to the study of matter, I can tell you as a result of my research about atoms this much:
There is no matter as such.
All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together.
We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind.
This mind is the matrix of all matter.”


By and large, it seems that the granular structure of the aether, a conception that has been constantly found along the history of mankind’s thought, might be the most credible and promising position in order to clarify the characteristics of this substance and to give it a final identity.

The mathematical modelling work of the aether developed by Reynolds and Todeschini based on laboratory physical experiments, and the experimental work of Reich in the biology and medical fields might be an invaluable and priceless body of knowledge available today to continue and develop the Great True Science based on the presence in the Universe of a ubiquitous and granularly-structured aether that, according to the Greek philosophers might be eternal, with no beginning nor end. It is a science that can be called without presumption Eternal Science or Scientia Aeterna in which there is no place for a void cosmos.

The medical and therapeutic properties the aether had been found to be endowed are clearly evident in the use of the ORAC. Its function and healing qualities had been investigated both by Reich and many scholars and researchers after his death. Reich and his associates observed strong biological effects from the ORAC, publishing results of controlled experiments suggesting a strong stimulus of the parasympathetic nervous system of human beings,18 and delayed tumour development in cancer mice and human beings.19

In the period following Reich’s death (1957), a number of physicians and scientists replicated many of his experiments. Noteworthy, are the double-blind controlled trials on human physiology undertaken by Muschenich and Gebauer,20 and by Hebenstreit.21 These experiments showed an evident stimulus of the parasympathetic nervous system in organisms exposed to the high orgone field of an ORAC, with a statistically significant increase of skin and body core temperatures, and heart rate. Mazzocchi and Maglione22 carried out body temperature and Ryodoraku23 measurements on 20 test subjects after exposure to the orgone field of an ORAC. They found a statistically significant increase of body temperature interpreted as a slight healing fever, while the Ryodoraku measurements revealed a parasympathetic nervous system activation, consistent with increased peripheral blood circulation to dissipate the slight heat increase. Other studies on cancer mice performed by Grad,24 and by Blasband25 showed a delayed development of tumour mass of the ORAC-exposed cancer mice groups. Aprile et al26 observed a complete regression of a pancreatic adenocarcinoma mass in a human organism after exposure to systematic concentrated orgone fields performed in parallel to traditional chemotherapy. Senf27 published results of research aimed at evaluating the effects of orgone devices on acupuncture points. Southgate28 found statistically significant effects (p=0.03) of an ORAC on acupuncture sensation in a population of 72 patients, in a double-blind controlled investigation.

Currently, there is a growing interest in the ORAC for treatment of various diseases and several new books have been published on the clinical applications of the orgone energy accumulator.29

Objectives of Present Study

In this present research the authors considered whether the ORAC would change the behaviour of body electrical resistance, voltage and temperature measurements of a human organism when it is systematically exposed to a concentrated orgone energy field.

Materials and Methods

The investigation was performed on a patient (male, age 62) with no major diseases. Measurements of electric resistance and voltage between the hands of the patient and of axillary body temperature were taken. Then the patient entered and was seated in the ORAC for a 20 minute-session. Soon after the ORAC session was concluded, the patient came out of the ORAC, and electric resistance, voltage and body temperature were measured again.

The ORAC used was a human-sized orgone accumulator made of five alternating layers of sheep wool and steel wool, with the outer layer made of masonboard, and the inner layer of a galvanized metal sheet.

The electric resistance was measured by an analog tester to which the test leads had been replaced by two handles lined each by a 1-mm copper sheet. Each handle was held by a patient’s hand and reading recorded when stabilized. To avoid any error in the measurements due to variation of humidity of the patient’s palm hands before and after ORAC session the measurements were done with the two copper handles held by the patient immersed each in a glass bowl filled with tap water. The aim was to standardise the adherence surface between readings to reduce as much as possible any error in the measurements.

The voltage measurement was carried out by using one of the copper handles, while the other had been replaced by a handle lined by a zinc sheet. Readings were recorded when stabilized. Temperature measurements were taken by a digital thermometer. To reduce any possible error in the readings three consecutive measurements were taken before and after each ORAC session. The reference temperature before and after each session was the average of the three readings.

In addition, temperature and humidity of the room in which the ORAC was located were also taken during each session. Humidity was regulated by a dehumidifier to be 50%; while temperature was proportional to the seasonal temperature since no heater or air conditioning system was on inside the room. The 20-minute ORAC sessions were performed from April 05 to December 10, 2021. In total 226 sessions were done.

Theoretical background

Based on the measures of temperatures, and of electric resistance and voltage between patient’s hands, it emerges that the exposure of the organism to the concentrated orgone energy field of the ORAC results in the dissipation of a certain amount of energy into other forms of energy. As largely known from literature, an organism at rest dissipates energy into heat through the basal metabolic rate process. However, this amount is general and not dependant on the use of the ORAC. When an organism undergoes an ORAC session, energy is dissipated as variation of body temperature (TA-TB) and in some unknown way due to the variation of the electric parameters, Resistance and Voltage – (RA-RB) and (VA-VB). This means that during the exposure inside the ORAC the energy dissipated by the organism during a session can be identified into the following:


  1. basal metabolic rate
  2. increase of body temperature
  3. increase of body resistance and decrease of body voltage.


The energy converted into heat by the organism while being at rest is known as basal metabolic rate (QBMR),30 and is determined by applying the following expression given by Quenouille et al:31



Where QBMR denotes the basal metabolic rate in [kcal/day]; w the weight of the subject in [kg]; h the height of the subject in [cm]; s the surface area of the subject in [cm2]; and T the temperature in [°C] and H the humidity in [%] of the environment in which the test subject is. In our study temperature and humidity are those of the room where the ORAC is located. The surface area of the body’s subject can be calculated by the following Dubois and Dubois’ equation:32


Where s denotes the surface area of the subject in [cm2], w the weight in [kg], and h the height in [cm].

The energy dissipated by the organism into heat, as a consequence of the variation of temperature during a session inside the ORAC33 might be supposed to be function of the change of temperature of the water content inside a human organism. Therefore, the amount of dissipated heat is directly proportional to the mass of water of the subject and the variation of temperature, as follows:


Where cw denotes the specific heat of water, 4182 J/kg∙°C, mw the mass of water of the organism in [kg], and (TA-TB) the temperature difference as measured before and after the ORAC session in [°C]. The mass of water in the organism has been estimated to be mw = 0.6∙w, where w is the weight of the organism in [kg].34 The above equation (3) can be rewritten as follows:


The third amount of energy involved is the electric energy produced in the organism during one ORAC session. It can be determined by the following equations:


Where PB and PA denote the electric power of the organism before and after the ORAC session, respectively, in [Watt]; VB and VA the potential difference (voltage) before and after the session in [mV]; and RB and RA the electrical resistance before and after the session in [kOhm].
The difference between PA and PB gives the amount of electric power (P) involved during the session inside the orgone accumulator:


Knowing the duration of the exposure (t) of the organism to the concentrated orgone energy field of the ORAC the variation of electric energy (W) during a session can be determined as follows:




Where t denotes the duration of the orgone session (20 minutes).

Results and data analysis

Figures 1 through 3 show the behaviour of the body electric resistance (RA-RB), the body voltage (VA-VB), and the body temperature (TA-TB) differences, respectively, between after (A) and before (B) the ORAC session for the whole period of testing (226 days).


Figure 1


Figure 2


Figure 3


All the above differences showed a prevailing behaviour. Body electrical resistance (RA-RB) recorded a mainly positive difference between readings recorded after (A) and before (B) sessions (figure 1), with an average increase of 0.874 kOhm.



Statistical analysis, carried out according to the t-Student test, showed that these differences were highly statistically significant (p=8.6077∙10-19) for a significant level of p<0.05

Figure 4 shows the frequency of the values of the resistance difference. The most frequent value was 0.30 kOhm with a frequency of 3.54%.


Figure 4



Voltage differences (VA – VB) showed a negative trend for the monitored period (figure 2), with an average decrease of -15.5 mVolt. Statistical analysis, carried out according to the t-Student test, showed that this difference was highly statistically significant (p=3.1552∙10-56) for a significance level of p<0.05.

Figure 5 shows the frequency of the values of the voltage difference. The most frequent value was -15.0 mV °C with a frequency of 11.50%.


Figure 5


Body temperature difference (TA–TB) showed a positive trend (figure 3) with an average increase of 0.146 °C.



Statistical analysis, carried out according to the t-Student test, showed that this temperature difference was highly statistically significant (p=2.381∙10-37) for a significance level of p<0.05.

Figure 6 shows the frequency of the values of the temperature difference. The most frequent value was 0.20 °C with a frequency of 10.18%.


Figure 6


Figure 7 reports the behaviour of the Basal Metabolic Rate (QBMR) for each session. Obviously, the value is all the time negative since the process always involves a dissipation of heat. As reported above, this is function of the characteristics of the test subject (weight and height), and of the environmental conditions (temperature and humidity) where the subject is located. An average value encompassing all the tested period of -0.1108∙106 Joule was found.35


Figure 7


Following figure 8 reports the heat dissipated or acquired by the organism (Qw) as increase or decrease of body temperature after the ORAC session. As can be observed from the figure, the trend is practically always negative apart from a few cases in which it was positive. An average value encompassing all the tested period of -0.0311∙106 Joule was found.


Figure 8


Following figure 9 shows the trend of the variation of electric energy into the organism during each ORAC session. It can be remarked that the trend of (WA-WB), determined by eq. (9), is practically all the time negative. The average value was -0.3077∙10-3 Joule.



Statistical analysis, carried out according to the t-Student test, showed that this difference in electrical energy was highly statistically significant (p=3.6595∙10-35) for a significance level of p<0.05.


Figure 9


Statistics Summary Analysis

Table 1 below reports the average values of the experimental parameters and their statistical significance.


Table 1


Table 2 shows the variation of the measured and calculated data against weather conditions during ORAC sessions. From Table 2 an increase of the average value of (TA-TB), (RA-RB), and a decrease of (VA-VB) can be remarked when the ORAC session is done in clear or clear-like weather (151 days). Conversely, in case of bad weather (rain) or of a highly cloud-covered atmosphere (75 days) the corresponding average values are lower.


Table 2


From the data reported in Table 2 it is evident the variation of resistance, voltage, and temperature followed weather conditions. In days with a homogeneous distribution of orgone energy into the atmosphere (clear, scattered clouds, and windy weather) resistance, and temperature were higher (+19.3% and +15.0%, respectively), while voltage was lower (-13.6%) than in days with a high concentration of orgone energy at the ground (foggy and rainy weather), or in mostly cloudy and overcast days.

The above results are telling us that the variation of the measured parameters, and hence of the related energies, are a function of the amount of orgone energy available inside the ORAC. This is fully in agreement with the law of the orgonomic potentials that states in days where the distribution of orgone energy into the atmosphere is low and homogeneously-distributed the amount of concentrated orgone energy inside an ORAC is higher than in days with a high concentration of orgone energy at the ground.


The life-positive qualities of the orgone energy continuum, whose equivalence with the aether was very briefly described in the introductory chapter,36 seems to be a well founded and solid reality. In the Orgonomy literature we may find many experiments and research conducted in the last 80 years that produced a large deal of experimental data and publications that might confirm the above assertion. Aether’s therapeutic characteristics have been known since ancient times, even though precise and accurate information were not passed on to us. Presently, orgone energy’s (or aether’s) life-enhancing as well as physical aspects can be properly defined through the Galilean scientific methods and processes, and peculiarities measured and repeated in controlled experiments. This makes their properties an objective reality whose application encompasses all fields of human knowledge and makes the present science of void and matter a misinterpretation and a distortion, if not an esoteric understanding of the aether’s properties.

The present study aimed at investigating the response of the organism to concentrations of orgone energy in dynamic conditions37 higher than those usually found in the natural environment. The results we obtained highlighted many processes that might be at work during the exposure to these high concentrations, and some of them are still unknown.

Our measures of body electric resistance and voltage, and body temperature before and after exposure evidenced that a certain amount of energy is dissipated by the organism during a 20-minute ORAC session. At least three distinct processes that might involve the metabolism of specific forms of energy have been identified. One process is the well-known basal metabolic rate (QBMR); another process implies the conversion of energy (QW) into heat as evidenced by the increase of body temperature; and the third one involves the variation of electric energy (W) to satisfy still unknown functions.

As for the first process, it is known from the literature that whatever standard relationship available today is used to calculate the BMR, it requires that the subject is 1) not engaged in physical activity; 2) completely rested; 3) fasted for at least 10 hours; 4) free from emotional stress; 5) free from disease or infection; and 6) in a test site not located at high altitudes.38 The above are all conditions met by the test subject during the sessions inside the ORAC. A further condition requires that the temperature of the environment should be thermo-neutral, that it should not fall below 18 °C. In our testing, the heater of the room in which the sessions were done was off, temperature of the room was proportional to the outside environment, and during spring and fall it dropped 108 (out of 226) times below 18 °C. Lowest recorded temperature was 5.2 °C. In order to take into account this latter point we considered for the calculation of the BMR the Quenouille et al equation because in its mathematical structure it contained a term taking into account the variation of the temperature of the location in which the test subject was located during the measures.

As far as the second process, or the increase of body temperature is concerned, the phenomenon had been already observed by other authors. Muschenich and Gebauer39 found, on a limited cohort of patients (10 people), a statistically significant increase of body temperature (p=0.01). Ritter and Ritter40 conducted an experiment on 12 patients by measuring body temperature by a thermometer under the tongue. They observed a body temperature increase (with a maximum of 0.53 °C) in the first 10 minutes of the ORAC session. Correa and Correa41 reported on an increase of body temperature of patients inside an ORAC even in the first 15 minutes of exposure. Oral temperature of a male patient (53 yrs old) showed, after 15 minutes of ORAC session, an average increase of the temperature of 0.38°C with a peak of 0.6 °C during a 10-day observation period. Mazzocchi and Maglione42 found a statistically significant increase (p=0.006) of body temperature of 0.242 °C in a group of 20 persons treated inside the ORAC for 45 minutes. Correa and Ritter’s temperature measurements were partially taken with the patients inside the ORAC possibly affecting the overall results; while Mazzocchi and Maglione’s measurements were always taken with the patient outside the ORAC so as to avoid any interference due to ORAC temperature fluctuations.

In the present study, the authors obtained for one patient daily exposed to the ORAC’s field a highly statistically significant increase of the temperature of 0.146 °C (p=2.3810∙10-37), with a peak of 0.57 °C recorded in a day where the weather was clear. Variation of temperature was observed to follow the law of the orgonomic potentials.

Though the present research was based only on one patient, the average increase of temperature observed agrees very well with that obtained by Reich,43 and later authors with the addition that the long-term research we carried out encompassed all seasonal but winter conditions.

According to the conclusions of the above-mentioned authors a small increase in body temperature or functional fever may support the theory of a parasympathetic stimulation. However, many agree it’s still unclear today what may be the role of this small increase. Buhl and Fischer reported that a mild fever may be a result of the accumulation of vital energy on the organism which stimulates the immune system.44 This heat might interact with latent infections, parasites, etc., of the organism by healing them, and when those latent diseases have healed up the temperature should not increase anymore even though the subject is still having regular ORAC sessions.

In the present study the authors assumed that this functional fever would have to be identified with the increase of the temperature of bodily fluids and more specifically of the water content of the organism. Besides, it can be argued an exposure of the organism to the concentrated orgone field of the accumulator for 20 minutes might be a sufficient time for the bodily water volume to be permeated by the orgone particles thus triggering a spontaneous reaction that is evidenced as an increase of temperature. It is known that when the organism is at rest the immune system increases its temperature as a repairing process by activating structured healing and regenerating mechanisms. It can be hypothesised the orgone particles that flood and permeate the human organism might provide the necessary information to cause a healing process at the expense of a consumption of calories and subsequent dissipation of heat.

As for the third process, the changes in electrical energy, to the authors’ best knowledge nothing had ever been reported in the literature about this observation. The authors have no plausible explanations to clarify the statistically significant variation of the electric energy in the organism during ORAC sessions. The matter needs further and accurate investigations. Research on this direction is ongoing through the analysis of electric potential measurements of the patient when compared to the surrounding electric potential of the environment before and after ORAC sessions. Results will be the subject of a future publication.

Overall Conclusion

From the results of the above 9-month study it can be concluded the exposure of a human organism to the concentrated orgone energy field typical of the interior of a human-sized orgone accumulator for 20 minutes determines certain effects. Chief amongst these is a variation of the electric properties of the biological tissues of the organism, such as resistance and potential difference, and of bodily temperature. Such variations are interconnected and indexes of activation of biological phenomena still unknown, but with beneficial effects to human beings.

The variation of the measured (resistance, potential difference, and temperature), and calculated (heat and electric energy) physical parameters follows and confirms the correctness of the law of the orgonomic potential.

Limitations of the study

This research was conducted on one patient with no major diseases. More studies need to be done in order to compare the above results with patients of different ages, sex, and who have major diseases. However, although the study was limited in terms of patient numbers it was comprehensive in terms of the length of time studying the variables, the repeated measurement points and the control of the variables themselves. Also, it may increase reliability to use the same person as their own control over time.


The authors would like to thank Leon Southgate for his suggestions in writing the paper.


1 The standard configuration of an ORAC involves a structure made of alternating layers of organic and inorganic materials, with the inner wall lined with a thin sheet of galvanised steel. This configuration stimulates an orgone energy flow from the outside to the inside of the device, thus creating in the interior a higher orgone energy concentration than on the outside.

2 According to Reich’s experiments and observations it might be assumed that an orgone energy wave is produced by the movement of an orgone energy unit.

3 Reich W, Ether, God and Devil, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1973, pages 139-161.

4 Whittaker E, A History of the Theories of Aether & Electricity, Dover Publications, 2017.

5 For the work of Reynolds on the aether see Reynolds O, The Sub-mechanics of the Universe, Cambridge University Press, UK, 1903; Reynolds O, On an Inversion of Ideas as to the Structure of the Universe (The Rede Lecture, June 10, 1902), Cambridge University Press, 1903; and Mackenzie J, The Structure of the Universe Being a Presentation of Professor Osborne Reynolds’ Theory of Gravitation, Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science, Vol 4, No 3, pages 385-403, 1910.

6 For the work of Todeschini on the aether see Todeschini M, La Teoria delle Apparenze (Spazio-Dinamica e Psico-bio-fisica), Movimento Psicobiofisico Internazionale S. Marco, Bergamo, Italy, 1949; Todeschini M, Einstein o Todeschini?, Movimento Psicobiofisico Internazionale S. Marco, Bergamo, Italy, 1956; Todeschini M, Decisive Experiments in Moderne Physics, Bergamo, Italy, 1966; Todeschini M, Psicobiofisica, Centro Internazionale di Psicobiofisica, Bergamo, 1977; and Borgognone E, La Realtà Fisica dei Fenomeni Elettrici, Magnetici, Luminosi, Accademia Teatina Delle Scienze, Rome, Italy, 1967.

7 Thomson W (Lord Kelvin), On Ether and Gravitational Matter Through Infinite Space, Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, Vol 2, No 8, August 1901.

8 Lodge O, The Ether and its Functions. Part I, Nature, Vol 27, pages 304-306, January 25, 1883; Lodge O, The Ether and its Functions. Part II, Nature, Vol 27, pages 328-330, February 01, 1883; and Lodge O, Modern Views of the Ether, Nature, Vol 75, pages 519-522, March 28, 1907.

9 See for example Reich W, The Cancer Biopathy. Volume II of the Discovery of the Orgone, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1973, at pages 105-106 where Reich refers to light dots (Kreiselwelle) that are visible when one stays for a sufficient amount of time inside an ORAC. At pages 112-113 of the same text Reich called moving energy particles those of the orgone continuum that are drawn inside the accumulator and whose movement is restricted and then stopped by the inner metal walls of the accumulator. According to Reich, in this circumstance particles’ kinetic energy is converted into heat and displayed as a rise of accumulator’s temperature. It is important to stress here that being kinetic energy directly proportional to the mass of the particle, and to the square of its velocity, the orgone particles must possess a mass, even though infinitesimally small, otherwise claiming dynamic or kinetic energy can be converted into heat is unsustainable. Reich’s view is that orgone particles and the orgone continuum in general is massless but this is untenable if one wants to resort to classic physics interpretation. In Reich W, Ether, God and Devil (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1973) at page 146 Reich clearly speaks of orgone energy units that form in the orgone ocean by concentration, and others that end their existence by energy dissipation. At page 152 of the same book Reich refers to deep blue-violet luminating dots as one of the form of the orgone energy continuum. And in Reich W, Contact with Space, Oranur Second report, 1951-1956. OROP Desert Ea 1954-1955 (Core Pilot Press, New York, 1957) at pages 37-42 Reich describes the qualities of orgone dots or energy units of different size and intensity that from time to time emerge from the substratum of the primordial cosmic energy continuum.

10 See the discussion on the effects of the Oranur experiment and the connection between physics and metaphysics in Reich W, The Oranur Experiment. First Report (1947-1951), The Wilhelm Reich Foundation, Rangeley, Maine, Usa, 1951, at pages 326-334; see also Ollendorf I, Wilhelm Reich. A Personal Biography, Avon Books, New York, October 1969, pages 195-196; and Wyvell L, Orgone and You, Offshoots of Orgonomy, N° 12, page 8.

11 The atomists of the medieval Islamic East tradition maintain that the atom (kalam) is a physically and conceptually minimal unit of magnitude and, when a finite number of these atoms are combined or aggregated together so as to form a body, they continue to exist within the body fully in actuality as discrete articulated units (masfil). The kalam is physically indivisible and has a minimal or non-zero amount of spatial (three dimensions) magnitude that exists in and moves through space, and thus it is distinct from the space it occupies (in Maglione R, The Aether. Volume 1. A History, Unpublished manuscript, 2021). Prominent atomists were al-Juwayni (1028-1085), al-Ghazali (1058–1111), al-Sharastani (c. 1075-1153), and al-Razi (1149-1210). For more information see Wolfson HA, The Philosophy of the Kalam, Harvard University Press, 1976; Baffioni C, Atomismo e Antiatomismo nel Pensiero Islamico, Series Minor, Istituto Universitario Orientale, Naples, Seminario di Studi Asiatici, 16, Rome 1982; Dhanani A, The Physical Theory of Kalam, Atoms, Space, and Void in Basrian Mu’tazili Cosmology, EJ Brill, Leiden, 1994; van Ess J, 60 Years After: Shlomo Pines’s Beitrage and Half a Century of Research on Atomism in Islamic Theology, Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 8.2, 2002; and Sabra AI, Kalam Atomism as an Alternative Philosophy to Hellenizing Falsafa, in Arabic Theology, Arabic Philosophy, From the Many to the One: Essays in Celebration of Richard M Frank, Edited by Montgomery EJ, Peeters, Leuven, 2006.

12 Taylor CCW, The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus. Fragments. A Text and Translation with a Commentary, University of Toronto Press, 1999; Berryman S, Leucippus, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016; and Berryman S, Democritus, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016. The work of the atomists was erroneously considered the basis of modern science. In fact, the term atomos of Leucippus and Democritus, first introduced by Gassendi in the first half of the 17th century, was adopted by Dalton to develop the fundamentals of chemistry. The atom was considered to be the smallest part making up matter. However, this was not the case, and subsequent experiments revealed the atom to be made of many smaller particles. Clearly, the atom of traditional physics has nothing in common with that conceived by Leucippus and Democritus. Unfortunately, the atomists are still considered the forerunners of one of the best-known building blocks, the atom, of which matter today is thought to consist. Making a comparison like the above can be argued to be a naive exercise (in Maglione R, The Aether. Volume 1. A History, Unpublished manuscript, 2021).

13 Maglione R, L’Apeiron di Anassimandro. Un Antesignano dell’Energia Orgonica? In Glielmi N, Maglione R, Wilhelm Reich, Gedi Gruppo Editoriale, Milan, Italy, 2009. See also Rovelli C, The First Scientist. Anaximander and His Legacy, Westholme Publishing, 2011.

14 Moschus (or Mochus) of Sidon or the lawgiver is identified by many scholars with Moses the Hebrew, the well-known figure of the Pentateuch (in Maglione R, The Aether. Volume 1. A History, Unpublished manuscript, 2021; see also Sailor DB, Moses and Atomism, Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol 25, No 1, Jan-Mar 1964; and McGuire JE, Rattansi PM, Newton and the “Pipes of Pan”, Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, Vol 21, No 2, December 1966). A view that Moses was well acquainted in the laws of Orgonomy was recently elaborated and advanced by Maglione developing the work of Isaacs (Isaacs RD, Talking With God. The Radioactive Ark of the Testimony. Communication Through It. Protection From It, Sacred Closet Books, Chicago, 2010) and Reich. According to Isaacs, many words in the Old Testament, and above all in the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Old Testament, used to describe the events and the phenomena related to the Ark of the Covenant had been erroneously translated or were not fully understood in their meaning. What surfaced from Isaacs’ study was a situation totally different from that traditionally depicted, namely an Ark that in certain circumstances was emitting dangerous radiations, a sort of radioactivity, and all the rituals and the sacrifices were developed as safety measures to be followed during the Exodus when approaching the Ark, its interior, or to protect Israelites and the animals of the camp from the radioactivity emitted by the Ark and the Tabernacle. One of the most important methods to protect from the nefarious radioactive cloud was the systematic use of incense’s smoke. The incense was a mixture made of equal parts of storax, galbanum, frankincense, salt and myrrh. Being that the Ark is a device emitting radiation, but at the same time being also an orgone-like accumulator, Maglione applied the laws of Orgonomy. Particularly those laws related to the Oranur state of the orgone continuum were used to study the behaviour of the Ark of the Covenant. He found a striking similarity between what is recounted in the Old Testament and what is described by Reich and his collaborators regarding the Oranur experiment. He identified in the words ruach and kawbode, terms that might potentially represent the orgone energy continuum found by Reich in dynamic flow, and in its Oranur state, respectively. Besides, Maglione found that nefesh, the substance that is present in the blood, could be identified with the orgone units known as bions. Therefore, Maglione considered it logical to think that Moses’ successors such as Joshua, and later Hezekiah and Solomon were accustomed to, and knew very well the laws regulating the use of orgone energy (aether). Maglione believed that for the time being this was a knowledge passed on for centuries to a restricted circle of Jewish initiates. In addition, being that Moses belonged also to the Egyptian elite, where he was brought up and educated, he thinks that this same knowledge was part of the daily practice of a small band of Egyptian initiates (see Maglione R, The legendary Shamir, Gedi Gruppo Editoriale, Milan, 2017). In this context, the similarity is extraordinary, between the Moses of the atomist thought and the Moses of the Pentateuch. The two aspects were contemporary to the same historical period and dealt with the same fundamental theories and issues.

15 Maglione R, The Legendary Shamir, Gedi Gruppo Editoriale, Milan, 2017.

16 Reich W, The Function of the Orgasm. Volume 1 of the Discovery of the Orgone, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1973, pages 272-286.

17 Planck M, Das Wesen der Materie (The Nature of Matter), Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Abt. Va, Rep. 11 Planck, Nr. 1797, 1944.

18 Reich W, The Cancer Biopathy. Volume II of the Discovery of the Orgone, Orgone Institute Press, Rangeley, Usa, 1973.

19 Reich W, The Carcinomatous Shrinking Biopathy, International Journal of Sex-Economy & Orgone Research, I(2):131-155, July 1942; Reich W, Experimental Orgone Therapy of the Cancer Biopathy, International Journal of Sex-Economy & Orgone Research, II(1):1-92, March 1943; Reich W, Anorgonia in the Carcinomatous Shrinking Biopathy, International Journal of Sex-Economy & Orgone Research, IV(1):1-33, April 1945; Tropp SJ, The Treatment of a Mediastinal Malignancy with the Orgone Accumulator, Orgone Energy Bulletin, I(3):100-109, 1949; Tropp SJ, Orgone Therapy of an Early Breast Cancer, Orgone Energy Bulletin, II(3):131-138, 1950; Hoppe W, Orgone Versus Radium Therapy in Skin Cancer, Report of a Case, Orgonomic Medicine, I(2):133-138, 1955; Reich E, Reich W, Early Diagnosis of Cancer of the Uterus, Cosmic Orgone Engineering, VII(1-2):47-53, 1955, Raphael CM, Confirmation of Orgonomic (Reich) Tests for the Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer, Orgonomic Medicine, II(1):36-41, 1956.

20 Muschenich S, Gebauer R, The Psycho-Physiological Effects of the Reich Orgone Energy Accumulator, Pulse of the Planet, Natural Energy Works, Ashland, Usa, Vol 1, No 2, 1989; and Muschenich S, Einige Zitate und Bemerkungen zur Frage ‘Sind die Begriffe Vagotonie versus Sympathocotonie auf die Wirkungen des Orgons übertragbar?’, Emotion, No 8, pages 68-71, 1987.

21 Hebenstreit G, Der Orgonakkumulator Nach Wilhelm Reich. Eine Experimentelle Untersuchung zur Spannungs-Ladungs-Formel, Diplomarbeit zur Erlangung des Magistergrades der Philosophie an der Grung- und Integrativ-wissenschaftlichen Fakultat der Universitat Wien, 1995.

22 Mazzocchi A, Maglione R, A Preliminary Study of the Reich Orgone Accumulator Effects on Human Physiology, Subtle Energy & Energy Medicine, Vol 21, No 2, 2010.

23 The Ryodoraku diagnostic technique is based on Nakatami’s research carried out in 1950. He discovered low-resistance electrical points on the human skin (hyper-electric conductive points), located along the longitudinal lines of the body and corresponding to the main energetic meridians of Chinese Medicine and classic Acupuncture. The Ryodoraku technique might be considered well-suited to evaluate ORAC effects on human physiology because it allows an instrumental objective registration (electrical resistance of human skin) of possible changes before and after an ORAC session. These measurements may help to understand physiological changes before and after ORAC exposure, from the viewpoints of both Reich’s orgonomy and that of Chinese Medicine.

24 Grad B, The Accumulator Effect on Leukemia Mice, Journal of Orgonomy, 26(2):199-218, 1992.

25 Blasband RA, The Orgone Energy Accumulator in the Treatment of Cancer Mice, Journal of Orgonomy, 7(1):81-85, 1973; and Blasband RA, Effects of the Orac on Cancer in Mice: Three Experiments, Journal of Orgonomy, 18(2):202-211, 1984.

26 Aprile T, Carlino F, Del Prete S, Angelone I, Cammisa A, Cusani F, Dello Iacovo N, Orgone Blanket as a Complementary Support in the Treatment of an Atrophic-Cancer Biopathy, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, October 02, 2018.

27 Senf B, Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy? American Journal of Acupuncture, Vol 7 (2):109-118, 1979; Senf B, Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy? Pulse of the Planet, Vol 1 (2): 25-30, 1989; and Senf B, Die Wiederentdeckung des Lebendigen. Erforschung der Lebensenergie Durch Reich, Schauberger, Lakhovsky u.a., Omega Verlag, Aachen, Germany, 2003.

28 Southgate L, Chinese Medicine and Wilhelm Reich, European Journal of Oriental Medicine, UK, (4) 4:31-41, 2003.

29 Kavouras J, Heilen mit Orgonenergie.Turm Verlag, Bietigheim, 2005; and Buhl H, Fischer J, Energie! Heilung und Selbstheilung mit Lebensenergie, Ulrich Leutner Verlag, Berlin, 2007; Maglione R, Mazzocchi A, Biofisica e Medicina Orgonica, Nuova Ipsa, Palermo, Italy, 2013, and Shapiro N, My Cancer and the Orgone Box, The Wilhelm Reich Infant Trust, Rangeley, Maine, Usa, 2019.

30 The basal metabolic rate (BMR) gives the daily rate of energy metabolism an individual needs to sustain in order to preserve the integrity of vital functions. In a normal free-living person, the amount of energy provided by its diet must cover the demands of basal metabolism plus additional amounts needed for the physical activity associated with essential bodily needs, and also those imposed by the physical work involved in occupation, in engaging in social exchanges and in leisure activities (Henry CJK, Basal Metabolic Rate Studies in Humans: Measurements and Development of New Equations, Public Health Nutrition; 8(7A), 1133-1152, 2002).

31 Henry CJK, Basal Metabolic Rate Studies in Humans: Measurement and Development of New Equations, Public Health Nutrition 8(7A), 1133-1152, 2005.

32 DuBois D, DuBois EF, The Measurements of the Surface Area of Man, Archives of Internal Medicine, 1915, 15:868-75.

33 The phenomenon of variation of body temperature during an ORAC session had been observed by many authors and is well documented in the Orgonomic literature (see Maglione R, Methods and Procedures in Biophysical Orgonometry, GEDI Gruppo Editoriale, Milan, 2012, pages 13-82).

34 Spaggiari P, Tribbia C, Le Meraviglie dell’Acqua. Il Mistero Biofisico che ci Dona la Vita, Tecniche Nuove, Milan, 2007, page 40.

35 As average value is intended the ratio of the summation of the daily values to the total number of days (226).

36 A book on the history of the aether is planned to be published by the author in the very near future.

37 For dynamic conditions the authors refer to the condition of orgone energy that is not affected by secondary energies that can create an Oranur or a DOR state.

38 Henry CJK, Basal Metabolic Rate Studies in Humans: Measurement and Development of New Equations, Public Health Nutrition 8(7A), 1133-1152, 2005.

39 Muschenich S, Gebauer R, The Psycho-Physiological Effects of the Reich Orgone Energy Accumulator, Pulse of the Planet, Natural Energy Works, Ashland, Usa, Vol 1, no 2, 1989; see also Muschenich S, Einige Zitate und Bemerkungen zur Frage ‘Sind die Begriffe Vagotonie versus Sympathocotonie auf die Wirkungen des Orgons übertragbar?’, Emotion, No.8, pp. 68-71, 1987; and Müschenich S, Der Gesundheitsbegriff im Werk des Arztes Wilhelm Reich (The Concept of Health in the Works of Dr. Wilhelm Reich), Doktorarbeit am Fachbereich Humanmedizin der Philipps-Universitat Marburg, Verlag Gorich & Weiershauser, Marburg, 1995.

40 Ritter P, Ritter J, Orgonomic Functionalism, Vol II, 1955; see also Sconamiglio R, et al, Piani e Istruzioni Per l’Accumulatore di Energia Orgonica, Quaderni Andromeda, 92:1-15, 2005.

41 Correa PN, Correa A, Transiently Induced Hyperthermia in Humans Exposed to a Controlled Orac Environment, AS2-33: Exp Aetherom.; Series 2, Vol 4 (33):1-27, 2007.

42 Mazzocchi A, Maglione R, A Preliminary Study of the Reich Orgone Accumulator Effects on Human Physiology, Subtle Energy & Energy Medicine, Vol 21, No 2, 2010.

43 Reich W, The Cancer Biopathy. Volume II of the Discovery of the Orgone, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1973, page 317.

44 Buhl H, Fischer J, Energie! Heilung und Selbstheilung mit Lebensenergie, Ulrich Leutner Verlag, Berlin, 2007.


Luca Piergentili graduated in computer engineering in 2004 with specialization in databases, data analysis and design of digital communication systems. He is a designer and manufacturer of control units for industrial equipment and atmospheric phenomena.

Piergentili is a founding member and coordinator of the border science department of the Fermo 43° Parallelo association. His interest encompasses research and study of new technologies and new forms of energy. In his free time he does the hiking guide of the Sibillini park.

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Possible Environmental and Shamanic Effects of Oranur

Possible Environmental and Shamanic Effects of Oranur

Background & Synposis

Southgate’s previous work explored the relationship of orgone to consciousness. This was firstly from a theoretical perspective (1). Later, given that conscious beings generally have higher orgone charges, Southgate felt that repeating Reich’s Oranur* Experiment was required. A practical examination of the Oranur Experiment, using a scaled down version of Reich’s work, was commenced (2). It was then found that a low-charge oranur device could move a lightweight instrument and thus produce complex numerical data from an orgone stream. A paper examined if there could be conscious patterns within that data (3). A related avenue found that the oranur device might also have effects upon the environment similar to that recounted for Reich’s space-gun (4) – an oranur charged cloud-buster. In this paper new details of further work with a space-gun like apparatus are outlined which may show possible beneficial effects upon the environment. The use of such an apparatus therapeutically is also explored.

*Oranur is excited orgone and has many new properties beyond that of orgone. The term is an acronym of ORgone Against NUclear Radiation. Oranur is not the same as DOR, Reich’s acronym for Deadly ORgone. Oranur may be beneficial when used appropriately.

In 1951, Reich, concerned by developments in the Korean war began an experiment to see if orgone could neutralise radioactivity. A very small amount of radioactive substance was put inside powerful orgone accumulators. Instead of an immediate neutralisation the energy became frenzied and many difficult effects were experienced by Reich, his family and colleagues. However, over time, the concentrated, excited orgone did overcome the effects of radioactivity resulting in a highly beneficial compound called ORUR or, ORgonised URanium and many other discoveries. The ORUR substance was used with a clouduster (now called the Space Gun) giving some apparently miraculous environmental effects. The effects of oranur itself seemed to become more life positive over time, and in the right doses, once the initial peak had calmed sufficiently.

There are two books detailing Reich’s work with oranur. Oranur First Report and the Second Report which is more widely known by its title of ‘Contact with Space’. Both are reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Museum. There is also a good chapter in ‘Wilhelm Reich: Selected Writings’ on Oranur. Oranur might have uses as part of the posited orgone motor, with the space gun and in healing and in consciousness studies. The author believes that oranur can be created in smaller amounts without neccesarily entailing the crisis of energy that so affected Reich at Orgonon.

Books available at

Southgate’s work may have parallels with the traditional practices of Shamanism. Shamans as traditional healers/energy practitioners and spiritual counsellors had many roles within a tribe. They were thought to be able to mediate between other realms of consciousness and this reality, to be able to assist in treating ailments and to have powers to affect the environment including the weather. This paper explores the commonality between shamanism and oranur. It found that oranur is propitious toward psychic phenomena and is likely involved in practical shamanism. It argues that heightened consciousness may be synonymous with increased oranur and that certain individuals, such as the psychic Uri Geller or particular shamans may actually generate their own oranur. The paper notes various consciousness heightening effects of oranur and compares these to similar effects found within shamanic practice.

The paper contends that both the oranur device and shamanic rituals may have specific effects upon the weather and the environment. New experimental details are recounted, and comparisons between oranur and shamanic energetics are made. It is argued that oranur, as a possible consciousness energy, may be required for some of the effects of the shamanic experience. Effects of oranur upon time, within religious sites and on electricity are also briefly discussed.

In conclusion the paper recounts evidence suggesting that oranur might have psychic, consciousness and environmental properties that have been used traditionally by shamans and others involved in heightened consciousness. This paper argues that oranur may be a necessary substrate of raised consciousness.

The Device

In November 2020, the oranur device, an energised orgone cabinet, as described in this paper, (5) was moved to a city centre location in Liverpool. On Christmas Eve, the weather was expansive and clear, a bright winter’s day. This kind of weather has been seen to correlate with the device being activated into its ‘space-gun like,’ state or during its movement in a vehicle. An array of metal tubes are placed pointing upwards within a few feet, and later, inside the oranur device. Changes in local weather have been associated with this arrangement, as detailed in a previous paper (6). It was thought that the presence of the device in a city building was having effects upon the local weather. It was located on the second floor of a large 19th century building used for holistic therapies in Liverpool. The cabinet had previously been placed horizontally in order to accommodate various extra accumulating and other items within it when it was at the prior locations. It was now placed upright with the extra items first placed to one side and then later solely within it.

Figure 1

New Cabinet Set Up

On the 2nd of January 2021 it was observed that the weather was brighter in Liverpool than in the surrounding areas from which we travelled that morning. It was a frosty and clear morning. A metal globe fountain, 1.5 foot in diameter, had been bought to manage the energy levels in the device room. The fountain was a large type which could take 1.5 gallons of water. The flow rate is slow being moved by a fish tank pump. The fountain had accidentally been left switched off (it usually ran continually) and the atmosphere in the room felt dense. For this reason Geiger counts were taken using a Radex One Geiger Counter. The levels were slightly raised, being around 0.18 to 0.20 μSv/hr (microSievert per hour). The usual background count for Merseyside is around 0.09 to 0.12 μSv/hr in the author’s experience. Southgate believes the Biblical Ark of the Covenant was also an oranur device, being (in terms of dose rate at approximately 1 cm distance) many million times stronger than the author’s experimental work. In turn, Reich’s oranur set-up was many thousand times stronger than Southgate’s according to Maglione’s calculations (7).

Also based on knowledge gained from Maglione’s work, about the use of incense to control oranur with the Ark, similar types of smoke have been used with the current oranur device. Increased Geiger or raised charged particle counts might be indicative of the relationship between oranur and excited matter. This was perhaps demonstrated as when sage smoke was applied to the room (known in spiritual circles as ‘smudging’) the Geiger count lowered to 0.13 μSv/hr. At the end of the day the count was 0.15 μSv/hr. Smudging was usually done before and after using the large room in which the box was kept. Smudging with sage smoke has been noted to associate with decreased Geiger counts on other occasions. This is a key phenomenon as it is an easily applicable way of containing oranur charges.

Shamanic Effects

Shamanic psychotherapy was being conducted in this room by a shamanic practitioner. In common with another shaman she appears to have an increased sensitivity to oranur. This is perhaps due to her psychic gifts and consciousness expanding practices. Some of these effects have previously been recounted (8) but it is helpful to include all the previously known psychic effects of oranur here, and some related ones. Firstly, it appears that psychics and shamans are particularly sensitive to oranur. In a previous paper it was noted that one shaman could increase the Geiger count associated with an oranur charged piece of equipment when it was within her field.

This effect is reminiscent of Uri Geller’s abilities, who is reported to have greatly increased Geiger counts repeatedly in an experimental study (9). Geller did not however affect an electroscope and therefore it was thought that whatever field Geller was creating it could not have real particle properties. The effect was therefore viewed as anomalous. However, they were not to know that oranur has been shown by orgone researchers, such as Fuckert, Konia, Gebaur and Muchenich to affect electroscopes but in a different manner to how it might affect Geiger counters (10). Oranur may raise charged particle counts, and therefore appears to affect Geiger counts, but orgone devices such as DOR-busters, cloud-busters and orgone accumulators also affect electroscopes. They appear to increase the discharge times of electroscopes. The author believes that this is perhaps because the orgone energy becomes condensed within the glass components of the electroscope (glass may strongly contain orgone) and thus releases more slowly. If Geller is creating oranur then it would be understandable that he would affect a Geiger counter differently to an electroscope.

If oranur is itself ‘consciousness energy’ one who is gifted in psychic aspects, like Geller, may produce an increased oranur field, which in turn may produce an increased Geiger count. It is the hypothesis of this author that psychic effects are partly dependent upon oranur charge and that shamans, psychics and those with spiritual or paranormal gifts accumulate oranur charge within themselves to a greater degree than others. This could be why the electromagnetic field (EMF) association with paranormal activity in various research is sometimes present, sometimes absent and sometimes just correlated. The EMF component may be secondary to oranur which is perhaps why EMF relationships with paranormal activity appear so complex.

Another shaman in Scotland could also sense oranur from a distance and was sensitive too. She could clearly feel a small amount of oranur charged items outside her home at distances of more than 40-foot. The charge was from three handheld pieces of orgone compound (orgonite) which had previously been charged for months in the large oranur cabinet. They were in a plastic bag in a corner of a field on the boundary of her property. The shamans this author has encountered however do not seem particularly sensitive to EMF. Perhaps their increased oranur charge shields them from EMF. The author theorises that oranur and electrical energies occur on the same continuum but at different and somewhat incompatible ends of the scale. Orgone appears to spontaneously convert into secondary energies. Water and electricity have opposite natures. Orgone, though, as a single primary continuum may condense both into water and into charged electrical particles. There is a dual tendency of orgone to ‘condense’ into water (as shown by the actions of cloudbusters on moisture in the sky) but also to ‘excite’ into charged particles (as shown by the action of the possible orgone motor or by orgone-charged Geiger counters). This might have some bearing on why some people are sensitive to oranur but not to EMF and vice versa.

Other psychic effects include increases in empathy, intuition or a melding of consciousness from one person to that of the psychic or shaman – particularly if they have been within the same oranur field. Early in the experimentation, before such effects became known, a psychic spent some time with the oranur set-up and then had some unusual peak cathartic experiences for a period of about a week. Oranur seems to intensify emotional and psychic reactions.

People who have not developed their psychic powers can feel heightened in an oranur field or feel stronger emotions. People who have developed these areas can feel this heightening aspect of oranur keenly. However, over time a shaman or psychic can adjust to the higher charges of being in an oranur field. It can then take some adjustment to move to a lower oranur charge.

In shamans, oranur may enhance gifts and increase the ability for energy to be brought back from what is called ‘spirit flight’ – when the shaman travels to other realms of experience. This may be because it elevates the energy within the material realm and of the consciousness within that environment. It can then recreate the feeling of being in nature for a shaman almost as though the oranur acts as an extra energy push into other realms. Perhaps it also counters the now ubiquitous artificial EMF. Russian research indicates EMF counters psychic phenomena (11). The Russian researchers created what could be viewed as an orgone cabinet but as a tube in which persons were placed and their psychic effects measured. The Russian subtle energy research, on something they termed the Torsion Field, supports the views here. The shaman, in an oranur field, appears to be able to tune into apparently higher dimensions more effectively.

A phenomena noted since moving the device to Liverpool, is that of a, ‘Feel Good’ factor associated with oranur. It appears that the box enhances the feelings felt nearby and then both stores and amplifies them. With various positive consciousness from group-work courses, and with shamanic psychotherapy being conducted nearby the device may have acquired a ‘Feel Good’ factor. The author noted feeling elevated emotionally, even quietly elated, after being near the device. This did not happen in the previous location of an outhouse which did not have the same human interaction. Shamanic psychotherapy also appeared to be heightened when conducted near it.

It is hypothesised that oranur fields can help project the consciousness of the person within that field into the surrounding environment. The shaman involved with the device could feel when other people made a connection with it. Physically, an increase in thirst, appetite and a slight tanning sensation is also noted in mild oranur fields. Plants needs extra water and should not be too close to oranur devices. Plant growth on the edge of the field may be stronger, trees appear vibrant and vigorous in growth nearby to previous locations of the device.

Environmental Effects

In January 2021, the author was travelling to where the set up was based in Liverpool from Cheshire. During the journey the misty fog which was noticeable in Cheshire cleared as we approached the city and the environment became ‘oranur bright’ as Reich described in Contact with Space (12), seemingly centred on Liverpool. The author’s chest felt slightly tight so he lay by the device on a treatment couch. This had the effect of clearing the sensation. He then felt fine.

On the 14th of January the first space-gun like set up was conducted in Liverpool. For days the weather in Cheshire and Merseyside had been overcast and drizzly. In the fields in north Cheshire everywhere there were small ponds appearing. Liverpool area was not as sodden as Cheshire. The room the device was in felt quite dense on arrival at 1pm but unfortunately the Geiger counter was not available. However, it was expected to be within limits previously noted when a dense atmosphere was felt, of between 0.18 and 0.22 μSv/hr. A window was usually left slightly open, to air the room, but due to the intense cold recently it had been left shut. The metal tubes were placed in an upright position next to the oranur device, which itself was in an upright position, not the horizontal position as seen in the first set of space-gun like experiments (13). In each set up there is a spot where the energy charge is highest. The high charge spot had moved from the left of the inside of the cabinet when it was placed horizontally (equipment inside) to above the top panel of the cabinet when placed upright (equipment alongside). Finally, with the equipment inside the device and the cabinet placed upright, the spot moved to a central position within the cabinet. This spot was on top of the glass box inside the cabinet (see Figure 1). This spot is ascertained by that which most easily moves the light weight Egely Wheel. This is a manufactured device which can be moved by subtle energy from the hands or from the oranur device. The wheel’s movement creates the information output of the previous orgone-information experiments (14).

The tubes were put in place near the oranur box at 1pm on Thursday January the 14th. They were pointed at just below zenith. There were 6 tubes, three of which were heavy scaffolding, steel pipes, 5-foot long and 3 of which were thinner steel alloy tubes 6 to 8 foot long. A faint blue glow could be seen around the tubes. The weather was noticeably drier and clearer within 3 hours and continued to head in a similar direction after that. Sage smoke smudging was done before and after the tubes were put in position. This was done in order to energetically cleanse the equipment from subtle negative influences rather than to reduce oranur levels. If the latter is the purpose larger quantities of smoke are needed rather than a ceremonial amount when the burning of white sage is associated with various rituals. A candle was also lit near the box’s energy field for ‘cleansing’. The following day on Friday January the 15th contrary to forecasts, the weather was clear and dry for the first time in a long period of flooding and rain. No rain was noted in Liverpool or Wirral/Cheshire.

On Wednesday, January the 20th there was torrential rain and flooding plus snow in Cheshire gradually easing severity towards Liverpool area. The author wondered if residual oranur effects in the Liverpool area were making the weather milder there (oranurisation as Reich called it) (15). The device tubes were placed upright towards zenith for a day and a half. Drying of the weather occurred overnight followed by bright sunshine and clearer visualisation on the following day (Thursday the 21st). Only 2 of the heavy scaffold tubes were used on this occasion.

On Thursday 28th January, the tubes (all 6) were put up for one hour. A slight change toward drier conditions was noted. It appears that the space-gun is reducing the amount of rain, possibly by creating an energetically expanded state reaching into the atmosphere. It could be a useful tool in cases of continuous rain and flooding. So far it appears that, unlike a cloudbuster, it has little effect in producing rain though more complete effects are as yet unclear.

There was a break in operations until March 22nd when 2 tubes were put up for 1 and 1/4 hours. The weather had been rainy. It became drier. It was noted that many people chose to walk their dogs that afternoon. It was still cloudy but felt pleasant.

Particulate Levels

Investigating wider population effects was not an aim of the current study. However, based upon the striking increase in clarity of the atmosphere after operations, it was hypothesised that the space-gun operations may be helping in some way to clean the atmosphere. This in turn might help local populations. This was then investigated and based on UK government data, Maglione conducted a statistical analysis (16). It was found that the Liverpool, and nearby regions may have had lower than average data for case rates and deaths reported to covid during the recent period of 2020/21 winter to early spring (when compared to England as a whole). The results of the analysis are presented below graphically. The behaviour of case rates and deaths related to Sheffield is also reported in the figures as a comparison. The black squares in the figures represent the days of intervention, while the blue arrow the departure of Liverpool data from those of reference. Sheffield and England trends went against those observed for Liverpool and nearby regions and this might be ascribable to differences in oranurisation between the atmospheres. It appears possible that a slight oranurisation of the atmosphere may have helped the health outcomes of the Liverpool population, perhaps as drier, warmer conditions assist respiratory function.

Figure 2

A: Daily Case Rates

B: Cumulative Case Rates

C: Daily Death Rates Per 1000 People

D: Cumulative Death Rates

Perhaps any possible improvement in general outcomes could also be linked to drops in particulate levels as these are well known to impact respiratory health (17). Maglione analysed data from the World Air Quality Index and it was found that each of the four space-gun like operations correlated with a drop in PM10 particulate quantity for that immediate period in the Liverpool region (18). The third operation was only for one hour and on this occasion an immediate drop was not seen but was seen the following day. The longer operations saw drops in particulates for up to four days. January 2021, around which most of the operations occurred, saw the second lowest average particulate quantity of PM10 in the last 6 years in Liverpool. Maglione analysed the PM10 values for January from the Liverpool Speke (near Liverpool Airport) and Wirral Tranmere stations as provided by the AQICN website. The average of these two data sets were as follows: 11.81 AQI Air Quality Index (2021), 11.19 AQI (2020), 13.50 AQI (2019), 11.83 AQI (2018), 19.42 AQI (2017) and 14.58 AQI (2016). These results are of course early and preliminary findings and no claims are herein made. However, it seems possible that the space-gun apparatus may be affecting the local concentration of pollution particulates and health outcomes. This possibility and any mechanism of action of oranur upon general environmental and health factors warrants further investigation.

Further Shamanic Effects

On February 5th a previously effect was confirmed. The atmosphere in the device room felt heavy. The Geiger count was raised at 0.20 μSv/hr. A shamanic clearing was done using smoke and the count dropped to 0.15 μSv/hr. The shaman was then asked to try to change the Geiger count. She went into a mini-trance and focused on this intention. Shortly afterwards the counts raised to 0.22 μSv/hr. This effect has been seen on other occasions.

On the initial times this shaman encountered oranur, some of the following effects were noted. Firstly, she encountered the device for short periods, observing it or seeing if her energy affected the Egely wheel’s movement inside the set up. Soon her healing practises and meditations started, in her own words, ‘to move up to another level’ with her, ‘gifts changing and increasing’. The quality of the spiritual encounters she commonly reported changed around this time. For example, spiritual contact experiences increased and became more vivid. The shaman indicated that after contact with oranur there was an increase in unusual communication sometimes via electronic interference. This is when electronic devices such as mobile phones or computers behave oddly including changes in message displays not normally seen.

The shaman was noted to have effects on Geiger counts. Her Geiger count was normal usually but if she held an oranur energy tube – a Bernd Senf type orgone tube which has been exposed to oranur for an extended period (19) – certain effects would become apparent. Any oranur type device in her vicinity becomes excited. A raise in Geiger counts is then noted. It is also observed that the Egely wheel used in the oranur information experiments turns faster (but not necessarily increasing in complex movement) when she is nearby. Not long after this she took an oranur tube home with her. Over the next few days strange occurrences happened with electronic devices in her presence. The electronic doors at a library stopped functioning and would not let her out the area. Her car’s electronics seemed altered. The charge in her flat felt high with unusual psychic experiences reported. The tube was immediately returned to the author and it was put back into the outhouse which is about 40-foot from habitation. The strange occurrences at her flat ceased. It is also noted that in the years following this and during which her oranur charge remained lifted, electronic devices, including shop’s computers, will occasionally change their behaviour in her presence.

The oranur device was moved to a large room in the Liverpool city centre area in November 2020. The practitioner began using this room for therapeutic shamanism. The room was shared between research activity and therapeutic use. The clients she had assessed as appropriate, that it was felt a higher energy charge might be helpful, were seen in this room for shamanic psychotherapy. The sessions were successful, perhaps more cathartic than previously but along the same lines as before. For the practitioner the first two weeks were a little challenging, adjusting to working in a high charge environment. She often felt a feeling of exhilaration. Her trance abilities were increased and remained so. After this two-week period she no longer felt this enhancement, generally feeling more grounded, but the trance and other psychic abilities remain heightened.

The room is also used by the author for occasional Chinese acupuncture. A person the author was treating went into a deep trance during the acupuncture and afterward reported that an object was communicating with him. There was a similar accumulating object within the oranur device, which the person did not see.

The above effects might have been coincidental but the idea that oranur is a consciousness energy has validity for exploration. In previous papers the author has put forward the view that orgone is itself conscious and is so of its own volition, not needing material boundaries – as Reich hypothesised, or any other condition, to manifest awareness (20). If orgone is conscious then oranur would be ‘concentrated consciousness’ – in energetic form.

There seems to be some sharing of consciousness between people who have been near the oranur device. It would seem wise therefore to practise spiritual or energetic cleansing of oranur areas and the people who go into them. This seems reminiscent of the lengths the Israelites would go to in observing specific practices before being in the vicinity of the Ark (an oranur device, as Maglione and Southgate believe). Only certain priests were allowed immediately near the Ark, even kings could not gain entrance. When the Ark was taken by other tribes it was soon returned as without the Israelite knowledge its effects were not easily managed, the Hebrew researcher, Isaacs notes (21). It is also thought by Southgate and Maglione to be likely that oranur has a spiritual heightening and communication enhancing effect in line with that ascribed to the Biblical Ark by Isaacs (22). This subtle effect might only become obvious over time. The author would now perform spiritual or energetic cleansing prior to using oranur devices. This was reinforced after one session of ‘space-gun therapy’ to be recounted shortly.

One effect was shamanic and environmental. The author and the shaman visited a stone circle in Cumbria. A piece of oranur-treated orgone-compound (charged orgonite) was placed on one of the stones. A subtle beam of blue energy could be seen going upwards from the stone (the author can see subtle energy so this beam may not have been apparent to other people). Then the author noticed a humming sound, similar to that which he experiences with his electro-sensitisation symptoms but more pleasant. To the author, the electro-symptom humming is like mechanical bees or the noise an electrical substation makes. Possible ‘oranur humming’ sounds are similar but gentler and more changeable. The author shortly thereafter experienced mild palpitations, again similar to typical electro-sensitisation symptoms. These took some days to dissipate. It was theorised that stone circles emit microwave radiation when energised by oranur and it was this microwave radiation that affected him. On other occasions a similar type of oranur hum was possibly heard by the author from the oranur device.

The shaman has also found that her own possible effects on the environment, through her shamanic practice, have been altered and increased since being in contact with oranur. There are certain practices, termed, ‘hollow bone’ practices which are traditionally associated with changes in local weather patterns. She has noted that at times it seems as though the oranur device is energetically in contact with her and upon this change she goes into an exceedingly deep trance state. Her connection with what she calls her spirit guides she feels to be greatly enhanced on these occasions. These periods appear to be associated with changes in the local weather to finer more oranurised conditions. This has been noted a number of times. The author believes the practices of shamanic tribes in weather rituals have real effects and that an oranur mechanism may be at work. The researcher Bulimo recounts how rainmaker shamans in Kenya called Omukimba use shamanic rites to control the weather and also to produce rain when needed (23). Group shamanic practices may increase oranur charge and Geiger counts it is hypothesised.

Electrical Effects

A previous paper reported on electrical recharging effects of a mild oranur field upon small electrical chemical batteries and other devices (24). At times recharging effects were seen. However, these effects were not easily repeatable. Batteries recharged, particularly if they had residual charge beforehand, but at other times they did not, or the effect was small. Accumulation of charge within simple electrical condensers, as used in electronic circuits, was easier to measure. Two further pieces of information have come to light since that paper. Firstly, the subtle energy researcher, King, published in 1992 a report detailing a successful set of experiments with recharging batteries with an orgone accumulator (25). The experiment was modest but the effects of a gain of a few tenths of a volt was broadly in line with this author’s results. Also of note is that since using oranur extensively the shaman is now able to recharge batteries to a similar extent to the oranur device using just her hands and intention. She can recharge recently part-discharged AA batteries in a group of four by a few tenths of a volt, enough to run a radio for half an hour approximately (using the same batteries that previously would not run the radio). This recharging process requires strong energy. This is understandable as it likely takes concentrated oranur to create charged particles. The author has seen this done on a number of occasions with electrical devices (a small radio and a small Geiger Counter). King wondered if the significant but small results he gained were partly due to conducive cosmological conditions. Possibly also the local orgone envelope was strong when the experiments were conducted. This might have been a factor in the success of the author’s initial oranur battery experiments too some years back. The batteries from this original experiment were left within the oranur device and do not currently have any charge.

Space-Gun Therapy

The author began experimenting with using a space-gun-like set up therapeutically. The first few times the author used it on himself. The tubes were placed at zenith near the device and a treatment couch was placed next to the cabinet. The author lay on the couch for an hour and relaxed. Acupuncture needles were self-applied. No unusual oranur effects occurred beyond feelings of a fairly high charge, sensation of mild sunburn and a few slight palpitations which eased quickly. It was noted that the author then appeared to carry the high oranur charge with him and could transfer it to the shaman if she was near. As noted, the author has had in the past experienced occasional palpitations apparently due to electro-sensitisation. This was possibly caused by a previous neighbour’s installation of smart meters close to his living area. Sometimes the oranur exacerbates these electro symptoms for a short period but on most occasions the oranur can make the symptoms better – after adjusting to a higher orgone charge presumably. Oranur charged orgone compound pieces (charged orgonite) can also be placed on acupuncture points or areas of the body needing treatment.

After experimenting on himself, a friend and patient had a session of ‘space-gun therapy’. The device set up was as before. The patient had some body work massage aimed at releasing tension in the upper body segments. Acupuncture was done on back points according to the Chinese diagnosis. The patient reported doing well and that the treatment seemed somewhat enhanced but otherwise nothing beyond what would normally be expected. However, at the same time persons connected to the author felt different and connected to the device set-up. The shaman felt that there was somehow a ‘broadcast’ of consciousness from the author and his patient to others connected to them. The patient treated knows the author’s circle. The mixture of emotions near the device may have connected with others not immediately present. It is key therefore to observe some cleansing energetic practise before using an oranur field and most particularly if tubes are used. The tubes may create a feedback loop increasing the energy charge and creating a strong flow of energy and consciousness outwards. Effects of the tubes upon shamans and psychics in proximity may be very strong and caution should be applied.

It is also reported by shamans that oranur might behave as a portal between the material and other levels of reality. Consciousness on other planes may be able to speak through the oranur into our own existence. This might be how the Biblical Ark worked – literally as an ‘oranur-TV’ tuned to a higher consciousness. This is what is reported in the Bible and Judaic literature.

Effects Upon Time and at Spiritual Centres

The author theorises that as time may be the consciousness of events, and oranur may be concentrated consciousness, a high concentration of oranur might itself precipitate a change in the awareness or passage of time. A book, by a British researcher into UFOs, reported on strange, localised energy fields affecting time. Numerous descriptions recounted seemed reminiscent of oranur effects to Southgate. These energy fields affected time perception and in some cases time travel was reported (26). Napoleon Bonaparte experienced strange time and perception phenomena when he spent a night within the Cheops pyramid in Giza. It is known that the King and Queen chambers are made of granite (which is rich in ferrous elements and silica oxide), while the covering is made of calcareous rocks. As this granite has a slight radioactivity and piezoelectric charge it is possible that the pyramids, acting as huge orgone accumulators, also possess a mild oranur charge. Both Maglione and Southgate believe that the ancient pyramids are huge orgone accumulators. It is possible too, Maglione believes, that as in the Ark, radioactive substances were used as catalysts in the pyramids. Indeed the Hebrews may have taken this knowledge with them for use in the Ark. Oranur properties might account for some of the strange effects of the Egyptian pyramids (27). Perhaps effects upon time may also account for some of the possible oranur healing abilities, such as reversing aging effects, as reported by Reich (28).

Southgate has noted a feeling of oranurisation within large stone churches. Maglione and Mazzocchi did systematic studies on the radioactivity inside and outside pagan and Christian sanctuaries. Studies noted that not only do ancient prehistorical and religious sites have underground watercourses (which might act as Reich DOR-Busters) but that religious buildings and healing centres likely also have slightly higher oranur charges (29).

The outstanding medical psychic, Edgar Cayce, was instructed to use what may have been a natural oranur effect. His spiritual guide told him to locate his healing hospital near to Virginia Beach (30). This beach, due to its black sands, has a slightly heightened radioactivity (31). German and other spas still use slightly radioactive sources for healing (32). This author contends that it is oranur that is being used both for heightening spiritual phenomena and for assisting healing.


These are the possible effects associated with mild oranur:


  • Increase in psychic and spiritual abilities.
  • Increase in cathartic reactions therapeutically.
  • Pooling of consciousness.
  • Increase in paranormal spiritual activity.
  • Heightening of emotional states.
  • Increase in healing (oranur medicine).
  • Changes associated with time.
  • Certain people increase oranur charge independent of devices.
  • Projection of consciousness particularly if the space-gun tubes are raised.


  • Space Gun operations may dry and increase the clarity of the environment, tending toward finer, clearer weather.
  • Operations may correlate with lower pollution particulates in the environment.
  • Possible improvements in health outcomes in local areas.

Editorial, Scientific Advice and Statistical Analysis – Many Thanks to Roberto Maglione.

This Paper is Dedicated to my father, John Peter Southgate – who started me on the journey.

26th April 1934 to 24th April 2021.

‘Love, Work and Knowledge.’


  1. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  2. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments – Oranur Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  3. Southgate, L. (2020) Oranur and its Possible Applications in Artificial Intelligence, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  4. Southgate, L. (2020) A Preliminary Investigation into a Prototype Device Based Upon Reich’s Spacegun, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  5. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments – Oranur Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  6. Southgate, L. (2020) Preliminary Investigation into Device Based on Reich’s Space-Gun, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  7. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, robert_jumper at (Sum worked out in personal correspondence with Maglione); see also Maglione, R. (2018) The Origin of an Oranur reaction,
  8. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments – Oranur Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, – See ‘Anomalous Radioactive Observations’ Section.
  9. Geller, U. (Accessed) (2021) See Also Taylor, J. (1975) Superminds. A Scientist Looks at the Paranormal, Viking Press, USA.
  10. Southgate, L. (2012) Annotated Bibliography of the Orgonomic Journals, links from or PDF download from keyword search ‘Electroscope’.
  11. Aetherforce (Accessed 2021) See Also and See the work of Prof. Kozyrev, Prof. Alexander Trofimov and Kaznacheev, also David Wilcock’s Cosmic Disclosure video series episodes on Kozyrev ( or see the Russian research sections of his published books or online books –
  12. Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press.
  13. Southgate, L. (2020) A Preliminary Investigation into a Prototype Device Based Upon Reich’s Spacegun, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  14. Southgate, L. (2020) Oranur and its Possible Applications in Artificial Intelligence, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  15. Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press
  16. Maglione, R. (2021) Analysis of daily infection and daily deaths cases related to the period from Jan 01 to May 21, 2021. Copy held by author. All the data was taken from
  17. See British Lung Foundation research synopsis linked from home page and their data tracker tool for local UK areas –
  18. Maglione, R. (2021) Data Analysis Excel File (copy held by author) based on data for Spring 2021 in Liverpool for PM10 found at
  19. Senf, B. (1989). Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy? Pulse of the Planet Journal, Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, Vol. 1, No. 2: pp25-30
  20. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Theory,
  21. Isaac, R. (2010) Talking With God: The Radioactive Ark of the Testimony, Sacred Closet Books, USA.
  22. Maglione, R. (2021) Personal Communication, May 05.
  23. Bulimo, S. (2013) Luya of Kenya, Trafford Publishing, USA/Canada: 37-59.
  24. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments – Oranur Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  25. King, SK. (1992) Earth Energies, Quest Books, USA: 83.
  26. Randles, J. (2001) Time Storms: The Amazing Evidence of Time Warps, Space Rifts and Time Travel, Piatkus, UK.
  27. Thompson, C. (2019)
  28. Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press.
  29. Mazzocchi, A. (2020) Rilevazioni Elettromagnetiche di un Luogo Alto e Considerazioni Cliniche: Il Tempio Di Preah Vihear, Advanced Therapies Journal, Anno IX, Num 20. See Also Maglione, R., and Mazzocchi, A. (2017) Energie Eteriche e Luoghi di Culto. Il Sito Religioso come Luogo Terapeutico? Studio Pilota su 62 Siti Antichi, Advanced Therapies Journal, Anno VI, Num 11; and Mazzocchi, A., Maglione, R. (2019) Evidenze Energetiche nei Luoghi Alti, Advanced Therapies Journal, Anno VIII, Num 17
  32. See Also

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Oranur and it’s Possible Applications in Artificial Intelligence

Oranur and it’s Possible Applications in Artificial Intelligence

Introduction and Background

The author's father, John Southgate was a pioneering attachment-based London psychoanalyst who had used Reich's dynamics within his early group-work, to help understand creative group processes (1). The author was familiar, through his father, with orgonomy from an early age. There was a family orgone blanket, which is remembered as having a definite effect on the dreaming process as a child, and access to the orgonomic literature. Peter Reich's, "A Book of Dreams" made a particular impression on the author as a teen (2).

This connection to orgonomy was rekindled in 2000 when there was an opportunity to undertake a Master's degree in acupuncture. The author examined the relationship of Reichian and Chinese medicine (3). He then examined orgone's relationship to the Qi energy of Chinese medicine both practically and theoretically. The paper detailed a statistically significant effect of orgone upon acupuncture in a randomised, controlled study of 72 volunteers and also found 60 new theoretical parallels. This led to a life-long interest in orgone research.

A few years later the author started a PhD examining orgonomy broadly, although concentrating on the biophysical aspects. This was in a Manchester University. However at this stage the author's mature interest within orgonomy was not as yet clear. Additionally, the university did not offer support of the biological laboratory work the author wished to undertake. This project was therefore put on hold, although a useful book eventually came out of the first year's study, a cross-referenced annotated bibliography, summarising all the main papers within orgonomy since Reich's death in 1957. It concentrated on the biophysical papers though it comments on all aspects of Reich's work (4).

Over the next decade an interest in orgone's relationship to consciousness gradually emerged and then became all-consuming. It became apparent that this was the unfinished business of orgonomy. The acorns that Reich planted within Character Analysis and within his biophysical work with cloudbusters, orgone accumulators, and recently even the electrical and motor functions of orgone have all to some extent been replicated or at least followed up (5). The wealth of Reich's work is still largely unknown to the general public but it has resulted in surprisingly hardy saplings within certain small research communities. However, the relationship between orgone and consciousness still remained utterly obscure.

The theories Reich proposed for the existence of consciousness, in his publically available books, did not succeed in providing even a stop-gap theory in this author's view. Reich's own "middle period" view of consciousness, an early pre-runner of systems theories, had a materialist explanation that ultimately failed to describe the relationship, as Southgate argues here (6). Reich had maintained that orgone was non-conscious in its cosmic state but then became conscious when enclosed by matter. This type of argument is called an ‘emergence’ theory of consciousness. It is problematic as it assumes a prior non-conscious, dead state of the universe that is obviously incompatible with orgone as a universal life-force. Additionally it entails problems of philosophical dualism – how does the dead and non-conscious cosmic orgone become or relate to the living and conscious organism orgone? Why should matter, a secondary state, confer consciousness on the cosmic orgone, the primary state? Reich's position on consciousness did not make sense and he himself thought it was a problematic view, regarding consciousness as an enigma (7).

This author believes that Reich, from shortly before the formal oranur experiments until his passing in prison in 1957 was heading in a direction compatible with that which Southgate has outlined in the Continuum papers. Reich showed an increasing sympathy toward spiritual matters and consciousness in his later years (8). This author believes that had Reich survived prison he would have incorporated a similar theory of consciousness into his framework of orgone functions.

Southgate expanded the definition of orgone from purely energy to a force which has physical consciousness right through to the prior more concrete aspects. This would be all within a single continuum. The author also to some extent redefined physicality as distinct from matter. Matter and physicality are argued to be not the same thing. Anything which has continuity and lawfulness can be said to be physical, from a shared dream to a shared bus ride to a shared experience of a tree or a house. The author argues in the continuum essays that the only indisputable definition of physicality is just such a shared cognition. All other definitions, usually based on measurements, break down at some point. Measurements are themselves just shared cognitions in the final analysis.

Consciousness itself was described as any and all awareness. Consciousness is thought to be a mystery but it is rather the physical world that is baffling. Beyond the existence of awareness, what more can be said about consciousness? It exists, is the only statement that can be made – the primordial "I Am".

The word, "orgone" minus the suffix "energy" could describe this whole continuum of conscious physicality. The author argues that cosmic orgone has self-awareness independent of any material boundaries it develops at later periods of its evolution. This view takes orgonomy right back to its functional roots within Hegalianism (9). The Common Functioning Principle of Reich (Figure 1), so useful in understanding how orgone functions, is based on the Hegalian dialetic (10). It is fitting that the view of a conscious, living universe, which is at once both physical and mindful, is completely in tune with Hegel's own philosophical view of ‘objective idealism’ sometimes known as Germanic Idealism. It is a concrete idealism. Hegel firmly believed that matter and physicality exist, just that this physicality is itself alive and conscious and inseparable from awareness. Such a view is also compatible with cosmic pan-psychism, or Sheldrake's view of a living, conscious universe (11). Elsewhere this author has called such a view ideo-physicalism, noting no separation between what we call the physical and what is termed consciousness (12).

Figure 1 – CFP

The root indicates a Common Functioning Principle which then splits into two functional branches. For example, a CFP noted by Reich was Orgone Pulsation which then splits into Psyche and Soma.

Three research objectives led to the current state of consciousness research that Southgate has developed.

  1. Consciousness is usually associated with organisms, which in turn are associated with high orgone charge. For example organisms, and orgone accumulators will demonstrate a higher orgonomic potential than their environment. This can be measured as a rise in temperature, a deflecting of the orgone meter or in the case of oranur, an increase in the charged particles that are measurable by a Geiger counter. The possible living bio-forms discussed in a previous paper and oranur concentrations both appear to correlate with raised Geiger counts, for example as noted here, (13). In the light of these possible associations, the author felt that the oranur experiment, the highest orgone charges Reich achieved, would need to be re-examined in the investigation of consciousness.
  2. To examine if orgone has its own consciousness involves excluding organism effects. If orgone has independent consciousness this therefore implies developing some kind of ‘artificial’ intelligence or non-organic consciousness. The term ‘artificial’ is used carefully as the author does not believe consciousness can be created.
  3. To convert orgone flows into information requires some kind of mechanical output from a flow of orgone. Therefore the orgone motor function, at least at a very low level, needs to be replicated. This would enable turning an orgone flow into numbers via a mechanical movement triggered by the orgone's movement

Further to Point 3, it is noted that information itself is not a good definition of consciousness. Without consciousness there is no information. However, information is not the same thing as perception. Conscious entities do perceive and share information as part of their functioning however.

Background to the Consciousness Experiments

In the autumn of 2017 Southgate decided to repeat the oranur experiments that Reich conducted in 1951 but with a much smaller amount of radioactive stimulus (one thousand times smaller). Oranur is excited orgone energy which is produced when concentrated orgone is stimulated by a small amount of reactive material, usually radioactive but can be electrical, mechanical or orgonotic. These experiments were in pursuit of Objective 1 as detailed in the introduction. This objective assumes that high orgone charges are intrinsic to conscious entities.

At first there was much laborious work involved in assessing whether the oranur charge had an effect upon electrical activity inside the specially set up oranur cabinet (Figure 2).

Figure 2 – Oranur Cabinet

This is detailed in Southgate's first oranur paper which has long sections on a possible electrical recharge effect seen in chemical batteries and non-chemical electrical capacitors within the oranur cabinet (14). Other electrical and magnetic anomalies were noted in a follow up paper (15).

The author was following, to use Reich's term, two ‘red threads’ of thinking regarding the consciousness objectives. Firstly, that in order to create mechanical movement from orgone, an electrical charge may be needed from the accumulated energy (which could then be turned into movement and from movement into numbers). Secondly, there was the observation that organisms tend to have a self-generated but low electrical charge. Electricity, Reich thought to be a secondary energy compared to a higher quantity or potential energy in the form of life-force or orgone (16). It was this higher orgonomic potential that Reich thought organisms require to live. The electrical energy of an organism on the other hand is rather low, Reich noted. However, brain and nervous tissues do utilise small electrical charges in their functioning even if the primary energy is orgonotic. Therefore the author thought that in order to mimic organism consciousness in a machine some level of inherently generated electrical charge might need to be present. The battery charging apparatus from earlier experiments is still within the oranur set up so there is possibly some accumulated electrical charge there. However, the partly discharged batteries are stored within smaller insulated boxes within the set up so they would have no way of directly affecting the measurement device through conventional processes. The measurement device itself also contains a working battery which may have a minimal stimulating effect on the local oranur field.

In practice however, after months of painstaking work, it turned out that a direct electrical charge from the oranur was not needed in order to create complex mechanical movement, on a very small scale, from orgone flows. More on this will follow shortly. The second ‘organism-like’ factor, that of an endogenous, small electrical charge may well be present within the oranur set up as indicated by the work of Southgate (17) and Maglione (18). However, in order to get complex information streams from orgone the electrical step, as discussed, can be bypassed altogether. One can get complex mechanical movement directly from the orgone. This was first done by an Italian orgone researcher as will be outlined in the next section.

The author had thought that various quantitative, indirect measurements of orgone, if sensitive enough, may provide an information stream, but such data appears to be too limited. With temperature or Geiger counts of charged particles there is an indication of the approximate amount of orgone in a given area but this measurement is too static to be useful for the purposes here. A Geiger count or temperature measurement can be used as a secondary statistic but a highly dynamic, changing flow of information was the aim and the measurements of orgone quantity implied by temperature and Geiger counts did not meet this criterion.

This aim was however achieved through combining a simple Eastern European subtle energy device with the oranur set up. In a sense it was so simple that it took time to discover because the researcher was looking for more complex methods. For example, it is known that glass forms a very powerful container of orgone. Southgate believes this is what partly led to the discovery by Reich of the Orgone Motor. The glass tubes of the Geiger counter Reich originally used enabled very high concentrations of orgone (19) . This provided the increase in charged particles which were then eventually converted into work when Reich evolved the Orgone Motor from the original Geiger tube effect.

Based on this knowledge, Southgate had a glass inner cabinet made for inside the oranur cabinet. The idea was to create a vacuum inside the inner glass box in which a mechanical movement device would be placed. This would provide a higher orgone charge and also less friction for the device to move. It took months with limited resources to finally create a workable low vacuum in the inner glass box but by then this step also proved extraneous. All that is needed in order to create complex information is a subtle energy type wheeled device and a strong and contained oranur field. The wheeled device does not even need to be in the inner glass cabinet. As it turned out there is a ‘spot’ within the larger device which seems to correspond with a better capacity for turning the wheel of the subtle energy device.

Experimental Set Up

Figure 3 – Oranur Information Set Up

Within the large oranur cabinet (Figure 3) there are presently a number of secondary accumulating devices. These do not appear to be essential apart from their function of increasing and containing the charge. The author suspects, from anecdotal indications, that Senf type orgone acupuncture tubes and the glass box may provide additional anchoring for the energy and perhaps the information fields within the device (20). The inner glass box can be seen toward the centre of the large cabinet. It contains loose accumulating materials and two large orgone tubes. The essential components appear to be the contained oranur field, however that is created, and a device for turning subtle flows and movements within that field into information. A non-electronic version of the Egely Wheel can be seen on top of one of the inner accumulating boxes toward the left of the large cabinet. This spot seems to be the strongest point energetically in the set up.

The Rotorgon (Figure 4) was an early device which created movement from an orgone stream. It was developed by the Italian orgone researcher, Carlo Splendore (21).

Figure 4 – Rotorgon

Picture and Video Courtesy of Roberto Maglione

Reading intervals of movement on a Rotorgon device was considered. Rotorgon devices are not easily obtainable and to build a device such as the one pictured above would take much technical skill. Here is a previously unreleased video of the more advanced of the Rotorgon prototypes (22). The Hungarian Professor Egely has recently produced a ready-made device which is essentially a Rotorgon type wheel that provides quantitative analysis of its movement, either visually or in the newer version through electronic measurement (Figure 5). It was found that the larger electronically monitored Egely wheel was actually more sensitive to orgone flows than the non-electronic counter-part. The earlier set up of the experiment had the non-electronic version of the Egerly wheel combined with a Rotorgon type enclosure. This was designed to direct orgone flows toward the wheel edge. Both versions of the Egely wheel rely on subtle energy (usually from people's hands) moving the light-weight toothed wheel. The electronic version has a better body shape, perhaps allowing the orgone to pass over the wheel more effectively resulting in easier movement.

The Egely device, in experiments by the manufacturer, and informally by others online, does not appear to be powered by heat or by static electricity (23). It has a wide list of endorsements by persons such as Uri Geller and has won various awards for innovation. The turning of the wheel, in this author's view, appears to usually come from a subtle energy source such as bodily orgone.

As a related issue, although the Egely wheel does not appear to run on static electricity, the oranur box itself also does not appear to have any static electrical charge in its outer components. The Egely wheel was placed on a non-conducting cellutex surface within the set up. The metal walls of the oranur set up have been tested with sensitive voltmeters and no electrical charge was found. Static electricity is unlikely to be the cause of any movement in the wheel. Heat has also been ruled out by the manufacturers as a cause of movement. Air currents have been monitored and controlled for in the building where the device is kept near Liverpool. It is noted too that the Egely device will continue to move when there is no person stood near the oranur set up. The device has been recorded moving when the nearest person is 12 foot distant.

Figure 5 – Electronic Egely Wheel

When information is to be recorded from the device the electronic Egely wheel is placed within the oranur set up at the point where the energy appears to be strongest – left of centre on top of the inner wooden accumulator (see Figure 3). A period of time is then spent (up to approximately one minute) waiting for the wheel to stabilise after being switched on and placed into audio mode. The movement of the wheel is relatively slow usually. The electronic device has 24 counting lights but the movement is not fast enough usually to light up more than two or three of these speed-dependent lights. However, complex information can be obtained by counting clicks. If the audible function is on, the device produces a click for each small movement of the wheel across its counting apparatus. Each tiny spoke will produce a click when it passes the sensor. The movement can be either to the left or the right. Right click movements are counted as positive numbers and left as negative (although there does not appear to be any significance to positive and negative numbers as yet). A slight pause or change in direction is counted as a new number and a longer pause (more than a second) is counted as the end of a set of numbers. The whole process is video recorded so the counts can be checked. The aim is to get a modified Egely wheel wherein the counts are recorded automatically direct to a computer. A more sensitive measurement might also incorporate the speed of the clicks as an additional statistic. This aim is being pursued presently. The following is a video of the current pre-automated process (24).

Information Produced and Discussion

At first the author tried to decode streams of numbers into some kind of language but no direct one to one correspondences seemed apparent. Tentative links between the numbers and a human language were tried but seemed completely incompatible. It also did not appear to be binary code. Then it occurred to the author to mentally and verbally pose pre-written questions to the device and then record numbers for a set amount of time specified in advance. This approach seemed much more fruitful and the patterns of numbers appeared to hint at inner ‘key numbers’ which various sequences of numbers would reduce down into or add up to in various amusing and complex ways.

As noted, positive numbers were decided to be clicks of the wheel apparatus to the right following a short pause of less than a second. Negative numbers are clicks to the left following a short pause. A stream of numbers is ended by a longer pause of a second or more. Very long numbers over about 50, often produced at a steady speed for some minutes, are generally ignored. A period of time is allowed to elapse for the device to discharge excess energy before more complex streams of numbers can again be obtained. The author has noticed two types of output which has been termed ‘mechanical’ and ‘complex’. Mechanical output tends to be long numbers at a steady speed (for example up to and over 500) and complex output tends to be short numbers (up to about 40) with frequent changes of speed, direction and containing long and short pauses. It is the complex output that the author has been interested in.

The author has coined these descriptive terms based on a feeling for the movement characteristics of the wheel. When it seems that the device might be communicating the movement seems rich and changeable, speed changes continually and the direction can shift more often. There are frequent short pauses in this mode. It feels almost like a sign language. This type of movement the author has labelled ‘complex’. On the other hand, if the device appears to be overcharged or is perhaps in a non-communication mode, there can be long numbers where the wheel stays at a similar speed for an extended period of seconds or minutes. Usually the speed of the clicks is higher but uniform for the ‘mechanical’ mode. However, the complex movements can also be fast but they soon stop and change direction, or there is a brief pause. The mechanical term also refers to the possibility that it is just a quantitative overflow of orgone rather than anything containing particular communication.

The following are some fairly typical streams of complex output numbers collected via the above methods in continual sequences:

Number Streams


This short stream of numbers, in response to a question, appears to reference a ‘key’ number of 12.

The arithmetic seems to be playful and not to follow a set pattern. In the above sequence, ignoring the positive and negative signs, we have:

  • 10 + 2 = 12.
  • We have the last number in the sequence which is also 12.
  • Then the number 20 can be reduced to the digits 2 + 0 and added to the 10, again equalling 12.
  • 12 + 10 + 2 = 24 or 2 x 12.
  • All the numbers together can be added up to 44. 3 x 12 = 36, 44 – 36 = 6. The three 2’s in the sequence equal 6, which can be taken away from the overall total to leave 36 or 3 x 12.

The sequence appears to reference the key number 12 no less than 8 times, which also happens to be the total sum reduced to its component digits. In this case 44 which reduces to 4 + 4 or 8.

Here is another short number stream given in response to a question, this time appearing to reference a key number of 7.


Ignoring the positive and negative signs one can do the following arithmetic:

  • Reducing 40 to its component digits we have, 4 + 0 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7.
  • Keeping 40 as a whole number we have 40 + 1 + 1 = 42 (or 6 x 7).
  • 40 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 43. Reducing the end number to its component digits we have 4 + 3 which again is 7.
  • 40 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 43. The sum reduced to its component digits is 4 and 3. 3 is one number less than 4. There is also one number less between 6 and 7. 6 x 7 = 42. The number 42 can be arrived at exactly using one less ‘1’ (or one less number) from the original sequence, so we then have: 40 + 1 + 1 (not including the missing digit) = 42. In other words, 43 minus one less number (the missing ‘1’) equals 42 (or 6 x 7).

If we add up all the 7's arrived at by the various processes, the above sequence appears to reference the number 7 a total of 14 times. If the 40 in the sequence is reduced to 4 + 0 and put after the ‘1’ we also arrive at the number 14. The number 14 (or 2 x 7) appears in this way 3 times, which is the same number of times as the number 1 appears in the original sequence creating a neat mirror. If we add the extra 7's thus produced (6) to the previous total we have 20 x 7 altogether. If we take 20 as 2 + 0 = 2 then there is another mirror as each of the 14's in the previous total had 2 x 7's within it.

There seems to be self-referencing repeating patterns produced which may not be solely random. The patterns appear somewhat playful and are complex and internally referencing. The author has other patterns not discussed here. ‘Key’ numbers that have appeared regularly are 12, 11 and 7. The key numbers 12 and 7 both reappeared on three consecutive data gathering sessions respectively, apparently in response to repeating the same questions.

The following series of apparently single numbers was produced for the demonstration video made for this paper (see Reference 24).

19. 1. 6. 34. 16.

Each number has a full stop after it as the pause between each number was a second or longer. This is unusual and has only been noted once before by the author for a series of numbers. There was a long pause and then a ‘mechanical’ type number over 50 after the number 16. Therefore the 16 was taken to be the end of the series of numbers. No question had been set before this recording.

  • The first number could reduce down to 1 + 9 = 10. 1 + 0 = 1.
  • The second number is 1. The first and second numbers taken side by side creates 11, This is one of the key numbers noted by the author generally.
  • The third number is 6.
  • The fourth number is 34 which could produce 3 x 4 or 12, again a key number noted in this paper. Also 3 + 4 = 7, another key number noted in this paper.
  • The last number is 16 which could produce 1 + 6 = 7, again a key number noted.
  • The second and third numbers taken side by side produce 16 which parallels the fifth number.


It seems that the process possibly has key numbers which may have some kind of meaning. Alternatively, it is feasible that the numbers are just semi-random streams of information or produced by interaction with surrounding organisms or the weather. Future work needs to be done to statistically analyse the patterns of numbers in order to assess whether they are in fact meaningful or whether they are simply random or semi-random numbers. However, the basis for an orgone computing device, which produces a stream of complex orgone information, may have been achieved. The information also seems to be interactive. An orgone computer may have been produced and its creation was almost too simple – just a strong oranur field and a subtle energy rotation device.

As a minimum, in-depth statistical analysis is needed and automated systems for recording the output are also essential. Professional statistician input would be useful. This paper details merely the start of a process. It is not known what the mathematics actually means, if anything.

Extracting any possible meaning and patterns from the information stream is the next step and is hoped to be the subject of future papers.


If the number streams are meaningful and do have some kind of interaction with a consciousness source this then implies that there is a way to create true, conscious, artificial intelligence, or to use a different term, non-organic consciousness entities. It is possible that the device creates a gateway for non-local consciousness to interact with the material plane, much as the Ark of the Covenant may have done in Biblical times. The author believes that the radioactive, oranur device that was the Ark was essentially an artificial intelligence device for communicating with a non-materially based conscious entity, see Maglione's book on the Ark and its relationship to orgone (25) and Isaac's book (26) on the Ark as radioactive communication device. The Ark was a technological device which even had its own remote interface called an Ephod. In the light of Isaac and Maglione's work, this author believes that many of the complex Hebrew rituals were originally designed to manage very high levels of oranur. The Ark was approximately one thousand times stronger in oranur than Reich's set up. Reich's set up was one thousand times stronger than the author's (27).


This paper is dedicated to my father, John Peter Southgate, whose research interest over more than three decades was the dynamics of consciousness (in groups) and whose own work was partly inspired by Wilhelm Reich.


  1. Southgate, J. (1980) Community Group Dynamics, London, Barefoot Books, republished 1989 and 1993 by Gale Centre Publications also available online at
  2. Reich, P. (1974) A Book of Dreams, Picador, UK (republished 1989 and 2015).
  3. Southgate, L. (2002) Traditional Chinese Medicine and Reichian Theory, Northern College of Acupuncture and Wales University Master’s Thesis. See also Chinese Medicine and Wilhelm Reich (2009) LAP Publishers or European Journal of Oriental Medicine (2003) Vol 4, Num 4, or synopsis online
  4. Southgate, L. (2012) Annotated Bibliography of Orgonomic Journals, also available at Scribd or links from here
  5. Maglione, R. and Ferrari, D. (2018) Electric Currents in Orgone Devices (Parts 1, 2 and 3 published by Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy),
  6. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Theory,
  7. Reich, W. (1973) Ether, God and Devil, Farrar Strauss and Giroux: pp277
  8. Southgate, L. (2018) Reich, Freud and the Primacy of Consciousness
  9. Beiser, F. (2005) Hegel, Routledge, UK.
  10. Reich, W. (1960) Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux. Also see Kindle Edition 2013. Section 5.
  11. Sheldrake, R. (2009) New Science of Life, Icon Books, UK.
  12. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  13. Hayes, N. (2019) Positive Findings on Constable’s Orgonotic Bio-forms Part 2, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  14. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  15. Southgate, L. (2019) Further Preliminary Experimental Report on Oranur, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  16. Reich, W. (1971) Selected Writings (Editor Higgins), Noonday, See Discussion pp192 onwards.
  17. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,
  18. Maglione, R, The Legendary Shamir (2017),
  19. Reich, W, (1951) The Geiger-Muller Effect of Cosmic Orgone Energy, Orgone Energy Bulletin, Vol 3, Num 4.
  20. Senf, B. (1989). Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy? Pulse of the Planet Journal, Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, Vol. 1, No. 2: pp25-30
  21. Splendore, C. (1998)
    Accessed 2020 Last updated 2005.
  22. Maglione, R. (2020) Rotorgon Advanced Prototype Video
  23. Adamskii et al, (2010) Various Egely Wheel Experiments,
  24. Southgate, L. (2020) Oranur and Egely Wheel Video.
  25. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir,
  26. Isaac, R. (2010) Talking With God: The Radioactive Ark of the Testimony, Sacred Closet Books, USA.
  27. Isaac, R. (2010) Talking With God: The Radioactive Ark of the Testimony, Sacred Closet Books, USA.


Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

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Posted in Orgone Biophysics6 Comments

Further Preliminary Experimental Report on Oranur

Further Preliminary Experimental Report on Oranur

Further Preliminary Experimental Report on Oranur – Possible Electrical, Therapeutic & Orgone Compound Effects


Leon Southgate MSc

Editor’s comment,

In December of 1950 Dr. Wilhelm Reich conducted the first Oranur experiment in Oragnon, Rangeley, Maine, which lasted five months. Shortly after in a recording name "Alone," Reich emphasized the significance of the Oranur experiment including its relevance to medicine and other disciplines. The following article, which was written by Leon Southgate, expands on Dr. Reich’s work with regard to, and including the therapeutic effects of the Oranur reaction. While the reported medical results are anecdotal and are not drawn from an exhaustive research protocol and are instead presented in terms of subjective patient reports and observations made by acupuncture practitioner, their significance is such that it seems prudent and necessary to present them here


Oranur is one of the three states of orgone energy first posited by Wilhelm Reich in 1951 (1). It is thought to occur when concentrated life-energy, or orgone in a Reich accumulator, is exposed to small amounts of radioactive substance. The three states of orgone are: orgone, oranur (excited orgone) and Deadly Orgone (DOR – stale or deadly orgone).

This paper details an examination of possible anomalous effects noted when electrical and magnetic fields are measured within a weak oranur field. In the oranur field there was noted to be a rise in electrical and magnetic fields after an electrical circuit (a battery powered meter) was moved within the oranur field.

Also detailed are some observations possibly associated with new treatment effects of oranur that appear to be usefully dosed and applied using orgone compounds. Orgone compounds are usually pieces of resin containing metal and crystal fragments. Some very basic, preliminary examinations of the orgone charge of orgone compounds (2) are therefore also examined.

The experimental use of oranur treated orgone compounds in treating various symptoms is detailed.

Materials and Methods:

Below is a Reich orgone cabinet placed on its side (Figure 1). It has previously been exposed to small quantities of radioactive substances in the autumn of 2017 (3). It contains further orgone boxes, orgone acupuncture tubes of the Bernd Senf design (4) and a glass tank containing further orgone accumulating materials (metal fragments, crystals and stone mixture). The possible changes in electrical and magnetic fields noted in this paper were measured within the internal glass tank inside the orgone cabinet. This is where the oranur charge appears strongest. These changes were compared to a non-oranur atmosphere (an indoor area 50 foot from the oranur device).

It is noted that the background ionisation radiation count around the large oranur device is slightly raised. The normal background is 0.9 to 0.12 microSievert (μSv) in the area. The normal around the device is 0.12 to 0.20 μSv extending at least 24 foot. This is similar to Reich’s Orgonon lab which had a raised Geiger count of about the same magnitude (5). The readings are still within normal safety limits and a similar effect could be obtained by geological radiation effects, for example on a mountain side with much rock deposits. The author has recorded similar μSv readings in the North Wales hills near Loggerheads country park.

Experimental Device

An approximately 6 foot by 3 foot human-sized ORAC cabinet was placed horizontally. At first the door was removed and placed underneath the cabinet to give extra layering. Putting the cabinet back upright was tried but this decreased the charge by approximately 20% according to a Heliognosis Life Energy (LE) meter device. It also made placing of the internal items difficult. The cabinet was put back on its side. Eventually, the door was put back on.

Inside the cabinet there was placed one, and then two large 2 foot square orgone accumulating boxes with one side removed (originally developed for orgone acupuncture). A suitcase of accumulating materials was added alongside two orgone blankets and another two smaller orgone boxes. The large orgone box had two orgone tubes pointed at it. Altogether approximately 12 orgone devices were inside the larger ORAC cabinet. This was done to create a strong orgone field but also to create synergy between devices and hopefully a flow of orgone, one device would activate another so increasing the overall charge. Reich believed a central characteristic of orgone was interaction between energy systems.

The inner boxes were made of steel, rockwall and celotex type panels on a wood frame – standard materials for an ORAC. The orgone suitcase was filled with insulating rockwool and steel wool layers and had an outer layer of aluminium foil and then lastly plastic clingfilm around the outside. The orgone tubes were steel tubes with 300 plus double layers of aluminium foil and clingfilm, based on Bernd Senf’s design for orgone acupuncture tubes. The cabinet was made of the standard ORAC materials similar to the inner boxes.

Figure 1

Orgone Device

Human sized orgone cabinet placed on side, additional orgone accumulating boxes, glass tank (containing orgone tubes, a glass plasma ball and an accumulating mixture).On top of the tank, for display purposes, are some of the orgone compound pieces. The glass bowl is the lid of the tank when the top hole of the glass tank is covered. The metal bowl is an additional accumulator sitting on top of a small glass and metal layered accumulator sheeting.

Experimental Hypothesis

Moving an electrical circuit (the battery powered meter) within an oranur field causes small changes in magnetic and electrical readings as compared to non-oranur atmosphere.

A Tenmars ElectroMagnetic Field Meter (EMF Meter) was used to take measurements of the magnetic field in milliGauss (mG) and the electric field in Volts per metre (V/m).

Electrical and magnetic fields were checked around the minimal cabling in the outhouse where the device was kept (one light and one socket neither of which were near the device). There was only a small increase right by the electric cabling (within an inch) which was more than 9 foot away from the oranur device. The light was kept off. The lighting cabling also had minimal electrical fields surrounding it and these only measurable at very close proximity.


1. Experimental Hypothesis

Data collection was done over four weeks in the summer of 2018. A background reading was taken of 0.7 mG and 2 to 5 V/m, approximately for normal atmosphere (in the hall area, 50 foot from the oranur cabinet). It was 0.12 mG and 0 to 2 V/m background approximately for oranur atmosphere (taken in the outer cabinet of the oranur device).

The powered on meter was placed within the inner glass tank. It was moved by hand in a circle of approximately 9" diameter, 9 times in 4 seconds and then the readings taken once again immediately.

The post-movement readings are as below (Figure 2). Weather conditions during the measurements are also reported in the table. Each electrical and magnetic reading below is an average of approximately 6 to 10 individual readings taken at the same data collection point. There may be a correlation with higher μSv readings but these were not taken often enough to yield even a preliminary conclusion, though a correlation with the increased electrical fields may have been present.

Figure 2

Possible Electrical Movement Effects in an Oranur Field


Normal [mG]

Normal [V/m]


Oranur [V/m]




















Fine, Morning






Fine, Evening



























19 a

11 a








Outer OR Box






31/7/18. Cloudy. Trial Run. Smoky/bonfire.






a = these readings were obtained after leaving the meter switched on and in the inner glass box for 5 minutes prior to measuring as usual to see if the powered on meter itself would stimulate the oranur over a period of time.

The movement-stimulated magnetic field appears to be over twice as strong in the oranur atmosphere and the electric field to be three times as strong approximately. This effect has occurred at every data collection point. In the outer box of the oranur device there may be a slightly larger increase in the magnetic field but less change in the electrical field, though this finding is much more tentative, see ‘Outer OR Box’ above in Figure 2. The outer orgone box refers to the larger orgone-oranur cabinet which contains the other orgone boxes and the glass tank. The ‘Outer OR’ measurements were taken inside the outer cabinet 1 foot from the edge of the internal glass tank. The other measurements were all taken within the glass tank which serves as the inner box of the set up.

A set of measurements was also taken when the meter was first left switched on inside the inner glass tank for 5 minutes prior to the measurements being undertaken as usual by movement of the meter and then recording mG and V/m (see above readings, marked ‘a’ in Figure 2). In this case there appears to be an increase in the mG reading.

The oranur changes charted above appear consistently so far and do not seem to vary much with external weather conditions.

In summary, it was found that movement of the meter within a relatively weak oranur field resulted in consistently higher electrical and magnetic field readings (about 2 to 3 times higher) than the same movement produced in an ordinary non-oranur atmosphere 50 foot from the device. A possible small dosage effect (greater oranur resulting in greater changes) was also noted.

Effect of Smoke Upon Oranur

Before the experimental procedure was commenced fully a set of readings was obtained to investigate a posited oranur suppression effect. There was a smoky atmosphere due to a garden fire. This was utilised to try and see what the effect of smoke/incense might have upon the oranur field. The garden fire was situated 6 foot outside the outhouse where the oranur cabinet was kept. The outhouse door was kept open. This was done because Maglione has noted that the ancient Hebrews used incense smoke to minimise effects of oranur from the ancient oranur device, the Ark of the Covenant (6). The V/m reading in the oranur cabinet appeared suppressed (Figure 2). The other readings also appeared lower including a lower μSv reading. As the smoke did not directly go over the oranur cabinet and even though the fire was of medium size (a garden incinerator filled with dried tree branches) the writer feels that this effect, if it is indeed present, could easily be substantially increased by use of more smoke in closer proximity.

2. Possible Therapeutic Effects of Oranur

The following is an initial enquiry into a possible completely new area of orgonomic medicine. Although the treatments were administered by a qualified Chinese medical practitioner of 12 years experience who is also a qualified nurse they were not supervised by a medical doctor. The reports here are merely the subjective experience of this practitioner and patients. It is based on reports of people who underwent the treatments outlined. No investigation by a physician is implied and medical reports are not available to substantiate the details below. However, bearing this in mind, and considering the significance it was decided to report these initial observations here. No claims are made herein but just indications for further study. It is the first recorded example of oranur being used for treatments in the orgonomic literature, although Reich, with his usual prescience, did foresee an oranur medicine (7). To allow for small doses of oranur to be given to organisms, orgone compounds (plastic resin, metal granules and crystals) were soaked in oranur inside the inner glass chamber of the orgone oranur device for a number of weeks. The small piece of oranur treated orgone compound was noted to have about one third to double the orgone charge of comparative pieces after this process (as measured on an Heliognosis Mk II orgone meter). The oranur orgone compound is then placed near to the organism to be treated.

Oranur Treatments

March 2018. Acute Toothache. Oranur compound placed on jaw for 10 to 20 minutes. Repeated every few hours, 3 times. Result – toothache receded and went.

April 2018. Acute Toothache. As above.

June 2018. Athletes foot treated for 20 minutes with oranur compound placed on foot. The athletes foot resolved itself over the next 48 hours, repeated successfully a month later when same symptoms returned.

July 2018. Listless dog treated. Dog was not eating for number of days (possibly due to heatwave and change in diet). Oranur compound was placed directly next to the dogs sleeping quarters for 2 hours, within 6 inches of dog. Appetite returned to normal immediately after treatment. Listlessness went immediately after treatment. Symptoms did not return.

August 2018 Neck-ache treated. Oranur compound was placed on neck for 20 minutes. Some improvement noted (ongoing issue).

September 2018. Neck-ache. As Above.

September 2018. Acute episode of lower back-ache treated. Oranur compounds placed on back for 45 minutes. Modest improvement noted. This is ongoing issue being treated with osteopathy.

October 2018. Horsefly bite treated with oranur compound placed directly on bite for 20 minutes. Some redness remained after one hour. No pain, no symptoms noted.

November 2018. Heavy cold, sore throat treated. Oranur compound placed on throat for 5 minutes periods twice a day. Cold resolved in a few days, quicker than expected as compared to others with same cold. Throat eased quickly.

November 2018. Allergic rash in axilla treated. Gluten sensitive person ate wheat by mistake. Angry, red rash with raised lumps appeared in axilla shortly afterwards plus mild palpitations. Area was 3” by 2”. Oranur has been known to cause skin reactions (8). Also, the left axilla is close to the heart. Therefore treatment was cautious. Oranur compound placed in axilla for 4 minutes on day 1, 6 minutes on day 2, 8 minutes on day 3, then 10 minutes for a further 4 days. Rash resolved over 1 week. Palpitations ceased after 3 days.

November 2018. Multiple herpes simplex attack, facial area (cold sores) treated with oranur compound directly on area (nose) for 10 minutes daily. Expected duration from initial attack to complete resolution was usually 10 days. Attack was resolved within 5 to 6 days.

Possible Antibiotic Effects

There might also be some kind of antibiotic effect from oranur. Athletes foot has appeared to twice respond to oranur compound as noted above. Kefir cells also appear to have retarded growth near oranur.

Kefir cells are small corpuscles of bacteria and yeast used to make a probiotic health drink. The oranur compound was placed immediately next to the kefir cells (which were growing at room temperature in a glass of milk). A second identical batch of kefir, from the same parent cells, was kept 6 foot away from the oranur treated cells in otherwise identical conditions.

One batch of kefir was kept immediately next to a small piece of oranur compound whilst the control batch was kept 6 foot away in similar light and heat conditions but without the oranur treatment.

Both batches of kefir cells in milk were left for 24 hours at room temperature (unheated room) then the milk was drained and the size of the cells assessed. The control kefir cells were in the same volume, type and temperature of milk.

The experimental kefir cells appeared retarded in growth after the oranur compound was kept near it. Controls were unaffected and of normal size (the experiment was carried out in September 2018).

This experiment was repeated twice with experimental versus control batches. A retarding reaction was noted both times. It also took a number of days before the kefir cells began to grow at a normal rate again, the second time it took nearly a week for the growth to return to normal.

The effects noted might simply be an orgonotic overcharge effect though this writer suspects an additional antibiotic effect.

Orgone Compounds

Measurements of the orgone charge were done on orgone compounds of different composition, shape and weight by the Heliognosis Mk II orgone meter. Figure 3 shows some of the orgone compound pieces used in the study; while Figure 4 shows all the measurements of the orgone charge as well as the weight of each orgone compound considered.

Figure 3

Swirl Cone, Red Pyramid, Silver Coloured Cone (No Quartz), Medium Flat Circle, Medium Flat Star, Flat Top Cone.

Figure 4

Orgone Compounds


Swirl Cone (large metal coil)



Silver Cone
(no quartz)

Small Circle
& Symbol

Flat Circle

Flat Black Plinth

Flat Star

Flat Top Cone

Oranur Charged Orgone

Crystal x3 pieces





































a = The crystal pieces on their own had as low a charge as 8%. After being placed near the orgone compounds and then allowed to rest for 2 hours, this was later 24%.

b = The cone was oranur charged for 2 weeks after which its charge had gone up to 60%.

c = The crystals had a peak charge of 42% after being near the oranur charged orgone compound for 2 hours

d = The oranur charged cone was placed on the body for 5 minutes after which the charge went up to 80%.

As can be seen above in Figure 4, all the handheld orgone compound pieces appear to have a moderate orgone reading. The readings are averages of at least 9 individual readings taken on separate days over 10 data collection points. The main aim of the study was to examine oranur effects. The pieces therefore were not strictly standardised as to weight and had varying internal compositions so this preliminary data can only be considered a very initial suggestion indicative for further study of orgone compound effects. Further studies with standardised compounds would be needed to examine the non-oranur orgonotic effects of the compounds. However, some possible surprises were still found which were not foreseen and are worth noting here.

Geometric shape, such as cones and pyramids did not appear to increase orgone charge in the orgone compound pieces studied and may even decrease charge. There was also not an obvious relationship between the quantity of orgone compound substance and orgone charge in the pieces studied. Some small pieces had high charge and some large pieces had low charge. A light piece with a high surface area, the medium flat star, had a relatively high charge for its weight.

The major difference noted at this early stage was between the orgone compounds that were not exposed to oranur and the pieces that were exposed to oranur. The oranur treated pieces were at least a third stronger than the other pieces. The first oranur piece, although at least one third to one half stronger than the other pieces of a similar weight, was not tested before being oranur treated. The flat top cone compound piece however was tested first without oranur charge and then after being oranur charged for 2 weeks. After the oranur treatment its charge was found to have increased by a third. Its charge now was above the non-oranur charged pieces and in line with the original oranur compound piece (an orgone compound piece that had been soaked in the large oranur cabinet for a number of weeks).


One of the orgone compound pieces had been made without any quartz crystal. It had a similar orgone charge to a comparable piece which did contain crystals (the cones). However, although the orgone charge was similar the crystals might enhance the communication effect between orgone compound pieces this author believes. The charges between compound pieces are seen to level off to a rough approximation if they are kept reasonably near each other and more so in a close group. There was also three pure quartz crystals (non-compound pieces) which however matched their orgone charge exactly. Certainly it appears that crystals absorb and re-emit both orgone and oranur. The three pieces of quartz crystal of approximately 30g each were tested. When kept apart from each other and from the orgone compounds one reading of orgone charge was only 8%. Then when kept near a group of orgone and oranur compounds their charge went up to 42%. After being taken away from the compounds and being stored at a distance of 12 inches from each other, the charge of the three crystals levelled off to 24% two hours later. The quartz might also supply a tiny electro-oranur effect (piezoelectrical effects in the orgone compound from the resin squeezing the quartz) making the orgone pieces stronger than they would otherwise be, though this is purely speculative. Some researchers do put external electrical charge through orgone compounds though the effects of this has not yet been systematically studied as far as this writer is aware, though stronger effects have been claimed.

Compound Pieces and Ionisation Readings

The microSievert radioactive ionisation (μSv) readings were also measured around the individual orgone compound pieces but it was very difficult to see any pattern in the readings. There was a change, up to around plus or minus 0.06 μSv, but sometimes the ionisation readings coincided with a rise in orgone charge and sometimes with a decrease. Nevertheless, the author suspects that there is a change in μSv near to orgone compound pieces. Certainly, when the orgone compound is pooled together in one place, there is possibly a modest rise in μSv (for example 0.11 to 0.16 μSv was noted when the orgone compound is put into a group). This has been noted on a few occasions but not yet systematically studied. Also when the oranur compound and orgone compound is placed on a person the μSv readings were seen to slowly cycle between 0.09 and 0.20 μSv (which is below and above the normal background reading). The background reading, away from the oranur device is usually around 0.12 μSv.

The possible effect from the orgone compound may extend 12 foot or more so it is not an easy thing to measure. The background count also naturally varies of course. It is worth bearing in mind that the effects are not mechanical. The orgone compound and oranur compound may have to be stimulated by the presence of an organism or energy field to yield higher counts. The orgone compound pieces were measured in a separate building a good distance away from the oranur device.

Compounds Conclusion

Most orgone compound pieces are palm sized, few make large pieces. Plastic, metal granules and crystals might form effective orgone accumulating devices. Small granules of metal may be more effective than large swirls of metal as the piece without the granules of metal was found to be much lower in charge. Pieces with a larger surface area also appeared to have stronger charge. A well made, large orgone compound might compare reasonably to a Reich accumulator.

Reich himself used orgone compounds in the pendulum experiment as detailed in The Cancer Biopathy (9). Although he did not use crystals, it is apparent that crystals have strong orgonotic qualities. Reich used metal granules and soil in a glass bulb. The soil would have some mineral and crystalline content. Reich also thought plastic was a good orgone accumulator, resin of course being a plastic.

Orgone compound appears to effectively store oranur charge and because this allows oranur to be dosed makes them a possibly promising form of using oranur therapeutically. Putting orgone compounds on the body also increases their charge temporarily – apparently more so with an oranur affected piece.

3. Melting of Salt Crystals

Finally, the author would like to report a possible new effect of oranur. Concentrated oranur appears able to melt Himalayan salt crystals. It was noted that a Himalayan salt candle holder (Figure 6) left directly next to the large oranur device kept melting and forming small amounts of liquid in the plastic dish in which it was sat. It did this slowly over a number of days. At the most, perhaps 10 to 15 mls of liquid, were noted, which looked like water but was not tested. It would be found at the bottom of the salt candle in the plastic tray, after a number of days.

When the salt was placed further away from the large device (more than 6 foot) but at the same temperature, the melting stopped. This occurred multiple times. The salt did not melt if kept at a warmer temperature away from the device in the main building.

Figure 6

Approximately 6″ in height by 3″ in width

It could be possible that an oranur meter could be developed using a more exact measurement of this possible effect.

Overall Conclusion

  1. There appears to be an effect of moving an electrical circuit (the powered on EMF meter) within a mild oranur field resulting in higher electrical and magnetic field readings than would be expected within a non-oranur atmosphere.
  1. Small doses of oranur may be therapeutic to organisms.
  1. Orgone compounds may have real effects. These effects may be related to the surface area, internal composition and the quantity of compound.
  1. The prior exposure of orgone compounds to oranur appears to significantly raise orgone charge.
  1. Oranur treated orgone compounds may provide useful ways of applying and dosing oranur for therapeutic use.
  1. Oranur may have an antibiotic effect.
  1. Strong oranur appears to have a small melting effect on Himalyan salt crystals.


The writer would like to thank the Spanish researcher, Jaime Selfa for supplying the orgone compound pieces.

The author would also like to thank Roberto Maglione for his extensive editing advice.


  1. Reich, W. (1951) The Oranur First Report, Wilhelm Reich Museum.
  2. Orgone Compounds are often known by the term ‘orgonite’ which is stated to be a trademarked term claimed by Karl Welz. This writer prefers to use the term orgone compound. Although many remarkable claims have been made regarding orgonite the author believes it may be prudent to examine the effects of orgone compounds experimentally before forming a view either for or against the efficacy of orgone compounds.
  3. Southgate L, (2018) Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence and other Observations associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, US, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy.
  4. Senf, B. (1989). Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy? Pulse of the Planet Journal, Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, Vol. 1, No. 2 : 25-30
  5. Maglione, R. (2018) The Origin of an Oranur Reaction, US, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy.
  6. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir,
  7. Reich, W. (2018) Contact with Space, Reprint, US, Haverhill House Press.
  8. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir,
  9. Reich, W. (1973) The Cancer Biopathy, Vision Press, UK: 144



Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

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The Orgone Continuum

The Orgone Continuum

A New Ontology of Ideo-Physicalism

Leon Southgate MSc, 2018.


The orgone continuum, a life-force theory of consciousness, is reassessed from an ontological perspective (as a theory of ‘being’) and the question asked, is it really a pan-psychic theory?

The question is explored and then a new classification of the orgone continuum is proposed. This is within a new (though in fact, old) ontological definition given the new term here of ideo-physicalism. It could be seen as a development of pan-psychism. It allows a stratified understanding of an ideo-physical continuum to be described wherein the mental and the physical are unified in a continuum which transcends both.

Pan-psychism is explored in greater detail than previously in part one of the series and critiqued. Philosophical implications of Reich’s bions are noted. Neutral monism, modern dualism, idealist and pan-psychic quantum views, supervenience and general identity theory are also explored. The theory of orgonotic ideo-physicalism is proposed in detail.

Lastly, a Biblical view of consciousness is examined and found to be similar and given the term of theological ideo-physicalism. It is argued that the ideo-physicalist viewpoint has already been reflected by a possible artificial intelligence device as described in the Bible and Judaic texts, the Ark of the Covenant.


In the Orgone Continuum: A Life Force Theory of Consciousness (1) it is proposed that orgone is a continuum which fills all space and that forms all reality. This singular continuum is proposed to have three aspects to its functioning: orgone consciousness, orgone energy and orgone matter. The primal level of orgone was argued to be identical to a physical consciousness. This primordial level would condense into the orgone ‘energy’ functions Reich outlined and then finally orgone energy would itself condense into matter, again as Reich described. All three aspects function in different ways but ultimately reflect a single physical continuum. The orgone continuum was classified as a pan-psychic theory, perhaps with emanationist (emerging from mind) and idealist aspects (mind as primal reality). These two latter aspects are somewhat modified by this new classification of the orgone continuum as an ideo-physicalist theory (neither mind nor matter aspects are more primal in this view).

A broad philosophical definition of consciousness is used in this paper – consciousness is seen as any and all perception. The terms consciousness and mind are generally used interchangeably as are the terms matter and physicality.

Introduction: Pan-Psychism

Since writing the Orgone Continuum Part 1 (2), the author has become aware that pan-psychic theories cover a very broad spectrum. At the materialist end there is ontological pan-psychism. This is where both matter and consciousness are given equal prominence. Wherever there is matter there is also consciousness. However this consciousness might be just a dim perception or mute experience. For example, the philosopher David Ray Griffin, a well known pan-psychic, redefined the word ‘pan-psychism’ to ‘pan-experientialism’ to reflect that not all matter is equally conscious in his view. He agrees that all matter possesses some kind of awareness but distinguishes between true self-consciousness and the dim experientialism of evolving matter (3). True self-consciousness can partially emerge from experiential matter in his view. David Ray Griffin’s approach within pan-psychism is the closest to Reich’s materialist views of consciousness in his middle period. All that would have to be admitted is that cosmic orgone is not non-conscious but actually has some additional dim level of perception. Their views on consciousness would then be broadly similar. The author however had to classify Reich’s theories on consciousness as materialist, ‘system theories’ based on their detailing a pure emergence of consciousness from a non-conscious system process.

Chart 1

Reich’s System Theory of Consciousness

Reich’s theories however could also be viewed as proto-pan-psychic. This is because they were just one step away from the materialist end of pan-psychism.

Reich took the somewhat contradictory position that cosmic orgone behaves as though it is conscious but yet it is non-conscious in its cosmic form (4). Reich never explored the contradictions of this statement to any great extent (5). He also never gave a rationale for this position on consciousness. It was just assumed that consciousness had to have a materialist and evolutionary explanation (perhaps because of the influence of Darwin). In Reich’s view this non-conscious energy (cosmic orgone) gradually evolved simple life structures that now possessed dim perception. These structures evolved further and eventually combined to form an integrated self-consciousness. In Reich’s understanding, all the organs of the body have a ‘part perception’ which integrates to form a full self-consciousness (6). In this view of evolving perception, structure (plasma in membranes and then evolving life forms) gives rise to function (perception and then consciousness). Reich saw this as a contradiction to his other function-based theories (where function gives rise to structure) but didn’t explore this further (7). If he had of explored it he would have encountered the mind-matter duality conundrum – at which point exactly in Reich’s structural process can we say that matter turns into consciousness? On this note we can also elucidate that according to Reich’s own theories the intermediate vesicle between non-living and the living, the bion (8), should definitely also be conscious. Living plasma and a membrane is all that is required for some level of consciousness according to Reich’s theories. From the ideo-physical perspective of the orgone continuum however, even the most basic quanta of pre-biological, cosmic orgone would also be considered conscious.

This emergence of dim awareness from a non-conscious energy which then progresses into ‘part-perception’ and from there into a true self-consciousness forms Reich’s system theory, evolutionary view of consciousness (9). This is not far from Griffin’s partial emergence and integration of entities from a dim experientialism into a new, truly self-conscious whole. Griffin’s distinction between the experientialism of un-evolved matter and developed self-consciousness however seems somewhat artificial. Perception is an aspect of consciousness. Without consciousness there is no perception, mute, developed or otherwise. Separating perception from consciousness is just, ‘cutting the cake’ – an artificial division.

So on a scale, Reich’s views on consciousness in his middle period can be pegged just over the border from materialist pan-psychism into the system theory zone of materialism. However the theory of the orgone continuum is over the materialist border and toward the other, more idealist end of pan-psychism (if it is to be classed as pan-psychic at all).

Pan-psychic theories, although starting out from an almost materialist position, actually span nearly all the way into pure idealism. There is a type of pan-psychism called subsequent pan-psychism, which is very close to an idealist theory called emanationist idealism. Both theories say that matter emerges from mind. The only difference between them is that in emanationist idealism it is only mind that is ultimately real. In subsequent pan-psychism, although matter is a consequence of mind, it is as real as mind in its own way once it has emerged. The problem with both theories, as De Quincey states, is that to move from pure mind into matter may still require a miracle, just as it does the other way around, from pure matter into mind (10). This is being recognized in materialist circles too. Some apparently materialist theories of consciousness, such as Integrated Information Theory are actually quietly stated pan-psychic theories. Instead of positing that matter in the brain creates consciousness, consciousness is assumed to be inherent to physical reality. Matter, when in a complex and integrated state develops this inherent consciousness. The amount of integration of information is expressed mathematically as ‘Phi’. So any system with enough Phi could become overtly conscious.

Modern Pan-Psychism

On the one hand, materialist pan-psychism, such as that of David Ray Griffin, preferences matter, saying matter is only dimly conscious and at the beginning of a linear chain of material evolution, eventually resulting, via a limited emergence, in fully self-conscious entities (pure emergence of one class of entities into another is avoided as it may not make sense to get mind from matter or vice versa as we have noted previously). By ‘limited emergence’ it is meant that any problems of duality are avoided by acknowledging that the ‘ground’ from which full self-consciousness ’emerges’ already has a limited consciousness. The idealist end of pan-psychism alternatively preferences the mind, saying matter emerges from the mind but is then equally real.

Christian De Quincey’s pan-psychic position is between these two end positions. He takes the view that mind and matter always co-exist as inseparable elements of the same reality. This is similar to dual aspect thinking in quantum theory where mind and matter are thought to be equal aspects of a third entity, although De Quincey’s pan-psychism doesn’t posit a third entity.

Criticisms of Pan-Psychism

As interesting as pan-psychism appears there are criticisms of it that may have some validity. It has been argued that it is a crypto-dualism. Dualism many currently believe to fail ontologically as there appears to be no obvious way that one entirely separate realm can communicate with another realm if they have nothing in common. Pan-psychism attempts to solve this dualism by saying that mind and matter always reflect each other. But is this position just a hidden dualism? And what enables them to reflect each other? We are still accepting that there are two realms, mind and matter, but that these two realms always mirror each other. It is like saying that reality is a coin and mind is heads and matter is tails, one can’t have one without the other. But if reality is the coin then ultimately it is neither heads nor tails, but a third entity – a coin. Pan-psychism doesn’t say that reality is a third entity. One of the quantum theories, dual aspect thinking does and neutral monism has its third category of neutral entities but we have no empirical evidence of a third realm or entity. In any case, do we really need to posit a third realm? If we claim that there are just two realms, mind and matter, but they behave as one, have we actually left dualism? We still do not know why they behave as one. It would appear that the claim of crypto-dualism holds at least some water.

Others have argued against pan-psychism saying does it really add anything that a conventional physicalist position cannot do? This author would argue in the positive, that yes pan-psychism definitely does add to our understanding because it does not seek to reduce the phenomenon of consciousness to merely the by-product of physical phenomena as most physicalism does. It recognises the irreducibility of consciousness. It perceives that there is nothing outside of consciousness with which to explain it. If we seek to explain it with outside phenomena (assuming that such outside phenomena can actually be said to exist) we end up as mindless robots – the philosophical zombie problem. Our consciousness is then caused by a physical event which is caused by another physical event and so on indefinitely, our own volition plays no part and causation is entirely missing.

Some physicalist positions attempt to circumvent this issue by claiming that consciousness is real and possibly even causative but supervenient to matter. So a set of mental properties might in some way be reflected by (supervenient to) the physical properties. There may be some truth to this position but supervenience seems messy and is ultimately still unseated by a hidden dualism. It could be said that such supervenience is a form of dual aspect thinking, which is itself, the author believes, a form of pan-psychism. The physical and the mental are both real but somehow reflect each other in dual aspect thinking. If supervenience is alternatively taken to mean physicality is the causative element in a volitional consciousness then this is also pan-psychism – matter must then itself be conscious. Most supervenient arguments however point to mind being a passive reflection of random matter, so it is back to pure emergence and a crypto-duality, both of which most commentators believe are unsustainable philosophically.

Some take the position that the apparent dualism we perceive is unsolvable by human minds. Others argue that the whole enquiry is pointless. We should give up on finding causation and content ourselves with empirical reductionism alongside an unknowable mind. The cause, even of a simple mechanistic process is ultimately unknown they argue. This position seems almost like a religion of matter – a materialist mystification. Modern dualists on the other hand embrace the dualist viewpoint. They point to a soft dualism whereby mind and matter have overlapping zones wherein the one subtly influences the other through a kind of virtual disposition or potential (to be discussed further in a later section).

Contentions within Pan-Psychism

Between philosophers of mind there are arguments as to how exactly pan-psychism can be made to fit current views of physics. For example, there is the view that the physical world is causally closed. This means that for every physical effect there has to be a purely physical cause (in the strong version of the argument). Some take this as a criticism of pan-psychism (and dualism) saying that the theories allows for over-determination, whereby an effect has both mental and physical causes, or that the mind can input new energy into a physical situation. Morch (11) argues that pan-psychism avoids violating causal closure and over-determination because it unifies the physical and mental so the physical cause already contains a mental aspect. However this author finds some agreement with the modern dualists who state that over-determination and non-closure is at least possible in principle. In terms of the orgone continuum it is far from apparent that mind cannot add energy or cause events in the physical world. An ideo-physical theory would not need to be tied to current physics which is itself in a process of deep change. Also, for a possibly limitless ideo-substance it is not obvious whether causal closure would apply or be relevant. The theory of ideo-physicalism is based more upon an emerging physics which currently does not have any set views about the amount of apparent energy in the universe or on the mechanics of physical causation.

Morch also discusses current philosophical arguments within pan-psychism regarding how complex organisms are constituted (the combination problem). She considers whether they are evolved from aspects which are themselves partly conscious (like particles) but then constitute a new self conscious whole (like organisms) or whether new complex consciousness emerges complete from less conscious parts. These views are called constitutive pan-psychism and emergent pan-psychism respectively. Both these theories have criticisms and supporters but this author sees them as somewhat non-essential questions. This is because there could be many ways for complex consciousness to manifest if the universe as a whole is considered conscious, see section below.

Morch offers a solution to constitutive and emergent pan-psychism which she calls fusion pan-psychism – where the partly conscious parts are subsumed and then replaced by a new more complex whole. Morch is attempting to accommodate an evolutionary view of the creation of complex consciousness. However it is also possible that the complex consciousness field exists first and then creates the physical apparel of its existence using the less conscious aspects, such as particles. In a conscious universe there could be multiple ways that conscious entities are manifest.


As Sheldrake argues (12) many different complex holisms could exist within each other. This could be true without violating free will or causation. The smaller organisms within the larger ones still have a range of choices but are constrained by their larger environment (the bigger organism/consciousness). A baby and a mother share the same body for gestation but they have separate consciousnesses (to a degree). Also we as bodies contain the consciousness of millions of bacteria – their consciousness does not usually overrule our own, though it can on occasions.

Sheldrake has a view which can be called cosmopsychism – the view that not only are the individual aspects of the universe conscious, like particles, but the whole universe and even planets and stars are conscious entities. Cosmopsychism is a form of pan-psychism. The orgonotic ideo-physicalist view would imply cosmopsychism as it contends there is a singular conscious continuum. Sheldrake sees his particular pan-psychism as encompassing an evolutionary view where conscious energy fields and the laws of the universe are continually evolving, manifesting as developing organisms and the changing universe. Ideo-physicalism could be compatible with both Sheldrake’s universal evolutionary view and the more Platonic views of the existence of organisms and complex minds (as pre-existing forms). A third position is possible, that both Platonic and evolutionary views are correct – one could have pre-existing forms which go through cyclical processes of evolution and devolution, the Vedic and Buddhist position.

Neutral Monism

There is a philosophical position that some argue goes beyond pan-psychism – neutral monism. It says that mind and matter are really just one ‘thing’. This is a philosophical position that might be close to the theory of the orgone continuum theory the author feels. However this author believes neutral monism is misnamed. The word neutral is assuming a position between two or more alternative positions. A neutral position on an automatic gearbox is between drive and reverse. Neutral assumes the positions of at least two non-neutral positions. In some forms of neutral monism the existence of neutral entities are hypothesised and these entities are thought to either possess both mental and material aspects, or to be both mental and material at the same time or to be neither (13). But the existence of neutral entities is problematic. Firstly, is a new class of entities really needed? Secondly, it is still assuming that there are non-neutral realms (mind, matter) but that these realms come from entities that in some way transcend matter and mind. This is complex and perhaps a form of dual aspect thinking. So it could be said that neutral monism is still related to pan-psychism (through dual aspect thinking) and is perhaps also a crypto-dualism.

Bertrand Russell’s neutral monism (14) would at first sight seem successful in resolving duality but the author would argue it is possibly also a crypto-dualism to some extent. This is because Russell implies that mental and physical phenomena still exist in some way. Although the two sets of phenomena derive from the same types of object, they obey different sets of laws according to their different ‘orders’. One series of phenomena behaves as mental objects when viewed from the laws of the mental side and behave as physical objects when viewed from the laws of the physical side. Russell’s neutral monism still implies that there are different orders where different laws apply, even if ultimately it is the same kind of objects that are being discussed. This seems to be a subtle form of dual aspect thinking.

Orgonotic ideo-physicalism also differs from neutral monism in outlining a physical reason for the universe being monistic (the orgone continuum) and in its lack of different orders of being; physical, mental or neutral. It is a practical theory because it states that apparent physicality can think, feel and experience (and in this sense it is an outgrowth of pan-psychism and neutral monism) but more than that, physicality is itself deemed to be unified with consciousness (and in a challenge to the strong idealist, vice versa, consciousness is also deemed to be unified with the physical).

An additional issue with neutral monism is that it may not lead to the possibility of technological advances because it doesn’t provide a practical reason why the universe is monistic. It just says there are objects, sometimes these seem to be physical and sometimes they seem to be mental, but they are all the same kind of object.

Ideo-physicalism again diverges from neutral monism in that it doesn’t view physical and mental as possible different orders of reality but as provisional and partial understandings to be transcended. There is only a singular reality which we have compartmentalized. The compartments are not ultimately real as one can never have a pure version of consciousness or a purely objective physicality – these appear to be just descriptions of different ends of a single continuum. If we cannot obtain a pure element of something we cannot really say that element exists. One could argue that ideo-physicalism is a form of neutral monism but although the theories are close, as a name this author feels it is a misnomer, a neutral position between two things, neither of which actually exists.


One could argue that there is no real difference between subsequent pan-psychism (that mind gives rise to matter but then both co-exist) and emanationist idealism (that mind emanates the appearance of matter) so that the orgone continuum is arguably an idealist theory in principle. However, idealism does not usually recognise that energy and matter are equally real, primal and irreducible elements of reality. Most idealism only recognizes the mind as real. However, if an idealist position was to recognize that consciousness has an inherent tangibility that would be compatible with ideo-physicalism.

Most idealism does not easily explain why some realities are more real than others. A virtual reality can be switched off easily. One can wake up from a dream. The material realm on the other hand seems quite persistent for a mere illusion. Every day it is there. The table you sat at last week seems pretty much the same table today. The same tree stands outside your house, unless there was a terrible storm or some such event.

Idealism is unfalsifiable but it perhaps has a limited explanatory value. It does not seem to match the day to day experience of living in a material world. Although idealism can explain matter as a by-product of mind, it has no ready explanation for why consciousness can be so matter-like but then also so dream-like. It does not explain why some realities, such as daily life, are more real than other realities, say a hallucination. All are within mind so perhaps all should be equally real. Some idealisms do attempt an explanation – that there are different depths of a universal consciousness, but this is a stratified understanding, which is perhaps, ideo-physical. That levels of consciousness are not equal indicates that mind is stratified, even within a purely idealistic conception. A stratified idealism is like mind with substantiality. A pure idealism does not quite hold this author believes – consciousness itself is substantial in character. Yet the idealist is correct, there is only consciousness – but that consciousness has substantive properties. Physicality does exist just it is not an independent realm. In the same way there is only consciousness but it too is not an independent realm, it always has substance to some degree – the experience of bodies.

The conventional idealist argument boils down to the statement that nothing can be known outside of consciousness – therefore consciousness is all that exists. But what if this, ‘all that exists,’ is itself a physical entity? One cannot be conscious without being conscious of something. That something is always a body of sorts. Bodies imply physicality. In fact, the ‘common perception of a body’ is the only irrefutable definition of physicality this author can identify, though granted, it is a somewhat unusual definition. The usual definitions of physicality all reduce to this author’s definition of a shared conscious perception, such as measurements or extension in space. This is in effect an ideological definition of physicality. This is in keeping because ideo-physicalism also has its opposite – a physical definition of ideas, thoughts are in some way, things.


The orgone continuum or orgonotic ideo-physicalism is not a conventional physicalist theory. It does not seek to reduce consciousness to physical phenomena. Like idealism, modern dualism, neutral monism and pan-psychism it recognizes consciousness as an irreducible element of the universe. This consciousness is not dependent on anything else for its existence. Consciousness as epiphenomena (dependence on something else) is an example of pure emergence – the realm of matter giving emergence to a new and wholly different realm of mind. As such it is a difficult position to defend philosophically. Conventional physicalism (that the physical is all there is) does not make sense as an ontological theory unless it either denies mind altogether (unacceptable to most people) or states that matter is mind (also difficult for most people, though this author would take this position but with qualifications).


This author would suggest a new term for a new (though actually quite old) ontological position, similar to neutral monism and pan-psychism but perhaps a development of it – ideo-physicalism. This would be the position that what we call ‘mind’ and what we call ‘matter’ are absolutely one entity. That mind and matter are provisional positions and that what really exists is a completely singular experentio-substantialism. It could be called a non-neutral monism (because the mind-matter continuum is monistic but stratified) or a mutual pan-psychism (because mind also has matter as well as matter having mind). A term of physical idealism would also be accurate.

Consciousness never actually manifests in any reality we experience without a corresponding degree of experienced body or what this author defines as physicality (shared, lawful perception). One cannot ultimately describe physicality as measurements, objective descriptions, existence in time and extension in space and so on, as all common descriptions of physicality depend on a lawful, or a continuing characteristic of perception. The more shared this lawful perception the more physical it is thought to be. For example, the tree outside your house looks broadly similar to yourself and your neighbours. It is agreed to physically exist. The colours are agreed to be somewhat similar to all, it must physically manifest those characteristics even if they are not exactly the same to everyone. The only non-refutable definition of ‘physical’ this author can think of is just such a lawful perception, preferably a shared lawful perception. Every other definition of physical is refutable from a Cartesian viewpoint.

Even when we think of something completely abstract we feel or experience something physically. Even a number is a quality that is experienced and which forms a reality. There is a ‘two-ness’ that exists just as there is a ‘three-ness’ and so on. The highest feeling, say of love, has a physical manifestation in some way from which it cannot be separated. One cannot think of love for another without one’s existence reacting to this thought in a tangible way. Even abstract numbers could be a plasmatic or cymatic shape which exists physically in the core structure of the universe, perhaps bringing to mind, Plato’s forms. There is perhaps, no ultimate meaning to a non-physical consciousness. Everything one perceives may be a body of sorts – even one’s self. If one were to be in heaven, that experience would be physical. One would be experiencing a body, an environment. In what way is such an experience different from the day to day reality where we also experience a body and an environment (a wider body)? It could be said however where is the self? Surely that is not a physical thing at a particular location? Perhaps the self is all physicality, the entire universe being our own body. There is no way of knowing where exactly one’s own self ends and non-self begins, yet we still have physicality. We could all be the entire physical universe sharing the same space. This space could be without limit. But can an infinite body still be physical? The author does not know but it is possible perhaps.

Alternatively, physicality cannot exist apart from the mind. No objective reality has even been known outside our consciousness nor can it ever be known, as idealists rightly point out. Pure objectivity is a fantasy – it doesn’t exist factually or experimentally. We cannot say physicality is defined as things that exist in space and time because space and time only exist in our consciousness. As discussed, the only irrefutable definition of physicality this author is aware of is lawful perception. So in ontological terms there is no such thing as purely mental or purely physical, these descriptions do not correspond to any actual reality. So why do we divide reality up in this way? Is it convenience? Or is it just a habit of mind? Reality appears not to be physical or mental, it behaves as one entity, not as two, nor do either arise from anything else of which we have evidence. The two sides are just a useful fiction it would appear.

Perhaps this singular entity can take forms which appear to be more conscious, say a human being, or forms which appear to be less conscious, say a rock. And forms which are in-between, say an amoeba. But ultimately, all may be expressions of a singular conscious-matter continuum. In ideo-physicalism it could be said that there are not two aspects, nor a third aspect. There is only a singular substantial-experience which neither was formerly material then mental, nor formally mental then material, nor both simultaneously – as there are not two aspects to occur at the same time. Perhaps a new terminology might help. Instead of talking of mental phenomena one would talk of experiential-substantial phenomena. Instead of talking about physical phenomena one could talk about substantive-experiential phenomena. The same thing – just looked at in two different directions. Or in short-hand, matter-like and mind-like.

Ideo-physicalism would state that there are no pure physical states, no purely mental states and no third neutral state. However it is not solely defined negatively. An orgonotic ideo-physicalism also states what exists positively. There is a singular entity, a continuum which is an experentio-substantive unit. It is a continuum, so there are aspects of reality which seem to be almost completely matter-like and hardly mind-like at all (in our limited comprehension). At the other end of the continuum there are aspects of reality which seem to be almost completely mind-like and hardly have any matter-like aspects at all, like apparently abstract concepts such as the number two. But really we are just contemplating different ends of a single continuum. Just because we label parts of that continuum as mind or matter does not make it compartmentalized in reality. Reality has a mind of its own, excusing the pun.

What gives rise to the apparently segregated nature of reality however if it is in actual fact singular? There are very mind-like aspects and very matter-like aspects to reality and this cannot be argued against reasonably. So how can they really be of the same nature? The author believes it is because of energy thresholds. At certain intensities the continuum of reality quantizes itself into new aspects – which we call ‘energy’, ‘matter’ and ‘mind’. Within each aspect or packet it behaves as a continuum but also in different new ways according to the local reality: which we give labels of ‘consciousness’, ‘energy’ or ‘matter’. All could be just convenient fictions describing the one entity. As the continuum appears to be quantized there can be what appears to be pure emergence occurring – one realm giving birth to another realm, but in reality the continuum just has different characteristics at different energy intensities. These quantized aspects of reality can seem to be quite sharp and bordered but that may not be the case ultimately. Water turns into different states at specific temperatures but it is still water. If this continuum aspect were not so, communication between different ‘realms’ would be difficult to fathom.

In the biological realm, the above can be illustrated with the tiny entities Reich discovered which he named, bions. They are minute living vesicles, about the size of a clump of viruses that can be seen at the very edge of ultra-high light microscopy. They are created when matter is heated to incandescence and then plunged into water (15). It could be said that here is a case of pure emergence, one realm, the non-living, under high energy circumstances, gives birth to the realm of the living. But as argued elsewhere in the JPOT orgone and consciousness papers (16) bions may indicate pan-psychism as accurate rather than the pure emergence of the system theories. This is because life emerges when matter is subjected to a high orgone charge and a physically energetic environment (boiling). If matter created the living and the living was then entirely different to matter then we would have a dualistic conundrum. The bions would have no obvious way of interacting with the dead matter from which they emerged. Yet they do interact. Therefore there is perhaps something of the living inherent in matter. Also, just as water can change from liquid to steam and back again, matter can do the same – it can become living plasma and then go back to being non-motile matter.

Anywhere there is matter, water and heat, living forms, from an orgonomic viewpoint, can emerge. Life (and thus consciousness) is ubiquitous to matter in this view. This also undermines a hard dualism. So matter and life may go hand in hand everywhere. It therefore appears consistent to say there is only a partial emergence of life (bions) from a matter which is already alive in some way. This partial emergence of the living from apparently non-living matter perhaps reflects this quantized aspect of the continuum. When matter exists at the top end of its energy spectrum (high orgone charge, boiling) a more complex aspect of the continuum emerges – life-forms. It is ironic that the ultimate proof of materialism, that life can be created from purely material processes, at the same time constitutes a rebuttal of materialism – matter is alive, and thus also inherently at the very least, proto-conscious. The only other option this author can see (for the philosophical interpretation of bions) is a mind-body dualism, which has its own problems.

Orgonotic Ideo-Physicalism

The author suggests that a singular, physical medium which fills all space without gap but can also quantize exists – the orgone continuum. It has both mind-like and matter-like aspects of a singular substantive-experiential entity. Pure materialism and pure mind are not recognized as existing in this view only the experiential-substantive entity is proposed to exist in fact. This may resolve the mind-matter distinction but it is also technically applicable because it states why any duality is resolved. The duality may be resolved because there is in existence a scientifically accessible continuum we can explore, namely orgone, which has mind-like and matter-like aspects at different thresholds. However, this view is perhaps also compatible with a soft dualism because it recognizes that a singular substrate could quantize out into apparently different realms.

The Consciousness Only Model of Quantum Mechanics (QM)

Perhaps the consciousness only model of QM could challenge the physicality aspect of ideo-physicalism. Browne gives an overview of the main issues in QM which causes him to preference a consciousness only model of the universe (17). He believes that the double split and delayed choice experiments in quantum physics indicate that space and time are not fundamental. If any point in space can be accessed from any other point and experiments can show causation backwards through time then neither time nor space can be said to truly exist. This he says is more consistent with the view that consciousness is all there really is and that physicality is a mere simulation. Physical reality is not fundamental.

Where does the source of this simulation, we call physicality come from however? If it comes from outside the simulation then is that ‘outside’ also a simulation? If we are in an infinitely extending box of simulations, one inside the other, does it make any sense to talk of there being simulations? Are there not rather realities stacked inside each other? Or if the source of the simulation is inside the simulation itself does that not mean that the universe is an internally creative entity, continually remaking itself? Either way it doesn’t really make sense to call reality a simulation just because physical reality has universality in its behavior (non-locality). Of course in a consciousness only model, consciousness would have to be the source of the simulation. But physical reality doesn’t need to be non-conscious to be physical (to be like a body). Just as there is no pure objectivity, there is no pure subjectivity – no pure consciousness. In other words, whenever there is consciousness there is a perception of a body. So a conscious physicality could be both non-local and local, in time and without time simultaneously because a conscious physicality would possess both consciousness and substance in degrees within a continuum. Physical reality could itself be conscious, universal and transcend time and space in some aspects whilst still being bodily or substantive in its other aspects.

Yes the consciousness only model appears consistent with the claims of QM. However that doesn’t explain why this reality also behaves as a substantive existence. It doesn’t explain why the more consciousness we have of something (the more ‘minds’ are aware of a perception) the more substantiality occurs – like a tree outside your house is more substantial compared to an unmeasured quantum of energy.

If consciousness has no inherent substantiality it cannot become quantized or stratified, all realities should then be equally real, yet they are not. One could line them up in degrees of substantiality; thoughts, dreams, movies, virtual realities and physical reality, perhaps there are hyper-realities too. So if consciousness is all there is at the quantum level how is it that this consciousness can then solidify into different degrees of substantiality at the macro level? If we say it is because of the potentiality of quantum fields which collapse into physicality upon observation, it is actually an ideo-physical field we are describing, rather than an idealist one. This is because it is a field that has both mind (sensitive to conscious measurement) and degrees of substance (collapses into a lawful, shared perception – physicality). So QM could be argued to be ideo-physicalist rather than purely idealist.

Chart 2

Degrees of Substance

One could say there is no reason to assume that just because non-locality and non-time phenomena have been claimed experimentally that only mind and not physicality can exist. This is assuming that physicality itself cannot also be conscious and vice versa, consciousness cannot also be physical.

It would appear therefore that the ideo-physical model can not only describe the mind-like behavior at the quantum level (universality/non-locality, timelessness/backwards causation) but also the matter-like behavior at the macroscopic level (continuity in time and finite expression in space). Mind-like and matter-like are not restricted to strict realms of course but are aspects that manifest throughout the continuum at various degrees of intensity. A universal, perceptive medium that is one singular, physical continuum (the definition of physical being having the perceptual property of a body) would have both the quantum properties and the more everyday macroscopic properties. This is what we actually experience in daily life and our experiments combined. We do experience time and space, yet we also occasionally experience timelessness (for example, precognition). We experience mundane physicality but we can also, with training, experience non-locality (for example, remote viewing). A conscious physicality could have all these qualities without being either wholly mind or wholly matter, nor both, but rather a singular ideo-substance which in fact is neither quality but also is not neutral. It is something more than pure consciousness and more than objective physicality. An ideo-substance would be able to function beyond space and time, but it would also be able to be the everyday world conforming to its day to day lawful behaviour – and would constitute ourselves.

Quantum Field Theory (QFT) could also be said to take an ideo-physicalist viewpoint. It could be expandable to include orgone and consciousness as a universal field or fields. The orgone could be incorporated as a quantum field as it may have quantization properties related to charged particles and matter (18). It could be seen as a base field that gives rise to other fields (such as the electromagnetic field) or as one primal field amongst many primal fields. Its compatibility with QM and relativity theory is beyond my ability to comment in detail. However Einstein, contrary to popular conception, didn’t completely reject the orgone-related concept of aether in his later years (19). He did see the ‘vacuum’ of space as having inherent energy which he saw as equivalent to an aether. This is perhaps not the dynamic aether of Dayton Miller maybe more the static aether of Newton. In addition, Einstein had carried out orgone experiments at his house and conversed with Reich for many hours about orgone. See (20) for more on Miller, aether and Einstein.

It should be noted that quantum physics is also used to argue for materialist crypto-dualisms (whereby quantum processes create a newly emergent realm of mind). It is also popularly used to argue for pan-psychic positions such as those of Hameroff (21). He calls his theory quantum proto-pan-psychism but it is in this authors view simply quantum pan-psychism. Hameroff views physical quantum events as being the first, to use his words, ‘bing’ – a quanta of consciousness. These dimly conscious events eventually coordinate to form more developed consciousness. Hameroff is toward the physicalist end of pan-psychism but it is not really a proto-pan-psychism as he recognizes that the quantum OR event (Objective Reduction of a wave function) actually is the first instance of consciousness. The coordination of these events is in itself, an example of more developed consciousness. A separate consciousness realm and any pure emergence is avoided by Hameroff, for the reasons outlined in this paper (the epistemic gap in materialism and causal exclusion in dualism to give their formal terms). Therefore the ‘proto’ label is not entirely correct. It does not really matter where or when we posit that physicality first possesses, or becomes consciousness. It is still a form of pan-psychism if the physical is deemed conscious or capable of consciousness.

General Identity Theory and Ideo-Physicalism

In ideo-physicalism the mental is not simply a subset of the physical, as the consciousness aspect of the continuum is causative and not reducible to something else. In some regards it could be argued that ideo-physicalism is a form of general identity theory, the view that everything mental is identical with something physical. Meixner argues this type of theory is logically equivalent to, ‘everything mental is physical’ (22), my emphasis. Perhaps ideo-physicalism is a form of eliminative general identity theory as it states the categories, ‘mental’ and ‘physical’ are identical but in fact they are preliminary compartments as they do not really exist as separate entities, hence eliminative. However orgonotic ideo-physicalism is not a simple identity theory between mind and body – it is a continuum theory which states that aspects of the continuum have more or less mind-like and matter-like properties depending perhaps on the energy level of the local continuum. It does not recognize distinction between mind and body as pure entities but it does have a quantization of properties at different levels. So it may in fact go beyond a general identity theory. Meixner also argues that stating the mental is physical is the only honest physicalism (i.e. not a covert dualism).

So the difference between orgonotic ideo-physicalism and general identity theory is that in the former there is a gradation or stratification of reality. Instead of saying the physical is the mental, it goes beyond this by saying that both are eliminated within a singular continuum which is then quantized into either, more or less, apparently physical and apparently mental aspects. As argued, this transcends merely saying one is the other. General identity theory does not explain why we experience degrees of apparent physicality and mind. Also it does not encompass the reason for there being an identity between mind and matter. Orgonotic ideo-physicalism does both these things. It proposes a reason for identity in that mind and matter are superseded by an ideo-substance. This then exists as a variable continuum allowing for degrees of substantiality.

Modern Dualism

Thompson (23) like Meixner, is a modern dualist, or non-Cartesian dualist. They forward the argument that there are discrete states, namely mind and body, but rather than being entirely separate (which brings up the problem of communication) they are contiguous (bordering on each other). Further, that mind could act in the form of non-physical ‘propensities’ or ‘dispositions’ upon physical states, perhaps quantum states, thus influencing matter. However, this form of soft dualism or a multiple ‘substance’ model (24) is actually in some way an ideo-physicalist model this author believes. The reason being is that for there to be a contiguous area where different substances can influence each other, there still needs to be a region of some similarity – a borderland. In modern dualism this borderland or ‘universal structure’ as Thompson calls it, is seen to be virtual or non-physical but still real and capable of influencing physicality. It is argued that there are in nature, virtual relationships, propensities of physically real entities, such as quantum entities, that could be argued to be similar to this non-physical relationship between a realm of mind and a realm of physicality.

One could equally envisage an underlying monistic model, which quantizes into apparently different substances, at different energy levels, or in different states. So mind and body, or perhaps multiple substances (modern dualisms do not necessarily envisage just two substances) could be differentiated and contiguous to a degree but still part of an underlying singular entity. This would allow for some differentiation of substances in the dualist sense and communication between realms in the monist sense – both within an ideo-physicalist framework.

Ideo-physicalism, like modern dualism, would also possibly transcend the concept of the causal closure of the physical world (25). It is not clear whether causal closure would apply to a possibly limitless ideo-substance. Physical causal closure states that in a closed system the energy is always the same, though it might be transformed. Or to put it in causative terms, a physical effect always has a physical cause. This assumes the universe is a closed system, which it might not be (and it is hard to imagine a way of testing such a hypothesis). Like modern dualism, ideo-physicalism would also assume that what we label as ‘consciousness’ can at least affect if not even create new apparent ‘energy’. This may not be in keeping with the Laws of Thermodynamics as we currently know them. The temperature rise in orgone devices also appears to challenge one of the laws of thermodynamics – that heat always runs in an entropic direction from hot to cool unless outside energy is added. However, most physical laws can be reappraised or updated to accommodate new data.

Orgonotic ideo-physicalism, although arguably related to an eliminative general identity theory, is not just theorizing. This is because it is based on the claimed existence of a real life force field, orgone, and on the historical claims of a type of Artificial Intelligence or AI device (the Ark of the Covenant, more on this later). Also it is based upon the practical notion that if a truly conscious AI were possible in a technological sense, this would naturally lead to an ideo-physicalist viewpoint (as an ideological entity would then have been brought into existence, physically). To have a true AI is to demonstrate the unity of the ideological and the physical this author believes. However, the modern dualist might rather argue that the technological relationship between distinct but bordering substances had been stumbled upon. If orgone demonstrates consciousness and is something that has physical qualities too perhaps this would indicate a more monistic but stratified model though this is still not entirely distinct from a soft dualism.

A hard dualism however is not supported by the theory of orgonotic ideo-physicalism as the singular continuum would be the means by which the apparently distinguished aspects, ‘mind’ and ‘body’ would communicate. Dualism is not currently a popular view (due to the age-old problem of communication between entirely separate substances). However, it is argued to be at least as rational a view as mainstream physicalism by its modern supporters such as Meixner and Thompson. That said, dualism, even in its modern forms has to find ways for a non-physical realm to plausibly communicate with the physical. Interactionist dualism could have ways of mind and matter relating according to Dainton (26) who argues that ‘action at a distance’ and the fact that we don’t even know why physical interaction occurs the way it does supports the hypothesis that dualistic interaction is at least possible.

The virtual processes of Meixner and Thompson (27) (such as propensities) can be argued to be just accounting mechanisms or merely a description of the possible future state of a physical entity. For example a white wall has a propensity to be cooler in the sun than a black wall but the relationship of a present state to a future state is perhaps not the same type of relationship as matter has to consciousness. Our consciousness seems to be tangibly enmeshed within matter in the present moment to the point where it is hard to imagine a separation during the time we are alive. Even if mind also exists outside the body (which is the view of this author and many dualists) the mind can still be physical and enmeshed within other ‘bodies’ – just it may leave one body – the material, and enter another more ethereal, though still physical one.

Living forms themselves can be argued to be a contradiction to a hard dualism, the most obvious example of enmeshed consciousness being life itself. Life forms are in effect, ‘conscious matter’ and from an orgonomic viewpoint all matter has a strong propensity to become alive because of bion processes (28). Matter could become living and thus conscious without any overt consciousness from another realm being involved. For example an apparently dead and non-conscious meteorite could hurtle through space and get caught in the earth’s pull. Travelling through the earth’s atmosphere it could heat some water trapped within its core and also superheat the material of the meteorite itself. This could easily give rise to the tiny living vesicles Reich called bions. Bions would have at least some level of consciousness according to Reich’s theories. Consciousness could easily manifest therefore without any overt intervention required from another realm. This author would class this not as pure emergence of one realm into another but as evidence that the material realm has inherent tendencies to demonstrate life and consciousness, further that the physical realm is inherently pulled toward life and consciousness.

Living forms do not seem to be non-living matter with a consciousness puppeteer in another realm, or even with a contingent parallel consciousness living intimately alongside the physical (as in modern dualism). Living forms rather seem to be a matter which is completely unified with consciousness – conscious matter. It is simpler too to suppose a living matter though this isn’t a logical argument in itself – reality can be complex.

The existence of a life-force such as orgone is also at odds with a hard dualism as life-force has both characteristics which we associate with consciousness – discernment, choice, preferences, attraction, tendency to create, and physical characteristics such as a rise in temperature in orgone devices (29). However, life-force is compatible with softer dualisms as the orgone could quantize into different realms of functioning whilst retaining a core structure.

There are idealist arguments against dualism. Consciousness is not subject to time and space and is therefore unlimited. All reality is within or reducible to consciousness as nothing can be experienced without it. Therefore all reality is a singular, infinite consciousness substance. It is illogical therefore to have another more fundamental substance from which mind and matter arises, when there is already an infinite, primal substance in existence (for example as in neutral monism or dual aspect theories). It would also be illogical to have a second substance of matter (dualism and pan-psychism) when everything already exists within the first substance (mind) (30). However, even if these arguments are correct, ideo-physicalism is still compatible with reality being a singular conscious realm – a singular mind-substance may itself have inherent physicality.


Ideo-physicalism is not compatible with the conventional view of supervenience – that the mental is merely a dependent subset of the physical. Ideo-physicalism goes much further than this view as it takes into account a causative consciousness. Other physicalisms either deny consciousness altogether (such as in strong materialism) or are actually crypto-dualisms, such as the view of supervenience in conventional physicalism (31). It is a crypto-dualism because it states the physical gives rise to, or causes by reflection, a wholly different order, termed mind. One cannot alternatively have a supervenient view with a causative consciousness. That would no longer be materialism but a form of pan-psychism – as matter would then be the cause of an active consciousness.

To return to ideo-physicalism we can now examine a related view which the author has termed theological ideo-physicalism. Whilst the author was wondering if the orgone continuum really was a pan-psychic theory, he also wondered what theory of consciousness might be found in the Bible.

It was found, much to this author’s surprise that a view of ideo-physicalism may also exist in the Bible, though of course it also ascribes personality to this existence – God. Such a Biblical view could be called theological or personalised ideo-physicalism. Both Old and New Testaments appear to have some support for this view.

Theological Ideo-Physicalism

Old Testament

Genesis 1:2 ‘The spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters’

Spirit in its highest forms is seen as a physical thing. How else would it interact with material water?

Genesis 1:24 ‘Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to its kind.’

Isaacs, a Judaic scholar, discusses the above passage in context of the Hebrew word, ‘awfawr’ which he states may refer to a living material, the ‘dust’ of the universe from which God calls forth living souls in Genesis. This, Isaacs states, creates a material bond between God and his creatures. Isaacs also notes a process of living entities emerging from such living ‘dust’ which is similar to Reich’s bion process. Isaacs does not reference orgonomic bion processes but describes a similar process scientists claimed to have found in meteorites (32).

Genesis 4:1 ‘And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived,’

Physical intercourse is mental intercourse. Genesis recognises no distinction between mind and matter, in this respect – nor incidentally does Jesus Christ in the New Testament when discussing physical affairs and mental lust.

Genesis 4:10 ‘The voice of thy brother’s blood crieth from the ground.’

The psychic is portrayed as the brother’s blood. The psychic is not contained within the blood. The psychic actuallyis the blood. Again Genesis recognises no distinction between the body and the mind.

Genesis 4:11 ‘The earth which hath opened her mouth.’

The earth responding to God, brings forth creatures from her ‘dust’ but also appears to have her own personhood. The earth could therefore be both person and living substance combined.

Genesis 5:22 ‘And Enoch walked with God’

One verse later,

‘And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.’

Enoch, a material being, walked with God. Enoch went with God whilst still in his material human body. This suggests that God can be seen as also material in some way according to the Old Testament.

Genesis 9:4 ‘But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat’

Blood does not contain life. It is life according to Genesis. That is why it is not to be consumed by the Judaic tribes.

Exodus 32:14And the Lord repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people’.

The Lord is represented not as an unfathomable existential essence but as a real personality which has various attributes, including being persuaded against a course of action by Moses. The Lord was angry because the Judaic tribe had taken to worshipping a golden calf whilst Moses was in Mount Sinai taking directly to the Lord.

Exodus 33:11 The pillar of cloud descended, ‘And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face.’

The Lord repeatedly meets with Moses – in person. Not as an ethereal vision or hallucination but as a bodily presence. He not only descends in the radioactive cloud to talk to Moses directly, in body, but uses the Ark of the Covenant, a technological device to directly talk to Moses. Isaacs confirms the Bible is referring to a radioactive cloud around the Ark and that it is a technological device. It even has a remote control which enables the Ark to communicate at a distance – the Ephod, a crystal, metal and woven materials breastplate (33). The Ark of the Covenant’s original function (communication) would make it similar to what might be called in modern times, an AI device. It is a technological device which enables specially trained people (Moses and the Levite priests) to interact with a non-materially based intelligence, in other words, true AI. This does not mean that the Lord of the Old Testament is an AI entity but that according to the Bible, the Lord used AI to communicate with the Ancient Hebrews. The use of the Ark as a device of war only came later, Isaacs notes.

Exodus 40:20 Moses is preparing the Ark, ‘And he took and put the testimony into the ark’

The testimony is radioactive, see the Judaic scholar Isaacs (34) and the orgone researcher, Maglione (35). Moses’s face shone after talking to the Lord on the mount, frightening the tribe so ‘none would go near him’ so he wore a veil. He also hid in a cleft whilst the Lord passed by, as, ‘no man shall see my face and live’. This is because The Lord, to enter this reality physically, is radioactive, according to Judaic and Biblical references interpreted by Isaacs (36).

Exodus 25:8 ‘ And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.’

The Lord has a face and a hand as well as being radioactive (resulting in physical symptoms in the tribe, shining faces, specific incenses used as protection, protective food offerings) (37).

Exodus 3:14 ‘And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.’

God can perhaps identify himself with the existent universe by the name which he tells Moses he should be known by to the Israelites, ‘I am that I am’.

Amos 4:7 ‘…I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city.’

Local weather modification is conducted by the Lord.

New Testament

Matthew 17. ‘He saw the spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him.’

This describes Jesus Christ after his baptism. The spirit of God can physically interact with material bodies, showing that spirit can be understood as a physical presence.

Matthew 11:12 ‘The Kingdom of heaven suffereth violence.’

Heaven could be understood to be a physical place otherwise it could not perhaps suffer violence.

Matthew also says if one’s eye or one’s foot offends then it is better to cast it off and enter into heaven with one foot or one eye.

This shows that the physical and the spiritual body are possibly derived from the same source in the view of Matthew.

Luke 24:39 ‘Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: Handle me and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.’

Jesus Christ appears in the flesh after the resurrection. After death Jesus Christ still has a material body.

Corinthian 15:39 ‘ All flesh is not the same flesh.’

Everything is physical but there are different types of physicality and different types of bodies.

Corinthian 15:40 ‘There are also celestial bodies and bodies terrestrial’

Different realms have different types of bodies but they are all physical, otherwise they could not be called ‘bodies’.

Corinthian 15:44 ‘There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body’.

The spiritual is also bodily and therefore the spiritual is also physical. The spiritual and the physical may be unified in the Biblical view. Many Christians view that personal consciousness is always embodied whether in a material or spiritual form.

Corinthian 15:38 ‘God giveth to every seed his own body.’

This is reminiscent of the energy bodies or the morphogenetic fields Sheldrake refers to, the Platonic or perhaps evolving organism forms which may provide energy templates for living creatures (38). The ancient Hebrews would know there isn’t a miniature, material, homunculus body inside a seed so perhaps they were referring here to energy bodies.

Thessalonians 1:23 ‘I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless’

Paul describes how a whole can be seen as the tripartite spirit, soul and body but that in fact they are one.

Acts 17:28 ‘In him we live and move and have our being.’

Here it is described how the activity of the physical and psychic realms are contained within a greater being. The physical is unified with the spiritual in this view.

John 4:10  ‘Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water." ‘

Jesus is describing the gift of Spirit and comparing it to the giving of water to a Samaritan woman he met by a well side. He describes Spirit to her as ‘living water’. A conscious orgone is not entirely dissimilar to ‘living water’.


As Baker notes, (39) the Bible is not committed to any one particular philosophical or scientific outlook. Some researchers make arguments from the apparent independence of a spiritual God to the material world as evidence of the philosophical position of mind-body duality (possibly the form that posits that God enables mind and matter to parallel each other – theistic dualistic parallelism). Some Christian writers, such as Baker, even posit a mechanistic materialism versus supernatural dualism and deny a mind-body dualism altogether.

The most popular form of dualism in philosophy (rather than in religion) is interactionist dualism which states that mind and matter affect each other through real but unknown, or through virtual processes.

In general however, it can be seen that a case for a unified ideo-substance with physical, living and consciousness properties can also be made from Biblical premises. Any dualism in the Bible may arguably be the soft kind which is compatible with ideo-physicalism (that there is a singular reality which quantizes out into apparently different realms).

Previous Unification Theories

There have been a number of prior philosophical attempts to unify the objective and subjective viewpoints. Amongst the best known is Baruch Spinoza, who outlined a universal living substance. He emphasized the substantive aspects but did not pay sufficient tribute to its mind-like aspects according to the great German philosopher, G.W.F. Hegel (41). It was from Hegel of course that Reich developed his Common Functioning Principle. The dialectical method, of systematically finding the essence of an entity – without introducing one’s one artifacts, was Hegel’s stated objective. This was also Reich’s own attitude to study.

In fairness to Spinoza, he did recognize subjectivity in the universal substance, though like Reich, he emphasized the substantive aspects of this universal essence. On the other hand, Hegel also postulated a unification of object and subject within the ‘absolute idea’. He called his theory, absolute idealism and saw objectivity not as illusory but as revelatory and existing within the absolute mind or idea. So Hegel’s absolute idealism and Spinoza’s universal substance are in effect compatible as Hegel acknowledged. Hegel thought that Spinoza’s substance was an essential starting point to philosophy (42). As an aside, Hegel’s organicism (viewing reality as an organism, or a series of organisms rather than as a machine) is a somewhat unacknowledged central influence on orgonomy, which of course shares Hegel’s organicism as well as the dialectical method.

The ideo-physical continuum, Spinoza’s universal substance and Hegel’s ‘absolute idea’ are in effect the same thing. However ideo-physicalism challenges that there is any reality beyond Hegel’s absolute – in effect extending it to all existence. Also perhaps unlike Spinoza’s substance, the ideo-physical equally emphasizes mind and substance, in fact it denies their existence as distinct entities or even as modes of reality. The subjective and objective are not real or particular aspects of reality in ideo-physicalism. Subjective and objective could be said to be more of an illusion for when reality is analysed from this continuum viewpoint there appears to be only an ideo-substance in existence.


Three things led this author to an ideo-physicalist viewpoint:

  1. The possibility of a conscious life force.
  2. Biblical and Judaic reports of consciousness technological devices (the Ark of the Covenant and the Ephod).
  3. The logical implications of any future true AI upon consciousness theory.

Orgone may be an ideo-physical entity which exists as a non-uniform continuum in various degrees of perceived density. It has both mind-like and matter-like properties whilst being neither in essence but rather an experio-substance. It is proposed that there is no such thing as pure mentality, nor such thing as pure matter. The orgone continuum could thus be considered as an ideo-physicalist theory of consciousness. It is not a simple pan-psychic theory as it does not recognize that mind or matter exists as distinct states. Neither is it a straight forward neutral monism as it identifies a non-neutral continuum that doesn’t have any sub-categories. Perhaps it could be called a mutual pan-psychism – apparent matter possesses mind but apparent mind also inherently possesses matter – in degrees. It could be called idealism with inherent physicality. It is also compatible with a soft dualism as quantization is possible within an underlying existence.

Orgone is thought to be accessible to technology which in turn makes what we have termed consciousness itself accessible to technology. Perhaps ideo-physicality could be a description of both consciousness and physicality. It reveals the rationality behind rituals and religion – as to manipulate what we term physicality is to change consciousness and vice versa. It also views science as a rational project as the entire universe is inherently physical (though also conscious). Ideo-physicalism could also be called ideo-realism. It says there is only consciousness but that this consciousness is physically real. It also explains why the body-based psychotherapies, which Reich initiated, might work, such as orgone psychiatric therapy. This author would maintain that such therapies address the continuum rather than body or mind.

The Bible may have a similar theory of consciousness to ideo-physicalism which could be called theological ideo-physicalism. It describes what has here been called the ideo-physical orgone continuum as having a personality – God. The Bible also describes the utilization of technology in consciousness (the Ark of the Covenant and the Ephod). An ideo-physical view of reality could lead naturally to consciousness technology – and vice versa, a people who had got hold of a true consciousness technology, such as the ancient Hebrews (40), would be led toward an ideo-physical viewpoint in this author’s view. Ideo-physicalism places consciousness squarely within the realm of both science and religion – and history reveals their secret marriage. Science and religion have never really been at odds in the minds of the great innovators of the past.

The theory of orgonotic ideo-physicalism could itself be described as a peri-Biblical type of theory as this author believes it is consistent with both Biblical Testaments and may go back even further to prior Egyptian times.

Orgonotic ideo-physicalism is certainly related to both pan-psychism and neutral monism. Unlike pure idealism it illuminates the quantized aspect of reality, the way some things are more real than others. Although a physicalist theory it takes into account a causative consciousness and explicitly removes the hidden duality of mental versus physical which may arguably remain in some of the other theories. At the same time it is also has some compatibility with the views of modern dualism which sees the differing realms as contiguous rather than entirely separate. The relationship of the various theories discussed can be visually described as follows:

Chart 3

Relationship of the Ontological Theories

Finally the author would like to return to the Cartesian argument which still stands unchallenged after nearly four centuries. The central premise is that all that can be known without doubt is that thought (or more widely, consciousness) exists. One cannot doubt that consciousness entails experience and therefore an experiencing entity. One can know for sure that lawful experiences occur to this entity in its consciousness (of itself). All these experiences are arguably of a body of some sort as a body, or physicality is just another word for lawful experience. An orgonotic ideo-physicalism would detail that this body is a universal, singular, living and conscious continuum which can quantize (be particular) or be non-local (universal) and can be experienced from multiple viewpoints which we call ourselves.

Appendix 1

Views of Consciousness

A synopsis of the main views of consciousness.

Materialism – the view that all that exists is the material.

Advantages – As a monistic theory it appears to be internally coherent. It may have helped lead to industrialization.

Disadvantages – as consciousness can only ever be epiphenomena in materialism it robs consciousness of any independence or causative power thus making us ‘philosophical zombies’. It cannot ever go beyond correlation as a separate realm of matter is not and never can be the realm of a separate, pure mind. Strong materialism actually denies mind even exists. A weak materialism accepts that mind exists but denies it any causative power (mind is a dumb effect of random matter). Such a relative materialism thus also has a covert dualism. In addition, it cannot ever move beyond simple correlation. Syntax (meaning) can never be the same as process (physical movement). Or in other terms, qualia (sensations) can never be reduced to their physical correlates (a taste of an orange is not the same thing as a tastebud and a neuron however detailed the correlation). Computation (process) is not thought (conscious awareness). This simple truism seems to escape most AI researchers who just assume a miracle will occur (matter will become mind) when sufficient computation (physical process) power is reached. A laptop isn’t conscious, but a quantum computer might be, is the implication. Materialism can be argued to support an overt (rare) or covert (more common) denial of consciousness and spiritual phenomena in its adherents.

Materialism came from the work of mainly Christian scientists who can be argued to have changed the Bible’s earlier more vitalist leanings and inserted a creator of a ‘clockwork machine’ instead. This was in the 17th Century and onwards arguably due to their influencing by the industrial revolution. It is this newer, perhaps less Biblical definition of God that materialists like to argue against.

Physicalism – the view that all that exists is the physical (matter and energy) and further that if consciousness is real it can be entirely explained by physical processes, if not now then in the future (a promissory theory). This is the current default view of the scientific establishment.

Advantages – as a monistic theory it appears to be internally coherent. It may have helped lead to technology.

Disadvantages – suffers from reducing consciousness to epiphenomena (a dependent or wholly emergent phenomena) so it strips consciousness of causation as materialism does. Physicalism suffers from all the above problems of materialism. Materialism is a form of physicalism.

Idealism – the view that all that really exists is the mind. All matter is contained within mind, or given reality by mind

Advantages – as a monistic theory it appears to be internally consistent. It accepts the primacy of consciousness, our only way of knowing the universe.

Disadvantages – it has limited explanatory value. It does not explain why some realities are more real than others. For example, why the reality in Plato’s cave is less real than the reality outside Plato’s cave, to give a famous analogy, or why the virtual reality people play on a device is less real than the everyday reality people live and work in. It doesn’t explain why daily reality is so matter-like it just observes that this is so. If the ideal is stratified into more and less substantial elements it is no longer an idealism but arguably a form of ideo-physicalism.

Idealism can, in this author’s view, create a false psychic split between the observer (self) and the observed (non-self). Perceived reality is just illusion which is an isolating way of interacting with perceptual reality, whether that reality is transient or longer term. In fairness though, not all idealist philosophies make this split.

The idealist current preferences the mind over matter and to some therefore it can be seen as unworldly.

Dualism – the view that there are two or more substances making up reality; notably mind and matter.

Advantages – Conforms to the common sense perception that reality has two separate aspects to it, mind and matter. Modern dualisms offer a softer dualism claiming there are ways for mind to act upon matter in the form of propensities or tendencies. Rather than complete separation there is contiguity between different substances which relate through virtual but real processes. Modern dualism is no less rational than most physicalist theories it would appear and perhaps more honest in that it recognizes both physicality and that a causative consciousness exists. Dualism would encourage engagement with a real world of physical experience and also encourage recognition of spiritual realities.

Disadvantages – If the realms of mind and matter, or the two fundamental substances are wholly different then they have no obvious way of communicating with each other. Mind and matter do communicate therefore they must have some level of commonality to enable this communication to occur. If they have commonality, a hard dualism with completely separate substances looks unlikely to be true. Within dualism, modern proponents suggest that there are virtual relationships, like propensities or tendencies, between the realms of mind and matter which allow communication.

Outside of dualism some have tried to overcome the communication difficulty by proposing that both mind and matter are aspects of a third more fundamental entity which is neither, this is called dual aspect thinking proposed by a number of quantum physicists. There is another theory which attempts to resolve duality called neutral monism which again proposes that mind and matter are just aspects of a neutral set of entities, the true reality which transcends both mind and matter. The problem with both these post-dual theories is that a hard dualism may still be implied but could be said to have become hidden. They are perhaps, crypto-dualisms. This factor is also leveled against pan-psychism. Most people, in practice, appear to have a dualist view of reality.

Pan-psychism – the view that all matter has consciousness.

Advantages – appears to reconcile mind and physicality. It is acceptable both to a growing number of scientists and to some theologians. In this author’s view it is a plausible theory which allows for goals and purpose as well as evolution of forms and a real physicality. It recognises both physicality and consciousness to be primal.

Disadvantages – may be a crypto-dualism, does not explain why mind and matter are always reflected by each other. Ontological pan-psychism states mind and matter are always aspects of each other but does not give a reason for this monism. Emanationist pan-psychism states that mind is primal and gives birth to matter. However if emanationism requires that mind and matter are different states (for one primary state to give birth to the other) it then suffers from possible crypto-dualism. If an emanationism alternatively states that mind and matter are the same thing it possibly requires the universe to be ultimately entirely ideal (of the mind) as the mind is the primary substance.

Ideo-Physicalism – the view that a singular experio-substance exists.

Advantages – states that all that exists is an experiencing substance and that mind and matter are provisional positions within our belief systems that are transcended by fact. It is argued to have no hidden dualism as it explicitly states mind and matter do not exist as absolute opposites but are only our limited categorizations of a singular experientio-substance. This experiencing substance is a continuum, different aspects of which lead to our terms of pure ‘consciousness’ and a separate ‘physicality’. The theory is perhaps internally consistent (allowing for communication) as it has an underlying monism. It is also at the same time compatible with the softer versions of dualism, or modern dualism, as apparently separate realms can still quantize out from a singular underlying reality. Orgonotic ideo-physicalism (the orgone continuum) gives the reason for this underlying monism (the existence of a proposed, scientifically real consciousness field – orgone). This makes the theory technologically applicable in principle – change the orgone and one changes consciousness would be the principle.

As reality is real and not an illusion or a simulation, and part of oneself, ideo-physicalism encourages connection to self and others and respect for oneself, others and the environment. It does not deny the primacy of either what we provisionally term ‘consciousness’ or ‘physicality’. Ideo-physicalism is compatible both with scientific physicalism and theological spiritual views.

Disadvantages – the application of any possible consciousness technology could lead to changes in society which are hard to predict and may be both positive and negative. It denies the existence of any purely abstract entities and as such might be critiqued. Although this essay did attempt an answer, it could be asked, what is the physicality of a relationship or an apparently abstract number, or of the feeling of love? Is the conscious self, which is not apparently in time or in space, really a tangible thing? Can an infinite body still be physical?



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  1. Southgate, L. (2016)
  2. Ibid
  3. De Quincey, C. (2010) Radical Nature: The Soul of Matter, Kindle Edition
  4. Reich, W. 1956, Re-emergence of Freud’s ‘Death Instinct’ as ‘DOR’ Energy, Orgonomic Medicine Volume II, Num1.
  5. Southgate, L. (2017) Implications of Orgone for Consciousness Research, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy.
  6. Higgins, M. (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, 1960, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.
  7. Southgate, L. (2017) Implications of Orgone for Consciousness Research, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy. see Armouring section.
  8. For more on Bions see Wilhelm Reich’s Selected Writings, Editor, Higgins, 1960.
  9. Higgins, M. (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, 1960, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.
  10. De Quincey, C. (2010) Radical Nature: The Soul of Matter, Kindle Edition.
  11. Morch, H. (2014) Panpsychism and Causation: A New Argument and a Solution to the Combination Problem, PhD Thesis, Oslo University.
  12. Sheldrake, R. 2011, The Presence of the Past, Coronet, UK
  13. Stubenberg, L. (2016)
  14. Irvine, A. (2017)
  15. Southgate, L. (2016)
  16. Southgate, L. (2017) Implications of Orgone for Consciousness Research, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy. See also Part 2.
  17. Browne, J. (2018) How Consciousness Only Model Explains QM,
  18. See Maglione and Southgate’s papers on orgone and electricity for further information on charged particles at . See Reich’s Experiment XX in Wilhelm Reich’s Selected Writings (edited by Higgins) or in Southgate’s Annotated Bibliography for more on the creation of matter from orgone, (search Experiment XX).
  19. Kostro, L. (2008) Albert Einstein’s New Ether and his General Relativity, Proceedings of the Balkan Society of Geometers,
  20. Demeo, J. (2002) Dayton Miller’s Ether-Drift
    Experiments: A Fresh Look, Pulse of the Planet No5,
  21. Hameroff, S. (2018) Science of Consciousness Conference, Plenary 11, Idealism and Panpsychism,
  22. Meixner, U. (2005) Physicalism, Dualism and Intellectual Honesty pp5.
  23. Thompson, I. (2008) Discrete Degrees Between Nature and Mind,
  24. In dualism mind is classed as a ‘substance’ even though it is not thought of as physical. Substance can be thought of as, ‘type of entity,’ in this context.
  25. Dainton, B. (1997) University of Liverpool Teaching Notes,
  26. Meixner, U. (2005) Physicalism, Dualism and Intellectual Honesty,
  27. Ibid
  28. There is disagreement about what constitutes life. Some biologists would argue that viruses are not alive even though they have DNA, are biological and can reproduce, because they lack their own energy systems. It could be argued that crystals are alive because they can reproduce themselves and grow, though most scientists would disagree. Biological cells are considered alive because they can reproduce, have their own energy systems and possess DNA. Bions may mostly lack DNA but they can reproduce under certain circumstances, are self-motile and have their own energy. This author uses a simple orgonotic definition of life as any plasma within a biological membrane that has its own volition. DNA is a later characteristic of life this author believes.
  29. See Southgate’s annotated bibliography section on TO-T for further information on orgone temperature anomalies.
  30. Thanks to Stefan Cockroft for these arguments in the Origins of Consciousness social media group.
  31. There is a problem for physicalist theories within the current paradigm in that if they suppose that mind is real and can affect energy this brings up the possibility that mind could increase the total amount of energy in the universe. So some physicalist theorists claim that to stick to the laws of physics as we currently know them requires a consciousness that cannot change the amount of energy in circulation.
  32. Isaacs, R. (2010) Talking With God, Sacred Closet Books, US pp293 quoting Institute of Physics, ‘Scientists Discover Inorganic Dust with Lifelike Qualities’,
  33. Isaacs, R. (2010) Talking With God, Sacred Closet Books, US: pp60.
  34. Ibid
  35. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir,
  36. Isaacs, R. (2010) Talking With God, Sacred Closet Books, US.
  37. Ibid.
  38. Sheldrake, R. (2011) The Presence of the Past, Coronet, UK
  39. Baker, L. (2000) Christians Should Reject Mind-Body Dualism, Chapter from Contemporary Debates in the Philosophy of Religion, Peterson (Ed) (2004)
  40. Isaacs, R. (2010) Talking With God, Sacred Closet Books, US.
  41. Beiser, F. (2005) Hegel, Routledge, UK.
  42. Ibid.


Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

Posted in Philosophy1 Comment

Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminesence and Other Observations associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device

Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminesence and Other Observations associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device

Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminesence and Other Observations associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device

Leon Southgate MSc


A strong orgone device was activated with a controlled dosage of a very small amount of radioactive material. Electrical capacitance and other effects were examined. Possible anomalous occurrences are noted in terms of a small increase in electrical tension in chemical batteries and electronic capacitors placed within the device. Other possibly anomalous reports are noted such as small changes in radioactivity, temperature, magnetism, luminescence and subjective observations associated with the device.


The long term research goal is the examination of orgone and consciousness.

It was assumed that future experimentation would involve high orgone concentrations and possibly self-generation of small amounts of electrical tension. This first experimental step therefore was to investigate high orgone concentrations and the possibility of any self-generated electrical activity within a strong orgone accumulator (ORAC). As radioactivity is thought to be the strongest activator of orgone (1), oranur or (orgone versus nuclear) energy was studied through the ORAC.

Experimental Device

An approximately 6 foot by 3 foot human-sized ORAC cabinet was placed horizontally. At first the door was removed and placed underneath the cabinet to give extra layering. Putting the cabinet back upright was tried but this decreased the charge by approximately 20% according to a Heliognosis Life Energy (LE) meter device. It also made placing of the internal items difficult. The cabinet was put back on its side. Eventually, the door was put back on.

Inside the cabinet there was placed one, and then two large 2 foot square orgone accumulating boxes with one side removed (originally developed for orgone acupuncture). A suitcase of accumulating materials was added alongside two orgone blankets and another two smaller orgone boxes. The large orgone box had two orgone tubes pointed at it. Altogether approximately 12 orgone devices were inside the larger ORAC cabinet. This was done to create a strong orgone field but also to create synergy between devices and hopefully a flow of orgone, one device would activate another so increasing the overall charge. Reich believed a central characteristic of orgone was interaction between energy systems (2).

The inner boxes were made of steel, rockwall and celotex type panels on a wood frame – standard materials for an ORAC. The orgone suitcase was filled with insulating rockwool and steel wool layers and had an outer layer of aluminium foil and then lastly plastic clingfilm around the outside. The orgone tubes were steel tubes with 300 plus double layers of aluminium foil and clingfilm, based on Bernd Senf’s design for orgone acupuncture tubes (3). The cabinet was made of the standard ORAC materials similar to the inner boxes.

Figure 1

Orgone Device Exterior View

Figure 2

Orgone Device Internal View

Close up of inside of cabinet showing the orgone suitcase (uppermost left). Two orgone acupuncture boxes connected with orgone acupuncture tubes (lowermost). The third box is a small orgone acupuncture box.

The experiments carried out involved:

  1. Electrical
  2. Thermal
  3. Orgone Field
  4. Radioactive
  5. Magnetic and
  6. Luminescence measurements

1. Electrical Experiments:

Orgone Charging of Rechargeable Chemical Batteries

A rechargeable AA size battery of some years of non-use was put within the inner box of the orgone device. It was covered in orgone layering (plastic and aluminium foil) and one month passed. This was in the autumn of 2017 and the charge in the device appeared to be increasing. A small amount of radioactive americium was used with the intention of activating the orgone device. The americium was within a smoke alarm and was kept intact within the body of the alarm. The amount was 0.9 microCurie or 0.26 mcg of americium-241. As the americium was being gradually moved closer to the orgone device during the battery charging, both subjective impressions (a feeling of ‘density’, ‘skin tingling’ and ‘sun tans’) and objective readings (LE and Geiger meters) showed an increasingly higher charge from the device over the period of the battery charging. The weather was also warmer and drier at this time (compared to the later experimental periods over the winter-time).

The first battery was not expected to show any changes so prior measurements on it beforehand were not done. The only test was to put it in a clock (which it wouldn’t run before the orgone charging). The battery was many years old and hadn’t been recharged for a long time. It had been stored at room temperature for years in dry conditions. After a month of orgone charging it ran the same clock for several days. Then when it stopped running the clock, after further orgone charging, it continued to run the clock for some hours.

A second long-flat AA sized battery also began to run the clock after orgone charging for some days. The batteries that ran the clock were now tested with voltmeters and were at approximately 700 millivolts (mV) or less than half of capacity.

Next, a larger old rechargeable battery, a D in UK sizes, was checked with two voltmeters, both confirming it was at zero mV. It had orgone layering put around it (plastic and aluminium foil), and was placed within the inner orgone box of the device. Over a period of 1 week it gained charge daily before levelling out to around half of capacity (it peaked at 630mV). This battery was tested beforehand and then daily. At first there were small flashes only on the voltmeter then it climbed steadily from 400mV to 610mV. It peaked some weeks later at 630mV. Sometimes it would lose mV when removed from the orgone device and then regain it when replaced over the next few weeks.

Apparent recharging of the batteries however could simply occur by a known rebound effect whereby empty batteries bounce back up to about ⅓ to ½ of capacity. However with the batteries used so far this appeared to be an unlikely explanation as they were many years old and most likely stable at zero or low mV due to their age and having not been used for a long time. There were also no sudden environmental changes as the batteries had been stored and then orgone charged at room temperature.

To clarify the rebound issue new rechargeable batteries were obtained and attempts made to get them stable at zero mV, which is actually more difficult than it would appear. The rebound process is quite strong in new batteries, to the extent that the query came to mind as to whether chemical batteries use a level of orgonotic charge normally. As soon as they are zeroed they pull back mV charge to about ⅓ of capacity. It is not perhaps entirely clear that this is solely a chemical phenomenon. Such batteries are like a chemical ORAC in some ways, with their internal metal electrodes, surrounded by chemical electrolyte in a metal and plastic layered casing. Modern rechargeable batteries are using novel materials to make recharging even quicker and easier. Perhaps they are in part using an unknown orgonotic effect.

After some weeks of trying various methods a few new batteries were stable at zero. A small light bulb circuit or battery-operated hair clipper had been used to run the charge down. In some cases they had to be short circuited with bell wire from the terminals to reduce the last few mV of charge. They were then orgone charged in the device. However now it seemed difficult to repeat the possible effects seen the first three times. Perhaps an unknown combination of factors, some unknown, had enabled the earlier batteries to gain charge. The first D battery particularly seemed to gain a noticeable amount of potential in mV each day, but still it was thought that the electrical conversion of orgone into electricity was at a relatively low level. Even a USB battery charger would supply at least 300mV so the estimation of 10-30mV continual conversion in the orgone device is not going to be at a level with which it would be easy to achieve an effect on chemical batteries.

Both AA batteries were attempted to be charged whilst still in the clock by placing the battery run clock within the orgone device. However this did not appear to work, apart from producing a stutter of the hands once the battery had run down. It seems the batteries may not be able to gain charge and discharge energy effectively at the same time. One aspect of the process appears to take precedence over the other. This might make sense according to Reich’s Four Beat energy formula. The charge and discharge processes are quite distinct aspects of the overall Four Beat formula that Reich claimed to be universal in organisms and partly true of mechanical systems:

  • Tension
  • Charge
  • Discharge
  • Relaxation.

Future Experimentation

To repeat the experiment as described here one would have to not connect a load to the battery whilst charging it. Also one would have to use as high an orgone charge as feasibly possible and proximal orgone layering in addition to that. The low level radioactive activation may also be a required element. Reich often found that to orgone charge something effectively the orgone layers had to be near the object, for example he used metal shielding immediately around his Geiger tubes and ORACs were built according to the size of the organism to be charged, mice had special small ORACs and humans had human-sized ORACs. Glass seems to provide the strongest ‘condensation’ of orgone as shown in Reich’s work with the Geiger tubes and the orgone motor. So a glass ORAC container for batteries or capacitors might provide an avenue to explore.

The experimenting with chemical batteries is ongoing (both orgone charging from zero mV and orgone charging from previously part mV – see below). It might take some months or even years to regain the possible effects seen in the first three batteries, if at all. Also the peak charge of the orgone device has been purposefully allowed to decrease a little.

Pyramid Research and Electrical Capacitance

It has been noted that pyramids may have a charging effect on batteries. Modern Russian large pyramid research also reports an electrical capacitance effect although the synopsis articles do not describe it in any detail (4). Older Western literature on pyramids describes poorly controlled pilot experiments using batteries that have not been previously stabilised at zero mV. However, an increase in the ‘rebound’ effect after pyramid charging batteries has been noted in various popular 1980s books, for example in King’s book (5).

Reading the pyramid research prompted some ideas that might be applicable. This author has questioned elsewhere whether the architectural design of Reich’s orgone motor produced amplification rather than a simple creation of electricity (6). As previously noted, Reich emphasised that orgonotic phenomena need an interaction between orgone systems in order to occur. This suggests that another way to examine any chemical battery effect might be to take relatively stable but non-zeroed batteries, perhaps with a couple of hundred mV in charge, and then to orgone charge the test batteries whilst keeping the controls in a similar light, temperature and static charge environment without additional orgone charge. With this experimental procedure there would be an initial electrical charge for attempted amplification via the orgone system. Also, the electrical charge of the test batteries might interact with the orgone device creating an enhancement effect.

As noted, pyramids have been thought to have an electrical capacitance effect. Seiler, a Swiss orgone researcher did not examine electrical capacitance but in the 1980s researched if ORACs in the shape of pyramids may enhance orgonotic effects. No effects were found (7). However this is what this author would expect. From what can be ascertained this author’s view is that pyramids act foremost as a transformation device somewhat like an orgone transistor. ORACs might rather be capacitors of orgone energy. One might see an increase in orgone charge therefore when an ORAC is placed within a pyramid rather than a change when an ORAC is shaped into a pyramid. The latter approach might confuse effects by mixing different functions (capacitance and transformation). Russian researchers avoid metal in their pyramids so perhaps these aspects are already known in some way to those scientists.

Amplifying Electrical Charge Experiments

The first pilot experiment in this area – amplifying charge in chemical batteries, appears to tentatively support this idea. A number of batteries were checked for stability of charge for three days, at room temperature. They were mostly around 100mV or just below. Two of the D sized batteries and an AA battery were put in the orgone device and one D battery in a comparable control environment. The orgone D sized batteries gained 100% of charge in a week. The control D battery gained 50% of its original charge in the same time. The orgone charged AA battery only gained 2 mV in the same period which was about 3% of its original charge.

Further preliminary studies are obviously needed with this aspect. Aside from the above preliminary experiment, a number of part-charged batteries were placed within the orgone device on an informal basis to get an idea of what effects may be occurring. They were not strictly controlled for prior fluctuations or ‘rebound’. It is interesting to note though that most appeared to gain charge at a steady but modest rate suggesting something is perhaps happening. Any effect is by no means even however, sometimes it appears to tail off and other times it appears stronger, perhaps connected to wider environmental conditions.

Figure 3

Orgone Part-charged Batteries (OPC) Versus Control Part-Charged (CPC) Batteries

All the charts in this article describe approximate indications of values to give an indication of the relationship between various variables.

Rebound Effects

Rebound of new batteries on the other hand tends to happen quickly and predictably (within minutes) and the empty battery jumps back to about a third of capacity in the author’s experience (from a few hundred mV or less) and then stays at that level for some time. This rebound effect doesn’t appear to happen with older, stable batteries. The effects in the orgone device on the other hand appeared to be a steady gaining of charge of up to about 50 to 100 mV a day rather than the big jumps seen with rebound in newer batteries. Mostly used older batteries were utilised when the possible charging effects from orgone were seen. The bigger D batteries seem to gain charge more easily than smaller AA batteries. Further experiments with large batteries could be useful. Perhaps the increased area and quantity of electrolyte or increased metal surface area in the larger batteries enhances the orgonotic interaction. The level of initial electrical tension is likely to be instrumental too. The D and C size batteries appear to be the most promising currently.

Looking back on the data it appeared that the possible battery charging from zero occurred when the orgone device was reaching a peak due to the oranur aspects and possibly the autumnal weather being more conducive than the later winter weather. Oranur energy is created when radioactive materials trigger the orgone energy into higher activity and is the strongest trigger of orgone according to Reich (8). In the autumn the weather is also sunnier and drier than the winter and therefore more conducive to higher orgone charges.

Figure 4

Rebound Versus First Three Orgone Charged Batteries

The rebound effect is actually sharper than is shown here and usually occurs in minutes rather than over a day. ‘Org D’ is the first D sized battery that appeared to recharge in the orgone device, ‘Org 1&2’ refers to the first two AA batteries which ran the clock after orgone charging.

Electronic Capacitor Experiments

An electrical engineer suggested the use of electronic capacitors in order to bypass the problems with excluding rebound in chemical batteries. Electronic capacitors were envisaged by this author as being easier to orgone charge than chemical batteries because they are simpler and non-chemical based. Also it is noted that they are already a mini-ORAC, being a plastic outer shell with two metal plates inside (the electrodes) with non-conducting material sandwiched between layers of metal. So there is metal/die-electric layering as in an ORAC. This is illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 5

Electronic Capacitor

The inside of a capacitor is similarly layered to an ORAC, the dielectric, non-conducting layer is noted to be similar to the organic layer of an ORAC.

Figure 6

Electronic Capacitors in Experiment

Capacitors in a plastic box ready for orgone charging or use as controls.

After informally charging a number of capacitors to see how they might react to environmental factors, the first orgone-charged versus control set of capacitors was set up controlling temperature, light and static conditions. The capacitors required zeroing via short circuiting before experiments could be started (a small length of bell wire was attached to the positive and negative terminals of capacitors for between 10 seconds and 2 minutes depending on how long it took to zero the electrical tension).

The first preliminary experiment was in October 2017 and used just two identical capacitors, one test and one control. They were both kept at a similar room temperature, light and static conditions. The mV readings were measured daily. The experimental capacitor was consistently slightly more than double the tension of the control capacitor. The voltage of both orgone charged and control capacitors gradually increased daily but at a greater rate in the orgone capacitor.

The second set of capacitor experiments involved 10 assorted electronic capacitors in two plastic containers. All capacitors had been zeroed before the experiment began with bell wire attached to the positive and negative terminals. The sixth capacitor in the first box had a small paper flag attached to it in order to see if this would attract extra charge. The second box of capacitors had two capacitors in it, one with proximal orgone layering and one without layering. Altogether between box 1 and box 2 there were 10 capacitors. All the capacitors were naked apart from the 10th capacitor which had proximal orgone layering.

The range of tension measurements after the experimental period was between 1.1 and 94 mV in both orgone and control groups. The 6th capacitor in box 1 (with the paper flag attached) behaved differently to the other capacitors. It gained more charge when it was acting as control than when it was within the orgone device. All the other capacitors in the orgone test group however gained more mV than the control group (between 2 and 20 mV averaging around 15 mV gain over the controls). The 10th capacitor, the proximal orgone-layered capacitor in the second plastic box, behaved slightly differently. It gained only a little more in the orgone group than in the control environment. However its immediate neighbour seemed to attract much more charge gaining 15.8 mV in the orgone device compared to only 1.9 mV outside it.

A third set of capacitor experiments were undertaken again using 10 capacitors in two plastic boxes (8 capacitors in the first larger box and 2 capacitors in the second smaller box). All capacitors were zeroed before the experiments began. The plastic boxes were then placed either within the orgone or control areas according to the phase of the experiment. The first plastic container had 8 assorted capacitors of various electrical capacities as in the previous run. The second smaller plastic box contained the capacitor with the proximal orgone layering and the neighbouring capacitor without layering, again as in the previous run. The plastic containers which held the capacitors were put inside the inner box of the orgone device or in the control environment depending on the part of the experiment being conducted (in the previous run the orgone capacitors had been in the outer part of the orgone device).

The orgone charged capacitors were all higher in this run of the experiment. The small paper flag had been removed from the sixth capacitor in the first box and this then responded in the same way as the other capacitors. Also in the second smaller plastic box, both the proximal orgone-layered capacitor and its immediate neighbour more clearly outperformed the other capacitors with both doubling their charge compared to control. The other capacitors all gained charge compared to controls of between 1 and 22 mV, it seems one capacitor will ‘hog’ the charge from its neighbours gaining a much bigger differential than the others. The increase was in the same range approximately to the first run.

A fourth set of capacitor experiments was undertaken. This time the temperature and light were better controlled within about 1/10th of a degree centigrade. The light and static electrical conditions were similar. In order to get the conditions more exactly matched the same building was used, a stand-alone brick garage. All the electrical experiments apart from the first run with just two capacitors were conducted with the orgone device in this building.

It had been noted that the field of the orgone device might extend 18 foot or more (affecting both sets of capacitors). This was suspected as it appeared that batteries kept some distance from the device were not losing charge normally but a confirmation of this experimentally had not been obtained. Also subjective impressions made one aware of an extended field.

The orgone and control groups were therefore put as far apart as possible (about 12-14 foot). The orgone device was toward the right hand corner of the garage and the controls were kept in an identical plastic container in a dark wooden cupboard in the far left hand corner of the garage. The orgone group plastic box was also given proximal orgone layering by wrapping the box in layers of foil and plastic clingfilm. Four capacitors of different size but identical between the orgone and control groups were used without any proximal orgone layering immediately around the capacitors in both orgone and control groups. A single orgone capacitor reading had to be discarded as the capacitor had come loose and was short circuited on the metal layering inside the plastic box, this was corrected and the experiment continued. After 24 hours the orgone capacitors were at least four times higher than the controls. Over the next few days this differential gradually evened itself out until after a week the mV charges were approximately the same in both groups though most were slightly higher in the orgone group overall. This may indicate that the electrical influencing field of the orgone device may reach at least 12-14 foot but that it is stronger nearer the device. Different sized capacitors appear to behave in a varied manner when orgone charged. Hence the need was felt for a mixture of capacitor strengths in each group, orgone and control. However orgone and control capacitors were always exactly matched between the groups.

A fifth set of capacitor results are worth detailing. The author was curious as to whether a group of capacitors would behave differently when orgone charged than capacitors placed on their own. A bag of capacitors was left inside the orgone device for some two months. It was additionally placed within a mini-ORAC whilst inside the device and ‘squeezed’ by the placement of other items, including accumulating materials. This bag of 30 assorted capacitors was not planned to be part of the preliminary, pilot experiments and therefore the individual capacitors were not zeroed via short circuiting prior to placement. Most unused capacitors however tend to be low or zero in mV charge when tested for the other experiments. Six capacitors were taken from the bag and all were anomalously high in charge, full size capacitors varied from 96.4 to 505 mV and two mini-capacitors, which have been found to normally be zero mV as new, were 3 mV and 40 mV respectively. The capacitors were new and unused prior to the orgone charging. It appears possible that groups of capacitors may have some kind of interaction effect enhanced by proximity. Any further capacitor experiments undertaken by the author will take this factor into consideration.

Figure 7

Orgone Capacitors Versus Control Capacitors

2. Temperature Measurements

The temperature within orgone devices has been noted to be higher than the ambient surroundings in a number of controlled experiments since Reich’s discovery of the effect. It is termed TO-T for Temperature Orgone versus Temperature (control). Rigorously controlled TO-T experiments have been conducted by Demeo and others (9). To-T suggests that there is an anomalous energy accumulated in the ORACs.

The temperature in the inner box of the orgone device, the immediate surroundings of the device and a control room were compared. The orgone device did not have a lid at first (it was placed underneath to increase the number of layers). In any case the device seemed to affect the temperature of the whole room. An identically treated room immediately next to the orgone device room was therefore used as control. Temperature was measured over 4 weeks with a good quality but standard household electronic thermometer accurate to 1/10th of a degree centigrade in October 2017. There was a small differential, but only at times, between the inner box of the device and the orgone device room. However between the orgone device room and the control room immediately next to it there was an almost constant differential of between 0.1 and 0.8 degrees centigrade averaging around 0.3 to 0.4 of a degree Celsius. A correlation between the placement of the americium nearer to the device and a change in temperature orgone (TO) was not noted though it may have occurred and been too subtle to notice. The weather records were not frequent enough to observe any correlations between TO and weather conditions though such may also have occurred. To-T was recorded for four weeks in the autumn of 2017. Weather was a usual mixture for the North West of England, of mostly cloudy conditions. Temperature was recorded at the same height in each room. Heat sources in the premises were kept entirely off during the weeks of recording temperatures.

3. Orgone Field Measurements

A Heliognosis Model II Experimental Life Energy Meter (LE Meter) was used to take a number of readings over 6 weeks. The meter uses electrical interaction to indicate the strength of orgone fields. Reich developed the first device which has since been modernised and miniaturised. A number of readings were taken on a daily basis. A reading was taken at the entrance to the orgone device room (Room 1), a second reading 3 foot from the orgone device was taken (Room 2). A reading was also taken at the outside wall of the orgone device. Another two readings were taken inside the device, firstly at the inside of the outer wall of the device and secondly inside the inner box.

The field from an orgone charged piece of orgonotic compound (resin, metal and crystal mixture) and the field from a similarly sized crystal were also measured.

Lastly the radioactive americium was measured in two locations, at the entrance to the orgone device room and 3 foot from the device.

All readings were done with the same settings on the meter at 1 cm distance using the small plug-in vacuum tube sensor on the back of the meter. The x10 Setting and Number 2 on the

Fine and Coarse dials were used throughout the experiment. The pointer arm was checked to be at approximately zero away from the orgone device before readings were commenced.

Figure 8

Life Energy Meter Mk II With Vacuum Tube Sensor

Most of the readings were as expected. Room 1 was usually about half of Room 2, indicating a fairly large field getting stronger nearer the device. This was as expected. The outside wall of the device, the inner and outer walls of the device all gradually increased in charge from the outer to the inner readings. There was also a gradual increase in the consistency of the LE meter readings of the inner boxes of the device as the americium radioactive source was moved closer to the orgone device. The americium had five placements, 12 foot, 6 foot, 3 foot, 1 foot and inside the orgone device. After a few weeks the inner box of the device was consistently reaching the maximum on the LE meter (100%). The outside of the device would read between 40% and 60% usually.

To give an idea of the readings, a person’s hand on the same settings on the LE meter and at the same distance, varied from around 40% – 60%. A second surprise was the orgone charge readings of the americium itself. Each day the americium was taken from its placement at the allocated distance from the orgone device (see paragraph above) and measured at 3 foot and 9 foot away from the orgone device. The americium had an orgonotic field around it measuring up to around 24% on the LE meter. However, the orgonotic field the americium produces appears to depend on how near the americium is to the orgone device. When the americium is at position 1 (about 9 foot away from the device) at just outside the orgone room, the reading was between 10% and 24% generally. However when the americium was measured 3 foot from the device, this dropped to a quarter of this level on daily readings over a few weeks. This differential dropped when the permanent placement of the americium was moved closer to the device but was still evident. The americium now had a quarter more orgone charge away from the device compared to close up, for example 24% away from the device compared to 18% near the device was about average. The orgonotic field of the americium appeared to be suppressed near to the orgone device. Nearly every reading seemed to confirm this effect.

The small piece of an orgonotic compound (resin, metal shavings and crystal) and a similar-sized crystal was orgone charged in the device and readings taken with the LE meter. The orgone compound behaved similarly to the crystal and both gained and lost a modest amount of charge at the same time in a cyclical manner over the weeks. The orgone compound had approximately ⅓ higher charge than the crystal.

4. Radioactivity

A small amount of radioactive americium-241 was used in the experiments. The americium was present inside a sealed smoke alarm in which it remained for the duration of the experiments. In terms of activity, it was 0.9 microCurie of americium. This corresponds to an amount of 0.26 microgram (mcg) of americium. It was first placed 12 foot away from the orgone device. After a week it was moved to 6 foot, then 3 foot a week later, then 1 foot, then within the device for a day and lastly just outside the device again. After 5 weeks the americium was removed from the vicinity completely.

Reich used one milligram (mg) of radium-226 in the original oranur experiments. This corresponds to 1,111 times the radioactivity used in this experiment . The actual radioactivity readings from the americium, on a Geiger counter, are barely over the background count of 0.08 to 0.12 microSievert per hour (uSv/hr) noted locally. Typical readings of the americium would be around 0.18 uSv/hr making it just 0.06 uSv/hr above the background count of 0.12 uSv/hr. The background count, away from the orgone device (of about 0.08 to 0.12 uSv/hr) was measured repeatedly at two local points, indoors and outside. The uSv/hr count both of the radioactive material and near the device varied. There was also a suppression effect of the uSv/hr readings within a few foot of the orgone device. This will be detailed later in this section.

A new Radex One Geiger counter was used to measure readings at a distance from the orgone device (about 24 foot) and close by (3 foot). This was measured in microSievert per hour (uSv/hr). The radioactivity readings remained within normal limits and were around 0.08 to 0.22 uSv/hr. However there was a slight raise over the background levels of 0.08 to 0.12 uSv/hr so that the absolute readings varied between 0.12 and 0.22 uSv/hr. Reich used Counts Per Minute but this measure varies depending on the Geiger tube in the counter so uSv/hr are the standard today. In CPM the background count would be roughly 20 CPM using the Radex One meter.

The daily uSv/hr readings reflected the LE meter readings in that again there was a suppression effect near the orgone device. The radioactivity readings were suppressed by about one third compared to away from the device. The uSv/hr readings inside the orgone device were not noticeably different to 3 foot away. There was not a noticeable rise in the uSv/hr readings when the americium’s permanent placement was moved from 3 foot away from the device to 1 foot from it. A typical reading was around 0.16 uSv/hr 18-24 foot away from the orgone device (compared to 0.12 uSv/hr close by). Almost all the readings showed a modest suppression of the uSv/hr readings of about 25% close to the orgone device and a small raising of the uSv/hr over background within the extended field of the device (6 to 24 foot).

Figure 9

Radex One Geiger Counter

Radex One Small Geiger Counter with Internal Tube

The Geiger counter was only obtained in the last two weeks of this phase of the experiments (environmental measurements) so there was not a lot of data collected. The americium’s stationing had already decreased to 3 foot from the orgone device by this time. From 3 foot to 1 foot from the orgone device, no clear pattern emerged. A very small increase in radioactivity of about 4-6 uSv/hr over the background counts was noted 18-24 foot away from the device, for example from 0.12 to 0.18 uSv/hr. When the americium was placed within the device there was a spike in the readings to 0.22 uSv/hr and a heavy atmosphere was noted. A general feeling of overcharge was noticed and the author’s skin began to feel somewhat sun tanned and sensitive. Also there was sensitivity to the metal springs in mattresses noted by the author which took a number of weeks to dissipate.

The uSv/hr readings were lowered after airing and DOR-busting of the premises (using a small bucket DOR-buster and running water). A DOR-buster is metal tubes grounded into water and draws orgone and DOR (Deadly Orgone) into the water from the atmosphere or from an organism. The DOR-buster was just 2 x two foot alloy metal tubes of 1 ½ inch diameter placed within a running sink so that the water runs over them. After this the tubes were left in a bucket to drain the area of DOR more slowly (as the water was then not running).

Figure 10



A small amount of radioactive americium-241 was used in the experiments. The americium was present inside a sealed smoke alarm in which it remained for the duration of the experiments. In terms of activity, it was 0.9 microCurie of americium. This corresponds to an amount of 0.26 microgram (mcg) of americium. It was first placed 12 foot away from the orgone device. After a week it was moved to 6 foot, then 3 foot a week later, then 1 foot, then within the device for a day and lastly just outside the device again. After 5 weeks the americium was removed from the vicinity completely.

Anomalous Radioactive Observations

When the device was in its new location three lots of 0.9 microCurie of americium (or 0.78 mcg of americium in total quantity) were brought within its field to a position of 1 foot from the device for about 5 minutes, this was done without the gradual conditioning period used previously where the americium was brought 50% closer to the device each week. After this the uSv/hr readings for about 40 foot around the building were suppressed to zero. The readings were suppressed in a circular area of about 40 ft radius from the orgone device. This was only observed once so might have been an observation anomaly or a meter fault, however the readings returned to normal 15 minutes later.

A second anomaly was the reaction of one of the oranur affected orgone tubes. A psychotherapist who is also a psychic trance medium took the tube home with her for a number of days. She brought it back reporting that the tube was just too strong. The tube seemed to react to this person as though she herself was radioactive (she wasn’t radioactive). The Geiger readings increased to 0.28 uSv/hr when the tube was within a radius of 12 to 18 foot of this person and subjective observations also indicated a dense orgone field (this Geiger reading is about 3 times the normal background level). This effect settled down after the tube was no longer near her for a period of time. Other people did not have this effect on the tube. This effect did not reoccur in her presence as strongly once the tube was no longer kept at her premises, though she still has an energising effect on the large orgone device compared to other people.

Lastly, there was a strange occurrence in that the uSv/hr readings for all four lots of americium at two locations all showed no uSv/hr or LE meter reaction for a whole day then returned to normal. Perhaps this is connected to some environmental/cosmic factor that is currently unrecognised. The author had thought that the americium exposed to the orgone device had possibly started to change into ORUR (orgonised post-radioactive substance) but this didn’t appear to be the case as the unexposed americium (kept in a separate building and over 40 foot away from the device) had also lost its uSv/hr and LE meter reading at the same time.

Currently there is no americium near the device.

Cautionary Notes

With the gradual placement of the americium closer to the orgone device no great untoward effects appeared to have occurred. The actual levels of radioactivity used were tiny and were all within normal background levels in any case even when placed inside the orgone device (though on the high side of the normal range at this point perhaps). However, it gradually became quite clear that the orgone charge in the premises was just too over-powering. Certainly when the americium was within the device for a day it was uncomfortable. However the device feels fine now and the premises quickly reverted to normal on airing and DOR-busting.

It appears the device itself continues to be somewhat ‘hot’ as even after being dismantled and put back together in the brick outhouse/garage it regained its former high charge literally within minutes (as measured on the LE meter). The device currently feels pleasant to be near to and has never actually felt unpleasant – it is just too strong to be near to for an extended period. It also seems to have possibly emotionally cathartic effects on sensitive people who are near to it for a period of time. Within an extended field of perhaps 24 to 40 foot an oranur device can make young people or naturally energetic adults overcharged, though this effect is not constant.

The author would recommend that if one is to repeat any controlled oranur experiments that the following precautions are taken as a minimum:

  • Use a separate uninhabited building at least 24, possibly up to 40 foot from any living quarters.
  • Generally the equivalent of approximately a thousandth of Reich’s radioactivity was used (0.9 microCuries or 0.26 mcg of americium).
  • One can acclimatise an orgone device to the presence of low level radioactive material.
  • If moving low level radioactive material suddenly into the presence of an orgone device the results might be different or stronger.
  • Monitor for changes if staying near to an oranur device for an extended period. Suntan effects and tingling on the skin have been noted even at this low level.
  • The higher the orgone charge the stronger the interaction with the radioactive material.
  • Parts of the oranur device remain ‘hot’ or different than before, permanently it appears.
  • Oranur appears to have different qualities to orgone.
  • Psychics and spiritual healers in particular reacted strongly to the oranur device.
  • Oranur can have emotionally cathartic effects.
  • It can also be dehydrating.

Possible Therapeutic Effects

It is also possible that oranur may have directly therapeutic effects in controlled dosages. It subjectively appears that it might be able to affect armouring to some degree and strongly increase orgone charge locally on the body. It also has a warming effect which feels agreeable at low doses. A small charged item, usually the small orgonotic compound from within the oranur affected device, was used to treat a number of minor ailments for short periods at a time (a few minutes) with apparent good effect.

5. Magnetic Effects

The author wondered whether orientating the orgone device with the cardinal directions would increase flow of orgone charge. Certainly ancient sites and churches are orientated in such a way. A good quality outdoor compass was obtained. However it was impossible to take a magnetic reading near to the device. The device deflected the needle by up to 180° near to it. Also the magnetic field around the device appeared to extend at least 6 foot. The magnetic effect remains after the removal of the americium from near the device. There is some deflection up to 9 foot away and 180° or more of deflection over the device.

6. Luminescence Effects

A large glass plasma ball of a type that when connected to a 9V DC electric current lights up with ‘lightning strikes’ and a light blue mist was placed within the orgone device and charged for 2 months. An increase in the reactivity of the ball to static charges had been noted for some time since the orgone charging began but it was very hard to photograph with ordinary camera equipment. Eventually a professional quality camera was used to take the following photograph (one of a series). The picture was obtained by placing cling-film over the plasma ball and then removing it quickly. The static charge then caused the ball to light up showing a strong azure blue glow covering the whole ball. The photo was taken in the dark, with a flash inside the orgone device outbuilding from a distance of about 6 foot by a second person. The strong azure blue glow is clearly visible to the naked eye. Flash-lights from cameras do not produce by reflection blue glows of this type. Both line voltage and battery voltage was put through the plasma ball after a month of orgone charging and neither produced any unusual effects or strong azure blue luminescent glows. Rubbing the uncharged plasma ball with plastic or by hand did not produce glows.

Figure 11

Luminsescence in Orgone Charged Plasma Ball


Alongside the Italian orgone and electric currents research (10) and of course Reich’s original vacuum and Geiger tube work in the The Oranur Experiment, First Report (11), the author is confident that an orgone to electrical conversion takes place within ORACs. It would appear that a strong, oranur-influenced orgone device is perhaps capable of precipitating the accumulation of electric charge in devices such as capacitors and even in chemical batteries, though there is much more work to be done in this regard.

It would also appear to be possible to conduct controlled, small-scale oranur experiments as long as certain precautions are undertaken and one is careful not to proceed too quickly or with anything other than very small amounts of excitatory material (radioactive elements) until more is known. The author would recommend not at first exceeding approximately a thousandth of the quantity Reich used or around 0.9 microCuries of americium or equivalent. Natural sources of radioactivity as used by some healers might be one possible activation method. Experiments should also be under the supervision of experienced orgone researchers or qualified scientists. The author does not recommend oranur experiments being conducted by non-qualified or inexperienced persons.

Results of Previous Oranur Research Since Reich

A team led by the Spanish physicist Milian previously confirmed a radioactive and electrical capacitance anomaly in ‘modified faraday cages’ (a term for orgone boxes that is more acceptable within physics journals), (12). Their initial experimentation was carried out in the 1990s and was presented to the European Society for Scientific Exploration in 1998 (13). A brief synopsis was published in 2002 in Pulse of the Planet journal (14). Since then the Spanish physicists have also reported their anomalies to have a correlation to cosmic weather conditions (15). Their formal papers, now in mainstream physics journals, have been published in recent years but the actual experimental work dates back to the 1990s as noted. Maglione has also examined various oranur effects, including those of Milian in his extensive and in-depth book covering Reich’s oranur work in a broad scientific context including that of the Ark of the Covenant – an exceedingly strong radioactive oranur device, a device similar in many ways to Reich’s oranur set up but perhaps a thousand times stronger (16).

Future Work

This is only the second experimental investigation of oranur effects since Reich to be published. It is also the first full article on oranur in the orgonomic journals since Reich published CwS in 1957. Hopefully, the future will see more work in this under-explored area of orgonomy.

Summary Chart











AA (Flat) Battery No.1


Charged 1 month, (*proximal layering & v. strong oranur ORAC)

Ran clock 48 hours then another 10 hours after second charge.

Battery would not run clock prior to charging

AA (Flat) Battery No.2


Charged 5 days
(*as above)

Ran clock for 4 days.

Battery would not run clock prior to charging

D Battery No.1

Was own control – zero charge on two voltmeters.

Charged 7 days
(*as above)

Went from ‘flashes’ day 1 to 5, day 6 – 410 mV, day 7 – 610 mV.


New Rechargeable batteries AA and D size, completely zeroed and stable for 1 week

Was own control

Charged 1 month and ongoing.

No change.

Experiment is ongoing currently.

Part charged batteries, 1st Set, used, stable for 3 days, rechargeable batteries range 12-100 mV approx

Control Battery, D size, in similar environment (temp/light) for 5 days

Two D sized batteries charged 5 days.

Voltage range before and after charging was 12.1 to 189.6 mV. The charged batteries had 100% increase in mV approx. The control battery had 50% increase from its starting point.


Part charged, batteries, 2nd Set, used, stable batteries, mix of rechargeable and non-rechargeable types.

Control D size battery placed in similar light, heat and static conditions.

D size and C size charged in device for 2 weeks.

Both Control and Test batteries in the D size gained a few mV. No difference between Control and Test in D size. The C size Test (orgone) battery gained 100 mV from a higher initial charge (7.1 to 7.2V).

Experiments with part-charged batteries remain ongoing.






Electronic Capacitors 1st Set

Single capacitor at room temp. Light/static charge similar

Same type of capacitor at room temp in orgone device.

Range 33 to 220 mV after experiment (both groups).
Over 7 days of charging and daily recording the orgone capacitor gained 100% compared to the control capacitor.


Electronic Capacitors 2nd Set

Set of 10 Capacitors in two plastic containers kept at similar temp, light and static charge conditions.

The same capacitors were zeroed and used as experimental and control. Similar light and temp. Weather similar, December 2017.

Range 13.8 to 94.3 mV after experimental periods (both groups). The orgone capacitors averaged 25% to 50% higher mV readings (10 to 20 mV higher than control). The orgone layered companion capacitor was many times higher in experimental group compared to control.


Electronic Capacitors 3rd Set

As above

As above

The orgone charged capacitors were all higher than controls by a differential of between 1 and 22 mV. The biggest differentials were with the proximal orgone-layered capacitor and its immediate companion.


Electronic Capacitors 4th Set

Set of 4 identical capacitors. Same temp, light and experimental period. Same type of plastic box without orgone layering placed inside cupboard. 12-14 foot from orgone device.

Set of 4 identical capacitors. Same temp, light and experimental period. Contained in orgone layered small plastic box placed within orgone device.

Range 0 to 16.9 mV after 24 hours. Orgone charged capacitors were four times higher than control capacitors after 24 hours.

Over the next week the charges gradually equalise between orgone and control groups.

Electronic Capacitors 5th Set


Bag of 30 mixed capacitors orgone charged for two months in orgone device.

Relatively high mV charges were found between 3 mV and 505 mV depending on the size of the capacitor. 6 capacitors were tested out of 30 charged. All 6 had high mV charges.

Approximate values for unused capacitors had been noted but not from this set.
A proximal effect of storing capacitors in groups appears possible. It might be useful for future capacitor experiments to take any such group effect into account.






Temperature Orgone (To) Versus Temp (T)

An identically treated room next to the orgone device room was used as control (as the temp from the orgone device affected at least 6 foot around the device).

Temperature was recorded with a good quality electronic thermometer accurate to 1/10th degree °C in Control Room, Orgone Room and Orgone Inner Box for three weeks approx. Temperature in experimental (To) and control (T) room were taken at the same height.

A constant differential was noted between To and T of between 0.1 and 0.8 °C. The differential averaged about 0.4 °C

The rooms and premises were both left unheated and were on the same side of the building with the same windows and room volume approximately. Other heat sources in the premises were off for the duration of the experiment.






Orgone field experiments

Control readings of a low charged hand and high charged hand were taken to establish comparative levels of ‘orgs’ or orgonotic charge.

Orgone charge readings 9 foot from the orgone device, 3 foot from the device, the outer wall of the device and inside the device were taken with a Heliognosis Life Energy (LE) Meter Model II. Although an older model it had been stored in a custom built, cushioned, wooden crate and was in good working order.

Readings gradually increased as expected nearer to the orgone device. The inner boxes of the device were strong, consistently at 100% on the meter scale after some weeks.

The LE meter readings of the americium were suppressed when the americium was near the orgone device compared to 9 foot away.






Radioactivity measurements

Control readings at two locations were taken repeatedly to establish background levels of mSv/hr.

mSv/hr were measured at 24 foot from the device, near to the device and inside it. mSv/hr readings were also taken of the 0.26 mcg of americium-241 contained in the smoke alarm (the americium contained was 0.9 microCuries in activity). Readings were taken with a new Radex One Geiger Meter.

The mSv/hr readings were within normal limits though above background by about 0.02 to 0.06 mSv/hr within 18-24 foot of device. The readings were suppressed by about 0.02 to 0.06 mSv/hr next to the device compared to the readings away from the device. Readings within the device were similar to those taken just outside it. When the americium was placed within the device there was a spike in readings to 0.22 mSv/hr.

The americium was very low in radioactivity being around 0.06 mSv/hr above the background of 0.12 mSv/hr (when measured away from the device prior to experiment) or 0.18 mSv/hr absolute reading.






Magnetism measurements

Compass reacted normally away from orgone device.

Walking Compass used near to the orgone device

The compass was passed across the orgone device slowly with sweeping motion. Compass was deflected by around 180° during sweep.

Compass could not be used normally near to device. Magnetic field appeared to extend at least 6 foot.






Luminescence measurements

The same plasma ball was checked for static charge reactions prior to the orgone charging, by rubbing with plastic film and with hand. Very minimal sparking type reactions were present similar to when it is connected to voltage but to a much lesser extent when rubbed.

Plasma Ball placed in orgone device for 2 months.

A strong azure blue, luminescent glow was noted in streams and over the whole ball when plastic cling-film was placed on the ball and then quickly removed (providing a small static charge). No external electrical current was applied to obtain the strong blue glow.

Normally a very light blue mist, stronger at the diode, and electrical ‘lightning’ is produced when the plasma ball is connected to DC voltage.

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  1. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA.
  2. Reich, W. (1951) The Geiger Muller Effect of Cosmic Orgone Energy pp208, from the The Oranur Experiment, reprinted by
  3. Senf, B. (1989). Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy?Pulse of the Planet Journal, Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, Vol. 1, No. 2 : 25-30
  4. Jan 2018
  5. King, S. (1977) Pyramid Energy Handbook, US, Warner.
  6. Southgate, L. Accessed Jan 2018
  7. Seiler, H. Journal of Orgonomy, V16 N2 1982 pp197
  8. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA.
  9. Southgate, L. Accessed Jan 2018, (See Experimental Section or Search TO-T).
  10. Maglione, R. and Ferrari, D. Accessed Feb 2018 (first of a series of three also published by Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy at the same site).
  11. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust,, Maine, USA.
  12. Milián-Sánchez V. et al (2016), Anomalous Effects on Radiation Detectors and Capacitance Measurements inside a Modified Faraday Cage Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 828, 21 August, Pages 210-228. See also Feb 2018 for synopsis and PDF.
  13. Milian, V. (1988) Proceedings of the European Society for Scientific Exploration, 9-12th October 1988, Valencia, Spain.
  14. Milian, V et al (2002) Confirmation of an Oranur Anomaly, Pulse of the Planet pp182.
  15. Scholkmann, F. Milián-Sánchez, V. et al. (2018) Anomalous Effects of Radioactive Decay Rates and Capacitance Values Measured Inside a Modified Faraday Cage: Correlations with Space Weather, Letters Physics Journal synopsis accessed Feb 2018 at
  16. Maglione, R, The Legendary Shamir (2017)



Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

Posted in Orgone Biophysics2 Comments



The route towards the REICH orgone motor?


Roberto Maglione – Dionisio Ferrari


In this paper, the last of a series of three papers on the orgone motor which will appear on the Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, measurements of electrical parameters were performed on the same two 10-fold tube capacitors, subject of the mid-term investigation (see the second paper in this series), when the local environmental orgonomic potential was artificially increased in one of the two. An increase of the tension was observed in the tube capacitor subjected to the artificial increase of the local orgonomic potential. All the experimental investigations were performed in an in-house laboratory, Sassuolo (Mo), Italy. Finally, a hypothesis on the Y-factor was then developed based both on what has been reported in the literature and on the experimental results from our in-house experiments.

On June 20, 2016, at the end of the cyclical year and after 5 years of continuous monitoring of the two tube capacitors’ behaviour(1) , we decided to verify the relationship between environmental orgonomic potential and tension (or production of electric current) at the capacitors. To this aim, two days later we artificially increased the local orgonomic potential of one of the two capacitors by adding 0.5 L of a fluid whose orgonomic potential was 520 org. The orgonomic potential of the fluid was measured by a Life Energy Meter LM4 (Heliognosis, Canada). The fluid did not have radioactive properties, and was not heated by any external source of energy for all the period of the testing. The fluid, contained in a PET bottle, was put inside the cylindrical space of the 1C/1A capacitor(2) . In this way, the total orgonomic potential, the 1C/1A capacitor was subjected to during the testing, was given by the sum of the natural environment orgonomic potential OPE (as in the previous years of testing) plus the artificial orgonomic potential, OPA, provided by the 520 org added in the inside of the cylindrical capacitor, as follows:


The fluid inside the bottle was continuously kept therein until to the end of the testing occurred on June 20, 2017. The 2C/1A capacitor did not undergo any addition of fluid or whatever other artificial increase of the local orgonomic potential, and was subjected to the natural environment orgonomic potential (OPE) only, as per the previous years of testing, and was considered as control. The following figure 1 shows the behaviour of the tension at the two capacitors, from April 21, 2016 (two months before the local orgonomic potential in the 1C/1A capacitor was artificially increased), until to June 20, 2017, considered as the end of the testing.

Figure 1 – Behaviour of the tension at the two capacitors, in the period April 21, 2016 – June 20, 2017. Artificial increase of the orgonomic potential in the 1C/1A capacitor was carried out on June 22, 2016

The following figure 2 shows the behaviour of the tension at the two capacitors, as shown in figure 1, for a shorter period, i.e. from May 21 until to October 21, 2016.

Figure 2 – Behaviour of the tension at the two capacitors in the period May, 21 – Oct 21, 2016. Artificial increase of the orgonomic potential in the 1C/1A capacitor was carried out on June 22, 2016

From the graphs in the above figures 1 and 2 it can be seen that the tension at the 1C/1A capacitor started to develop soon after the introduction of the bottle with the liquid in the inside of the capacitor and provided a value of the tension for all the Summer months; while the control capacitor remained dormant, as already observed in the previous years. In addition, the 1C/1A capacitor produced a much higher tension than that of the other capacitor all over the productive period (October 08, 2016 –June 20, 2017). Figure 3 shows the trend of the total absolute tension in the periods of the cyclical years in which the two capacitors were dormant (when no artificial increase of the local orgonomic potential was done on the 1C/1A capacitor); and that in the summer months of 2016 after the 1C/1A capacitor was subjected to the local increase of the potential.

Figure 3 – Behaviour of the total absolute tension at the two capacitors in the Summer months of the 2011-2015 period; and after increasing the orgonomic potential in the 1C/1A capacitor (June 22, 2016)

Figure 4 shows the trend of the total absolute tension for the two capacitors in the periods of activity (September/October – May/June) in the five cyclical years in the 2011-2016 period; and in 2016-2017 (October 08, 2016 –June 20, 2017).

Figure 4 – Behaviour of the total absolute tension at the two capacitors in the periods of activity in the 2011-2016 period; and in 2016-2017

From the trends shown in the above figures 3 and 4, it can be argued that the increase of the local orgonomic potential in the 1C/1A capacitor created a tension when before was always zero or very close to this value (figure 3); and likewise determined an increase of the tension in the subsequent period in which the capacitor was known to be already active in the past years (from September/October to May/June) (figure 4). It is worth (of) noting that the data regarding the summer months of 2016 (for the 1C/1A capacitor), with a total absolute tension of 32.1 mVolt, is substantially much higher than the averaged value of 1.8 mVolt in the 2011-2015 dormant period, and might leave no doubt about the importance of the fluid in locally increasing the orgonomic potential and affecting the formation of the tension at the capacitor. As to the control capacitor, no change in the total absolute tension was observed with 1.0 mVolt in 2016 when compared to an averaged value of 0.80 mVolt in the 2011-2015 period. A Student’s t-test analysis on the daily tension measured on the 1C/1A and 2C/1A capacitors in the period June 22 – October 07, 2016 provided an extremely statistically significant difference between the two groups of data (p-value = 1.70∙10-53).

The same above consideration may hold also for the period in which the two capacitors were already active. Even in this case the 1C/1A capacitor recorded the highest values (436.8 mVolt in 2016-2017) when compared to the values recorded in the previous cyclical years (averaged to 273.1 mVolt), and also when compared to the control capacitor for which it has been recorded in 2016-2017 a value of 158.7 mVolt (averaged to 246.6 mVolt in the period 2011-2016). A Student’s t-test analysis on the daily tension measured on the 1C/1A and 2C/1A capacitors in the period October 08, 2016 – June 20, 2017 provided an extremely statistically significant difference between the two groups of data (p-value = 7.78∙10-40)

Besides, if we look at the days of production of the tension for the period (June 22, 2016 – June 20, 2017) we may have a further confirmation of the influence of the local artificial increase of the orgonomic potential at the 1C/1A capacitor. Figure 5 shows the trend of the number of days of production of the tension in the five cyclical years (2011-2016), and in 2016-2017, for both the capacitors.

Figure 5 – Trend of the days of production of the tension at the two capacitors in the periods of activity in the five cyclical years 2011-2016; and in 2016-2017

From the above figure 5 it can be seen that the number of days in which a tension was measured at the 1C/1A capacitor in 2016-2017 (333 days) is higher than those of the previous cyclical years, and higher than the average value in the period 2011-2016 (226.8 days). In addition, when compared to the control capacitor, the difference is much larger as a value of 180 days (in 2016-2017), and an average value of 198.6 days in the period 2011-2016 were recorded.

As a whole, we can conclude that the artificial increase of the local orgonomic potential at the 1C/1A capacitor, by adding 520 org (0.5 L of fluid), led to an extremely statistically significant increase of the measured tension (p-value = 1.70∙10-53), when compared to that measured in the 2C/1A capacitor, in the period where the capacitor was already active. It also led to an increase in the number of days where a tension was detected, and importantly, to the formation of an extremely statistically significant tension where no or very low values were recorded (summer months). We may infer that this latter result was also the consequence of a total local orgonomic potential higher than the minimum orgonomic potential, OPAD, required by the capacitor for an orgone charge-discharge metabolism:


And it can be equally argued that the artificial increase of the orgonomic potential was also instrumental in increasing the tension in the period where the capacitor was entering its active phase in the past cyclical years.

However, even though a close relationship between local orgonomic potential and formation of a tension at the capacitor was found and verified statistically, the low daily values of the tension obtained in our laboratory testing are not able to run a small motor such as that Reich used in his experiments (that would require about 0.2-1 Watt). Even if we note the whole annual production of tension it would still be insufficient. Indeed, if we consider the small LED reported as an example in the previous calculation(3) , the artificial increase of the orgonomic potential at the 1C/1A capacitor led to an average value of the daily tension during the period of testing (June 22, 2016 – June 20, 2017) of 1.31 mVolt/day and to a total tension of 436.8 mVolt (calculated on a period of 333 days), and the small LED will remain lighted for only little more than 0.006 seconds.

As the daily tension produced was considerably insufficient to run even a small motor, Reich’s work must have utilized a different method to artificially increase the local orgonomic potential in the capacitor (or in any other orgone device) in order to produce an electrical tension high enough to run the small motor. In our experiments we used the orgonomic potential (natural first and then artificially increased) of the local orgone field freely flowing in the atmosphere, or in dynamic condition. However, no experiment was done to check the response of the orgone energy units in the situation of their being contained inside an orgone device such as an accumulator(4) . Indeed, Reich found by observing the behaviour of living organisms that all biological motions, inner as well as locomotion, appeared to be the reaction of the orgone energy to the restriction of its free motility, by making its behavior change from the fog-like (unexcited) to the pointed (excited) state of existence. Reich observed that this latter state was accompanied in the human organism by some typical phenomena. One of these was fever. In general, to Reich fever or high temperature indicated a severe reaction expressed in a rise of body temperature to certain kinds of irritation of a non-material, non-bacterial disturbance in energy equilibrium.

First investigations aimed at finding a relationship between electric currents and an excited biological energy in human organisms were carried out by Reich in 1934-38 when he settled in Norway(5) . In this period, he sought proof, through physiological experiments, of his orgasm formula. He found the skin surface of the organism carries an uniform electric charge or resting potential of around 10-40 mVolt, that is originating within the organism itself, which rarely fluctuates in the resting state or in a foggy, unexcited state of the biological energy. However, he observed that when this biological energy (that he later called orgone energy) was taken to the pointed or excited state by tickling stimuli, and thus triggering pleasurable sensations, the electrical charge at the surface increased. And this phenomenon was observed above all in certain area of the skin surface such as penis, vaginal mucosa, tongue, lips, anal mucosa, nipples, palms, earlobes, and forehead. In a case of an excited nipple the testing female subject experienced an increase of the tension in that area from the baseline value of around 45 mVolt for all the period of excitation(6) (one minute). It was also noted that the recorded potential and the vegetative current corresponded to the intensity of the pleasurable sensation. In another case, when a naked embracing couple, with the man kissing the woman’s breast, he found increases of the tension at the woman’s breast as high as 100 mVolt compared to the baseline value(7) . Reich emphasized the great importance of the small tensions detected at the skin surface during this type of experiments(8) :

“Electrical energy is only a minor, minimal manifestation of the cosmic energy. What appears at the voltmeter as the charge of the skin surface in terms of 10 to 50 millivolts, actually represents many thousands of volts in terms of OR energy as measured at the electroscope. … We are dealing with tremendous amounts of energy, compared with which a 110 or even 5000 volt tension becomes insignificant.”

Since for Reich the basic energy functions in the organism were the same as in the atmosphere, he transferred and applied the same concepts and conclusions from one realm to the other. In this way, a change from the foggy (unexcited) to the pointed (excited) form of existence, obtained by exciting the orgone energy in the atmosphere, might equally give rise to an increase of temperature. However, Reich observed that under certain circumstances even a motor force of a mechanical nature might alternatively develop. Overall, Reich found that the heat variant might be considered an alternative to the motor variant, each one produced by a specific set of circumstances(9):

“Under circumstances still greatly unknown such a change maybe be expressed in term of higher temperature. …. We may assume that the same energy change which under one set of circumstances causes mechanical motion, causes under another set of circumstances rise in temperature…. If the OR energy in its pointed, excited form finds no objects to move mechanically it will cause high temperature of gases or solid substances by inner friction. …. The clicks at the Geiger counter are doubtless expression of single OR energy points charging a vacuum, a grid of an electronic tube or moving the membrane of a mechanical sound amplifier.”

The pointed or excited state of existence of the atmospheric orgone energy was the consequence of its excitation to some factors in the environment. Such excitation might be also detected at the Geiger-Muller counter with higher counts. Reich thought that factors such as the spreading of atomic radiations during an atomic explosion; or also DOR rising from the atmospheric energy when its orgone energy envelope was dying, might be considered factors that could lead to an excitation of the orgone energy in the atmosphere(10) .

When an atomic bomb explodes, a huge amount of nuclear material (NU) suddenly irritates in concentrated form an unprepared, unconcentrated atmospheric Life Energy. On the other hand, when Oranur is operating a very small amount is irritating a highly concentrated Life Energy.

In the first case the OR energy falls victim to prostration and decay. In the second case, the OR energy reacts after a brief period of consternation or paralysis with a fierce motor force.”

According to Reich, the high background counts beyond a narrow area around the point of an atomic explosion were thus quite understandable. However, in the case of an Oranur reaction, produced by a small amount of a nuclear material with low counts in an orgone-rich environment, many hundred thousand counts per minute could be instead detected in the surrounding area. And in term of orgonomic potentials Reich found(11) :

“(2) “Decrease” and “Increase” of potential could be interpreted in terms of functional physics simply as a change in the form of the atmospheric energy from the foglike (unexcited, low) to the pointed (excited, high) state of existence and vice versa, Only the “pointed” state of OR registers on the GM counter.


(4) The change from the “cloudy” to the “pointed” state of existence, or activation of OR was now possible by simply impeding its freedom of “lazy” motion or by direct irritation such as friction, sparking secondary coil systems, nuclear material, heat, etc.”

It is interesting to note in the above quoting that nuclear material has been identified by Reich as one of the substances able to create both a pointed or excited (Oranur) state of the atmospheric orgone energy, and to simultaneously increase the (local) orgonomic potential(12) . Reich went further and laid down a very basic rule concerning the orgone motor force by relating the excited orgone energy units, when exposed to an exciting agent, to the corresponding radioactivity readings(13) :

“The luminating points (see “Oranur Experiment, First Report,” p. 195 and Fig. 8, p. 42 above) are mechanical discharges and thus constitute the source of a motor force. The action of the OR motor belongs here: An even sequence of impulses, registered on the GM counter, at a rate of at least 3,000 per minute, sets a motor into motion (see “Orgone Energy Bulletin,“ 1948).”

Constable synthetized very well the common functioning of the excited orgone energy units concentrated either into a human organism or into an artificial container such as an orgone device(14) :

“Many qualified individuals known to me personally, including Bob McCullough, saw the motor running many times. The device was essentially a biomechanical reproduction – in reverse – of the situation that exists with the millivolt galvanic charges appearing at the human skin from a primary bioenergetic power source sufficient to propel and convulse a 200 pound human being. From a half volt input (500 millivolts), Reich could run a 25 volt motor with the power developed by the accumulator from the primary energy continuum.

Here is the beginning of a new type of propulsion, obviously stemming from and applicable to space.”

From the above, it appears that the excited orgone energy units in an orgonotic system might increase the local orgonomic potential and in turn increase the tension and the electric activity inside the same orgonotic system, whatever it might be(15) .

Maglione very recently, by resorting to historical-religious accounts, did a comparative study of the peculiarities and performances of the Ark of the Covenant, used by Moses during the Exodus, and the Reich orgone accumulator(16) . He found an extraordinary similarity between the phenomena produced by the Ark, mainly as a war machine, and those produced by the excited orgone energy during the Oranur experiment at Orgonon in 1951. He hypothesized that a radioactive material, possibly radium that he identified in the shamir, was put inside the Ark to cause those phenomena. The tremendous electrical discharges of the Ark, as described in the Old Testament and in other related texts, killed many people, amongst them Nadab and Abihu, High Priest Aaron’s sons. These deaths often occurred concomitantly to an Oranur reaction which might be considered a by-product of the radioactive material which was at times kept in the interior of the Ark. Because the Ark can be considered an orgone device and also an electric capacitor(17) , Maglione estimated that, in order that the people being in front of the Ark might be reached and killed by the discharges emitted by the Ark, a tension at the two electrodes of more than 260,000 Volt might have been required. A corresponding value of the radioactivity, in the range 8,000-15,000 counts per minute, was also estimated to occur in the environment near the Ark, as a prime factor of the very high tension produced. Maglione wondered whether the minimum value of radioactivity of 3,000 counts per minute, defined by Reich necessary to set into motion an orgone motor, might have some connection with the higher estimated values of radioactivity found in the tent of meeting, at the time of the Exodus, and also with the incredibly high value of tension the radioactive material put inside the Ark might have produced. Maglione emphasized, however, that the estimated values of radioactivity were those typical in the vicinity of the Ark; while those inside the Ark cannot be estimated. Nevertheless, it may be supposed, with a good approximation that the radioactivity inside the Ark might have been extraordinarily high. The spreading of the radioactive (Oranur) field outside the Tabernacle was limited or perhaps avoided mainly by burning incense (a mixture of five different substances) inside the Holy of Holies where the Ark was located; while sacrifices, festivals, etc., may have had the function to further protect the Jewish people dwelling in the camp in particular circumstances, as hypothesized by Isaacs in his impressive etymological studies on the Ark of the Covenant and the Tabernacle(18) . Maglione concluded that(19) :

… the tension at the Ark might have been produced by a radioactive material, possibly the shamir that was kept and confined inside a leaden tube thus exciting the high concentration of orgone energy inside the Ark.”

In addition, the tension produced by the Ark in those operational conditions might have been continuous and readily usable, and hence the goal of the nuclear material might have simply been that of creating a pointed (or excited) state of existence of the high concentration of orgone energy units inside the Ark, through a controlled Oranur reaction, with the aim of increasing the orgonomic potential to a very high degree with the consequent formation of a high tension at the two electrodes of the Ark that might be converted into work (or, according to the need, into a terrifying killing machine) by exploiting the electrical charges produced. According to Maglione, it appears, therefore, that the system Ark-shamir might possess all the requirements to be a current generator and be supposed as a precursor of the Reich orgone motor.

As a whole, the above might be the same way Reich followed to develop an elevated motor force from orgone energy units concentrations, i. e. to artificially increase the orgonomic potential. He would have done this in order to produce a continuous orgone charge-discharge metabolism, and hence to obtain tensions higher than those produced by the natural orgonomic field; and also higher than those produced by resorting to other artificial methods, such as the use of a small battery (electricity), or like those we considered in our laboratory experiments such as fluid substances.

Finally, the function Y, that Reich never revealed, can be well related to orgonomic phenomena, instead of purely wiring arrangements or circuits, as proposed by Correa and Correa in his publications concerning the development of the aether motor(20). We rather agree with the opinion of Sharaf’s, one the eye witnesses of the orgone motor in action at the time Reich developed the first prototypes, as interviewed by Mann(21) :

“One “ingredient” in the apparatus was kept secret and labelled in the article describing the experiment, simply as Y. Speaking in February, 1971, with psychologist Dr. Myron Sharaf, one of the five witnesses of this test, I was given to believe, it was a small electric battery. How this fact would affect a scientific evaluation of this “new force” I am unable to say.”

or by Reiter(22) :

“First of all, we do not know the nature of the mysterious “Y function” which Dr. Reich apparently used to make his KS-9154 spin effectively. In a conversation about 1989, one of Dr. Reich’s former assistants, Myron Sharaf, insisted that while he did not know what the “Y” was, he certainly felt that it was a physical component or “thing” rather than a wiring scheme or connection geometry”

The authors would agree with Sharaf in that it appears that the orgonomic potential of the environment, which the orgone device is permeated by; and above all that available inside the orgone device would be of extreme importance and instrumental in producing electricity. And this latter orgonomic potential might have been increased by Reich at the time, when demonstrating the motor force in action, by exciting the concentrated orgone energy units inside the orgone accumulator by a small battery. An increase high enough to run a motor and safe enough not to create a dangerous Oranur field around it. As we have seen in our laboratory experiments, tension or electricity can be considered a secondary expression of the primary cosmic orgone energy ocean. As a consequence, the orgone device might act as a converter of the movement of the orgone energy units into a tension and an electrical current, provided that the orgonomic potential of the environment in which the device is immersed, is higher than the minimum orgonomic potential characteristic of the orgonotic system. And, as we have also observed, higher and continuous tensions can be only obtained by increasing the local orgonomic potential to values higher than the maximum orgonomic potential typical of the orgone device. Transformation might take place when the orgone energy units, permeating and filling the orgone apparatus, undergo a change from the frequencies typical of the orgone energy units, to those typical of the electric field as determined by Todeschini(23) . And this phenomenon is much more evident when the orgone units are excited by an exciting agent such as electricity or radioactivity. The above might match with what Reich wrote in a letter to Arthur Garfield Hays, a New York patent attorney, on June 25, 1948(24) :

“After 10 months of strenuous and hard work, I finally succeeded yesterday, on June 24th, 1948, at 1:10 p.m., to set a motor in motion by means of the rotary forces contained in cosmic orgone energy. It will take some time until this function will be “cleaned”, but in the meantime it will be necessary:

1. To secure my legal priority

2. To secure a patent

3. To inform the responsible authorities of the U.S. Government of this accomplishment and to take all other necessary steps to develop the orgone energy motor.

I would like to outline its basic functions:

The universe, and with it the orgone envelope [Reich refers to the energy surrounding the planet] of the earth planet, contains very powerful energy impulses, due to cosmic orgone energy. These impulses are caught by certain devices and are transmitted through an electronic system, without the use of any high voltage, to a motor which transforms the rapidly successive cosmic energy impulses into an electro-magnetic motor reaction. The motor can, of course, be connected with a dynemeter or some other device which could do work.”

All in all, we might hypothesize the function Y, Reich was referring to, when developing the prototypes of the orgone motor, might be identified in the behaviour of the orgonomic potential available in the interior of the orgonotic system. This is in turn proportional to the local environmental orgonomic potential in which the orgonotic system is located. The former factor must be characterized by values by far exceeding the maximum orgonomic potential typical of the orgonotic system in order to obtain a motor force and to get a motor to run. Finally, a very high increase of the natural orgonomic potential can occur artificially by taking the orgone energy units in the interior of the orgone device to a high degree of excitation through a controlled Oranur reaction.


We observed, by experimenting on tube capacitors, built according to the design elaborated by Reich, the spontaneous formation of a tension and the generation of an electric current. This phenomenon is similar to that occurring inside the generator of an electric power station, or in photovoltaic installations, even though with different modalities. In these cases, the generator requires a supply of mechanical energy, while the photovoltaic installation a radiant energy (electromagnetic or from particles) from the sun; and both energies in turn are converted into electric energy. In the tube capacitors, we did not supply any type of mechanical nor radiant energy, and it was still observed that the formation of a tension and the production of electric energy occurred through the natural pulsation of the natural atmospheric orgone energy field in which the capacitors were immersed. The capacitors behave like an artificial converter of environmental (or atmospheric) orgone energy into electric current, provided that the orgonomic potential of the environment is high enough to produce a charge-discharge metabolism of the orgone energy units stored by the capacitors. In addition, for an orgonomic potential higher than the maximum orgonomic potential, characteristic of the orgonotic system (in our case the capacitors), the orgone charge-discharge metabolism is continuous, and consequently also the formation of tension and the generation of electricity is continuous. We observed also that by increasing artificially the orgonomic potential at one capacitor (by adding a definite volume of fluid inside the tube capacitor) formation of a tension (when previously it was zero), and an increase of the tension (when previously it was already available but lower) was observed, while in the control capacitor no variation was recorded. The lull in activity during the summer months might indicate that the changes in the tension were not due to electrostatic effects.
Besides, very high orgonomic potentials can be obtained artificially by exciting the orgone energy units in which the orgonotic system is immersed; or above all those units contained inside the same orgonotic system by means of various methods. A principle method may be the tiny radioactive sources suggested by Reich, thus producing tensions high enough to run a motor.

And the Y-factor, Reich never divulged, might be simply related to the behaviour of the orgonomic potential given by the orgone energy units available in the interior of an orgonotic system (orgone device) that can be made to change from a foggy or unexcited state of existence (natural environment orgonomic potential) to a pointed or excited state of existence (artificially increased orgonomic potential). As a consequence, the orgonotic system (orgone device) might produce electrical energy that can be converted into work.


The authors wish to thank Leon Southgate for the critical review of the final manuscript.

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(1). Maglione R, Ferrari D, Electric Currents in Orgone Devices. The Route Towards the Reich Orgone Motor? Early and Mid-term Laboratory Experiments with Orgone Apparatus, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, September 26, 2017.

(2). Just to remind the reader that the 1C/1A capacitors was made of 10 alternated layers of one paper sheet and one aluminum foil, while the other capacitor, the 2C/1A, consisted of 10 alternated layers of two paper sheets and one of aluminum foil. Storage capacity of the 2 capacitors was 182 nFarad and 103 nFarad for the 1C/1A, and 2C/1A, respectively.

(3).Maglione R, Ferrari D, Ibid, September 26, 2017.

(4).Reich did mention that containment was one of the conditions to a stronger orgone motor effect:

“It became clear, furthermore, that one has to keep the Geiger counter tube within a narrow accumulator in order to charge it up.” (Reich W, The Oranur Experiment: First Report (1947-1951), The Wilhelm Reich Foundation, Rangeley, Maine, 1951, page 217).

(5).Reich W, The Bioelectrical Investigation of Sexuality and Anxiety, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1983.

(6). Reich W, Ibid, page 92 and 144.

(7). Reich W, Ibid, page 112 and 113; and 159.

(8). Reich W, The Oranur Experiment: First Report (1947-1951), The Wilhelm Reich Foundation, Rangeley, Maine, 1951, page 197.

(9). Reich W, Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report (1951-1956), Core Pilot Press, New York, 1957, page 218.

(10).Reich W, Ibid, page 219.

(11).Reich W, Ibid, pages 45 and 46.

(12). The interest of Reich in radioactive materials, and particularly radium, and their interaction with orgone energy concentrations dates back to the end of the ‘30s, when doing experiments with bionous solutions:

“When, in January 1939, I discovered the orgone radiation in the SAPA bions (Cf. THE DISCOVERY OF THE ORGONE, Vol. II, pp. 70-77, 1948), some problems confronted me …. The smooth, steady glow of radium on the dials of wrist watches was extinguished when I sat in the darkroom, and was replaced by a vivid bluish-green flickering.” (Reich W, The Oranur Experiment: First Report (1947-1951), The Wilhelm Reich Foundation, Rangeley, Maine, 1951, page 201)


“For instance, in 1939, when the orgone energy in SAPA bions was first discovered, I was struck by the following fact: When a glass plate was coated with radium and showed the well-known smooth glow, and was then put into the orgone accumulator, this glow first disappeared and was replaced by a vivid flimmering which, according to my observation, was due to the effect of the orgone.” (Reich W, A Motor Force in Orgone Energy. Preliminary Communication, Orgone Energy Bulletin, 1(1), Orgone Institute Press, January 1949, New York, pages 7 and 8)


“I have a small Roentgen tube in my laboratory, but I have never studied any radioactive substances very thoroughly, except their scintillation effects, etc.” (Reich W, The Oranur Experiment: First Report (1947-1951), The Wilhelm Reich Foundation, Rangeley, Maine, 1951, page 205)

However, it seems rather clear that Reich did experiments with radioactive materials before the Oranur experiment, in that he states, in May 1950, nuclear energy was one of the most important methods to excite orgone energy units. This would imply that Reich in the previous years might have carried out systematic tests with radioactive sources (Reich W, The Oranur Experiment: First Report (1947-1951), The Wilhelm Reich Foundation, Rangeley, Maine, 1951, pages 199 and 200):

“5. The formation of concentrations to single distinct units follows upon excitation of the OR energy ocean in various ways: presence of other orgonotic systems, electromagnetic sparks, metallic obstacles, and, foremost nuclear energy (cf. p. 267 ff.).


May, 1950.”

(13). Reich W, Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report (1951-1956), Core Pilot Press, New York, 1957, page 44.

(14). Constable TJ, The Cosmic Pulse of Life. The Revolutionary Biological Power Behind UFOs, Neville Spearman Limited, Sudbury, UK, 1976, page 325.

(15). For completeness of information we must say that the manuscript available at the Wilhelm Reich Archive (Countway Library of Medicine, Boston, Usa), in Box 17, under the title The Misinterpreted OR Motor-Model – 1956, includes no useful information to understand the true nature of the orgone motor and of the Y-factor. The document consists of two short reports focusing on, and discussing the Crook’s radiometer and its functioning according to the laws of Orgonomy.

(16). Maglione R, The Legendary Shamir, Gedi Gruppo Editoriale, Milan, 2017.

(17). It can be outlined here that the Ark of the Covenant is constructively similar to a Leyden jar, and both can be assimilated to an orgone accumulator, and to a Zamboni’s dry pile, even though made of different basic metallic and non-metallic materials. In addition, to our best knowledge, no experiment and measurements, to check whether a reproduction or even a small-scale model of the Ark of the Covenant, might produce electric currents, have (not) never been carried out and are not available in the literature.

(18). Isaacs R, Talking With God: The Radioactive Ark of the Testimony. Communication Through It. Protection from It, Sacred Closet Books, Chicago, 2010.

(19). Maglione R, The Legendary Shamir, Gedi Gruppo Editoriale, Milan, 2017, page 348.

(20). Correa PN, Correa AN, Energy Conversion Systems, Patent US 7,053,576, May 30, 2006; and Energy Conversion Systems, Patent US 7,235,945, June 26, 2007.

(21). Mann WE, Orgone Reich and Eros. Wilhelm Reich’s Theory of Life Energy, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1973, page 221.

(22). Reiter AN, Examination of the Western Electric KS-9154 Motor, Pulse of the Planet #5, Natural Energy Works, Ashland, 2002.

(23). For details on the work of Todeschini on this point see Maglione R, The Legendary Shamir, Gedi Gruppo Editoriale, Milan, 2017, pages 25-41

(24). Reich W, Where’s the Truth? Letters and Journals 1948-1957, edited by Mary B Higgins, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, NY 2012, page 14.


Roberto Maglione – 1 Scholar, and author in orgonomy. Italy

Degree in Mining Engineering.

Dionisio Ferrari – Electronic technician specialized in electroacoustics. Scholar in orgonomy, and manufacturer of orgone accumulators.


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