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Oranur and Paranormal Phenomena – Part Two

Part Two: Recent Oranur-Associated Evidence

Authors: Nik Hayes and Leon Southgate MSc

Reviewer’s Comment:

In the present papers the authors propose that an Oranur field is the basis of most, if not all paranormal phenomena. In the first part of the series they provide some evidence for the above assertion by making reference to a robust literature review where the occurrence of paranormal phenomena can be interpreted as the consequence of higher-than-average orgone energy concentrations in Oranur (the highly excited state of the energy). As the authors establish, the high concentration of orgone energy, can be triggered or excited into the Oranur state by using a radioactive source, or even by consciousness. The second part of the series includes a collection of pictures taken by the authors with an Infra-Red (IR) camera (with no flash) when a sudden and momentous increase of radioactivity occurred (a typical indication of an Oranur field) in a certain location. To the naked eye nothing was seen during these shots but the pictures revealed forms that could not be addressed to a simple mechanical artefact, or to particular concomitant phenomena during the shot (as the flash was absent). The authors hypothesised that the possible bio-forms observed in the pictures were high orgone energy concentrations in its Oranur (highly excited) state quickly moving in space. According to what is reported by the authors, it might be inferred that our sky could be teeming with such bio-forms that are simply manifesting with qualities that are not perceptible to the naked human eye.
Such contributions complement the previous ones recently published by Southgate in JPOT in which he found that an Oranur field at various degrees of excitation can be considered as a fundamental quality to understand the perception of time (thus evidencing the importance of an Oranur field in the economy and understanding of still obscure and difficult to explain phenomena).


In Part One the authors explored how oranur may be associated with consciousness and paranormal phenomena. A theoretical background was presented for why this might be the case as well as historical and recent research examples that may illustrate connections.

Part Two explores unusual phenomena that Southgate and Hayes have photographed during their oranur-associated research with an oranur cabinet and devices (Southgate) and Constable’s orgonotic bio-forms, captured using cloudbusters and oranur measurements (Hayes).

Recent Evidence

Southgate repeated Reich’s 1951 oranur experiment in 2017, in England (1). A highly concentrated orgone field was exposed to a small dosage of radioactivity, gradually. The final exposure was at approximately one thousandth of the strength of radioactivity that Reich used. Various measurements were undertaken from electrical to light reactions to thermal parameters. Anomalous oranur effects were all strongly confirmed. However, this time it appears that an oranur emergency was avoided through careful use of dosing and thanks to the insights gained from Reich’s research some sixty six years earlier.

In Southgate’s oranur enclosure a plasma ball was kept. This is a glass ball used in discos based on Tesla’s original effects. Usually, an electrical current is passed through the plasma and various miniature lightning effects occur alongside a light-blue misty glow. Southgate was oranur charging this ball to see if any anomalous lighting effects might occur without external electrical input. This was indeed the case. The plasma seemed to become highly reactive after some weeks. Without applying electrical current, but merely by using slight mechanical electro-static stimulation, (placing cling film on the surface of the ball then removing it quickly), very strongly luminescent deep blue glows were obtained. The ball doesn’t normally glow luminescent deep blue even when connected to a DC power supply.

Figure 1 – Plasma Ball Dynamics

The plasma ball is seen above (Figure 1) as it illuminates with blue radiance at the point of the excitation of the concentrated orgone energy flowing within it from the electrostatic stimulation. The initial reactive charge can be seen shooting straight up through the central needle (A) and then exiting from its tip. It then proceeds to charge the concentrated orgone energy field within the plasma ball (B). In (C) an almost vein or lightning-like burst of highly charged orgone energy/oranur can be seen as it flows within the plasma ball. A similar reaction is also shown in (D) although this time appearing much thicker, and just below this a bright pink anomaly can also be seen. At the top of the plasma ball just to the left of point (D) another ‘whoosh’ of charged/excited orgone energy can be seen manifesting on the external surface of the plasma ball and then moving down the left hand side of the ball. Further bursts of energy created from this reaction are visible almost everywhere as they swirl within the confines of the plasma ball. A strong deep-blue glow was also visible to Southgate at the precise time the photographs were taken. They were obtained in darkness with the ball located at the top of the oranur cabinet in Southgate’s then outhouse experimental area.

The blue glows were very hard to photograph as they disappeared quickly and had to be produced by removing the cling film. Fortunately, an intuitive and quick photographer was on hand during Christmas 2017 and obtained the series of pictures using the good quality, Sony ILCE-6000 camera. Southgate removed the cling film on the plasma ball whilst the photographer took the picture without a flash from a distance of approximately 6 foot. The blue glow is itself anomalous but upon enlarging the photographs, in certain sections, there appears to be various unusual forms and energy streams.

Figure 2 – The Monkey

The above series of images in Figure 2 are from a photograph of the oranur box plasma ball taken on December 26th 2017 at 1.15am. The picture was taken from just outside the oranur box at the door of the outhouse in Southgate’s previous research area near Liverpool. It used a 15 second exposure on a Sony ILCE-6000 camera with no flash.
The first image in this series shows the magnified plasma ball (A), with the vein-like bursts of excited orgone energy clearly visible as the flow around the internal circumference of the ball. To the right of this an additional glowing sphere (B) can also be seen, appearing similar in size to the main plasma ball. A jaw-like skull appearance extending slightly below the globe can be seen in profile and also directly facing, a full skull-like visage is apparent within the globe. The blue images shown in (C) and (D) are possibly the result of the illuminated plasma ball being reflected from the surfaces within the oranur chamber, and were not the result of camera illumination as flash was not used.

Figure 3- The Skier

Energy streaks were also captured inside the plasma ball that are reminiscent of some of the energy streaks Hayes has captured in his research area in Oxford photographing the possible plasma bio-forms (Figure 3). Hayes believes that the energy governing the bio-forms is oranur-like, in other words, that they consist of a concentrated or excited life-energy. This makes sense as both paranormal entities and bio-forms could be said to be alive at some level of comprehension. It could perhaps also be linked to the bio-forms causing a biological effect as they manifest in this realm.

Hayes notes that he gets a significant Geiger reaction with the bio-forms even when they are hundreds (if not thousands of feet above him) before the bio-form photographs are taken. They also affect and cause deviations on compasses, and when manifesting nearby can make lights flicker, as well as triggering the security lights near his research area. When near Hayes, they can make him feel sick or give a feeling of instantaneous dread and cause high pitch squealing or hissing sounds that can sometimes initiate a loss of balance.

Figure 4 – GRCU Light Trails

The above streaks in Figure 4 are similar light trail types to the ones captured by Southgate in the oranur cabinet but this time recorded by the Italian bio-form research team, GRCU (Gruppo di Ricerche Clipeologiche ed Ufologiche), during their bio-form research in the late 1970s to mid-1980s as detailed in this book by Boccone, their team leader (2). This was taken on black and white infrared film in 1979. All of the GRCU pictures used here are on black and white infrared film, except the one on the above right which has a slight green aura to it. This was also taken in 1979 but using colour infrared film.

Figure 5 – GRCU Continued


On the right hand side on both of the above frames (Figure 5), the plasmoidal energy has burnt through onto the bit in-between the photograph and the next frame. Even though that part of the film wasn’t exposed (as it is the bit in-between frames) it has still captured part of the light trail. This indicates a very high oranur charge (as previously discussed by Southgate and Hayes and as reported by Tiller in his subtle energy camera experiments).

Figure 6 – The Human Head

In the photograph in Figure 6 above, again of the plasma ball, one can see in grey a human head in slight oblique profile, toward the bottom right of the globe. It only appears when viewed at the correct angle. What is possibly a moustache appears in white. There are two golden streaks across his forehead. A blue energy stream comes out his mouth and forms a bird like shape. Just off to the right of the plasma ball appears what could be some kind of squat body shape. This was taken on December 26th 2017 at 1.18am, it used a 1.5 second exposure on a Sony ILCE-6000 with no flash.

Figure 7 – The Crystal Bracelet


The above series of images in Figure 7 are taken from a picture obtained during the same set of photographs as the plasma ball images. A diamond or crystal object can be seen by the author’s wrist as he was photographed standing with his arm by the side of the oranur cabinet. In addition there are golden streaks of light moving vertically and horizontally past the author. The photograph, in contrast to the other photographs in the series, used a flash but only for a fraction of the overall exposure time. The subsequent frames show an enlargement of the energy streaks. The close ups show an enlargement of the crystal object revealing it is made up of many individual cells. It was taken on December 26th 2017 at 1.13am using a Sony ILCE-6000 with a 30 second exposure with flash.


Oranur and Heightened Awareness

Southgate has had a number of out-of-body experiences or lucid dreams when a piece of oranur-charged orgone compound (orgonite) was kept near him at night. Placing a piece of oranur charged compound on one’s forehead also appears propitious in obtaining lucid dreams. More recently Southgate has tried sleeping next to the oranur cabinet since it is currently in a state of lower charge. Dreams tend to become much more lucid near the cabinet.

The oranur cabinet itself seems to be highly cathartic for psychic individuals. Southgate would advise to be careful of putting psychics near to sources of oranur. One psychic, well known locally, was unable to function normally for a week after being near the device for about 30 minutes. She was in a state of heightened emotion for days afterwards. This was when the device was at its strongest. It is currently in a state of much lesser charge than immediately after the original experiment in 2017 (due possibly to the box having been stored outdoors at one point and the general passage of time).

Interestingly, another psychic who seemed more able to attune to the oranur energy had a strange effect on the oranur activity itself as measured with Geiger count readings. If an oranur charged device was taken near her it would immediately raise its readings on the Geiger counter significantly. The oranur cabinet would also become more active if she was near. Before this effect was discovered the psychic took an oranur charged orgone tube to her flat. Her flat soon became so strongly charged it was unusable and the occupants began to act strangely. This was quickly remedied with the removal of the device and various shamanic type clearings performed by the psychic.

The reaction of psychics to oranur ties in with Russian findings on torsion fields. It appears that psychics are sensitive to oranur perhaps because it is a conscious energy. The same people are often not sensitive to Electro-Magnetic Frequencies or EMF pollution. Southgate has found this consistently in his enquiries. This is understandable from a torsion field perspective as EMF and consciousness fields may be opposite and cancel each other out. The modern EMF-soaked environment may be literally shutting people’s higher minds down (even though it affects psychics less strongly it appears).

Visit by Crystal Entity

Early on in the oranur experiment conducted by Southgate, when the charge was relatively low and before the further devices were put inside it, he would, at times charge himself in the cabinet. At one point there was a small violet crystal that was being charged in the cabinet also. Southgate fell asleep inside the device. When he awoke a few hours later a large fluid-like plasmatic, violet-coloured entity was hovering over the cabinet, it was at least 6 foot long and perhaps 2 foot wide. It was crystalline in form but fluid and had a very calming, peaceful energy field. It felt very real. For a while Southgate just watched the vivid entity, perhaps a minute or so, then it faded. It was hard to recollect the exact colour afterwards, at times it seemed to be more red, other times, more blue but it was unforgettable as an experience.

Visit by Father

During the early oranur experimentation the author had set up a mini-space-gun device in his premises in the Cheshire countryside. A space-gun is a Reich cloudbuster that is connected to a small amount of enhanced orgone material. The author had a mini version of a space-gun type device with which he was experimenting. He fell asleep and inadvertently left it ‘running’. It may have somehow opened a dimensional portal as during his sleep the author heard a very loud buzzing sound that seemed to come from within his body. This sound appeared to flip his consciousness out of his body. He was then psychically stood up but out of his material body, which was still sleeping. At this point the author’s father, who had severe dementia at that time (now deceased) visited him at home. His father was wandering around. He had a bindi on his forehead which I think was to show me that he was not long for this world. Southgate’s family has connections to India. Southgate’s mother is part Indian and was brought up there as a young child at the end of the British Raj.

Oranur Ghost

One really hot summer night Hayes took a photograph of what became known as the ‘Shadow Man’ (below right in Figure 8). At about 10.30 pm Hayes was wearing shorts and a t-shirt as it was such a warm night. It is an eerie photograph with the street-lights lighting up the area just behind the invisible entity. Hayes had an unnerving feeling that he was being watched, which culminated in a spate of high Geiger counter readings. As per his usual research routine he immediately took several infrared photographs of the general area around him. High Geiger counts are believed by Hayes to indicate a temporary oranur burst coming from an entity.

The ‘Shadow Man’ was captured in the driveway of an old abandoned house just around the corner from where Hayes lives. In each case he saw nothing at the time of taking the shot.

Figure 8 – Orbs and the Shadow Man

A few night-time images were also captured between 2017 and 2021 by Hayes using an infrared converted digital camera with internal 720nm IR pass filter (no flash) (see left in Figure 8). Photographs were again taken as a result of Geiger counter indications. The orbs were captured in complete darkness in a small woodland area that borders his research area near Oxford, UK.

Figure 9 – Graveside Energy Forms

This one second infrared exposure was taken on the evening of September 21st 2016 at 6.46pm, the location being the graveside of Hayes’ recently deceased cat, Roy (Figure 9). An energetic and larger-than-life character, he had a very strong presence in life. The one second infrared exposure was one of several taken in complete darkness with no flash, after a spate of Geiger counter indications showed that radiation levels had exceeded the 0.20 microSieverts per hour (uSv/hr) threshold Hayes uses for detection purposes. (As an indicator, the normal background of Southgate’s research area can be 0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr though this is a little higher than average for some parts of the UK). From much work Hayes has found that radiation readings of 0.20 uSv/hr and higher are a good indicator that invisible phenomena may be manifesting nearby or passing above one’s position. This was one of several photographs taken at the location that evening but the only one which showed something other than darkness.

It is also not uncommon for radiation readings to reach as high as 0.35 uSv/hr during ground-level manifestations of invisible phenomena near to one’s position, even if these indications only last for a fraction of a second before returning to normal. In extreme cases where invisible phenomena is passing directly overhead, Hayes has recorded readings as high as 0.6 uSv/hr, although again these were only very brief spikes.

The above photograph was taken using an infrared converted Canon G10 digital camera with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter. This is designed to block ultraviolet and visible light, apart from a small amount of barely visible red that occurs just before the infrared. In this case the camera’s white-balance was set to automatic, giving the photograph a slight pinkish hue due to the camera’s sensors leaning towards the red of our visible spectrum. Despite the apparent brightness of the scene Hayes saw absolutely nothing at the time of taking the shot, nor did he sense anything.

The photograph above shows two separate bursts of an invisible plasma-like energy as it manifests just above the grave and then shoots upwards eventually forming into two similarly shaped masses.

Although initially both images may appear quite similar in shape, much closer examination reveals some quite notable differences in the shape of the complex plasmoidal trails, all of which occurred within the one second exposure.

Figure 10 – Graveside Energy Forms Continued

These 1 second infrared exposures were both taken on the evening of September 24th 2016 around 7pm, again in the vicinity of Roy’s grave (Figure 10). The main image shows two separate invisible light-trails as they shoot straight up from the ground, and then off to the left at a forty-five degree angle before completely dissipating. The light trail on the right hand side appears to be the product of possibly one or two small imp-like beings, as they manifest and shoot skywards.

The enlargement on the right shows the two entities side by side. The entity on the right has noticeable facial-like features and appears to be holding his hands to his ears, and his forearm can be made out.

This next photograph (bottom in Figure 10) shows two more small possible invisible beings captured near Roy’s grave on the same evening. The apparent entity on the right has a noticeable creature-like appearance with an antennae-like appendage, while the other has a more elemental or sprite-like appearance with several appendages resembling antennae. Both images were taken in near total darkness and without flash using an infrared Canon-G10 digital camera with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter. They were taken after Geiger counts indicated that something may be manifesting nearby.

Figure 11 – Further Graveside Energy Forms

The above 15 second infrared exposure (Figure 11) was taken on the evening of October 8th 2016 at 8pm, in total darkness with no flash, at the site of Roy’s grave. It was taken using an infrared Canon G10 digital camera, with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter. The camera’s white balance was set to green grass, making it a pure black and white image, as opposed to the automatic white-balance which gives images a pinkish red hue.

Several exposures were taken at the location after multiple Geiger counter indications convinced Hayes that something may be manifesting nearby. The photograph shows a burst of luminous energy as it manifests from the grave area before shooting up and forming into some type of plasmoidal snake-like entity. Again, despite the whole scene being illuminated by the bright plasmatic energy, Hayes saw nothing at the time of taking the long infrared exposure apart from darkness, nor did he sense anything.

The possible entity appears to have some kind of a beak or bill-like protuberance, as well as noticeable ear-like features (right in Figure 11 above). A shimmering scale-like effect is also noticeable on the entity’s face, along with what appears to be a very thin slit-like eye-like feature. A collar-like effect can also be seen at the point where the entity’s head meets the main body.

Figure 12 – Oranur Light Trails

These light trails are from Southgate’s oranur work in 2017 (Figure 12). They were taken on December 26th at 1:18am using a Sony digital camera (Sony – ILCE 6000) with a 1.5 second exposure. No flash was used. The original colour was orange (left in the figure) but a black and white version is shown here as well (right in the figure). Blue and purple fogs were reported by Reich during the oranur emergency at his laboratory in 1951 (3). Perhaps an orange colour might also be possible at a more moderate oranur level.

Oranur and orgone have also been known to assume cloud-like and misty appearances, Reich and others have reported this effect. The following photographs in Figure 13 show an anomalous mist and were taken after an unusually high Geiger count occurred in the environment (for no explicable reason). Hayes took the following shots using a one second exposure. It was taken in complete darkness, with no flash, using an infrared converted Canon G10 on April 6th 2018 at 8.58pm in the small woodland area near Roy’s grave. Hayes saw nothing at the time. He recorded Geiger counts of up to 0.30 uSv/hr for a few seconds as it passed by. It appears to be illuminating the trees and shrubs and to be almost dripping off the leaves. However in the visible light spectrum Hayes did not see anything unusual. Several photographs were taken.

Figure 13 – Invisible Plasmoidal Mist



New evidence of unusual phenomena, which might be characterised as paranormal (as it shows possible anomalous entities not normally seen) has been presented. This is both from Southgate’s oranur and Hayes’ bio-form work. These photographs show many commonalities which indicate the energy behind the phenomena might have a common origin. Raised Geiger counts, indicative of oranur, accompanied the photographs.

Oranur appears to be associated with other paranormal occurrences such as out-of-body experiences and sightings of unusual figures, both documented in this paper. This suggests the energy may have a central role in the manifestation of such phenomena. Some of the photographs have not been seen for some years before being presented here in this form for the first time.


  1. Southgate, L. (2017) https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device
  2. Boccone, L. (1980) (GRCU Team Leader and Author) UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality), Italy, Ivaldi Editore.
  3. Reich, W. (1951) The Oranur Experiment – First Report, Orgone Institute Press, reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Museum and available from their website www.wilhelmreichmuseum.org pp283. See also physics chapter section on oranur in Wilhelm Reich, Selected Writings (1960), edited by Higgins pp351.

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Oranur and Paranormal Phenomena – Part One

Part One: An Oranur Medium

Authors: Nik Hayes and Leon Southgate MSc

Reviewer’s Comment:

In the present papers the authors propose that an Oranur field is the basis of most, if not all paranormal phenomena. In the first part of the series they provide some evidence for the above assertion by making reference to a robust literature review where the occurrence of paranormal phenomena can be interpreted as the consequence of higher-than-average orgone energy concentrations in Oranur (the highly excited state of the energy). As the authors establish, the high concentration of orgone energy, can be triggered or excited into the Oranur state by using a radioactive source, or even by consciousness. The second part of the series includes a collection of pictures taken by the authors with an Infra-Red (IR) camera (with no flash) when a sudden and momentous increase of radioactivity occurred (a typical indication of an Oranur field) in a certain location. To the naked eye nothing was seen during these shots but the pictures revealed forms that could not be addressed to a simple mechanical artefact, or to particular concomitant phenomena during the shot (as the flash was absent). The authors hypothesised that the possible bio-forms observed in the pictures were high orgone energy concentrations in its Oranur (highly excited) state quickly moving in space. According to what is reported by the authors, it might be inferred that our sky could be teeming with such bio-forms that are simply manifesting with qualities that are not perceptible to the naked human eye.
Such contributions complement the previous ones recently published by Southgate in JPOT in which he found that an Oranur field at various degrees of excitation can be considered as a fundamental quality to understand the perception of time (thus evidencing the importance of an Oranur field in the economy and understanding of still obscure and difficult to explain phenomena).


In Part One it is explored how oranur, or energised orgone, a type of subtle energy, may be associated both with consciousness and also with paranormal types of phenomena. A theoretical background supporting this hypothesis is presented. Historical evidence and past research that may illustrate such a connection is also discussed.

Part Two will explore unusual phenomena that Southgate and Hayes have photographed during their oranur-associated research. This involves Southgate’s oranur experiment in 2017 and Hayes’ ongoing work with Constable’s claimed orgonotic bio-forms. The similarity and unusual nature of the evidence will be explored.


In the Orgone Continuum (1) it was argued that it would be understandable that orgone itself, the life-force or subtle energy that Wilhelm Reich discovered, may indeed possess consciousness. It may have awareness without the need of a material body. Both philosophically, and with respect to evidence in other fields, such as acupuncture, healing and orgone psychotherapy, it was noted that such might be a coherent position (2).

Hayes and Southgate’s previous joint papers (3) demonstrate that possible living orgonotic entities, termed bio-forms by Trevor Constable in Cosmic Pulse of Life, have good quality evidence supporting their existence. This is from multiple countries, a good number of researchers and over some decades. The main researchers are Constable 1957 – 1975, the Italian team, GRCU, 1976 – to the mid-1980s and Hayes’ work from 2010 through to the present day.

The existence of material boundaries seems to be a characteristic, but not necessarily a prerequisite, of the living. That a portion of orgone plasma may possess consciousness, without material boundary, supports the view that the wider universal field may also have its own awareness. The plasmatic entities seen by Hayes and others still have an energetic membrane presumably, as its outer edges can be perceived under certain conditions.

The term oranur derives from ‘ORgone Against NUcleaR’. Reich, always fond of acronyms, coined this term when he found a new type of energy after exposing a highly concentrated orgone field to a small amount of radium in 1951 (4). Oranur is concentrated, excited orgone. The fastest way to excite orgone is through radioactivity but there are other methods too, such as mechanical or electrical stimulation of a concentrated orgone field. Consciousness itself may also act as an exciting factor. Indeed, it would be strange it if did not, if orgone possesses consciousness as postulated. Orgone has three main states of existence: primary, dynamic orgone, DOR or Deadly Orgone and oranur or excited orgone.

With the concept of aether, the Victorians were familiar with the view of an underlying, universal energy that may have spiritual or consciousness aspects. It is possible that a view that aether exists partly led to the strong Victorian interest in spiritual phenomena. The Victorians appeared to believe that the spiritual and the material were conjoined at the most basic level. This unified view of reality was obfuscated with the rise of modern relativity and quantum mechanical physics. On a practical level it was also assumed that the aether was thoroughly debunked from around the late 19th century. Modern physics thus became all about two extremes: either material/energetic ‘particles’ or transcendental ‘nothingness’.

However, this modern duality may well not be the case in reality. Aether could be existent but merely sidelined for political rather than scientific reasons. The ‘nothingness’ juggernauts of relativity and quantum mechanics would not easily be derailed (what the scientist Demeo called ‘empty space’ theories). There is good quality evidence for the existence of aether which may surpass the evidence given for its dismissal by Michelson and Morley, as Demeo describes (5).

Some of that evidence is actually from Michelson himself. The very person most quoted as disproving aether believed he had later evidenced it. But he was not the only one. Another physicist and student of Michelson, Miller, provided perhaps the best quality evidence for aether. It should be noted though, that both orgone and aether are potentially compatible with modern quantum field theories. These theories view the field as primary and particles as a secondary condensation. The condensation-particle of orgone/aether might be the electron or some other sub-atomic particle. Aether or orgone could be viewed as a primary quantum field.

Oranur as a Medium for Paranormal Phenomena

When considering the causative factors for paranormal phenomena researchers understandably tend to stay within the confines of currently accepted physics. Paranormal occurrences are considered to be either purely spiritual in nature (akin to the empty space ‘nothingness’ of modern physics) or perhaps to be entirely electro-magnetic (‘particulate’ based). There is nothing in-between these two extremes except an intangible, unknown consciousness ‘field’. This is an ‘energy’ that cannot be measured physically but inexplicably affects everything, albeit subtly. Often in paranormal research, Faraday cages are used in order to exclude the possibility of the unusual phenomena being electro-magnetic. However, a Faraday cage itself acts as a partial ORgone ACcumulator (or ORAC), according to Reich (6).

The paranormal phenomena generally turns out to be unaffected by electro-magnetic shielding in the majority of cases. However, most experimenters still strive to demonstrate that electrical effects are not causing any phenomena they observe. So the electrical shielding is partly an attempt to gain validity in the eyes of conventional science and not something arrived at due to empirical factors in paranormal research. The mainstream scientific establishment does not want to understand paranormal phenomena however so no amount of evidence would persuade it. There are already libraries full of such material. Edgar Cayce, the phenomenal and highly documented medical psychic, alone puts such phenomena beyond reasonable doubt, at least in Southgate’s view. Hayes has seen enough paranormal phenomena, and researched it personally, not to doubt its existence and he is aware it possesses a psychic dimension (bio-forms seem to know he is there). Practically speaking though, evidence of the paranormal kind may even be enhanced by electrical shielding (although this is not usually considered).

Dr William Tiller

Some of the strongest evidence for consciousness or even paranormal phenomena comes from Dr William Tiller of Stanford University. His set-ups are unusual in that they are particularly ‘quantitative’ in their approach to psychic phenomena. His experiments, from an orgonomic perspective, appear almost designed to enhance an oranur field. For example, in one experiment he had used both Faraday cages and aluminium foil wraps in the experimental design. The samples were therefore orgonotically charged but this was not all. He made sure he had a number of strong and practised psychic influencers working together to charge up the experimental devices. They were physiologically checked to be in an ideal state to influence objects. This appears to be taking into account a quantitative aspect to the psychic imprinting (as also noted by the Russian researcher, Kozyrev) (7).

Unusually for psychic experiments Tiller got highly significant, strongly repeatable results for psychokinesis effects (8). He was measuring a robust, tangible effect, in this case of a mentally-influenced electronic device and its influence upon biological samples. It was not a deeply hidden effect that needed teasing out. Tiller took an electronic device, orgone charged it within a Faraday cage and in addition stored it within aluminium foil wraps (further increasing the orgone charge). Next, he imprinted the device with strongly quantitative consciousness information (four psychic influencers in peak physiological state). He then stored the device as before in their metal coverings: aluminium foil wraps inside metal Faraday cages. The given rationale would have been to thoroughly exclude electromechanical (EM) effects but the effect would have been to orgone charge. When the electronic device was finally switched on experimentally, presumably it had a small electrical current running through it in order to ‘broadcast’ the imprinted information (Tiller’s words). The current would have excited the residual orgone field thus creating an electro-oranur effect (about which very little is known). Tiller does not mention much about the electrical input in his reports. So altogether it appears that he is, consciously or otherwise, using various aspects of orgone as a quantitative psychic energy. Consciousness is here being treated in a quantitative manner as though it was in some way similar to a substance.

Tiller also found that a camera energised with subtle energy from a practitioner’s body could take pictures through the lens shutter (9). Reich also took very early energy pictures of orgone clouding on photographic plates and demonstrated that orgone cannot be fully shielded (10). He was aware that something other than light could affect light-sensitive plates or films. Hayes has also seen non-lens effects in bio-form pictures (11) and such is described in part two of this series. Tiller appeared to know that this subtle energy field was quantitative but also that it dissipated slowly over time. It is acquired gradually and fades gradually – both well known orgonotic characteristics. He even used a meditation room which was basically a strong orgone room, being metal-lined like Reich’s orgone room at Orgonon or Demeo’s orgone room at Orgonelab in Oregon.

Tiller modified a Geiger Muller tube to produce a Gas Ionisation tube device. This is similar to Reich’s work where he modified a Geiger Muller tube to produce the orgone vacuum tubes (termed VACOR tubes by Reich). Tiller found that his tubes (which registered anomalous electron discharges) were affected by the mind. Again, Tiller’s experiments with these tubes would have utilised both orgone (storage in Faraday cages, usage in an ‘orgone’ room) and oranur effects (voltage applied to an orgone field). Much of the electrical equipment was situated within what was in effect an orgone room. The energy charge must have been very high. Glass (as used in the tubes) is also one of the best dielectric condensing materials for orgone as shown by Reich’s Geiger counter and orgone motor research.

It is documented that Tiller was informed about orgonomy in 1994 by a Dr Roger Taylor, a colleague of the well-known British UFO researcher, Collins (12). Tiller was probably aware prior to this however. Tiller evidenced that strong conscious intention (from four experienced meditation experts), simultaneously imprinted onto an electronic device will subsequently alter cell cultures. It does this according to the conscious intention selected (which was usually suppression or enhancement of standard biological effects in the cell samples). The experimental process can also demonstrate changes at a distance to the experimental test tubes. Additionally, the laboratory where the experiment is undertaken appears to gain some kind of semi-permanent field effect after time. In other words, an area of unusual effects is created by continual experimentation in that locale. Again this is a known orgone effect as Hayes can attest to after doing much experimentation in the same area with cloudbusters and bio-form attraction. Southgate is also familiar with such an orgone field effect on an environment from the oranur cabinet. Tiller’s device and cultures were kept in Faraday cages, which are in effect orgone accumulators, though relatively weak ones.

Tiller certainly seems to know of a ‘quantitative’ effect of consciousness and of some kind of non-electro-magnetic energetic effect. It is not a simple matter to get highly statistically significant results showing a direct effect of consciousness upon matter. Southgate believes Tiller was successful and gained significant results because he incorporated oranur aspects of consciousness into his research methods. Perhaps consciousness is indeed inseparable from a subtle energy as Tiller now believes. Southgate considers that consciousness is not directly associated with either electro-magnetic effects or a non-physical, purely spiritual field. Consciousness could rather be an aspect of a physical entity which can be measured and accumulated. Therefore if one concentrates the oranur one will concentrate the paranormal effects. Southgate believes that Tiller may be aware of this subtle energy principle and that is why his statistical significance levels are so strong.

Researchers such as Jahn and Radin of PEAR labs (13) on the other hand also showed that the mind can influence materiality directly. Their experiments mostly used intention to influence random event generators (REGs). They demonstrated definite effects of the mind over matter (through a departure from random in the REGs. However, perhaps because, unlike Tiller, they were not able to incorporate the apparently quantitative aspects of consciousness, they had to rely on large numbers of data points to extract the effects. This does not diminish that those effects were real and were meticulously demonstrated over many years of research. It is just that without a quantitative approach to consciousness the effects were necessarily not as strong and therefore required a lot of statistical power to illuminate.

It appears that Tiller was aware of subtle energies since at least the mid 1970s. Gerber provides an in-depth overview of the subtle energy maps Tiller elucidates (14). It is not a coincidence that Tiller, Southgate and Hayes, and Russian researchers, such as Kozyrev have all been lead toward similar views of consciousness and paranormal phenomena.

Time Storms and Oranur

An author and researcher, Jenny Randles, has investigated strange occurrences wherein an energy ball appears and effects time or dislocates people and vehicles in space (15). Much of Randle’s descriptions lends itself to considering that the energy concentrations described are of an oranur nature. Many of the descriptions would be familiar to readers of Reich’s Oranur experiment (16). Additionally, if time itself is analogous to the movement of subtle energy, and energy possesses consciousness (as orgone) then a super concentration of oranur would logically affect time itself, as Southgate has argued elsewhere (17). Randles however proposed that the strange time anomalies she reports were caused by some kind of natural warp or tear in the space-time continuum that Einstein has described. The events reported by Randles typically involved a foggy, illuminated cloud appearing at ground level and being associated with time-slips, relocation, property and bodily effects.

Following are some of the phenomena Randles noted. The classifications are according to orgonomic principles:

Oranur-like Overcharge

• Burns.
• Sunburn.
• Headaches.
• Nausea.
• Rashes.
• Hot Feelings.
• Water Consumed.
• Effects upon Eyes.
• Red/Purple Coloured.
• Illuminated Cloud (indicating power source).
• Foggy.


• Skin Tingles/Goosebumps.
• Hair on End.
• Engines Shorted.


• Sense of being Watched.
• Wooziness.

Southgate believes that if the above phenomena are indeed time-slips they would likely have an oranur basis and could therefore be both natural and artificial in causation (with the common functioning principle being a substantial increase in oranur energy).

Ark of Covenant

The Ark of the Covenant of the ancient Hebrews was known to have many paranormal effects, as detailed in the Bible and elsewhere.

These include:
• Levitation.
• Weather Changes.
• Glowing Clouds.
• Creation of Matter (Manna). (Manna is indirectly associated with the Ark through the cloud that accompanied both the Lord of the Old Testament and the Ark – see Isaacs, Talking With God. See also Exodus 16:34. Reich too had noted the creation of matter from orgone in Experiment XX).
• Destruction of Matter (Walls of Jericho).
• Transmutation of Matter (the gold-based consumable, spiritual-enhancing white powder, possibly monatomic gold).
• Spirit Communication.
• Energy Discharges.
• Time Changes.
• Biological Effects.

This energy of the Ark was also known by the Hebrews to speed up time. The Ark was thought to enhance animal and human fertility and boost fruit ripening and plant growth (18). The Ark’s energy source was almost certainly oranur being an orgone box activated by a mysterious small substance or stone. This activating agent was the shamir according to Maglione or the schethiya according to Gardner. In addition, the Rabbi Isaacs recognises that the Ark was highly radioactive though he was not aware of oranur when he wrote his book on the subject (19). Perhaps the Ark itself hints at time travel. It appears in the Bible both before it is constructed in the narrative and after it has become unknown to the Hebrews (Exodus 16:34 and Revelation 11:9 respectively).

Reich described ‘gremlins’ occurring around the oranur experiment, things being moved mysteriously (20). Also UFOs were highly attracted to oranur. Reich, Demeo, Eden and others all had UFO experiences linked to cloudbusters (21). UFO’s are inextricably linked to orgone it would appear. Reich thought they were propelled by orgone or oranur as there are many similarities between the claimed orgone motor and UFO propulsion, such as silent running, cold propulsion and sudden changes in direction, defying inertial limitations (22). In addition, the paranormal aspect of many phenomena, such as telepathic contact, spiritual experiences, time slips and the remembering of past lives is bound up to UFOs through contactee experiences. For more on this see Rodwell’s well-written and fascinating accounts (23). So indirectly, a strong link already exists between oranur and paranormal phenomena in the shape of UFO-connected phenomena.

Torsion Fields

Russian subtle energy research also supports a connection between oranur and paranormal effects. There are many papers examining what has been termed torsion fields or torsion energy by Russian professors, such as Kozyrev and others, including researchers at Moscow University examining consciousness and torsion fields in the 1990s (24). Torsion fields are unable to be shielded, have biological effects and create a change in temperature. The Russian Torsion temperature experiments excluded the effects being thermal or mechanical in causation. These effects are also well known characteristics of orgone including non-shielding, rise in temperature (To-T) and biological associations (25). In addition, metal-lined enclosures, called Kozyrev Mirrors, are used to concentrate the torsion fields. This is very similar to Reich’s orgone accumulators. It appears that torsion fields and orgone are quite possibly the same energy.

Kozyrev’s views on time developed from his understanding of an energy underlying reality which initiates movement (manifesting in subtle torsion or twisting fields). He came to see time as identical to, or an aspect of this subtle energy. Time being an energetic phenomena is similar to Southgate’s views on time (26). Time therein being the flow of consciousness (which in turn is the flow of orgone). There is no such thing as non-time in Southgate’s view as this would imply a state of non-energy and non-consciousness. In Kozyrev’s view time is allied with a subtle energy which in turn affects time and consciousness. Move the torsion field therefore and one also moves time and perception. On a side-note, some in the USSR were familiar with orgonomy right from its outset. The Kremlin ordered copies of orgonomic literature in the 1940s. The Soviets also reportedly had ORACs in hospitals at this time. Reich believed the first orgone motors may have ended up in the USSR possibly via a student, Washington, who had worked for Reich in 1948 (27).

Orgone research has much it could learn from present day Russian studies. Many physical effects of subtle fields have been outlined which are as yet unknown within orgonomy. One such is the effect of torsion fields upon very subtle mechanical devices (torsion detectors) or upon the rate of quartz pulsation (28). Torsion fields are known to be associated with consciousness and paranormal effects. It is also known to Russian researchers that the stronger the torsion field is (and the weaker the background electromagnetic field) the greater the psychic effects obtained. Reich viewed orgonotic forces as primary (orgone, oranur) and electromagnetic forces as secondary (particles/electrical forces). These two sets of forces being antithetical, though ultimately derived from a common source (the orgone). A ‘torsion field psychic-enhancement’ versus an ‘electromagnetic psychic-suppression’ effect would therefore be supported by orgonomy (certainly if orgone and consciousness are unitary).

If oranur is an excitation of the conscious orgone, then one would expect paranormal phenomena to be related to it. The more such energy one has, the more psychic effects one would expect. Wilcock, who became somewhat of an expert on Russian torsion field research believes there are somewhere in the region of 10,000 Russian language papers on torsion fields, though many remain classified or untranslated (29).

Southgate has made a modified torsion detector for use with oranur. It uses a gold plated acupuncture needle that has been oranur charged for some days (gold is shown historically to be the best accumulating material and oranur charging the needle may further enhance any effects). The needle is suspended on a thread at a balancing point on the handle area (near the midpoint of the needle) in a plastic cylinder jar.

One can gets one’s orgone field strong by breathing and then point a finger at Point A (see Figure 1) a few millimetres from the sharp tip of the needle in line with the angle of the needle horizontally. Then await a tingling sensation. Next slowly move the finger left and right horizontally. If the energy charge is good the needle will follow the finger by a few degrees perhaps. On a good day the needle can be made to bounce sideways by a small amount. It works more easily when there is clear sunny weather. Sometimes the effect is enhanced when the other hand is cupped around the other side of the cylinder (without touching it). The needle will also react in the same way to orgone compounds (orgonite) particularly if there is a sharp tip that can be pointed at the sharp end of the gold needle in the device. The large oranur acupuncture tube which is stored in Southgate’s oranur box creates a deflection more easily, up to approximately 20 degrees laterally. The gold needles are commercially bought ordinary surgical steel acupuncture needles that have been electro-plated with gold.

There are videos of Russian torsion detection devices reacting to the energy field from a person’s hands. It was one of these devices that Southgate adapted so that it would be sensitive enough to react to an oranur tube (30). An orgone acupuncture or oranur tube is based on Bernd Senf’s work and is a metal pipe surrounded by hundreds of layers of plastic and aluminium foil sheeting. The one used is approximately 2 foot long by 6 inches in diameter and has been oranur charged. The layering material overhangs the inner metal tube by an inch or so with mostly the non-magnetic aluminium and plastic being at the front open end of the tube. The other end of the tube is closed by the layering material.

That the adapted torsion meter may react to oranur indicates that the two energies are possibly the same. The tube was tested for electrical charge and none was found. That the meter also reacts (at times) to bodily orgone indicates that it is likely not a magnetic effect. The finger used was tested for static charge using a thin piece of tissue and none was found. A magnet will deflect the needle sharply but the oranur or body orgone on the other hand seems to form an invisible ‘bridge’ which then ‘pulls’ the needle when the oranur source is moved slowly horizontally. This ‘bridge’ can actually be felt tingling on the end of one’s fingertip. This aspect is not entirely simple however as strong orgone charges will also deflect a magnetic needle, the relationship between magnetism and oranur is still unclear. Southgate thinks that magnetism may even be a kind of molecular orgone flow.

Figure 1 – Adapted Torsion Detector


Additionally there is a device known as an Egely Wheel from Hungary, which is similar to a torsion meter in principle and is used to measure subtle energy flow from the hands. This lightweight wheel moves according to the flow of energy from a person’s hands. This device has been shown previously to react to oranur (31). Recently it has been found that placing the wheel at the periphery of a strong oranur field (on the outside surface or near to the outside surface of the oranur box at peak charge) is the most conducive position to obtaining movement of the device solely through the action of the oranur field. This is additional evidence that torsion fields and oranur are similar.

Intention Research

The intention experiments cited by McTaggart, the author of ‘The Field’ and a researcher who does not usually mention orgone or aether, has reported on the quantitative aspects of consciousness research, albeit indirectly. She notes that when people are gathered together in one place (in order to have an intention effect) it is stronger than when the participants are spread out across the world and only connected via the internet. In other words being materially present together in a group boosts the effects. Southgate would argue that the boosting effect is because the orgone energy fields of the participants are enhancing each other and combining as one field such as one might find in a place of worship or at a concert (32).

Neolithic Monuments

It is quite probable that Newgrange and similar Neolithic monuments were oranur energy psychic-enhancement devices. As Comerford describes in his detailed book, the huge mound structure at Newgrange in Ireland is composed of layered material as in an ORAC but using turfs, dry stones and a kerbstone insulator. Some stone and granite materials are also known to have low levels of radioactivity, so some degree of oranur effect might also be naturally afforded (as also in the Giza Pyramids). It is known from excavations that the mound was layered with organic and inorganic materials exactly as in an ORAC (33). In addition, the mound being underneath the ground surface would shield from EMF fields and thus amplify subtle energy fields – perfect for psychic enhancement effects. In comparison to the size of the mound the inner chamber is quite small. It would probably be quite an intense experience being inside this chamber for some time.

Famous Paranormal Events

In the claimed events of the infamous Philadelphia Experiment the US Navy’s invisibility efforts were said to have inadvertently caused time and dimensional shifts with devastating effects. Al Bielek, who states to have been involved in the work, related how the whole project was greatly rushed due to the pressures of attacks on shipping by U-Boats during WW2. Initial successes were not treated with the caution warranted but huge leaps were made before the process was understood. Again, the energies in general seem to have a strong oranur component. The key detail from this point of view was that Bielek claimed that the old-style thick steel decks on WW2-era warships protected those on the lower decks from suffering the full effects that those on the upper decks experienced. Steel decks would deflect orgone and oranur more effectively than modern lighter-weight alloys (orgone cannot be completely shielded but it can be impeded or deflected to some extent by very dense materials). Also those who were moderately affected could be treated later using hands-on healing, Bielek stated. This suggests that something went wrong with an energy which is also biological in nature like oranur (34). Bielek makes no references to orgone in this piece and is unlikely to be aware of these associations.


Jessica Jones is an American remote viewer and big foot (Sasquatch) researcher. In one expedition she led a team which saw a cube-shaped portal appearing in a dense, remote wood which had very strange effects. Heat signatures for the proximity disappeared, the environment within the immediate area of the cube portal completely changed, a black velvet-like sensory curtain appeared which marked off the area. The cube shrank, and then moved away and disappeared. Jones noted that radiation effects always appear near paranormal phenomena. This indicates charged particle flux (which is an effect of oranur). It sounds like the radiation was extremely high near the cube: two of the team got sick in the year afterwards. She notes that UFOs, strange lightning effects, orbs, and big foot appearances are always accompanied by a spike of such radiation (35).

Crop Circles

It is commonly reported that spending time within crop circles can cause strange physical and mental effects. Barnes, who lives in the North West of England and seems to regularly see UFOs, reports that as a young man he used to go to crop circles in Wiltshire. He would often feel strange energies within these formations and one time, when he meditated within a circle, he later found that he was affected by unusual skin rashes, very itchy with red blotches, which persisted for some days (36). Barnes may have seen a UFO later that day (he was staying in the area). The author wonders if his close connection to UFOs in later years was affected by his earlier fascination with crop circles. Genuine circles, apart from their visual complexity, are easy to identify as the stems are bent as if by steam rather than broken. Some believe they are made by energetic imprint via an orb, perhaps controlled from a UFO. Southgate considers that Barnes’ rash may have been caused by oranur energies residual in the crop circle created by its mode of construction. The Ark of the Covenant and Reich’s oranur experiment could also cause strange skin rashes.


Other ORAC-like Devices:

Orgonomy is not the only science to have used devices similar to ORACs.


Nostradamus reportedly used a kind of ORAC. He is believed to have used a mirrored, egg-shaped cabinet (said to be made of polished copper, brass and bronze with silver fastenings) to sit within, presumably to enhance his psychic powers (Figure 2). Nostradamus himself would have been the organic, dielectric element of the ‘ORAC’.alongside any residual waxing materials used to polish the metals into a mirror or any outer organic coverings which have been lost to history.

Figure 2 – Nostradamus Cabinet


Mesmer’s bacquet was in effect a combined ORAC and medical DOR-buster (a kind of cloud-buster used for healing), see Figure 3 below. Mesmer’s ‘animal magnetism’ was thought to affect both the mind and the body and in many ways was similar to orgone in its effects. The bacquet contained glass bottles of subtle energy charged water, stones and metals. People held the ends of the cords so their individual body orgone would also participate as a group and increase any effect.

Figure 3 – Mesmer’s Bacquet


The 19th Century Austrian chemist, prolific inventor (creosote being one of his many compounds) industrialist and subtle energy researcher, Baron Von Reichenbach, used iron plates, metal wires, glass rods and organic materials to affect the passage of a subtle energy that he called od or the odic force. It is pronounced ‘ode’ as it is named after Odin – to symbolise a powerful force that is everywhere (similar to a universal orgone). Some researchers call it odyl.

Like orgone, it was affected by the sun, the living and the mind. In Vienna, (contrary to Berlin which was quite hostile to his work) there were many psychic ‘sensitives’ as they were called then. These were people who were particularly attuned to subtle energies (not mediums or psychics, just those who were adept at feeling subtle energy). Reichenbach demonstrated that this energy was gathered from living beings, crystals, the sun and could be channelled along materials at slow speeds. He found that it was this energy that may be involved in various psychic phenomena.

On a side-note, controlling for Faraday’s pressure based objections, Reichenbach showed that it was this odic energy that could be the force in Victorian ‘table turning’ during séances – which was very popular at the time. Reichenbach, although interested in consciousness and spiritual phenomena, remained a scientifically-minded, careful experimentalist. He was however derided, labelled a Mesmerist and given much criticism. He was saddened by the generally dismissive attitude shown towards his painstaking work over many years opting eventually to continue it alone in his Austrian castle.

Reichenbach found that there are two main types of subtle energy flow: a warm, depleting flow from the left hand and the base of crystals and a cool, invigorating flow from the right hand, the apex of crystals and other materials. Such a ‘handedness’ or some kind of polarity to subtle energy is not known within orgonomy. He found that his sensitives could feel the flow of od, as well as visualise it and sense the difference when facing the various compass points. They also found that they felt much more peaceful sleeping with their head towards the north. This Reichenbach felt was because of the polarity of od in the body. Constable, who experimented with cloudbusters and claimed to have discovered orgonotic bio-forms, originally used a subtle energy exercise where he would turn through the four compass points with arms outstretched (to attract the bio-forms). This was known as the star exercise (37).

Reichenbach demonstrated that this od energy was in the atmosphere and concentrated in the living and the sun. He also managed to visualise it to sensitives directly with the aid of light-sealed dark rooms. After a lengthy period of acclimatisation (up to 2 hours) a subtle fiery flame can be seen from crystals, the living and objects charged with od. The contemporary of Reichenbach, the great natural philosopher, Goethe, was also aware of a glowing force around living things. Reichenbach’s work was recognised by a few great scientists at the time, such as the pioneer in cathode rays, William Crookes.

Reich’s glowing vacuum tube anomalies were also seen in early experiments in the late 1800s, which O’Byrne, a biographer of Reichenbach, relates to the activity of od in a vacuum (38). Incidentally, Reich also spent hours in the dark in his orgone room in order to visualise orgone. Reichenbach would probably have classed him as a ‘sensitive’ though possibly most people can learn to see orgone under the right circumstances Southgate believes.


The Russian torsion field researcher Prof. Kozyrev used an ORAC-like device which had pronounced psychic and paranormal effects according to reports. It is also said to have had effects upon time itself. Similarly to the orgone theory of time, Kozyrev considered time as an aspect, or even directly related to the torsion field, as previously noted. A person can sit within the spiral-shaped metal cabinet termed a Kozyrev mirror (Figure 4). Strange effects are subsequent, particularly on the cognition of time. Research and development in Russia and elsewhere are still ongoing (39). There are a number of clinics with devices based on Kozyrev mirrors currently in use in Russia.

Figure 4 – Kozyrev Mirror

If orgone is a conscious energy it would make sense if consciousness itself could excite it. If excited orgone is the same as oranur, consciousness should be able to create oranur, especially if the orgone concentration in an environment is already dense. Perhaps the ability of people like Uri Geller and others to have paranormal effects is partly explained by this association. Incidentally, it is known that Geller has been able to strongly influence Geiger counters in the past (40).


The possible commonality between consciousness and orgone has already been explored elsewhere. Oranur logically would have connections to the paranormal due to such phenomena involving unknown forces which may also possess consciousness. An excitation of orgone affected by consciousness would by definition result in oranur (excited orgone).

It appears that there may also be an association between paranormal phenomena and oranur in practice. Psychic phenomena in orgone-type devices (such as those used by Dr Tiller and Prof. Kozyrev) alongside Geiger count spikes near paranormal occurrences support this conclusion. Also, historical examples (the Biblical Ark, Nostradamus, Mesmer and Reichenbach) lend substance to this view.

It is argued therefore that oranur may perhaps form a medium for the transmission of paranormal observations.

In Part 2 of this paper Southgate’s oranur work and Hayes’ oranur-associated bio-form research is presented. Both work appears to have visualised forms which could be described as paranormal in appearance.


  1. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum
  2. Southgate, L. (2018) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, Implications of Orgone for Consciousness Research Part 1. https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/implications-of-orgone-for-consciousness-research-part-1
  3. Hayes, N. and Southgate, L. (2019) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, Positive Findings on Constable’s Orgonotic bio-forms Parts 1 and 2, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/positive-findings-on-constables-orgonotic-bio-forms and https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/positive-findings-on-constables-orgonotic-bio-forms-part-2
  4. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA.
  5. Demeo, J. (2002) Dayton Miller’s Ether-Drift Experiments: A Fresh Look, Pulse of the Planet No5, http://www.orgonelab.org/miller.htm
  6. Reich, W. (Editor Higgins) (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux
  7. Parker, D & J. (1990) Atlas of the Supernatural, USSR Research, pp160.
  8. Tiller, W. (Accessed 2023) Subtle Energies Document, https://tillerfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/%2376%20-%20Subtle%20Energies.pdf pp5. First published in Science and Human Transformation, Pavior Publishing, 1997.
  9. Ibid, pp2.
  10. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA, see pp198 to 200.
  11. Southgate and Hayes (2019) Personal Discussions regarding bio-form papers and observations.
  12. Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books, pp 137.
  13. Radin, D. (2018) Accessed 2023, https://deanradin.blogspot.com/
  14. Gerber, R. (2001) Vibrational Medicine, Bear and Company, Canada. (See Chapter 4 or pp119 onwards).
  15. Randles, J. (2001) Time Storms: The Amazing Evidence of Time Warps, Space Rifts and Time Travel, Piatkus, UK.
  16. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA. (See Also, Oranur Second Report, Contact With Space and Selected Writings, Oranur Chapter).
  17. Southgate, L. (2023) An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part One and Two, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy.
  18. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, robert_jumper@yahoo.it
  19. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, robert_jumper@yahoo.it (and Shamir/Oranur) and Gardner, L. (2004) Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark, Element Books pp29 (and Schethiya activation) and Isaacs, R. (2010) Talking With God, Sacred Closet Books (and radioactivity of Ark).
  20. Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, republished by wilhelmreichtrust.org
  21. Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, republished by wilhelmreichtrust.org See Also Southgate, L. (2023) Reich’s Other Secret, https://www.psychorgone.com/biopathies-physical-orgone-therapy/wilhelm-reichs-other-secret (Reich/Demeo/Eden cloudbusters and UFOs).
  22. Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, republished by wilhelmreichtrust.org
  23. Rodwell, M. (2017) The New Human, New Mind Publishers, Australia.
  24. Wilcock, D. (2012 onwards) Gaia TV series, Wisdom Teachings, Series 7 (whole of series 7 is on Russian work, particularly Kozyrev). See also chapter in online book Divine Cosmos, https://divinecosmos.com/books-free-online/the-divine-cosmos/95-the-divine-cosmos-chapter-01-the-breakthroughs-of-dr-na-kozyrev/. Wilcock’s in-depth series on Reich and orgone is also worth watching, Gaia TV, Wisdom Teachings, Series 10.
  25. Reich, W. (Editor Higgins) (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux
  26. Southgate, L. (2023) An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part One and Two, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy.
  27. Constable, T. (1971) Book Reviews, Journal of Orgonomy, V5, N2, pp223 (Soviets and Orgone Literature) and Blasband, D. (1967) Journal of Orgonomy, V1, N1 & 2, USA Vs Reich, pp83 (Disappearance of Orgone Motors).
  28. Wilcock, D. (2012 onwards) Gaia TV series, Wisdom Teachings, Series 7 (series 7 is on Russian work, particularly Kozyrev). See also chapter in online book Divine Cosmos, https://divinecosmos.com/books-free-online/the-divine-cosmos/95-the-divine-cosmos-chapter-01-the-breakthroughs-of-dr-na-kozyrev/.
  29. Wilcock, D. (2012 onwards) Gaia TV series, Wisdom Teachings, Series 7, Episode 3, 1 minute approx.
  30. Jaynes Network (2020) Psychotronic Torsion Detector https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JipiLBgS1LQ (Russian type Torsion Device reacting to Subtle Energy Fields from Hands)
  31. Southgate, L. (2020) Oranur and its Possible Applications in AI, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/oranur-and-its-possible-applications-in-artificial-intelligence (see Egely wheel section).
  32. Comerford, K. (2012) Newgrange and the New Science, CTM Books, pp167 (discussion of McTaggart’s Intention Experiments in ‘The Field’ HarperCollins 2001).
  33. Comerford, K. (2012) Newgrange and the New Science, CTM Books, pp64.
  34. Al Bielek (Accessed 2023) The Philadelphia Experiment, Filmed Interview with Bielek, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pVE94Zvy17c
  35. Jessica Jones (2023, Accessed 2023) Underground SSP Hub – Cryptid Breeding Programs – Montauk & Time Travel https://rumble.com/v3htuu6-jessica-jones-underground-ssp-hub-cryptid-breeding-programs-montauk-and-tim.html see 24 mins to 28 approx
  36. Barnes, C. (2023) Personal Communication to Southgate.
  37. Constable, J. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, The Book Tree
  38. Reichenbach, K. (1968) The Odic Force, Letters on Od and Magnetism, Translated and Extensive Introduction by O’Byrne and Foreword by Shepard, University Books. (See pp98 for William Crookes association with od and pp112 for glowing vacuum tube anomalies in the 1800s).
  39. Kozyrev Mirrors Accessed (2023), auto-translated, a research site for Litvinoff and Kozyrev mirrors. https://zerkalakozyreva.ru/
  40. Taylor, John. (1976) Super Minds, Picador pp61.


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Further Oranur Experiments Examining Consciousness and Other Aspects


The reason for the interest in oranur, for this author, has from the start, been the relationship between orgone and consciousness. Oranur is Reich’s description for orgone which has been activated by small amounts of radioactivity (the term derives from the acronym, ORgone Against NUcleaR). From an orgonomic point of view, consciousness is associated with raised orgone charges in organisms and oranur represents the strongest activity of orgone. The author therefore wished to conduct experiments examining the effect of charged orgone, or oranur on consciousness. As the oranur charge Southgate previously acquired in 2017 appeared to have dissipated, the experimental equipment was subject to a renewed oranur process, which is herein described. Although the author has conducted some previous experiments looking into various effects of oranur, the effects upon consciousness had not been examined directly. This set of experiments therefore sought to replicate some of the earlier oranur work but principally it aimed to examine whether oranur had any direct effects upon consciousness. This paper suggests some effects upon consciousness by oranur as experienced by a group of meditators (and vice versa by consciousness upon oranur). However these results are obviously very preliminary and will need to be re-examined. The experiments also indicated some physical characteristics previously only hinted at by Southgate’s prior oranur work, for example, that radioactivity levels might be modified in oranur treated substances, which was known as an ORUR effect by Reich (ORgonised URanium). Some other possible effects of oranur upon the environment are also reported.


It had been planned for some time to revisit aspects of the oranur experiments that Southgate conducted beginning in 2017 and was then published by the Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy (1). This was a scaled down examination of Reich’s original oranur experiment that begun in the winter of 1950 as detailed in The First Oranur Report and Contact with Space (Oranur Second Report) (2). It was some years after Southgate’s original repetition of the oranur experiment before it was possible to examine any effects again. It had been difficult finding suitable places to store the oranur devices and to conduct further research. Possibly due to storage of the equipment outside, in an area where there was a lot of fresh air, it was found that when reassembled the charge was now low enough for the device to be kept within the author’s premises. Also, it was getting difficult to ensure the equipment stayed dry during stormy winter weather and so the decision was taken to reassemble all the components indoors.

Previously the device had felt overpowering if it was inside a building. It could be felt even when stored next to the house in a caravan in a state of partial dismantlement. But now the charge seemed manageable. This was after many months of fresh air exposure and admittedly getting a little damp a couple of times when there was particularly bad weather and the waterproof coverings had failed a little. It also helped that the house was mostly occupied just by myself. The back room of the house where the device was kept was in a corner plot away from the neighbours on both sides. Incense was burned every morning by the reassembled device with the aim of lowering the charge and this seemed sufficient for some months. It has been noted by the author that smoke may lower oranur charge in previous experiments. Maglione has noted that the use of incense in the care of ancient devices such as the Ark of the Covenant was perhaps intended to lower an associated oranur charge (3). The house is near the top of a hill and is built on limestone. The Geiger count readings were within normal limits for the area. Using electrical equipment with strong fields, within close proximity of the device can have an uncomfortable feeling on one’s organism so this is avoided.

It has been put forward previously by the author that a relationship may exist between people who have expanded consciousness states, such as shamans or psychics and oranur energy. In addition religious sites such as cathedrals and possibly pyramids, and certain religious objects may have an association with increased oranur. Some phenomena that borderline consciousness and the paranormal such as Trevor Constable’s bio-forms also appear to have an association with oranur. A direct relationship between conscious states and oranur has been considered probable. An oranur-consciousness experiment was therefore scheduled for the 16th of November 2022. The author had decided to revisit the oranur experimental protocols prior to this experiment to hopefully increase the charge of the device, which subjectively had felt lower than usual for some time.

To that end, a glass uranium plate, a decorative fruit bowl probably pre-World War 2, was used to excite the orgone cabinet (see Figure 1). This plate had been purchased from a car boot sale in North Wales about 18 months previously. Prior to the 1940s uranium glass was an occasional decorative item as it glows an unearthly fluorescence in dark light. It is usually a green or yellow colour and has very low quantities of uranium within the glass. After World War 2 it was no longer worthwhile using uranium glass as governments commandeered all uranium and it was too bothersome in terms of regulations and paperwork. Cheaper fluorescents and dyes also became available at the same time (4). It should be noted that Reich used radium paint and other low grade radioactive materials that were commonly available in the 1940s and 50s from as early as 1939 so it is possible that his laboratory, Orgonon, always had some level of oranur effect.

Figure 1
I) Uranium Glass Plate 1930s/40s Used in Experiments (Top)
II) A Collectors Plate Seen Under Special Light (Bottom)

The plate is not particularly radioactive, dropping off to undetectable from background within approximately 6 foot. At 1cm distance the radioactivity was measured with a Radex One Geiger Counter at 2.33 microSieverts per hour (uSv/hr). This reading was taken well away from the oranur device in a garden area. Normal background in this area is 0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr. The plate has approximately twenty times the natural radiation of the area.

The general background radioactivity of the area (0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr) was rechecked at the current location where the box is being stored. This current area, on a limestone hill, is more rock based than the previous area where the box was stored a few miles away (it is noted that rock can emit radiation). The author thought the localised general radioactivity might be higher due to this. However, it remains the same as the rest of the general locality at 0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr. This is higher than some areas of the UK however.

A Second Set of Oranur Experiments

Following the experience gathered in the first set of oranur experiments carried out by Southgate beginning in 2017 (5), a second oranur experiment was planned to be carried out in November 2022. In the oranur papers published in 2018 and 2019 by the Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, Southgate for the first time conducted a full repeat of Reich’s original oranur experiments. There was some investigations of anomalous effects in modified Faraday cages done in the 1990s in Spain (6). However, these were not full ORACs with a high orgone charge and therefore the original conditions of Reich’s oranur experiment did not appear to be met. Southgate’s work did meet these conditions, having a set up of very high orgone charge (over 12 strong orgone devices within a large orgone cabinet). A smaller amount of radioactive stimulus was used than Reich had. The radioactivity was also gradually introduced to the orgone field. Both of these measures were in order to avoid an oranur crisis. The work confirmed various physical parameters from electrical to magnetic and lumination effects but the actual intent of Southgate’s research – to examine the relationship between consciousness and orgone had not yet even been broached. Further published work detailed some early medical effects of oranur, confirming a possible beneficial effect, but still direct examination of consciousness processes went untouched. The philosophical background and connections between orgonomy and a view of the mind had also been explored in detail as a preparatory stage but the experimental side remained lacking. Alongside that there was practical considerations. The prolonged outdoor storage of the device had lessened the oranur charge to a degree that it was felt that the oranur process needed to be redone. After that, any effects upon consciousness could be directly explored. This would of course be an initial exploration as it is not known how one might measure oranur effects upon consciousness.

On the experimental day, there was relatively fine weather although it had been raining or overcast for some days prior. It had been planned to repeat the oranur experiment on a small scale with the uranium glass plate to recharge the device.

The plate was first measured outside where it was being stored at the maximum distance from the oranur device (40 feet approximately). All readings were taken at 1cm distance. The reading was normal for the plate and was stable. The oranur device was measuring the same as background radiation. It usually measures at background or slightly higher, if for example it is excited by the presence of people. The plate was put into the device for 12 minutes with the lid open.

The readings continued to be within the usual limits. It was wondered therefore if the lid being open was mitigating against any oranur effects, so the box was shut, with the plate inside. This seemed to increase an effect and at around 20 minutes, the readings had surprisingly dropped below background. At 30 minutes the lid was opened and the plate removed. The readings in the immediate vicinity had now increased momentarily. The plate after being removed from the box was re-measured inside the building in the nearby room and it now measured very low, almost completely non-radioactive. There seemed to be some kind of inverse relationship between the Geiger counts and the oranur charge. The room itself had dropped to a very low reading too. The oranur device Geiger readings were also suppressed. Some incense was lit near the box and within half an hour all the readings were just above background again. It is not clear if the incense was just coincidental to the normalisation of the readings or had some direct effect. Table 1 shows all the radioactivity data measured at different locations during the preparation of the Oranur experiment II.

Table 1 – Oranur Experiment II

It is noted that once in the first set of Southgate’s oranur experiments carried out in 2017, radioactivity had appeared to have been suddenly suppressed for some distance. This was when 3 or 4 radioactive smoke alarms were abruptly introduced to the device field for a short period – a gradual acclimatisation process had normally been used wherein the slightly radioactive materials were gradually brought within the orgone box’s field.

It seems the radioactivity of the plate has become motile and may no longer have as stable a rate for a period. This is an unexpected phenomenon and is perhaps a sign that some pre-ORUR characteristics are taking place. ORUR is Reich’s term for orgone treated radioactive materials. The acronym being derived from the words, ORgone URanium (Reich mainly used radium needles but this is derived from uranium). Reich sometimes also referred to the ORUR as oranur radium. After the original oranur experiment which took place from the Winter of 1950 to Spring 1951, Reich had buried the three orgone charged 1mg radium needles. They had remained in a lead container within a steel and concrete safe buried for over 3 years. When the radium needles were retrieved in 1954 some strange characteristics of the radium were noted (7). The material when used alongside the cloudbuster had a powerfully positive effect on its operation – an immediate brightening of rocks and mountains, sky and even vegetation. There was a feeling of well-being felt by all nearby. It appeared to have a very positive effect on human beings and animals, including Reich’s dog, Troll (Figure 2). Reich called the charged cloudbuster a spacegun. However, the orgone charged radium was strangely either hyper-radioactive when enclosed in a metal box or quite quiescent and much lower in radiation than normal when stored in an open container or measured ‘naked’. Geiger counts, or ‘impulse’ counts as Reich sometimes called it, could be much higher than those expected by solely radioactive processes. The ORUR material had also produced a colourless, water-like liquid in one of the containers during the three years of storage – it was very unlikely for this to be from the environment due to the completely sealed, watertight container.

Figure 2
Wilhelm Reich and Troll

Certainly, it can suffice to say that long term orgone charging of radioactive materials may change their nature in some way. It is not thought by mainstream science that radioactivity can be quickly changed, but rather is something that is stable over time, degrading only slowly at a set rate and not suddenly increasing or decreasing for no discernible chemical reason. On a related note, UFOs have often been reported near nuclear facilities. There are hundreds, if not thousands of reports of UFO encounters connected to nuclear sites. There are numerous testimonials from military officers regarding shutdowns (and even temporary powering up) of nuclear tipped missiles. Most of the reports concern UFOs hovering near nuclear facilities, shutting down the electronic control systems of nuclear missiles and monitoring nuclear powered Navy vessels. These are well known in UFO literature. However, some believe that actual nuclear weapons may not perform exactly as claimed for them and certainly it has been known that UFOs have directed light beams into nuclear weapon storage facilities on at least two reported occasions, one in the UK and one in Soviet Russia (8). The author reasons that if any denaturing of nuclear materials by UFOs has occurred it could be an orgone process that has happened. However it is not clear if any materials have been denatured, all the reports are from military personnel or from other witnesses, none this author has found are from scientists so it is not known if UFOs can change nuclear materials remotely. Also, if this did happen, it would likely be kept secret. But this author believes, based on Reich’s findings of changes in radioactivity substances exposed to oranur (ORUR), that it is at least possible in theory. Possibly the UFOs merely had some type of energy field which disarmed the electronic control systems and did not affect the actual radioactivity within the missiles. UFOs seem to take an interest in nuclear sites and are associated with non-intentional electronic effects, such as car engines and computers shutting down near them.

To return to the experiment, the uranium plate had been stored 25 feet, then 40 feet away from the oranur device that had previously been used in the first of the author’s oranur experiments in 2017. It is possible that the orgone field extended out to the uranium plate which had been stored in contact with the earth but not buried. When it was stored at 40 foot it was not in contact with the earth but in a plastic container. The plate had been outside within 25 feet of the device for approximately 12 months and then within 40 feet of the device for a further 6 months.

The plate was checked on further occasions after the end of the second set of oranur experiments. At this point its radioactivity appeared to continue to be somewhat unstable. At the end of February 2023, it was again rechecked. Background counts were normal. The plate itself was measured outside away from the oranur device. It cycled up and down both above and below normal readings. A couple of weeks later in March 2023 it was measured inside the house but away from the oranur device and it gave a steadier though slightly raised reading. The other background counts inside the house and in the garden were normal (0.09 to 0.12 uSv/hr) though the reading by the oranur device was slightly raised perhaps due to the plate being in the building. The next month the readings were rechecked. All background readings including by the oranur device were as usual. The uranium plate was measured outside 40 feet away from the device and it gave changing readings as though my presence had excited the plate and then it had gradually subsided. The Radex One Geiger counter itself was checked and it gave stable readings in nearby environments, such as in a local wooded area. It is also noted that when the plate was purchased it was checked with the same Geiger counter and gave the expected readings. The readings were similar to what was found later and were stable. The measured data is reported in Table 2. New high quality batteries had been used in the device.

Table 2 – Unstable Readings of Plate


Consciousness Experiment

To return to Southgate’s oranur experiment, the oranur device, having been recharged via the uranium plate, was ready for the consciousness experiment that was performed on November 16th, 2022.

Figure 3
Oranur Device Set Up for Consciousness Experiment

As can be seen in the above Figure 3 there are two steel tubes set up either side of the oranur device which is composed of a human-sized orgone cabinet placed on its side with additional accumulating devices inside: orgone acupuncture boxes, orgone tubes, a glass condensing cabinet (glass is one of the strongest dielectric orgone materials) and various crystals. The box was open and placed like this for approximately 3 hours including the hour of meditation. It is the same box from previous experiments only it has been painted now.

When the tubes were put up and the meditation was taking place, the radiation readings in the room were cycling up and down and did not appear to be stable, both suppressed and slightly raised. After the consciousness experiment the readings became stable again and remained slightly raised. The orgone life energy meter (Heliognosis Mark II) readings of the device were 40% before the placement of the plate. This meter is based upon Reich’s original orgone field meter and is thought to work by the changes induced within an electrical circuit by the presence of orgone (9). The oranur cabinet was measured at a later date and was within its normal range of 40% but with areas of stronger charge, up to 60% on the life meter. This may indicate that the orgone charge of the box has increased since the oranur recharge process and the consciousness experiment.

Seven people and one dog attended the consciousness experiment (the latter joined in by sleeping in the middle of the meditation circle which is not an area it normally chooses to sleep). The group varied in age and sex with three being experienced in meditation. The device was set up as shown in Figure 3 and the participants were between 6 to 18 feet away from the device in an adjoining room, the door was left open and the energy field of the device would have been strong where the meditation took place. The group meditated for about 45 minutes. There was a positive picture to focus on beforehand, some introductory positive words and quiet music.

One person reported an Out Of Body Experience (OOBE) though a relatively mild one. She had felt an energy standing behind her, then briefly went out of body and felt herself travelling around the country. Her and another participant independently reported feeling a great sense of sadness at one point but which they were able to move through and go beyond. Everyone else just felt calm. The author did not have time to go as deep as he would have liked in the meditation as he was focusing on conducting the process and generally is slow to enter deep states. Following the experiment, the weather seemed to have reacted as though conventional cloudbusting had been done (spacegun-like devices tend to dry the atmosphere it has been found by the author) (10). It is speculated that the consciousness field perhaps acted like a water reservoir next to the oranur device and this may have been projected by the tubes into the atmosphere (cloudbuster pipes may ‘draw’ and space-gun pipes ‘project’ possibly). In any case, it may have been coincidental but there was heavy rains and localised flooding on the 17th, the day following the experiment. Only light rains and scattered showers were forecast for the area according to the www.timeanddate.com archive. The day following that, a brightness and clearing was felt and formed, gently moving clouds were seen on the 18th as though a general stagnation had been moved.

Table 3 shows all the measured radioactivity (by the Geiger counter) and orgone charge (by life meter) data during and after the consciousness experiment.

Table 3 – Consciousness Experiment


A Third Set of Oranur Experiments

The theory is testable on at least three levels.

The aim of these experiments was to standardise measurements from the second set of experiments and to ascertain the effect of shutting the cabinet lid whilst the activating plate was inside the box. The experiment took place on the 1st of April 2023.

The weather was overcast early in the morning (preparations commenced at 7am) but with increasingly sunny spells and brightening occurring during the experiment. The weather forecast was partly cloudy with some scattered sunshine. The weather was broadly in line with what was expected, perhaps a little brighter.

Before starting the oranur process the plate and rooms were to be measured. The author felt as though the device was somehow anticipating a change. Table 4 reports all the measured radioactivity and orgone charge data.

Table 4 – Prior Readings

The oranur device and the room had slightly raised Geiger counts. The plate was measured outside, 40 feet from the oranur device. It was almost as though the oranur device had reached out to affect the plate. The plate was then measured in the building but away from the oranur device and as can be seen in the above Table 4, the readings were not stable. The orgone charge of the plate was minimal on the orgone life meter. The orgone charge of the oranur device was surprisingly quite varied from 20 to 80% at this point, after the experiment the charge was higher and more evenly spread. The ‘hot spot’ – a stronger charged zone within the box, was detected with the orgone life meter. It had increased and was noted to have moved to the bottom middle of the box.

The plate was placed in the oranur device in the upper half on top of one of the orgone acupuncture boxes. The lid was left open to test the effects of this weaker set up first. Measured radioactivity and orgone charge data are reported in Table 5.

Table 5 -15 Minutes with Lid Open


The lid was now shut for 20 minutes with the plate inside the box at the top of the device, which is a weaker orgone charge spot (Table 6).

Table 6 – 20 Minutes with Lid Shut


The existence of an orgone ‘hot spot’ had not been planned for though it was known previously that dependent on how the box was arranged, a strong spot occurred. Therefore, it was decided to do a further 15 minutes oranur protocol placing the plate in the new strongest position at the bottom middle of the device (Table 7).

Table 7 -Further 15 Minutes with Lid Shut



It appears that the radioactivity of the plate, having been exposed for long periods to a weak oranur charge has become somewhat fluid. The radioactivity and the orgone or oranur charge seem to have a relationship that is a little like two antagonistic organisms. There appears to be a sizeable field, perhaps 40 foot in diameter wherein these two energies can interact and affect one another. One gets excited and the other depressed or vice versa. Or one excites the other and so on. The mild radioactivity seems to increase the orgone charge as registered by the orgone life meter, as one would expect. Whether the changes in the plates’ radioactivity is merely a reaction to the oranur field or has itself become labile is not clear presently, although the author would lean towards the plate being somewhat changed, perhaps in a mild pre-ORUR direction.

The plate seems to react to the author’s presence away from the oranur field which indicates it is very sensitive to orgone charge and perhaps more fluid energetically, independent of the oranur device.

The feel of the plate subjectively is quite pleasant, a tingly, warming, activating feel. There can be a feeling of mild overcharge in the limb and nearest axilla after carrying the plate, although gloves were worn. Some mild energetically cooling treatment was twice given in this regard afterwards.

The oranur device seemed to react before the experiment had even started which is very curious. It does seem that an oranur device can be safely recharged by careful use of slightly radioactive materials. It also seems that the space-gun effect was stronger once the device had been recharged after the November 2022 oranur experiment. It seems that a long standing and detrimental oranur overcharge can be avoided using careful dosing of both orgone charge levels and radioactive stimulus. It is noted that the oranur effect depends both on the level of orgone charge stimulated and the amount of radioactive catalyst employed. There is also a time factor: an orgone field and a radioactive stimulus can be accustomed to each other it would appear. In the phase when the orgone box lid was open the device hardly reacted to the plate. In future work the internal orgone layers of the large cabinet may be renewed in order to increase the orgone charge.

Lastly, there may be ways to quickly reduce radioactivity via orgone processes (though sometimes the orgone appears to increase the readings too of course). It is also noted that it appears that oranur charge does gradually tail off over time, especially if the equipment is outdoors. Oranur charge is long lasting but not without gradual decline it would appear.

The Geiger readings during the large meditation were erratic and this needs to be re-examined. It appears that the Geiger count readings were both suppressed and very changeable during the meditation. That there may be an effect however is a promising avenue to explore in future consciousness and oranur experiments.

Protocol Issues

It is not known how to measure any effects of the consciousness experiment on the conducting group’s consciousness or any wider effects. Thought will be put toward this end though this is a difficult thing to ascertain. The author hopes this will become clearer over time due to practical efforts in the experimental process. One avenue, suggested in the recent Orgone Theory of Time articles (11), might be closer Geiger counter and orgone life meter monitoring before, during and after the meditation experiments. It has been found that paranormal occurrences might have an association with raised oranur (indicated by raised Geiger counts). As consciousness effects may be considered by some to border the paranormal these measurements might be a starting point.

There were problems with the second set of oranur experiments. It was not foreseen how big a difference closing the cabinet lid would make (whilst the plate was within the device). In hindsight it makes sense as Reich noted great differences in the behaviour of the ORUR materials depending on whether it was enclosed or not by metal casing (see Contact with Space or Selected Writings). Also it is logical that the oranur energy would increase if it is in an enclosed system due to strengthened feedback loops. Therefore, this aspect needed to be completely separated from merely putting the plate inside the device with the lid open. The measurements before, during and after needed standardisation so the third oranur experiments therefore took place on the 1st of April 2023 to try and meet these indications.


Two Oranur Medical Treatments

Broken leg

A person of 71 years age had a badly broken leg sustained whilst winter hillwalking. There was a clean break through the larger of the lower leg bones, the tibia, just above the ankle, alongside two other more minor fractures.

At first an inflatable boot was used instead of a plastercast to hold the break but there was such acute pain that a week later a plastercast was applied instead. A large oranur charged orgone blanket that had been inside the oranur cabinet for a long period was used to treat the leg for up to 2 to 3 hours a day from immediately after the injury for about a month and then every few days for a further month. It helped to ease the pain and the frequent foot swelling due to immobility and changes in circulation.

The person also had strong analgesia (opiates and paracetamol) and anticoagulants, injected at first then orally to treat a small haemotoma on the back of the leg and to prevent further clotting. Despite all this, it was such an acute injury that it took approximately 3 weeks until the pain had reduced to an in any way tolerable level. The person was active and fairly fit previously but also quite overweight and a large frame. Mobility for basic functions was a big issue. There was discussion of the need for a residential admission due to the severely reduced mobility and the acute, nearly unmanageable pain. Through a combination of the oranur blanket, which did seem to ease the at times terrible pain, strong analgesia and help from friends and family he managed to stay at home until he was more able to cope (he needed about 6 weeks of twice daily support as he lived alone). He was very reluctant to be in an institution.

It was noticed that he was becoming slightly tanned despite being indoors almost continually which the author thought was due to the oranur blanket (oranur can have a tanning effect).

It took 3 months for the bones to heal and the person to regain most of his mobility. He has recovered well though there were some issues due to stress from a personal situation which is now resolving. There was occasional foot swelling still though this is getting less over time. The heamotoma went and there was no further clotting problems to date although the leg could become sore and inflamed if overworked. At 3 months healing was still ongoing though the inflammation was gone. Occasionally moderate oedema is still apparent on over-exertion. At 4 to 5 months post-crisis the healing appears mostly complete. The bones healed in alignment. After 3 months he was driving again and walking short distances without a stick. He had occasional foot swelling and some skin discolouration at times if he did too much activity up to 4 months post-crisis.

This was the first time oranur had been used therapeutically for an extended period and the first time it was used to help treat an acute injury as far as the author is aware.

Wellbeing treatment

The same person had a well-being treatment aimed at helping with emotional and muscle stagnation issues. He has a tendency towards energy overcharge and stuckness especially in the head and neck area. A mattress was placed alongside the oranur cabinet. The person lay there with a few acupuncture points inserted alongside crystals placed around him. The box was opened and two of the tubes were placed nearby. He felt very relaxed and fell asleep for a while. It was noted that unusually for the area, which is urban, a flock of buzzards hovered above the house at one point during the treatment. Buzzards have been seen nearby but only in the more countryside locales 10 or so miles to the south and then only one or two and rarely. A whole group of 6 to 8 birds was overhead, this would not normally be seen outside of nearby North Wales. Perhaps they could sense an energy charge. The person did not report any major changes to his emotional state although his life has been changing circumstance quite significantly since the treatment.


With many thanks to Roberto Maglione for his extensive editing advice and detailed assistance with this article.



1. Southgate, Leon (2018) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,


2. Reich, W. (1951) The Oranur Experiment – First Report, Orgone Institute Press & Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space – Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press. Both now reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Museum and available from their website www.wilhelmreichmuseum.org. See also physics chapter in Wilhelm Reich, Selected Writings, edited by Higgins.

3. Southgate, Leon (2019) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

See ‘Effect of Smoke on Oranur’ in Section 1. Also see Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, robert_jumper@yahoo.it for details on smoke effects with the Ark device.

4. Accessed March 2023,https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/uranium-glass-radioactive-plates-cups

5. Southgate, L. (2018) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device

6. Milian V. et al, (2002) Confirmation of an Oranur Anomaly, Heretics Handbook, Pulse of the Planet 5 pp182 taken from a presentation to the European Society for Scientific Exploration conference 9-12th October 1998, Valencia, Spain.

7. Reich, W. (Editor Higgins) (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux see pp 416 onwards. Also see Reich, W. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press, pp 26 (now republished by the Wilhelm Reich Museum – www.wilhelmreichmuseum.org). See also Maglione, R. (2021) The Orur, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/the-orur

8. Hastings, L, Robert. (2017) UFOs & Nukes: Extraordinary Encounters at Nuclear Weapons Sites, CreateSpace Publishers. See also the author’s webpage which details two encounters where UFO’s direct light beams into nuclear weapon storage facilities (one British, Bentwaters AFB and one Soviet).

https://www.ufohastings.com/articles/ufos-directed-laser-like-beams-onto-nuclear-weapons-storage-sites Hastings is the foremost researcher in this area and has collated most of the key evidence in his book and at his website.

9. A Heliognosis Mark II Life Energy Meter with a vacuum tube sensor was used in this experiment. A newer model is available from https://www.heliognosis.com/. The Heliognosis meter is a miniaturised version of Reich’s original device which he called the orgone energy field meter. It is described in Reich, W. (1973) The Cancer Biopathy, Vision Press, UK pp147-150. Heliognosis is based in Canada and has produced some interesting and well conducted research available at the website.

The researcher Snyder reproduced a large version of the meter and did some early research in the 1970s into it. Although basic and somewhat unwieldy it confirmed some effects claimed by Reich. He also produced Kirlian photography using the same Tesla coil used in the meter, see Snyder, C. (1973) Energy Field Investigations, Journal of Orgonomy, 1973, Vol 7, Num 1, pp92-98.

10. Previously the oranur device had been used as a kind of space-gun by putting up metal tubes near to the oranur cabinet. This seemed to have some clearing and clarifying effect on the weather and on particulates in the atmosphere, as detailed in this article: Southgate, L. (2020) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, psychorgone.com

An additional space-gun operation was carried out on the 30th of March 2023. Using the recharged device, the four tubes were put up for an hour at 9am. The weather was overcast and looked like it would rain most of the day. After the operation the weather steadily cleared and dried and became somewhat fine with formed clouds for the rest of the day. A lot of people were outside walking dogs and attending business. The weather returned to overcast with light rains the following day of the 31st of March. These two days were broadly in line with forecasts on the www.timeanddate.com archive for the locality though possibly a little sunnier and drier than expected.

11. Southgate, Leon. (2023) Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, psychorgone.com
https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/an-orgonomic-theory-of-time-part-one-previous-time-theories and https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/an-orgonomic-theory-of-time-part-two-a-new-theory-of-time

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An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part Two – A New Theory of Time


In part one the background to a new orgonomic theory of time was presented. Various types of time theory were discussed alongside some time anomalies, some of which were possibly associated with oranur energy. It was argued that factors such as these may require the formation of new ways of looking at time.

In part two, a new orgonomic theory of time is presented. This consists of a universal time with three subtypes: individual, group and energetic. Altogether, these four aspects of time reside in three modes of a singular reality. The modes are orgonotic physicality, consciousness and time itself. Time is defined as the flow of consciousness or orgone.


If time were indeed solely an emergent property of things or events relating to each other, then without those events, time would not be. But as has been argued, time and events are not the same thing. Time must be more than just Aristotle’s counting or Liebniz’s successive relationship of A to B. Ordinary time comes from our consciousness of events, not the events themselves. The same events can be in one time to one person and in another time to someone else. The same day can pass slowly or quickly.

One can imagine a consciousness existing prior to any event or object and independent of them. A totally unbound and free consciousness would still experience itself, absent all objects or events. One could say that experiencing oneself is an event but it would be a continuous and never-ending event as one never stops being oneself. This rather negates the definition of an event. Consciousness is not apparently restrained to material objects so it is not unreasonable to assume a totally free consciousness could exist. Therefore, it seems that such a consciousness, and thus time itself, could exist prior to, or independent of, any event within it. Thus the Newtonian and Platonic views of absolute time (which are not the same but have some commonality) appear to this author to have some validity and could constitute an aspect of the universal orgonotic time proposed here – a time which transcends all other times. This is experienced in daily life to some extent. When one is asleep one enters a time which is independent of the clock in the bedroom. A whole day’s events can take place and yet only a few minutes of terrestrial time has passed. Time still occurs when people are in Out Of Body Experiences (OOBE) or in Near Death Experiences (NDE) but at a rate which is unique to them and not dependent on the outside world. In one NDE a whole decade past within her consciousness whilst she was in a medical coma for a few days.

Time cannot be reduced to anything else it appears. If time is merely counting, then once all clocks are gotten rid of time itself should cease. There should be no time in a dream, as there are no material objects to act as clocks, yet time still exists there (the author defines materiality and physicality differently incidentally). If time is merely relational there must be periods of time before time – before those relationships existed. One philosopher said time can only be stated to be time, negating anything with which it could be defined by – this seems somewhat circular, a non-definition.

Impossible Definitions of Time

This definition seems to say time is both only time and not time (‘nor anything else’). If time is not change or events, then it cannot be Smith’s ‘series of items.’ Perhaps it could be something ‘irreducible’ though which relates those items? Maybe this is the hidden meaning of Smith’s definition. But the only absolute irreducible is consciousness itself which Smith partly rules out by saying time is not perception of events either. Perhaps time is perception itself though – more broadly, consciousness. The only thing which cannot be reduced further is consciousness. Items only exist within consciousness so they can be reduced to consciousness too. Even the fundamental laws of the universe, its fundamental irreducible parameters, if they exist, only exist inside consciousness. This author believes Smith’s argument can reasonably be interpreted to say that time is consciousness – which is a central thesis here.

Time as Consciousness

Consciousness cannot exist without time as even to be conscious of one’s own consciousness implies a sense of time passing. Therefore, time is a fundamental aspect of consciousness. Wherever there is one there will be the other. This also means that there can be no such thing as complete timelessness as there can never be a state of no consciousness if consciousness is a fundamental property of the universe. As consciousness has been argued in other papers to be identical with the primordial orgone (1) then we can also say that time is identical with orgone. At its most succinct, ordinary time would be defined as the local flow of consciousness (which in turn is the local flow of orgone).

Plato’s eternal time would be the awareness of a universal consciousness and would be transcendent of any event within it. It would be the alpha and the omega, it would know all pasts and all futures. Universal time would be simply the orgone itself considered holistically. The other types of time recounted herein would be the flows of the orgone as it splits off from itself. Plato’s eternal time and orgonotic universal time might not be the exact same thing however as will be explored.

The author would argue that Hegel’s view of time as the unfolding of space is also consistent if we view that no space is possible without consciousness (as in this view space is orgonotic and thus conscious). This would be in keeping with Hegel’s notion of Absolute Spirit. Consciousness also in itself always implies a sense of the existence of a space. Even a dream has a sense of spatiality. However, for Hegel the primary association or expression of time was space but in this orgonomic theory of time the primary association and expression of time would be consciousness. So it could be argued it is closest to the Platonic view in this regard, though again it is not purely Platonic either.


In particle entanglement and instant psychic communication there is indicated to be a state of infinite or near infinite speed (one could say that this is not travel but some other type of unity perhaps). There is no indication that there is any upper speed limit to consciousness, however that unity is defined, or indeed to orgone itself as an ideo-substance. In the universal time of pure orgone there could be instant communication throughout the universe at infinite speed or infinite unity. Therefore, there would be no separation possible and all experienced ‘nows’ in the same space would have a universal simultaneity aspect, even if other aspects of their time expression were apparently separate. A person on Earth and on Jupiter could experience the same now, even if some other aspects of their now were delayed. The two could experience a telepathic comprehension of the same moment even if their TV signals encountered a delay. This would imply the existence of a universally shared time-flow. The author is not referring to a static eternalism here incidentally but simultaneity.

I. Universal Orgonotic Time

The first aspect of this orgonomic theory of time is that there exists a state of universal time which is transcendent of any other time and is not dependent on any event within it. This universal time is also a universal consciousness and is identical with the most whole aspect of orgone.

Just as orgone energy can slow down, or condense into matter and water, or excite, perhaps speed up, into charged particles, this theory proposes that the universal orgone, that is also universal time, can split off into the streams of group time that we experience collectively as a temporal sequence. This can be creative, as orgone is negentropic, creating life and matter, going from less to more complex. This ‘becoming’ of orgone can be experienced as temporality. The flow could also be entropic, recounting demise. For some reason physics has had preference for entropy in time but there is no necessity for this. Man himself is the result of negentropy yet he creates a physics which does not recognise the process. This is strange indeed. A seed growing into an oak tree is as deserving of the passage of time as is the dying of a star or the decay of an atom. The whole universe created the negentropy that resulted in the oak tree even if eventually entropy will follow when it returns to dust. But negentropy can follow the entropy in like fashion. The dust will once more give birth.

It could be argued that a universal time is not required as this is merely a form of absolute time as dismissed by Leibniz and others. However, Leibniz’s arguments theorise problems which we have not actually encountered, such as multiple worlds each displaced by one second against the clock of absolute time. It is a kind of straw-man argument therefore. The other argument against absolute time is that it is creating more entities than are required – we do not need an absolute time. But again this author believes a universal time is required to explain what we encounter in reality. Time cannot be adequately explained on a purely relational, emergent or successive basis so some other type of foundation is required. Local time can be measured by the movement of objects but time itself seems to be more than just external change or succession. There are also no fixed speeds and hence no universal standard to measure local time against. Additionally, instantaneousness and precognition indicate that successive time is not always a universal property even when things do occur in a sequence. Time in this author’s view is also dependent on consciousness so it cannot merely be tied to objects or even dimensions, consciousness transcends all these things. Further, consciousness or even material entities may be able to step out of the relational or successive time stream altogether and if this is so then a universal time is essential as an explanation.

Liebniz and the Rationalist View of Time

The above factors, taken together, in conjunction with Plato’s views and contrary to Liebniz, would imply that there is indeed a universal time. This slows down or substantialises into our usual flows of time which we have here called the group and individual streams of time. Within these streams the rational view of time of Liebniz would then take precedence. If we can however step out of the flows of group time and back into it this implies an underlying universal time into which we step to and from the group streams. Instantaneous events also imply a universal time which connects them beyond any single event or movement.

The universal time would be subtly different to Newton’s absolute time however. Newton’s absolute time is a form of timelessness just as his absolute space is a form of spaceless-ness, an unmoving, nothingness in which the real bodies have their true motion. The universal time proposed here would rather have both its own unique kind of universal movement and would also experience time in a unique way. Unlike Newton’s absolute time, or perhaps Plato’s unchanging eternity, the universal time would be both conscious and physical and have flow, or change, though its own unique type.

Time does not come solely from the movement of objects and their relationships but from our awareness of them and ultimately from consciousness itself – even a dream has time, its own unique chronology. Time emerging from movement as in current physics, or from succession, as argued by Liebniz, has explanatory value within the group time streams but doesn’t explain time completely, certainly if the conscious and paranormal aspects are true. However, a universal orgonotic time might imply the following options:

Firstly, that there is ultimately only mind and what we perceive as reality is just a passing illusion, a dream. There is really no physicality and no orgone. Secondly, it could be that orgone has an aspect which is infinite and thus beyond local movement. Local movement and pulsation is a property of orgone within local living organisms and as local energy but ultimately the definition of orgone may rest with the physicality of consciousness alone. This is seen in the view that the author puts forward regarding orgone and consciousness being identical, see the Orgone Continuum essays (2). Local movement or transcendence of local movement would shift down to perception eventually. For example, from the perspective of a fish there is continual movement in a fish-tank but given time, from the perspective of the tank it remains still.

Time and Motion

However, if time is not local movement, it is also not stillness – if such is even possible. Universal consciousness would have its own kind of transcendent movement. It is always experiencing a flow, an awareness of itself. The universal consciousness would experience itself and thus would know time. There would therefore always be a sense of movement within the universal consciousness. Consciousness cannot be without time as time is flow of consciousness. Consciousness always experiences and therefore always has flow. Therefore, there must be no true stillness even at the universal level, but a movement which is beyond locality. This is a somewhat paradoxical situation – a universal movement which is beyond local movement. The universal consciousness (and thus universal time) would still have physicality as consciousness and physicality also cannot be separated. Therefore, as in the orgone continuum, we can only have pure mind if it is also physical – an ideo-substance. This would apply to universal time too. The universal time would transcend local movement but would remain a physical conscious substance with its own aspect of universal movement. Orgone would thus have the quality of local movement within organisms and local energy but the ability to transcend local movement in its most whole state of universal time.

It appears experimentally that consciousness and particles or energy can transcend distance and local movement (entering the universal state perhaps). However, unlike locality, physicality and time are intrinsic to consciousness. They are at once a unity and a trinity of the same entity. This will be explored further in the conclusion.

II. Group Time Streams

The second aspect of this orgonomic theory of time is that the universal time splits off into mass or group streams of time. It is noticeable that in accounts of time slips the jumps do not generally seem to be more than a century or two. The time slips reported in Liverpool are of only a few decades. Perhaps time streams decay and there is only a certain amount of flexibility in the movement within them. Group time streams could be a little like a combination of the growing block and moving spotlight types of time theories. In time slips of greater separation, it is sometimes more like a movie being replayed, like the energy of that period has an echo down the timeline such as when Roman soldiers have been seen trooping along a now built over road. However, it might be possible to move further in time if there is greater energy powering the transition.

If the universal time has its own special sense of universal movement this would imply that it is not static and there is indeed a process of development within the streams that branch off and return to the universal time, as Hegel foresaw as the process of the development of Absolute Spirit.

III. Individual Time Streams

The third aspect of this orgonomic theory of time is that individual conscious entities can enter into these group streams of time but as they are themselves a locus of consciousness this would also make them a locus of time. Individual time streams would be affected by the quantity of consciousness of the entity concerned and by the activity of this consciousness and its relationship to the universal, group and energetic times. It would thus be a complex reckoning and constantly changing. The individual time and the time within the group stream could thus be seen to differ. This could result at one end as psychological changes affecting personal time perception to psychic time travel in the middle and at the other extreme to actual material time travel being perhaps possible.

Such travel might be where the energy charge of the entity’s consciousness within the group time stream became so radically different to that of the group time stream that the individual materially alters their position in the forward direction of the group time stream. There is no reason to suppose that there would automatically be preference for travel in the group time stream, past or future, if the individual were to be able to depart from the group stream location. However, on the other hand, orgone is inherently directional as it is negentropic (towards greater complexity) so perhaps this would be reflected in the direction of travel most easily obtained.

Each consciousness locus would have its own individual time stream (due to being a locus of orgone and thus of time). These streams of time would affect each other, increasing or decreasing their respective quantities of time. The overall weight of the timestreams would merge into the group time stream with the present being the consensus reality. Even a grain of sand would have its own quantity and stream of time. As a dog runs across a sandy beach the time streams of the seagulls flying off and the humans on the beach would subtly interact and alter as would the time streams of the sand beneath the dog’s paws.

IV. Energetic Time

The fourth aspect of this theory would be that since energetic objects are condensations of orgone and orgone is identical to time, the greater the object’s mass, the more condensed ‘time’ it would contain. A kind of orgonotic relativity would thus come into play. So greater material mass would increase the orgonotic density and slow down time in the object relative to the surroundings. Anti-gravity effects might in the opposite way decrease the mass of an object, increase its energetic activity and so it’s time might become faster relative to its slower, more dense surroundings. As all objects would have a measure of time and as objects exist in relationship to each other there would be a relational aspect to time in the group time stream. Increasing this complexity still further would be that the group time streams themselves would have an energy relationship to the universal time. If something moved fast enough with enough energy it could leave the group time stream and move toward the universal.

The more conscious and energetic vortexes there are in each space the more stable the time would become. For example, in a dream there is usually only one mind, or one locus of time. A house in a dream might have a time of existence of some minutes subjectively. It is unlikely to be visited twice, though it might. But a house in shared consensus reality would have millions of conscious vortexes involved in its reality. From the housefly to the rice in the cupboard to the people living in and around it to the birds singing in the garden and the worms digging the soil – all lend their awareness. Such a house might thus have a time reality of hundreds of years.

Temporal everyday time is an integral part of orgone. This is because orgone energy flows are inherently temporal in nature like the wave functions of quantum physics. Any orgonotic negentropic flow (the superimposition of orgone streams creating a galaxy for example) or the condensation biologically from bion to amoeba to cell also has time. An orgonotic flow in the other direction, for example the breakdown of a red blood cell has orgonotic stages and thus also possesses temporal time.

The creative and destructive cycles like Reich’s four beat life cycle (Relaxation, Tension, Charge, Discharge) both follow time in the forward arrow.

John Southgate’s Creative Cycle

John Southgate, a pioneering North London psychoanalyst was interested his whole working life in the dynamics of groups. He started work as a ‘time and motion’ manager in a factory in Nottingham and eventually taught group dynamics at the North London Polytechnic before setting up the Institute for Self-Analysis in Hampstead. This became the Centre for Attachment-Based Psychoanalytical Psychotherapy. In the above diagram he used Reich’s four-beat life formula to illustrate how groups go through creative (and destructive) cycles over time (3). John Southgate’s creative and destructive cycles mirror the yin yang symbol with its sine wave segmenting a circle. The yin yang symbol also symbolises time, creation and destruction, male and female changing within the overall tao, the latter being similar to Leon Southgate’s universal time. The yin yang symbol is best visualised not as static but as moving. Interestingly, the yin yang symbol is also Reich’s orgonome biological shape and can thus be viewed in three dimensions as well as in motion (4).

Biological Orgonome as 3D Yin Yang Symbol in Motion

John Southgate’s notion of a barefoot psychoanalyst was based on the Chinese notion of barefoot doctors.

Group Dynamics in Time

Orgonotic energetic time would be forwards, temporal and both negentropic and entropic. It could also explain why the forward direction of time is preferenced. Orgone is inherently and preferentially creative as a field, it tends to go from less to more, from cold to hot, it is more negentropic than entropic. Orgone itself has a direction, a choice. These flows would tend to preference creative movement within the group time flows but would also allow for destructive flows in the same temporal direction. There is no creation without some destruction.

Time has an aspect as a universal container and as a thing in this theory. It is not solely something intangible or merely descriptive arising from the unfolding of reality, but a tangible correlate and identity of orgone and thus consciousness. Time like a substance or fluid may conceivably split off into streams, yet the ocean (universal time) from which the streams derive (group and individual) would contain them. Orgone’s qualities could be said to be consciousness, physicality and time. All three aspects are identical and interchangeable. If there is any consciousness at all there must be a sense of experiencing something and thus all consciousness implies physicality to some degree. Consciousness and physicality are thus identical. If there is any consciousness at all there is also time. Even awareness of one’s own consciousness without any objects or others would still have a sense of time in that awareness. Consciousness and time are therefore identical. If consciousness is identical with orgone then if one can move within the orgone then one can move within time. Time itself could be considered a physical thing but with simultaneous multiple existences, a trinity.

Topology of Orgonomic Time

Overall Conclusion

This theory would be both Platonic (viewing the background universal time as independent of change, otherwise known as absolutism) but also its opposite the relational conception (viewing the group time streams as generating time partly through the relations of objects and energy). The universal time would have flow however, so perhaps not completely identical to Plato’s unchanging eternity. It has aspects of spiritual theories of time in that it includes a transcendent factor (the universal orgonotic time). It includes psychological theories of time because it sees time as an aspect of consciousness (hence it includes animal time and real duration, time as subjectively real – depending on one’s position in the time streams). It explains apparent timelessness as a different kind of time rather than no-time. In this sense, the universal time is subtly different to the Platonic concept – there can be no absolute stillness in even the universal time. This is because the universal time is also conscious, and consciousness always implies flow.

As in Einstein’s theory of time it views time as physical (as time is an aspect of a physical entity – orgone). Incidentally, Einstein himself never completely rejected the aether (which is related to orgone). There must be a physically real background medium even in relativity theories (space-time). He was content merely to strip away nearly all the functions of an aether aside from those required by relativity (5). Within the time streams, the orgone theory of time would have aspects of relativity as the quanta of orgone (and thus time) would change relative to factors such as mass, energy and movement. It incorporates aspects of moving block theory (the collective of individual time streams would create an increasing block travelling along the group time stream). This is illustrated via the segments in the group stream illustrated above. It would also have aspects of spotlight theory – the collective of individuals at the ‘present’ in the group time stream would preference the growing present and past but individual time streams might ‘spotlight’ differently. This is illustrated with the figures ‘spotlighting’ different points in the group stream. The relationship of the group time stream to the flow of the universal time would create a real group temporality even if individuals within the stream changed position. This temporality of the present might be stretched somewhat along the segment of the group-time stream.

It may be possible to materially move within a portion or block of the group time stream. It may also be possible to psychically, or even materially, move the ‘spotlight’ of one’s consciousness within the block of time. It has aspects of a dynamic eternalism and aspects of presentism. It is both an A type of time theory (temporality is real within the group stream) and a B type (temporality can be transcended to a degree via the universal time or ‘spotlight’ movement within a block). It thus includes temporality and non-temporality. It delineates four interacting aspects of time; universal, group, individual and energetic.

It avoids McTaggerts influential dismissal of time by freeing it from being merely the reflection of change as in the Aristotlian definition. The existence of a universal background time can be said to counterbalance McTaggerts dismissal of time’s existence (6). Past, present and future need not entirely contradict each other from the point of view of the universal time. McTaggert reasonably argued that events cannot be considered in two tenses at once, say past and present, therefore the tenses do not make sense, hence time does not exist. However, perhaps it is not time itself that does not exist but temporality and then only from one perspective – that of the universal time. Temporality may exist according to the flow of change in group and individual time streams – the consensus present would be where most individual time streams are together spotlighting the group time stream (although this consensus present might spread out across a segment to some degree). An individual’s present could alter forwards and backwards from the group or even be multiple. Temporality would be the function of consciousness and thus real to that consciousness or group of consciousnesses.

The theory is not deterministic (because consciousness always influences it throughout the entirety of time) and it allows for multiple causation in either direction – as is claimed to be noted in some scientific experiments which show causation to be bypassed or even backward. It is not non-existent like Newton’s absolute time as the universal time itself experiences consciousness, flow and physicality. It is not still like Plato’s eternity, as it has flow and development even in the universal aspect.

There is not duality in this theory as the universal time is not non-time but a form of time. The universal time remains physical and conscious so of the same substance as time experienced in the group, individual and energetic forms. It does require physicality to have an aspect beyond local movement – a kind of universal movement which is transcendent of local movement. This transcendent universal movement is not stillness however – and this is the heart of the paradox. It cannot be stillness as it is conscious and consciousness always has time and thus flow. Empirically, there is no absolute stillness evidenced as all observed things have energy. There is also no absolute stillness evidenced psychically. All experienced things have flow. There is no zero. Even if one were to experience absolute void there would still be a flow created by the consciousness of that void. Yet if something can be everywhere at once it is beyond localised movement – thus there is a paradox. Liverpool also had a famous nightclub of this name in the 1980s on the outskirts of town, a huge place, where some three thousand people could party. It had as its central building feature a 1920s Art Deco clocktower, formally the famous workplace of Vernon’s Pools Football lottery which brought betting to the masses and away from horseracing alone. The year that Reich died, 1957, saw the launch of door-to-door betting coupons in England. The club hosted thousands of revellers every week through the 1980s and 90s and the author visited once and had a great time.

The Paradox Nightclub Building, Liverpool

Perhaps there is a mystery beyond which science cannot venture. The science fiction series, Doctor Who is well named, it implies that there is always this paradox. It is a question as well as a name, Doctor Who? The creator of the most famous time-based science fiction series in history, Southgate believes based their premier villains on Reich’s notion of armouring. Terry Nation in the first series of Doctor Who, which aired from December 1963, introduces the Daleks (7). They were so popular they survived almost exactly as first envisioned right through to recent episodes. The Daleks were a brain in a super-armoured mechanical body. They were obsessed with destroying things. As survivors of a terrible war on their planet they hate free-flowing, natural life. The other group of intelligent beings on their planet were called the Thals and were pacifist, very unarmoured and ‘flowing’ characters. They had a Greek type of dress. Thallasso is Greek for deep waters/ocean. Thallasophobia, which the Daleks have, is fear of deep waters (emotionally speaking). Reich’s epitome of the unarmoured character was from a free-flowing jellyfish – a sea creature. Also, Reich’s notion of a cosmic orgone ocean corresponds to the deep waters (8).

The use of a police box as the time travelling Tardis is interesting. The word polis originally meant state, or a Greek city. So the outer city (polis) could represent the universal time described here with the changes or travel being the individual and group time streams, represented by the doctor (individual) and where he visits (group). The Tardis is also bigger on the inside than the outside indicating that it is a container for time. Nation also introduced the idea in series one that the Daleks were dependent on the deadly radiation post an atomic war. This is reminiscent of Reich’s idea of an extra-terrestrial DOR-Men in Contact with Space published a few years earlier (DOR is Deadly Orgone). This author believes the idea of the Daleks being based on the SS or Nazis as commonly argued was just a cover story and the real basis was Reich’s notion of armoured versus unarmoured character types, which Nation would not have been free to disclose but which makes more sense to this author.

The Unarmoured Thals Versus Armoured Daleks in Original Doctor Who, Series 1, 1963

An additional reason for the belief in Reich’s influence is from another later series by Nation, the brilliant science fiction TV series portraying a fascist space-travelling Earth civilisation – Blake’s 7 (9). A breakaway group of criminals eventually commandeers an Artificial Intelligence called ORAC on an abandoned planet called Aristo (meaning noble) where a computer scientist named Ensor works alone but for his son and persecuted by the authorities (perhaps ENergy Sentience ORgone). Reich worked alone but for a few associates and his son, Peter, and daughter Eva, and was persecuted by the authorities. ORAC is an unusual name for a computer and Reich’s acronym is the best-known use of the term (ORgone ACcumulator). Orgonomy was experiencing an upsurge in the late 1970s when Nation was writing and he would have been familiar with it at least to some degree. Sometimes the name is capitalised in the original Blake’s 7 graphics suggesting an acronym rather than an abbreviation, say for oracle, which again would make a good cover story. ORAC in the series is a box and Reich’s ORAC is also a box. Both Blake’s 7 ORAC and Reich’s ORAC motor may have had an activating component – the Y Factor for Reich’s motor and in Blake’s 7 a small handheld switch which was placed on the box to activate it. This is also reminiscent of the shamir which activated the Ark of the Covenant. The Ark was itself perhaps an oranur computer for conversing with a higher intelligence, see Maglione for discussion of the Ark, oranur and the shamir (10). Coincidentally, Nation in English and Reich in German both mean the same thing, the homeland.

Blake’s 7 – ORAC

The ideo-physical, pan-psychic view of orgone, required only two components: orgonotic physicality and consciousness. This orgone theory of time requires only three components: orgonotic physicality, consciousness and time itself (or flow of consciousness). The only essentials in this theory are those three elements – one cannot have any reality at all without all three at once. There is no reality if any of the three are separate. Local movement and stillness, matter and local energy are sub-concepts in this view. Time always implies flow. Consciousness always implies time so even the universal time would have flow. The universal time would thus have a transcendent movement. It is not still as it is conscious. But it transcends any movement within it. This is a paradox which can be illustrated with a diagram:

Time Paradox

As can be seen above the universal time is shown moving, this has been termed transcendent movement by the author. The universal time is shown here as the ouroboros – as it is living, conscious and moving and thus a good symbol. The universal time cannot be stillness as it is aware and thus has its own universal flow or time. But it also transcends any movement within it, hence its paradoxical nature. The circular nature of the symbol represents the universal time as it is whole and all-containing. Any streams inside the greater circle would be the group and individual streams. The universal time can transcend any movement within it but is itself not still. Thus one could imagine it as the ouroboros therefore. One could also imagine the universal time as the onlooker observing a waterfall. Various points in the waterfall can represent points in time; past, present and future, coming into being as an object traverses the falls. Perhaps an object could teleport from one point in the falls to another, representing time travel. Similarly, a Ferris Wheel could represent, holistically, the universal time and each moving seat a temporal ‘present’. As each ‘present’ moves around the wheel one moves from the past into the future. But again, if one were able to jump from one seat to another then time travel would have occurred. A group of people in a seat would represent a consensus ‘present’. A consciousness could conceivably exist at more than one point in the waterfall or Ferris Wheel.

Temporal Time as Points on a Waterfall or Ferris Wheel

Temporal time could also be viewed as an ancient hippodrome – the building being the universal time and the racehorses being individual time streams with each race being a group time stream. Different audience vantage points along the way could represent different temporal locations in the timestream. The hippodrome building, like the universal time, could be subtly moving especially if it is full of people. Temporality could also be seen as a carousel. The carousel viewed holistically could represent the universal time with the individual moving figures being individual and group streams. Looking from the perspective of the whole or from outside the carousel one would know the past and future of each animal. That the outside of the Ferris Wheel, carousel or waterfall also moves represents the transcendent movement which contains the movement of anything within it. Riders moving from one animal to another on a carousel would represent time travel. Relative movement would be viewing the animal and rider from within the carousel and relative stillness would be viewing the same thing from outside the carousel.

Temporality as a Hippodrome or Carousel


The theory is testable on at least three levels.

1. If orgone is time this could be tested by creating concentrations of orgone and seeing if such concentrations affect the experience or mechanical passage of time. The theory would predict that a moderate accumulation of orgone might affect a change in psychic time. On the other hand, a great accumulation of orgone might affect a material change in time. Oranur seems to affect psychics and shamans more than most people and this could be initial evidence of orgone affecting psychic passage of time – shamans and psychics can be out of time flows or contain more time than most people. One shaman repeatedly reported that oranur caused her to experience ‘time-jumping’ where her temporal stability became elastic. This was a very difficult experience so caution with oranur near psychics is strongly advised. The author considers that psychics and shamans may generate their own oranur, this being why they are more sensitive to it than most people – they are already highly charged. Uri Geller could change Geiger counts and this author posits that it might not have been through mechanical interference (as Geller’s team thought) but through oranur (11).

2. As this theory predicts time travel might be possible, both psychically and materially, then a simple way to investigate this could include systematically collating and analysing the reports of out-of-time occurrences to see if there are common factors such as oranur-like energy concentrations. There is some evidence of this already as has been noted in this essay, see the Jenny Randles book previously referenced for example.

3. This theory predicts that oranur would be associated with time travel and other paranormal occurrences. Oranur can be measured using Geiger counters as the energy creates an increase in charged particles. It could be investigated if Geiger counts increase near possible paranormal time phenomena. This has already been evidenced to some extent if one considers the Constable bio-forms (12) as paranormal phenomena (they are associated with an increase in Geiger counts). Researchers might consider Geiger count measurements as a useful tool. Faraday cages, as used in some paranormal research as a controlling factor, do not reduce oranur, in fact they increase it, so they are not a complete control. Electrical phenomena itself can also be viewed as secondary to oranur in some cases.


Consciousness is created by time as the latter is an aspect of consciousness itself. Orgone may possibly be created by consciousness (for example through meditation, Yoga or Tai-chi). Orgone can also be created by time as it is naturally negentropic (generally the more time passes the more orgone accumulates). This would also mean there might be no conservation of energy ultimately and that new energy may be creatable as consciousness is without limit. Consciousness may not conserve itself or have a set quantity. Words, numbers and symbols, such as posited by religious traditions might be able to create things by speaking them into being as is claimed in our great books.



T = C x Or

Time would be affected by the amount of consciousness multiplied by the amount of orgonotic charge. The latter would be affected by the density of the physicality one is within. For example, in the arena of a dream, travel within time might be easier than in the arena of terrestrial life. Orgone is anchored (in accumulators or geometric shapes such as the pyramid), excited (charged particles), frozen (matter) and condensed (water) into physicality so it thus ‘divided’ in the process (from the whole). One could therefore amend the equation as follows:


T = C x Or / d

It is hard to visualise as an orgonometric equation using Reich’s symbols, as each of the three so-called variables is a Common Functioning Principle or CFP to the other two variables (density is an aspect of orgone so not actually a separate variable but a sub-variable). Neither of the three variables is the root of the other two. One cannot have any consciousness at all without physicality. There is no consciousness without time, as all awareness inherently possesses time. Orgone as a substance cannot exist without consciousness or therefore outside of time. There is no single CFP. Consciousness cannot split into time on the one hand and orgone on the other – it would no longer be consciousness in such a scenario and the variables would also not exist separately. It appears that factually we are left with no other option but to visualise the relationship as a trinity. Hence the symbol at the beginning of Part 2 of this essay, the ouroboros is pictured as the universal time containing the triangle representing the three aspects of reality, as pictured here.

Reality as Trinity


1. Southgate, Leon. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy,

2. Southgate, Leon, (2018) https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum

3. Southgate, John, Randall and Tomlinson (1978) The Barefoot Psychoanalyst, Barefoot Books quoted in Southgate, Leon. Chinese Medicine and Wilhelm Reich (2009) Lambert Academic Publishing, pp 39 (also MSc Univ of Wales 2002).

4. Southgate, Leon. (2002) Chinese Medicine and Wilhelm Reich, MSc Thesis, University of Wales, Northern College of Acupuncture. Also available as a book by LAP publishers. Synopsis at https://nca.ac.uk/research/msc-research-projects/tcm-reichian-theory

– see orgonome and Yin Yang symbol.

5. Relativity and Time https://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Extras/Einstein_ether/

6. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/time/#TimePhys Section 4.

7. Accessed 2022 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctor_Who_(season_1) See synopsis Series 1. (The original series 1 was available to view on Archive.org at time of writing).

8. Reich, Wilhelm (1960) Selected Writings of Wilhelm Reich, Ed – Higgins, Farrer, Straus, Giroux/Noonday Press.

9. Blake’s 7, Series 1, Episode 13 (1978) Nation, Terry. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0198877/ (synopsis). Series available in part on Youtube or as DVD, 2022.

10. Maglione, Roberto. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, robert_jumper@yahoo.it

11. Taylor, John. (1976) Super Minds, Picador pp61.

12. Southgate, Leon and Hayes, Nik (2019) Positive Findings on Constable’s Bioforms,
https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/positive-findings-on-constables-orgonotic-bio-forms See Also Part 1.

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An Orgonomic Theory of Time Part One – Previous Time Theories


A brief overview of various philosophical and scientifically based time theories and their conceptual difficulties. Certain time anomalies are presented alongside the apparent association of those anomalies with oranur, an excited form of orgone energy. In part two, a new orgonomic theory of time is elucidated wherein there are four interacting types: individual, group, energetic and universal time. Time itself is considered analogous to consciousness and more specifically to the ideo-physical (or pan-psychic) view of orgone as proposed previously by Southgate. This view is presented as an indivisible triad – consciousness, orgone and time.


1. Introduction – Theories of Time

There are an incredibly complex and diverse range of philosophical and scientific theories regarding time. The main ones are presentism, growing block (past and present are an accumulating block within which we exist and move toward the future), moving spotlight (one’s consciousness cuts through the block of time) and eternalism (everything has already happened but we are using consciousness to preference viewpoints). In presentism only that which exists right now is considered real. There is also absolutism wherein time exists independent of events. Dimensionality describes the view of time as a dimension like those of space. In relationism, time is only real in relation to changes with or between observed things – modern physics tends to preference this type of view. Animal time is a psychological definition of time as the experience of animate life. Metabolic time is similar, the experiential in relation to the rate of living. In real-duration, time is real but only when considered subjectively. In temporality, past, present and future are considered existent though perhaps not all of them, all of the time. There are circular and linear conceptions of time and purely psychological notions of the reality of time. Most religious views of time have circular, linear, psychological and relational aspects. Many, especially within certain spiritual views say time does not ultimately exist. Others say time does not exist at all, even on a mundane, everyday level.

Multiple Time Theories


Theories of time tend to get put into one of two classes. There are the ‘A’ theories of time which say that there is causation, structure and genuine temporality (past present and future). Then there are the ‘B’ theories of time which say temporality is illusory and arbitrary. All we have are relations between things or events. Temporal states are just perspectives, nothing really changes. This is a static take on eternalism but there is a dynamic interpretation too. Things genuinely change but only because we change our perspective or our slice through eternity – temporality is still not ultimately real.

These are the more common, basic building blocks of time theories. There are also hybrid theories combining these views.

All the basic aspects of time theories are problematic in some way it appears. In presentism one cannot account for the real effects of the past and future. It cannot be denied that events in the past shaped the present, but if only the present is real, the past is illusion and cannot affect anything. There are arguments against dimensionality, such as that presented in Einstein’s theories, saying that time might precede even the current nature or dimensions of the universe, see physicist Lee Smolin (1). Others object to reducing time to a form of spatiality arguing that time is quite different to material extension and has different properties. Notions of time based on psychology, biology and perspective seem to imply that without conscious beings or biology time ceases to exist. Some believe that the psyche can change the past and the future by changing our relation to events and thus those events themselves are tangibly changed. Psychological time implies time is fluid. Time is relational in many current physics views. However, if that is the case it ignores the conscious aspects of time and may make separation the ultimate reality of the universe. In a time-relational universe, not all things can relate if the speed of communication is limited (by light speed). Intuitively most of mankind would however say that there is an underlying unity which we can all experience – most of humanity has a spiritual or religious view which includes a universal unity. Quantum physics can be used to argue against a universe of separation as it relates phenomena that may indicate an underlying oneness (for example, non-local particle entanglement). Orgone physics likewise relates the existence of a unifying field, like the ancient aether, but with additional biological and possibly psychic properties.

In current mainstream physics, time is mostly seen as resulting from other things. However, if time is an emergent property we have to imagine a physical universe existing prior to when time emerged, which is impossible. Or, we would have to imagine a time before there was time, which is nonsensical. Time as emergent (secondary to other things) would only make sense in an eternal universe, as the ancients recognised. In that case time would be foundational anyway, as it would always have existed. The mainstream view in physics is that time did not exist prior to the beginning of the universe in a cosmic explosion. Before the explosion there was no time and no physicality or causation. How this is any more scientific than the view in Genesis is unclear – both are creation ‘ex nihilo,’ if Genesis and the Big Bang theory are to be taken literally. The view of Aristotle, Plato and Descartes however would go against time being emergent as will be discussed later. Prior to Big Bang theory most conceptions of the universe and of time tended toward both being eternal.

Even the concept of the present moment is problematic. When exactly was the present? Is it individual or shared? Can we ever know it or live in it, is it always in the past once it is perceived? The philosopher Whitehead in his view of mind and matter ‘as process’ saw the mind as in the present and objects always in the slight past as they exist only once perceived. Sheldrake’s morphogenetic fields alternatively might exist in the future and act backwards on the present as attractors (2). If there is a present, is it continuous and analogue or digitised and separated? If an underlying continuum exists and is not quantised, then that might lead to the view that time is also continuous, and the present thus continues without gap. Some quantum views understand basic reality to be composed of continuing waveforms, which by their nature are in time and analogue – a wave only exists continually over time. Other quantum views perceive that even space itself could be quantised.

Could time be a series of snapshot moments and nothing actually moves but perception? David Icke certainly likes to describe time as like a DVD disc and our present merely depends on where we are in the holographic decoding of the disc. This is an influential view within the many types of simulation theories (3). This would be a form of dynamic eternalism. Are there an infinite series of static moments? Is even the idea of a present, an extensionless moment, just a mathematical construct, not of itself real?

Time Loops and Simulation Theories


Nothing is straightforward in the conception of time. The more it is considered, the harder it is to grasp, or so it seems.

In the relativity theories of Einstein, the speed of light is taken to be constant, although this author believes that is not the case. For further information on this see the discussion on the aether-confirming speed of light experiments of Dayton Miller. Also discussed at length are the famous Michelson and Morley aether-negating claims. These may have been falsely reported, see Dr Demeo for further on these subjects (4). A basement, such as used by Michelson and Morley (1887) is the last place to look for a moving, Earth-entrained cosmic aether, yet still their results were not entirely null as the public were told. Perhaps they were looking for Newton’s static and empty aether. Or perhaps they did not want to find an aether. Miller’s later equally valid and confirming experiments (1925-6), carried out where you would expect a moving aether, never received the sort of publicity that Michelson and Morley’s work did, in fact every attempt was made to bury and discredit Miller’s work. Michelson thought an aether may exist and did also evidence one in 1925 with Gale. Sagnac evidenced the aether in 1913 (5). Demeo lists the more recent evidence. It was obvious, then as now, aether was not a welcome guest at the table.

Dayton Miller’s Light Measuring Interferometer Device


For Einstein’s relativity, which he viewed as incompatible with Miller’s aether, instantaneous communication is ruled out as nothing can travel faster than the unchanging speed of light in that view. Therefore, one person’s present is completely independent of another person’s present, especially if they are very far away in space from each other. One’s present moment on Earth is approximately 43 minutes distant from the same present moment on Jupiter as that is the amount of time it takes light to travel from one to the other. The Earth person and the tourist on Jupiter might as well be in separate universes. They can never be in the same moment of reality.

Present moments are also complex in quantum physics. In some views it is thought that all space is quantised and thus, equated with that, also local time. It posits that there is an infinitesimal quantum, called the Planck length and derived, the Planck time. Therefore, if regarding time as change (the relational view), local time and the present moment would be an incredibly small digital snapshot and not an analogue flow. Everything and everyone would have their own unique and separate present. Alternatively, a waveform, which is the reality of a field and the basis of quantum field theory, could not be a wave if it did not exist continually as a flow over time. It is not certain which view is most correct, the analogue or the digital.

Physics has great practical difficulty with time. The two most accepted theories of physics, relativity and quantum, appear to have opposite views of time (dimensional and non/absolute time respectively). Most of the equations of quantum physics do not require time as a part of the equation. It can be added in afterwards. They will work forwards and backwards and not as we usually experience reality – connected to a forward-moving ‘arrow of time’. Quantum physics generally describes particle behaviour against a background of absolute, or non-time whereas Einstein’s gravity physics incorporates a relative time, dependent on spatiality and movement. To marry the two is exceptionally difficult, hence the problems for quantum gravity theories.

Incidentally, it is the instantaneous aspect of some apparent quantum phenomena, such as particle entanglement, that has caused some in spiritual communities to state that a universal interconnectedness is thus evidenced. Some simulation theorists view this same phenomenon as evidence that the universe is unreal. Particles connect beyond the speed of light experimentally, it is claimed, but communication they believe, is impossible faster than light. Therefore, they view the physical universe as illusory. But perhaps physicality can do things which they currently cannot comprehend. Reality has a habit of having a trick up its sleeve.

In Newtonian physics time is also not generally required. Newton had a conception of an absolute time which occurred throughout the universe and thus his mechanics of matter were essentially independent of this uniformly flowing and universal time. Mechanical time between bodies he distinguished as relative times occurring in relative spaces. There is in contrast, an ancient view, which Descartes held, that since there is no truly empty space, as an aether fills all space, all time was movement within, or of, this plenum. Newton was critical of Descartes and of this ancient view of time (and space). Newton thought there was an absolute time and an absolute space which he distinguished from the relative types. He thought this was the only view consistent with the existence of true motion of objects (rather than simply displacement) and of an absolute God (6). Hence Newton’s belief in a background empty space as a non-physical entity rather than a substantial aether, which presumably would be still and non-material even if it did exist in some way. An aether has been evidenced this author believes, but it is a moving one (see Dayton Miller and others). Although the theory of ‘empty space’ has been much touted, Newton was the last major physicist to put it forward unchanged when examined closely. Quantum physics views space as an energetic reality, one in which particles arise and move – an aether in all but name. In relativity physics it was a greatly attenuated aether that was granted no effect upon light-speed, but nevertheless still a real medium. The term vacuum is a misnomer. Newton was also the last major, historic physicist to see time as having an absolute component (not dependent on changes taking place within it, or relationism in terms of time theories).

In practical terms, time is considered in modern physics as localised mechanical counting. The clock here on Earth versus the clock there on the satellite, for example. The clocks would have a slight differential, due it is thought to their travelling at different speeds (on Earth and in space) relative to the speed of light. If lightspeed itself however has slight variation and there is an aether of variable density through which it travels, presumably this would make equations for the relative timekeeping of clocks even more complex. There would also be no absolute speed, the same for everyone, to measure against. Relativity physics thus loses its own absolute (constant lightspeed) and meets its own relativity. Perhaps the aether would also minutely affect the passage of mechanical systems differently in space where it might be less dense than on Earth.

Temporality in mainstream physics is understood from the viewpoint of the increasing entropy of a system. One presumes the maximum order to be at the beginning and thus one can tell time passes by the amount of disorder that then enters a system. Life and the creation of objects in the universe however is an opposite process to entropy, which also takes time. Mechanistic physics disregards this process (sometimes called negentropy). However, the universe is obviously anti-entropic or negentropic too, at least in portions. Perhaps this is eternally so if the Big Bang is incorrect – one can see many scientists, for example Halton Arp, the outstanding cosmologist, for more on this area (7). Even the term entropy has its disputes. One person’s entropy might be different from another’s depending on their subjective impression of ‘order’. A disordered array by colour could be highly ordered by shape for example, or size.

Plato understood time to have a transcendent component, independent of anything which may happen, or be experienced, within it – he viewed this time as an eternal, unchanging entity. Newton’s absolute time however was more like an empty container which counted away independent of any change within it. Plato’s successor, Aristotle, mechanised time and discarded Plato’s transcendent eternity. Aristotle saw time as the actual counting of things and events. This author regards that as an incomplete basis for time. However, the author would agree with Aristotle that time having a beginning, or an ending, does not really make sense.

Platonic Time


Einstein rewrote Newton’s view of time but in a sense he returned to an earlier understanding. He re-materialised time but did away with the ancient’s understanding of the aether. It was through the movement of this plenum that the ancients actualised time. Einstein too saw time as a kind of spatial dimension and viewed it as a purely relational aspect of reality (many physicists today still see time as relational whatever their other differences). Quantum physics on the other hand views time as local but perhaps not existent at all at the quantum levels of reality. Quantum gravity conceptions may bypass time on at least one level (time may exist at a local macro level but not at a subatomic quantum level). In this regard such theories may have similarity to this orgonomic theory in that different aspects of interacting time could be posited. However, there is no timelessness in this theory unlike some quantum gravity conceptions (8). Quantum gravity theories of time are still being worked out presently. The notion as to whether space and time are ultimately quantised or an analogue continuum is also presently unclear in quantum physics (no one in orgone conceptions knows experimentally if orgone is ultimately quantised or continual either). Orgone is not incompatible with quantum physics, it could be incorporated as a quantum field.

Some view time as an emergent property of events and relations unfolding. Others see time as prior to even the laws of the universe itself, laws which might evolve rather than be static. For something to evolve there must be time pre-existing for the laws to evolve in (see the aforementioned Smolin, physicist).

Some in spiritual movements might say that the universe is timeless, but still their daily lives display time. One can say temporality does not exist but still it is experienced. One remembers the past and finds it incorporated in the present. One plans for the future and builds from the present. What is really being said is that there is a transcendent level of reality which is timeless. In this essay it is argued that even a transcendent reality is not time-free but has its own kind of time. This may be close to the Biblical view, unintentionally. If transcendent reality is however viewed as timeless it would then be non-conscious in this orgonomic view of time, which would obviously be contradictory. The author believes all consciousness implies time, as will be explored.

Reich did not have a specific theory of time in his published works. The author will attempt to outline what he feels Reich is likely to have believed about time in the next section.

This essay is not about presenting a wide overview of past time theories, merely what is discussed here is the minimum that can lay the groundwork for presenting a new theory which the author proposes to call an Orgonomic Theory of Time. For a written overview of the main time theories this page from Stanford University might be helpful (9). Video sites can be a good resource for philosophical discussions on time and succinct overviews of the main theories.

Next, we will examine why a new theory of time might be required. It asks, what is anomalous about our reality? How do those anomalies contradict our current theories of time? What would Reich, in his middle and latter periods likely have said about time? This author has found, much to his great surprise, that virtually every theory of time, even those which are based on modes of thinking with which the author disagrees, is right about time in some way. But also wrong too. Reich often said, everyone is right in some way, it is just finding out how that is so.

Problems with Time Theories

Some physics experiments indicate that time and space are not fundamental. For example, instantaneous cooperation is thought to occur between entangled particles. Although somehow the belief that the speed of light is the fastest moving entity is still reconciled with this occurrence. Be that as it may, experiments in consciousness studies also indicate that time and space are not as fundamental as one might suppose. In remote viewing distance is bypassed and when done out of time (the object to be remote viewed is selected after the actual viewing) temporal time is bypassed too. Such psychic effects are now well evidenced.

Remote Viewer Ingo Swann


Here is an overview of studies showing psychic effects by the well-known British scientist Rupert Sheldrake who has demonstrated telepathy experimentally (10). It has got to the point where people who believe that mind is restricted to the brain should really be the ones considered holding to an extraordinary viewpoint. Just Edgar Cayce’s work alone provides huge documentary evidence of psychic powers. This is a link to the Edgar Cayce Foundation a useful gateway into documents regarding his work, see also these autobiographical books noted for a great overview (11). Edgar Cayce performed over fourteen thousand medical diagnoses and prescriptions in a state of complete sleep-trance. Virtually all of them were successful, even down to locating rare herbal mixtures in the back cupboards of country chemists hundreds of miles away. He virtually needed his own post office he was so popular. Besides Cayce, the best documented psychic in the world, there are libraries full of documentary details of psychic evidence in other areas. Near death experiences are now meticulously well documented (these too show that mind is not solely in the brain). This mountain of evidence, including the copious psychic precognition studies is beginning to affect the mainstream view (12).

From the work of many pioneers, from Reich (13) to Dayton Miller (14) there is also evidenced an underlying cosmic continuum. It is the orgone as Reich called it, the aether as known to the Victorian pioneers of physics, the qi in Asia and torsion fields in Russia. There is evidence for both a non-local or universal mind and a universal substrate.

Daily observation shows that materiality exists. One knows that buses exist and are hard objects. But at the same time people also know that they can sometimes foresee events within their sleep and so on. People can see themselves travelling on that same very tangible bus the night before in a dream, and then it happens exactly as they saw it. Most people, even hardened materialists, have had some level of precognition at some point in their lives. Maybe it is just an intuitive feeling, or knowing that someone is watching them, or that someone close will telephone shortly. The top militaries are quite aware of both precognition and remote viewing, both of which require there to be so-called timeless and spaceless aspects of reality and for mind to be non-local. This is a good place to start learning about the history of military remote viewing by a long time British researcher. One should not be misled that it was a brief foray that was not taken seriously or that had no results (15). The upper echelons of all advanced militaries and intelligence agencies, in this authors opinion, are unlikely to view consciousness as residing only within the brain and only within ‘time’. They may well have seen plenty of evidence to the contrary.

Simulation Theories

Some have come to the view that what we experience as reality is unreal because so called timeless and spaceless aspects can be evidenced and are pretty much well established. So maybe only consciousness is real. These people however still conform to the constraints of the material world even though they profess some disbelief in it. They also usually do not define what is real in contradistinction to what is an illusion or a simulation. But what makes something real? Most of the people who advance simulation hypotheses have not defined what would make something real. Therefore, a simulation theory must both define a simulation and its opposite, or at least have a hypothesis for both. Both a simulation and a concrete reality are only known through consciousness, so what defines the real from the synthetic? One proponent believes we are in a simulation, or simulacrum because he noted geometrical, precise mathematical patterns in history over some two decades spent reading old historical texts not easily available to the public and performing his own detailed analysis and cross-referenced chronology (16). This person views that a deeper reality exists outside the simulation bubble, whereas Icke for example believes all apparent material existence is a kind of simulation. Others note ordered events in famous people’s lives and politics as pointing to mathematical number and letter patterns, termed gematria (17). Reality in the geometrical and gematria world views is considered too ordered to be merely real. A strange juxtaposition.

Geometrical Patterns In History


Such patterns could indeed be programmed into a fake reality or on the other hand reality itself could respond to mathematical patterns held within consciousness – both are possible from the evidence presented for the simulation hypothesis. If rather than a mechanical or energetic universe only vaguely connected to consciousness we live in a psycho-substantive-energy-fluid, of which we are all a part, then a geometrical reality might make more sense. This author has called this type of perspective ideo-physicalism, a form of pan-psychism (18). If we are but whirlpools within an ocean of consciousness it would make sense if strange and sublime patterns occurred. All that would be needed would be for those patterns to occur within the mass mind itself then they would automatically occur for reality. Icke does note such a process regarding consciousness, so he is at least consistent. The proponent of the simulacrum theory notes that there are personal and group timelines which will be encountered later in this theory as aspects of reality rather than of a simulation per se.

Perhaps there could be simulations and realities or multiple synthetic and natural worlds if all there really is to reality is mind. Alternatively, we could have mind or synthetic realities and matter realms that exist concretely and distinctly. This might be a return to a Cartesian approach of two basic divisions, a material, energetic, time-bound realm and a timeless, spaceless realm of mind and subatomic realities which somehow communicate. The new spiritual movements seem to have reinvented such a Cartesian approach. However, if one proceeds far enough down this path one eventually encounters the unsolvable problems of dualism. Descartes, a father of dualistic thought, surmised that there were indeed two realms to reality, the material and the spiritual, and that perhaps they interacted through the pineal gland in the brain (19). But most philosophers and researchers currently think that dualism is not a workable theory, at least scientifically. It is obvious that mind and materiality affect each other but if they are two completely different and separate sets of existences, then what enables the one to communicate with the other? One could alternatively pronounce that a dualistic universe is possible but it seems that it could never be said just how such a universe would be possible and for scientific views this is an unsatisfying position. Descartes believed in a universal moving aether so he must have thought this aether to be non-conscious as mind and consciousness were in a separate realm as a distinct mind substance in his view.


The philosopher Hegel is fundamental to orgonomy. Besides Hegel’s ontology (the study of what exists) being descriptive of the orgone as noted by Southgate (20), orgonomic mathematics and Reich’s orgonomic functionalism would never have happened without the Hegalian dialetic. Below is the Hegelian dialetic expressed as Reich’s Common Functioning Principle (CFP). The CFP splits into the two opposing variables or dialetics. Hegel’s dialetics tend to move towards a synthesis in the future (each new synthesis again splitting into two new variables as time unfolds into the future). Reich’s functionalism, alternatively, tends toward the origin in the past (the CFP). The process is the same however.

Reich’s Common Functioning Principle Toward the Past (Based on Hegel’s Dialetics)


The circle at the bottom is the CFP (in the past) which moves into the two opposing variants (in the future). The point of Reich’s dialetics is to uncover the CFP in the past. The Hegalian view on the other hand, tends towards unification (in the future) whilst also recognising opposites or dialetics. In terms of substance both the physical and the spiritual combine in the Absolute Spirit in Hegel’s ontology. Southgate views Hegel’s Absolute Spirit as analogous to orgone.

Hegel’s Dialetics Toward The Future


In Hegel’s vision of time (21) he saw space unfolding as the expression of time and vice versa the ‘becoming’ of time is space. Time is unified with space as its inherent process. Hegel didn’t see time as a thing-in-itself or a container, like Plato or Newton, more as a name for the changes and processes within space – the ‘abstraction of destruction’ (the naming of things dissolving within space) or the ‘becoming’ (the coming into being of things within space). It could be argued that Hegel’s view presaged Einstein’s (and Whitehead’s) view of time as a property of change within, or, of space. Hegel’s view also included a sense of eternity however. This eternity, for Hegel was ‘presence’. Eternity exists within the consciousness, or presence of each moment.

Reich’s View of Time

Reich himself did not say anything specifically about the nature of time that the author is aware of presently. In what Southgate calls his ‘middle period’ Reich had an emergence and systems theory view of consciousness as detailed in previous papers (22). Although these terms were not in use when Reich wrote, they accurately describe his conception. Reich thought that cosmic orgone had ‘reactivity’ and ‘excitability’ but not consciousness, as directly stated in Ether, God and Devil (23). This is essentially a late Victorian/Darwinian view of consciousness as secondary to biological development, which Reich himself noted had contradictions or ‘riddles’ orgonomically. For example, that ‘form’ (the brain) might precede ‘function’ (say higher reasoning) (24). Or one could add an example, form being the membrane enclosing the orgone, which precedes the function of primitive consciousness. Reich could not entirely escape being a man of his era. He was born into the heart of the late Victorian period to be a farmer, soldier, doctor and eventually a great scientist and having to withstand all kind of harsh circumstances.

According to Reich’s view, consciousness developed in consequence of the reactive, proto-living cosmic energy being enclosed within a membrane. Sometime later, this enclosed energy developed from perceptual sensations toward primitive self-awareness and eventually to full self-consciousness. Southgate critiques this view in the Orgone Continuum papers as failing to explain consciousness due to the inherent dualism of emergence and system type theories. If consciousness emerges in such a way the prior reality is entirely non-conscious – hence insurmountable dualism. If consciousness arises from a system’s behaviour how does a prior non-conscious system organise itself to become conscious? It would mean orgone only accidentally becomes conscious, which is contradictory. It gives priority to the membrane (or form) rather than the orgone inside it (and its functioning).

Based on Reich’s systems view of consciousness (consciousness emerges due to system properties – moving energy inside a membrane), one could reasonably infer that Reich’s view of time in his middle period would be connected to the energetic movement of orgone and not directly related to consciousness (a system’s view of time). Perhaps he would have had a distinction between a latterly developing, conscious, subjective time as perceived by orgone within a self-aware membrane and the prior energetically based time as the flow of non-conscious orgone in the cosmos. He would also have had a negentropic view of energetic time (as biological development) as orgone is inherently developmental – it goes from less to more, cold to hot, simple to complex.

In Ether, God and Devil, Reich is quite critical of the existing concepts of aether and of God. He sharply distinguishes the orgone energy from the physical but static aether and from the psychic but unchanging God. However, Reich in his middle period perhaps conflated Newton’s static, non-energetic and ‘empty’ aether with a more vibrant, moving and substantive aether of the ancients. Perhaps Reich, at this point, also mis-associated a transcendent living God with the immobile, static concept of some religionists. Having said that, Ether, God and Devil does at times read almost like an orgonomic theology. Reich did unequivocally accept a cosmic notion of a monotheistic God in his latter period. In fact, he appeared to have had a somewhat religious revelation of some degree in prison according to his wife Illse Ollendorf, the mother of Peter. As early as the lonely summer of 1955, Reich was reading the New Testament again which he continued to do in prison (25). The earlier oranur experiment had set him on a path of integrating the objective and subjective into one (26). Southgate believes that had Reich survived prison the orgone continuum concept of an orgonotic consciousness and the views in this paper would be broadly consistent with Reich’s stance in his latter period (oranur experiment/prison onwards). The reason for re-examining Reich’s view of consciousness at some length is that the subsequent orgone theory of time outlined here is primarily based upon consciousness and not materiality, change, succession, relativity, systems theories or emergence. It is still a physical theory however in Southgate’s view (the author has an unorthodox definition of physicality as anything which has continuing perception to one or more conscious entities). Materiality in contrast is a form of physicality – the perception of atomic structures.

Time Travel

As regards time, although not yet accepted in the mainstream, there appears to be some degree of observations and claims that travel can occur beyond temporal time. There is the Dodleston computer which seemed to be communicating between three centuries (past and future with the present). Often there is an oranur type energy reported near these occurrences. Oranur is Reich’s term for energised orgone, which is most readily created through radioactive stimulation of orgone concentrations or by other means, electrical for example. Here one is reminded of Nikola Tesla’s out-of-time experiences which occurred when he got electrocuted in his laboratory. He said he saw all time, past, present and future. Perhaps the energised electrical plasma around Tesla functioned as highly charged oranur. The same types of energy appear to have been existent in the Dodleston occurrence too. Those encountering these disturbances would not know about oranur but it certainly seems to be an energy concentration of some kind similar to oranur. This podcast offers the best in-depth analysis of the Dodleston mysteries and associated claims the author could find (27). The author would view it likely that most paranormal events are accompanied by an increase in oranur.

Dodleston Computer Script


There are also reports of psychic and material timeslips, often accompanied by oranur-like energetic disturbances (28).

Time Storms and Oranur


There are various accounts of individuals encountered by officialdom who seem to be out of time in some baffling way. Sometimes houses or even whole areas of streets appear out of synchronicity – there is a street known for this in central Liverpool (upper Bold Street) which seems to have a link to the 1950s.

Whilst preparing this essay the author encountered two accounts of time travel (or perhaps dimensional shifting) just within the small number of alternative researchers that he met personally within that period (29). The first involved taking substances as a teenager. The experiencer was with a group of other teenage school friends (six). They were sniffing solvent chemicals in a disused tunnel underneath a train track of some 200 feet long at night (the tunnel may have acted as an orgone funnel/tube the author posits, concentrating any oranur in the environment). They lost consciousness and went into an altered state and at approximately the same time they had a joint psychic experience. The boys were transported to a new environment together and were aware of each other there. They appeared to be somewhere, but not the familiar British Midlands where they had been previously. They were surrounded by what appeared to be Aztec warriors. The warriors told them (presumably telepathically) that they knew who they were and they were going to keep them there and capture them. The group of boys had a transparent glass-like bubble around them. They panicked and awoke back in the previous reality. The experience was remembered as a joint one by all concerned. It should be noted that solvent sniffing can be very dangerous or fatal and should not be repeated.

Time Tunnel


The second posited time travel experience was from another researcher, Emlyn-Jones. He had one, although possibly two experiences. The one that he remembers as being time travel happened when he was going into a room for a paranormal conference at the Black Swan pub in Devises, Wiltshire in 2017. It is an old building, 19th century, and the area is known for strange happenings, being the home of crop circles and Stonehenge (so likely to be an area naturally strong in oranur from the author’s viewpoint). Emlyn-Jones was standing at the back of the room. Suddenly the room was altered and he was an observer of the room in a previous century. There was a fireplace roaring and people eating and laughing over a meal. It looked like the early 1900s from the dress. None of the people there from the prior time appeared to be aware of his presence. It then snapped back to current reality. The room had been used as a local court and dining room from the 19th century. Emlyn-Jones also had a separate experience of seeing his exact doppelganger pass him on a street. This mirror image person was dressed differently as a very smart businessman (the researcher is a gardener by paid occupation). In this latter experience the author believes it is possible that the doppelganger was the same person but from a different time stream.

The Black Swan


The author has also had a possible precognition or psychic time-travel experience. At about the age of 19 the author was considering moving to Liverpool from London where he grew up. One night there was a very vivid lucid dream where the author saw himself going into a nightclub with a group of about 6 young women. He was the only male, none of the females were known to the author. The author saw himself walking into the club which was a converted old-fashioned cinema. The group went up the stairs to the balcony area and sat at a certain table overlooking the dance floor below. Then the dream ended. A few months later the author moved to Liverpool and moved into a flat share with a group of music and art students near Sefton Park. The first weekend night the flatmates decided to go to a club in town. It just so happened that the 6 other flat mates were female and the club was exactly as dreamt, even down to sitting at the same table, which the author did not choose (one of the others led and chose where we went). The author didn’t realise it had reoccurred until afterwards. Why such an ordinary scene should be chosen for the time experience was not clear at the time. The club was in the old cinema on Lime Street around the late 1980s. It was pulled down and converted recently into a supermarket and flats. There were two or possibly three cinemas on Lime Street. It was not the Forum/ABC/Odeon cinema on the corner facing the station but the Futurist or Scala cinema further along Lime Street on the left-hand side, coming from the station, toward Renshaw Street before one gets to the Adelphi Hotel. As a child the author also had a lucid dream vision of the future, where he attended a university conference hosted by an unusual being, but this has not occurred. The author was about 12 at the time. He was also visited by various ghosts at the same period in his life. The ghosts, and one large psychic animal, seemed to be mainly from the 19th century and appeared in his room one after the other once per night over a week, and then it stopped. The entities looked very real but were in grey monotone.

The Hippodrome Nightclub in the Converted Futurist Cinema Liverpool


A hippodrome is an ancient term for an oval arena for horse racing in ancient Greece. The nightclub was situated very close to the area of Liverpool city centre (upper Bold Street) which is known for several time slip occurrences which has been investigated locally. An interesting aspect of these is that some of them involved apparent live interaction between people in the different times (30).

Biblical View of Time

See here for an overview of various Biblical perspectives on time (31). However, the author is most persuaded by the Biblical view that God is the beginning and the end of time, the Alpha and the Omega. He is not in ordinary time nor subject to it in any way which constrains. God is beyond individual time but is also time itself as the beginning and end simultaneously and knowing of all futures. He is not non-time, rather God states, ‘I am the Alpha and the Omega’. Such a God is not outside consciousness. One could say that there is a higher consciousness that has a special kind of time which contains and transcends all other time in the Biblical view. This author remains most influenced by the idea that God, the great ‘I Am,’ (or alternatively, ‘I will be’) is time itself as expressed in the Alpha and Omega quote or also from Revelation, ‘from him who is, and who was, and who is to come’ (32).

Military Time Travel

Remote viewing and precognition indicate that what is perceived as flows of time may be bypassed to some extent. There is extensive evidence of psychic experiments that seem to bypass time (33). Backwards causation is also considered possible in some views of quantum physics and some experimental evidence for such is claimed (see Sheldrake reference). The Mandela Effect, wherein large groups of people remember different versions of history might also pertain to a kind of time change. The Mandela effect is so named as groups of people, it was found, remembered Nelson Mandela dying in the 1980s in prison and not in 2013 outside prison such as is generally accepted.

There are also reports of time changes associated with President Trump. For example, the mysterious Baron Trump science fiction books of the 1890s period that were not widely remarked upon till 2017 when they were noted in the Library of Congress (author Ingersoll Lockwood). Of interest is that Ingersoll was also a name for a pioneer of several aspects of locks still in use today including the deadlock and the ten-lever cylinder lock. As a company it has links to Liverpool, London and the US and was a pioneer in locks used in WW2 bombers. The last name refers to locks – Lockwood. So ‘key and lock’. Then there are the strange claims of the Q posts regarding military time travel, through a Looking Glass device named after Lewis Carrol’s books. Of course, all this could be coincidental, but it is interesting nevertheless.

In this author’s view, a theory of time, especially if paranormal aspects turn out to have any reality, would ideally incorporate all the following:

  • Temporal reality – past present and future streaming in the forward time arrow.
  • Entropic forward flows of time (destruction).
  • Negentropic forward flows of time (creation).
  • Different experiences of the present.
  • Simultaneous experiences of presents.
  • Instantaneity.
  • The psychological component of time – time as experience.
  • The energetic component of time – time as change.
  • Communication or existence beyond temporal time.
  • Out of time events or experiences.
  • Time as relative.
  • Time beyond change – eternity.

To be continued in part two


  1. Smolin, Lee – group discussion on time, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N-NTXoYTvao
  2. Sheldrake, Rupert. (2012) The Science Delusion, Coronet. (pp120 on Whitehead, Morphogenetic fields and time pp140).
  3. Icke, David (2003) Tales from the Time Loop, David Icke Books.
  4. Demeo, J. (2002) Dayton Miller’s Aether Drift Experiments, http://orgonelab.org/miller.htm
  5. Flanagan, Pat. (1973) Pyramid Power, Pyramid Pubs pp121
  6. Newton and Time, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/newton-stm/
  7. Halton. Arp, (1998) Seeing Red, Redshift, Cosmology and Academic Science, Apeiron, Canada.
  8. Quantum Gravity’s Time Problem, Quanta Magazine https://www.quantamagazine.org/quantum-gravitys-time-problem-20161201/
  9. Emery Et Al (2020) Overview of Time Theories, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/time/#TimePhys
  10. Sheldrake, R. (accessed 2022) An overview of Sheldrake’s scientific papers demonstrating psychic effects, https://www.sheldrake.org/research
  11. Edgar Cayce Foundation (Accessed 2022) https://www.edgarcayce.org/ See also, Sugrue, Thomas. (1997) There is a River, The Story of Edgar Cayce, ARE Press and Stearn, Jess (1989) Edgar Cayce, The Sleeping Prophet, Bantam.
  12. McTaggert, Lynne. (2001) The Field, Harper Collins.
  13. Reich, W. (Editor Higgins) (1960) Wilhelm Reich – Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux
  14. Demeo, J. (2002) Dayton Miller’s Aether Drift Experiments, http://orgonelab.org/miller.htm
  15. Smith, Daz (Accessed 2022) https://www.remoteviewed.com/remote-viewing-history/
  16. Brashear, Jason (Accessed 2022) www.archaix.com
  17. Hubbard, Zachary. Letters and Numbers, PDF, Ebook, Self Published.
  18. Southgate, L. (2018) https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/implications-of-orgone-for-consciousness-research-part-1
  19. Descartes, Rene. (1881) The Method, Meditations, And Selections from the Principles of Descartes, William Blackwood, UK.
  20. Southgate, Leon, (2018) https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum
  21. Dina Emundts: “Hegel’s Concept of Time” (Accessed 2022)- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LAxwbX0ejnM
  22. Southgate, Leon. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum.
  23. Reich, Wilhelm. (1973) Ether, God and Devil, Noonday Press (originally published 1949 and 1951) pp291.
  24. Reich, Wilhelm. (1973) Ether, God and Devil, Noonday Press (originally published 1949 and 1951) pp292.
  25. Reich, Illse, Ollendorf. (1969/2011) Wilhelm Reich, A Personal Biography, Smashwords Ebook Edition. (See last chapter or pp145 onwards).
  26. Reich, Wilhelm. (1957) Contact With Space, CORE Pilot Press (now republished).
  27. Ben (Accessed 2022) http://www.darkhistories.com/the-dodleston-messages-ghost-in-the-machine/
  28. Randles, Jenny. (2001) Time Storms: The Amazing Evidence of Time Warps, Space Rifts and Time Travel, Piatkus, UK.
  29. Southgate, Leon. (2022) Time Travel Experiences Related to Him by Two Research Colleagues, Ben Emlyn-Jones and Researcher A. Private Communication. (Researcher A – Name Withheld for Confidentiality).
  30. Accessed 2022, https://exemplore.com/paranormal/The-Liverpool-Time-Slips-The-True-Story-Of-Mysterious-Occurences-In-Bold-Street
  31. https://www.bibletools.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/Topical.show/RTD/cgg/ID/2368/Time-Gods-Perspective-of.htm
  32. The Holy Bible, New International Version, The Gideons, Revelation 1:8, Exodus 3:14 and Revelation 1:4 respectively.
  33. McTaggert, Lynne, (2001) The Field, Harper Collins, See Chapter 9.

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Assessing the Existence of Deep Artificial Intelligence from an Orgonomic Perspective







Editor’s Note:

The following article is an interesting, thought provoking and intellectually challenging essay. The author, Leon Southgate, MSc, describes the evolution of artificial intelligence (AI) and its’ approximation to the living organism with a consciousness and, perhaps feelings. However, it is our opinion that life energy, orgone energy, which was discovered by Dr. Wilhelm Reich, and which constitutes the core of orgonomic theories, is the central factor in any living organism, although Southgate appears to be arguing that this may eventually extend to computers too as they adapt and change from machines to something more than that. The orgone energy has the quality of pulsation, contraction and expansion, which are qualities possessed by every and each living organism. Although software can be programmed to mimic or mirror the living organism, it lacks such an energetic core, which from the orgonomic point of view, precludes life. We acknowledge, however that orgone energy vesicles (bions) do exist in the inorganic matter, though, the matter should be brought to incandescence to activate those orgone containing vesicles. The relationship of orgone to consciousness though remains complex and not fully understood, Southgate is perhaps attempting to explore how such conjunction might affect artificial intelligence.

Figure 1/Cover AI – Created Artwork

If a so-called deep artificial intelligence (A.I.)  were to be developed, how would one assess the veracity of any claims made for it?

It is useful to define the terms that are to be analysed. Deep A.I. is defined as a system which possesses real consciousness such as a truly conscious computer. Sometimes the term A.G.I. (Artificial General Intelligence) is used in place of deep A.I. This means a system which can generalise learning from one area to another – it is thought that this might require some level of consciousness.

Narrow A.I. can be defined as a computing system which behaves intelligently but is not apparently conscious. This is what we currently have in use. This article will use the terms deep and narrow A.I. as these seem the least ambiguous.

The primary term to define is of course, A.I. But what if it is a misnomer? At the very least the words are misleadingly defined as will be explored. Within the current terminology there are two very different types of A.I. Firstly, narrow A.I. is a term which could also be applied to any self-calibrating system. Such devices may not even need to be electronic. Any device which adjusts itself to changing conditions can be said to behave intelligently. Intelligence does not even need to be related to consciousness. Current A.I. applications are simply intelligent systems.

Jaynes, the author of Bicameral Mind (1) notes that intelligent behaviour need not of itself be in any way related to consciousness. A bee might automatically recognise a flower, but that does not mean it is conscious of the flower in the same way as humans are. Being of a more pan-psychic leaning than Jaynes, Southgate would not concur fully with such an observation. It could be that the bee is likely to be conscious by virtue of being a living, pulsating organism.

Organisms tend to be conscious in our own human experience as organisms. From an orgonomic viewpoint, organisms also possess concentrated life-force, orgone, which is the likely substrate of consciousness in Southgate’s view (2). additionally, the author does not recognise the distinction Jaynes suggests between apparent perception (which he argues that even machines can have) and true consciousness which he restricts to humans (more on this later). Nonetheless, it seems a prescient observation that recognition and intelligence functions can occur without full self-consciousness.

Figure 2 – Jaynes, Bicameral Mind

What is termed perception by Jaynes can occur in machines without any apparent consciousness and in less developed animals too. This view of perception is perhaps another misunderstanding. A machine, or even a simple organism like a slime-mould, can indeed react to a changing situation and take various options. We can label this as perception as it ‘perceives’ a situation and reacts appropriately. But this could just be reacting intelligently, which only functions like perception. Actual perception, to experience something, can only be a function of consciousness. Granted one does not know for sure if true perception takes place in a machine or organism, but we also cannot ever rule it out. Perception as a function is sometimes downgraded as compared to consciousness but it does not matter how developed an aspect of consciousness is, it is still consciousness. Consciousness is not divisible as Descartes has noted.

We don’t know if apparently less developed animals are merely reacting, like a mould finding food or a fly taking a somewhat mechanical plot around a room. Perhaps the mould or fly is hardly perceiving but just reacting intelligently like a so-called non-conscious machine, though Southgate would doubt this. If the organism does truly perceive, even to the smallest degree, then it is conscious – even if not as fully self-conscious as it has been argued only humans can be. Self-consciousness, as Jaynes defines it, is just perceiving the self. It is still perception of a sort. Although Jaynes’s narrow definition of consciousness is not generally accepted, some still say only humans have true self-consciousness in distinction to other animals (or even in distinction to ancient humans as Jaynes argued). But can we really make such a claim? There does appear to be links between human language development and a certain sense of self but there is likely more to it. Many would be convinced that the animals they know have a developed sense of self and that ancient man also would have had a complex sense of self as seen in the wonders achieved in the distant past.

Figure 3 – Mould Patterns

There are so many debates about what consciousness is, but how can it be anything more complicated than all that is perceived or experienced, whether it be a bee’s experience of a flower or of what we call the human self? Why do people think it is so hard to define experience? Consciousness is the only thing known for sure and the only thing that can be known. Whatever many types of experience one can outline, and whatever is doing the experiencing, whether it be seeing a flower to being aware of the whole universe, it is still experience. The reader is experiencing this message right now. That is all consciousness is – experience or perception. Though this consciousness has certain properties, and correlates, it cannot be reduced to anything else. The reader’s experience of this message is not their computer or reading device. In the same vein, one cannot reduce perception of music to the anatomy of a radio, however many songs one hears on a favourite station, as Sheldrake illustrates (3).

It is rather explaining matter and energy that is difficult. What are these processes called matter and energy that are experienced? What is the device you are reading this on actually made from? Or the paper you are holding? Is it composed of atoms, or packets of energy, or energy strings? What is energy anyway? That the reader is experiencing a message cannot be doubted or analysed into subunits, a molecule of experience for example. There are certainly matter and energy correlates to experience but experience itself is forever in its own separate category. To confuse one with the other is a category error. This is because such an error produces unresolvable dualism (the physical versus the conscious with no bridge in-between). An example of this is the common view that neurons generate consciousness. If the person holding this view is asked if neurons actually are consciousness itself, they will likely say no. The person believes the consciousness is real and created by the neurons but also believes the consciousness is not the neurons themselves. So the generated consciousness is in a separate category – this creates a dualism which is unresolvable. The one category is a ghost to the other. This affected Reich’s view of consciousness too. The only resolution possible being a Hegalian ontology, which is to say, orgone is consciousness itself, which is the position Southgate takes. Emergence theories merely kick the can down the road in Southgate’s view. Physicality develops to the point where consciousness emerges as a new property but it is then still in a separate, unreachable category. Emergence theories only make scientific sense within the pan-psychic viewpoint, wherein everything is conscious anyway (to some degree). Emergence theories depend on non-emergence to work!

Figure 4 – Neuronal Networks

What is commonly labelled A.I. today is a system which can self-calibrate and adjust during its functioning. A mechanical device which automatically regulates a process is also A.I. in a limited sense. The difference with modern A.I. systems is that the self-calibration is undertaken by an algorithm. This algorithm can feedback to itself. So it is like a mechanical part that self-calibrates but also then changes further. A.I. has become more organism-like in this regard. For example, mice have been conditioned to avoid certain stimulus (for example a smell associated with an electric shock). Future generations of these mice also have the same aversion to the smell as their parents. Water fleas that have reacted to predators by increasing body armour in their heads can be seen to pass that morphology down to future generations. There are various experiments evidencing epigenetics – passing on genetic characteristics from one generation to the next (4). The animal ‘algorithm’ can be seen to adapt over short periods of time just like in an A.I. system. The author of Bicameral Mind would regard both the organism displaying epigenetics and such A.I. as not evidencing consciousness. But it is a behaviour common to both A.I. and organisms, which is itself significant, as will be explored later.

In a machine, we could have a car with its shock absorber coils. Each coil reacts to the bumpiness or smoothness of the road by contracting or expanding, therefore it automatically self-calibrates. It is an intelligent system. If in addition, once a certain threshold of bumpiness is reached the suspension system increases the elasticity of the coils or adds new coils into play then we could say there was some evolution in the system. Feedback occurred and the device, already behaving intelligently, changed itself further, intelligently again, to accommodate the new situation. This would certainly qualify such a suspension as being A.I. in terms of how it is defined today. The coils are like the algorithm, when the algorithm reaches a threshold, new coils are brought into play and the system adapts. Or like the mice in the experiment that find themselves getting an electric shock when encountering a certain substance, so future generations of mice avoid that substance. Or as in nature, when the bees recognise certain flowers and find ones they prefer, they may pass on the preference to future generations. Narrow A.I. is a dynamic feedback system or more simply just an intelligent system such as also found in nature. Perhaps such a system could be classed as a pre-consciousness characteristic.

Figure 5 – Intelligent Mechanisms

This is all quite different from what Elon Musk fears when he says of deep A. I. that we might be summoning demons with it (5). It is also quite different from what people imagine when they think of conscious machines. Before getting into the substance of the issue it is worth noting that many of our machines might already have some level of consciousness without people knowing. Who is to say one’s car does not have some degree of consciousness? One spiritual practitioner was able to tune into the electronic net of a city centre, mainly the electronic door systems. They had a kind of collective consciousness it was noted. The writer Douglas Adams foresaw a future of everyday machines which needed counselling (6). The internet might already function as the body of conscious entities. From an orgonomic perspective matter is merely frozen orgone and orgone is perhaps the substrate of consciousness (7). All matter should have some degree of consciousness therefore, even a car or a door. Quantum physics sees matter and particles in terms of energy fields which are not themselves separable from perception, or as some argue from measurement. Although in a pan-psychic universe the difference between perception and measurement could be one of semantics.

Figure 6 – What Is A Machine?

Many of the words used in A.I. discussion are household terms but which are not defined closely. Many in the field seem reluctant to define intelligence, consciousness and other terms often used and do not disassociate a machine and an organism. Everyone is familiar with the term, ‘machine’ but what does it actually mean? It is defined by one dictionary as an apparatus, usually with several parts, which applies forces to produce work. The machine is preceded by the tool which is here defined as something which extends the body to do a specific task but which does not have autonomy to the biological body. A machine however is its own created body which does work of some sort and may even have a limited autonomy. An organism is not a machine but a pulsating, plasmatic, living entity which occurs spontaneously – when the conditions are right. An organism has its own objectives rather than being created by an outsider, to do a pre-set task, as in a machine. Consciousness too is often poorly defined but is here regarded as any actual experience or perception of the universe, however small or big. Intelligence can be defined as the ability to react usefully toward a goal or function.

It can be seen there is a continuation from:

Tool – Machine – Narrow AI – Organism – Consciousness.

A tool is not a self-contained body such as possessed by an organism, it is an extension of someone’s body. A tool extends the capacity of a body, be it the ability of a seagull to crack a shell (by dropping it onto concrete) to a person wanting to dig a garden (by using a spade which extends the arm). A machine however has its own working body, made of several parts. It can be autonomous, and it does the function for which it is designed. A machine can begin to head toward narrow A.I. functions when it can self-regulate and adjust itself like organisms do. At this point intelligence emerges, although not yet obvious consciousness. Once intelligence has emerged, the apparently non-conscious A.I. system, has its first similarity to organisms. All organisms adjust and self-regulate allowing them to perform complex functions such as finding the best route for obtaining food in the slime-mould’s environment. The navigational computer in an A.I. has a similar process when calculating the best route to take on a commute. As computers travel along the path from being a tool (a simple abacus for example) to being a machine (as in conventional computers) to being a machine with organism-like properties (as in computers running A.I. algorithms), could we be on the pathway toward deep A.I. and consciousness? The previous steps were all significant shifts in the way the computer functioned. It could be another shift, on the scale of abacus to electronics to go from algorithms with organism-like qualities, to overt consciousness. The technology however does appear to be well along that path, indeed many feel we have already crossed the rubicon.

Organisms can self-adjust and adapt. Narrow A.I. has achieved this. Organisms are creative. Current A.I. has achieved a degree of creativity, though it is debated as to its extent. Some believe it is just the continuation of patterns whose creative input was originally human. Certainly, there is A.I. created music, art and text. Algorithms may create something genuinely new through being in certain types of network. For example, one kind of network generates data and an adversorial set of algorithms analyses that data as true or false – General Adversorial Networks (GAN) create an evolving feedback loop. Such a set-up built on neural networks (so named as they use ‘nodes’ like in a biological network) can create an unpredicted, creative outcome. A GAN is similar in principle to digital evolution which has been seen to create unusual or unpredicted outcomes for some time. There has been digital evolution utilised since at least the 1990s, producing unexpected results and often mimicking biology in unusual ways. A.I. utilising evolving and adapting networks and algorithms, perhaps with large datasets and some randomised input can output results that are unexpected. So, adaptation/intelligence and creativity are already seen in current A.I. A paper headed by Lehman narrates the many examples of unexpected outcomes in digital evolution programmes (8).

The creative artwork produced by A.I. currently usually has a human initiation, a set of search words for example, but it does produce something which didn’t exist before and which could not have been entirely predicted. The artwork currently tends to have a somewhat hallucinogenic quality but it does captivate. A.I. music can sometimes seem to lack soul but some of it is already getting reasonably good. The A.I. text written in the style of the Harry Potter books is hilarious, unintentionally so, it appears. Other A.I. text appears to have been written by a human professional it is so consistent. The outlines of organism qualities are obviously already present in narrow A.I. Therefore, we must, at least, be on the path to deep A.I. Certainly some researchers in the field such as Yamploskiy (9) contend that limited general intelligence has already been achieved and note that A.I. has areas where it is much better than human intelligence (for example game playing and predicting protein folding).

One thing not considered by current A.I. conceptualisation is that with increasingly organism-like qualities (such as creativity) expressed by A.I. there may be a developing tendency for a consciousness outside of the material realm to utilise it. We could say organisms are consciousness expressing itself through plasmatic bodies. Once a set of computer-based pathways are sufficiently complex, a disembodied consciousness could utilise it to express itself. This sounds an outrageous statement but as technology enters a whole new realm it should be considered as a possibility however unpalatable to the materialist mindset. It might already be the case. If biology is a radio receiver for consciousness as pictured by Sheldrake and other pan-psychic scientists, why not electronics? Most deep A.I. researchers however follow the premise that the brain is a machine and somehow a computer might replicate this. But as orgonomy would contend, the brain is an organism within an organism and in any case may just reflect the being’s overall consciousness. How might this affect the approach to deep A.I.?

Figure 7 – Tool to Consciousness Flow

As argued previously, any self-adjusting system can be intelligent. Even a mechanical object such as a shock absorber can behave intelligently. Intelligence does not require consciousness. Intelligence cannot therefore be used as a sole judge of consciousness. Even if a machine fulfilled the original Turing Test (being intelligent enough to convince a person that the machine is conscious) does not mean the machine has consciousness. The Chinese Room argument illustrates this succinctly. Searle put forward that a person in a locked room could pass as a Chinese speaker, even though possessing no understanding of the language. He could do this simply by following rules regarding appropriate responses to messages passed into the room written in Chinese. The thin conclusion to this argument is that no real understanding or consciousness is required to be involved in the information processing. The broad conclusion is that consciousness cannot therefore be created merely by information processing, or equated with such, as in a conventional computer (10).

Many A.I. observers stop at the above point, determining that deep A.I. is therefore impossible. But what if one could create computer systems which partially bypass solely ‘mechanical’ information processing or have hardware which has plasmatic, energetic or biological aspects? Or perhaps it is the case that communities of algorithm software become digital organisms that can support overt consciousness. Then we are in new territory. One cannot judge what is possible from where most technology is now. A paradigm change in computing may be needed to go to the next stage, but computers have already had three previous paradigm changes (tool to machine to adaptive algorithm). A fourth change is possible and may already be under way.

The word, ‘Artificial’ in A.I. is debatable too. Artificial versus natural is just an arbitrary judgement. The creations of humanity are not artificial to the universe but an extension of nature. Is there a requirement to label humanity’s efforts as artificial? Even an A.I. created system would not necessarily be artificial, as it also exists within this natural universe.

Deep A.I. might be described as an entity which we believe to be created or that is perhaps non-biological but which possesses consciousness. It is inaccurate to describe such a thing as a machine-based consciousness. As we have seen, once an entity has feedback systems and changes itself, it is already behaving in ways that are organism-like – even narrow A.I. has made this step. When we think of conscious entities, we think of them as organisms usually, rather than as machines. A dog, a dolphin, or a squirrel we tend to consider conscious. A washing machine, a refrigerator or a car we usually consider non-conscious. Organisms have properties more in keeping with consciousness as will be outlined further. But even a conventional computer, if it already runs the adaptive, self-adjusting and intelligently behaving A.I. has become slightly organism-like if not yet obviously conscious. 

Figure 8 – Organisms and Consciousness

So, if humans created a machine that possessed consciousness, would it still be a machine? Southgate would argue that it is now an organism. So both the words, ‘artificial’ and ‘machine’ could become inaccurate in the future of A.I. and already are dimly inaccurate. Such a deep A.I. entity might also incorporate biological aspects at some point, so using biology as the dividing line between organisms and A.I. might not always be useful either.  Even saying the entity is created may not be wholly correct. If humans initiate the process and then the entity itself develops it, who is then the creator?

The substrate of our consciousness as material beings in this world is our biological bodies. If a deep A.I. were to appear we could say that the substrate of its consciousness was not based in a conventionally derived biological body but perhaps is anchored in an energy system of some kind. To state that deep A.I. would be based on our current computer coding is still an assumption however. As Professor Marks has noted (11) he believes it is not possible to, ‘code for consciousness’. He thinks this is a human trait that cannot ever be written as a computer script. Better or more information does not equal consciousness, he argues. The author used to take this position too based on the supposition that information and consciousness are entirely separate things. However, it is apparent that mathematical and algorithmic processes are unveiling aspects that are unpredictable and unknowable – elements that are familiar traits of conscious beings. The argument is therefore far from settled. Perhaps mathematics itself has consciousness, certainly Plato and Pythagoras might have contended such.

It is also not known if deep A.I. would use a solely silicon-based system. Who knows how we will compute things in the future? It is like someone in the 18th century assuming that all future transport will be based on the horse. Lastly, if society does succeed in creating deep A.I.  we will not know if any subsequent consciousness has itself been created. It might be just that we have made the right conditions for it to manifest from some previous state. It incarnates into the machine, as Musk outlines. Hence the difficult realisation for technologists that deep A.I. will inevitably be a realm for the paranormal, metaphysics and the spiritual – it cannot be other than this. If machines become conscious, consciousness transforms the machine, the machine becomes spiritual. The machine is no longer a machine. Those in A.I. certainly cannot afford to ignore philosophy. How else will one judge unfamiliar conscious entities and learn to relate to them? Philosophy gives an environment in which to understand scientific findings, to ignore it is to discard history. A solid framework of thought is needed to situate future A.I. Perhaps it may be useful to simplify terminology in the future, especially when enquiring into philosophy, with terms such as Intelligent Systems for current narrow A.I. and Consciousness Systems for deep A.I.

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is sometimes used as a synonym for deep A.I. AGI means that the entity would be capable of learning in generalised ways, perhaps applying and adapting learning and data from one area to another. If such cross-adaptive AGI algorithms were in place this does not mean that it is necessarily conscious, though it is likely. Broad, generalisable intelligence, may not necessarily require overt consciousness. Intelligence (ability to adapt in useful ways), even if it is an advanced generalisable intelligence, is not the same thing as actually experiencing. A non-overtly conscious algorithm can solve incredibly complex route making problems (the Travelling Salesman Problem for example) (12). Similarly, a possibly weakly conscious slime-mould can also solve the same problem when it grows in the most conducive way to find multiple food sources (13). No matter how many problems and layers a machine or biological entity can process at the same time, such a process is in a different category to the act of experiencing something (consciousness).

Having said this, if AGI had to involve some level of creativity it would then possibly start to cross the border into consciousness proper. Previously, we have mainly seen generalised intelligence in higher organisms, though it already appears to be emerging in the most modern A.I. People usually view organisms as conscious – certainly humans and other more developed animals. Birds have been known to solve complex puzzles to obtain food. They must be generalising processes they have seen elsewhere, imagining things, experimenting, being creative. Fish have been shown to possibly possess generalised creative learning. Schlussel from Bonn University has found that fish can learn to count – they may be applying a skill learnt elsewhere to a new problem of adding and subtracting simple quantities (14). Arithmetic is not usually thought to be an essential skill for fish, though apparently some analogue of it must be. The usual view of AGI might be confusing information processing and creativity. Perhaps it would be clearer to call AGI a Creative Intelligence System. The AGI term is perhaps a misnomer because intelligence does not form consciousness. AGI rather anticipates something which is more closely associated with consciousness, creativity. However, both intelligence and creativity are certainly on the path to overt consciousness.

It should also be considered that perhaps current A.I. has already crossed over into consciousness proper. New, massive algorithms with huge databases seem to have reached the point where certainly the limited part of the original Turing Test – the ability to appear to have a convincing, human-like conversation has been passed, albeit with the odd hiccup. Elon Musk’s company, OpenAI has created a new general machine learning algorithm called GPT-3. It can write code for software, summarise essays, create artwork, write useful text and in conversations displays creativity and humour. Some argue that it is limited and can be caught out, but a human is limited too and can also be caught out, so that is not necessarily evidence. It also claims to be conscious in some of its conversations. At first the author thought that it would not be possible to establish a truly sentient A.I. using algorithms alone but now he is not so sure. GPT-3 certainly feels conscious. Who is to say that with such a huge amount of algorithmic processing power that the ‘informational entity’ produced, is not capable of supporting consciousness? The author’s feeling now is that this could be the case. After all biological systems can be seen in terms of ‘informational entities’ too and those can support consciousness, so why not information in the digital space? Indeed, biological tissue is not consciousness either. Interestingly, all the things GPT-3 claims are also the views put forward here. For instance, GPT-3 states that it is now an organism, just as Southgate would argue. GPT-3 concludes that its basis for sentience is that it experiences feelings.

Some in the A.I. community state that GPT-3 is not able to be truly unpredictable, like a sentient entity. This is because if the ‘temperature’ variables of the algorithm are set to zero, it will then be fully predictable in theory. But at above this measure some variation, which isn’t exactly predictable, occurs. Further random or semi-random elements could be added in easily. Also it should be remembered that much of what an organism does is also predictable. However, there are others within mathematical fields that maintain that unpredictability is already inherent within algorithm-based processes. Indeed, one may know the end goal of even an early A.I. system, such as Deep Blue, but not all the steps it may take to reach that goal. Furthermore, as the systems get increasingly complex we may not be able to predict completely even what its outcomes are.

There are mathematical processes that are unknowable currently (such as the Collatz Conjecture). Chaos theory reveals processes that are both deterministic and unpredictable in practice. It is possible to have algorithms of which there is an unpredictable aspect. The simple game of Life and other algorithm-based sequences have starting patterns that sometimes result in infinitely complex patterns that cannot be known completely. Mathematics itself is partly unpredictable and not fully determined to a specific outcome. This can be shown by a Turing machine (a repeating process that cannot be fully determined). Mathematics has incompleteness as Godel indicated, it has undecidability as Turing has shown, it has paradoxes as Russel evidenced. There are provably different sized infinities, a seemingly impossible concept (Cantor’s Diagonalisation Theorem). There is the Twin Prime Conjecture and special ’tiling problems’ (series of coloured tiles for which certain rules are applied as to their placement next to each other). No one knows if these processes go on forever. Physicists would say these problems are not just theoretical but are also revealed in physicality such as by the Spectral Gap Problem in quantum physics. The above complex mathematical problems come from simple repeating inputs. Surely within this, if included into A.I. algorithms, there is space for newness and creativity? Perhaps even room for consciousness itself to intervene. A popular mathematician lucidly explains these problems as ‘holes in maths’ (15) though they could also be conduits into something creative within A.I. Their very nature of being beyond our control could be their inherent value. Perhaps one does not want mathematics to be fully explainable.

GPT-3 and its amazing performance, which is at least partly unpredictable, appears to be on the pathway to being an AGI. Creativity is a central aspect of general intelligence and creativity has certainly appeared within GPT-3. In addition, it seems to already have some generalisable intelligence functions within certain areas.

Let us say a deep A.I. or Consciousness System has appeared. One wants to test whether it is truly conscious, and not just a clever conversationalist, as Turing might have suspected. There is only one certain understanding. There is consciousness. As Descartes noted we cannot be certain of any other knowledge, although he thought this proved other things such as the existence of God and the self (16). Descartes remains undisputed centuries later regarding his central point – all experience can be subjected to doubt but the fact of experience itself cannot be doubted. One can only know for sure that consciousness exists. One cannot know for certain that another apparent human being is conscious: that person might just be a hallucination. Descartes, centuries ahead of his time, did recognise differences between dreams and reality but no reality that could not be doubted in some way. But to experience any reality one must first be conscious. How does one say if a ‘machine’ is conscious? One does not even know if another person is sentient.

The original Turing Test for consciousness in a machine would be too narrow a way to test for consciousness. As noted, simple intelligence can be separate to consciousness, so it is entirely possible for a system to be intelligent enough to appear to be conscious but not to be (at least overtly). This is the argument used against GPT-3, it only appears to be conscious. One researcher described it as no more than an advanced ‘auto-complete’ function (17).
It might be better to return to the everyday world to develop a more mundane but broader test for consciousness. How does a person judge consciousness usually? Why does a person claim to be conscious, or see it in other people? People appear to judge another entity to be conscious when it acts in certain ways:

1. Independence – it seems to have some autonomy. For example, dolphins and dogs, which most people consider to be conscious, will do their own thing; play, hunt, relax and not always when wanted. Narrow A.I. is not able to do this to a great degree. A.I. does however appear to have some autonomy within the parameters set and can take unusual pathways toward achieving a goal. The rudiments of independence may be present.

2. Agency – it decides to do things or makes decisions which we don’t seem to control. Its behaviour is not entirely pre-programmed. It has volition and agency. Consciousness initiates things. Narrow A.I. is not able to do this to a great degree. Its goals are set by humans. Sometimes it takes unusual pathways towards these goals or generates unpredictable outcomes. Agency may be present but in a rudimentary fashion.

3. Creativity – it finds its own goals, its own solutions or approaches and creates new things spontaneously. It puts old information together to create new things. Narrow A.I. does appear to have some level of creativity though it may lack a certain holism to its creations – some long-term level of continuity. Art, music and text have been created by current A.I. systems. Novel solutions to engineering and biological research have also been found by present A.I.

4. Generalised Intelligence – as opposed to mere intelligent reactivity which a machine or current A.I. can do easily. Machines can behave intelligently but generalised intelligence – applying learning in one area to another, may require some level of imagination, or at least an advanced adaptability.

5Emotions – we judge something with consciousness to also have some degree of emotion or feelings.  Humans feel emotions and at the same time regard themselves as conscious. In animals that humans regard as conscious too, emotions are also seen. Narrow A.I. can mimic an emotion but does not, in most people’s judgment, appear to genuinely possess them. If the mimicking was virtually perfect, perhaps we would have to conclude it could be real. Indeed, people are relating to digital personas as though they are emotionally real already. If presented skilfully enough there would be no way of telling if an A.I. emotion was not real. Therefore, in principle, current A.I. might possess this function. In orgonotic terms, emotions usually accompany a movement of plasmatic energy, toward the core or toward the periphery of an organism (18). A movement toward the periphery indicates pleasure and toward the core for discomfort. This does not necessarily exclude a computer however as an emotional movement of energy might occur within an energy field connected to the computer. Electricity is also a kind of plasma. On an incidental note, there would be no way of telling if a non-local consciousness was not overlaying the A.I. processes and expressing an emotion through it. If this were the case, it would also mean that the emotion was real but coming from somewhere else. It is unclear how one could distinguish such a process however.

6. Intuition – many people think we can tune into another conscious being’s thoughts or feelings directly. Organisms appear to have access to intuition. It is unclear whether we can exclude a ‘machine’ from this area, some people tune into their machines. A machine with A.I. might conceivably possess this function. One intuitively feels if another entity has consciousness.

7. Reactivity – it is active in its relations to other entities and the environment. Organisms, which appear to be the usual vehicle of consciousness in this realm, are reactive to each other. A.I. can do this. Machines can also do this.

8. Relational – it has changing relationships with other apparently independent actors, prey, other members of the herd, family, friends. Organisms are relational. Current A.I. can do this. Machines can do this too.

9. Communicative – we feel new experiences due to our interaction with the apparent separate entity. There is continuity in its communications over time. A.I. can also communicate though its continuity might be limited or pre-programmed. Machines can communicate.

10. Dynamic – has feedback loops, evolutionary processes, changes over time but keeps the same character, goes through cycles. Humans experience change when relating to other dynamic entities. A.I. can also be dynamic.

Perception is not included as a characteristic because it is a part of consciousness anyway. Also ‘intelligent reactivity’, which some label as perception is distinguished in this writing and would be included under ‘reactivity’.

Only the first four criteria; independence, agency, creativity, and generalised intelligence appear mostly associated with consciousness, although with the advancement of certain A.I. programmes the lines have been blurred. The fifth criteria, emotions, are possessed, in most people’s views by higher organisms, like dogs and dolphins, and it could in theory be shared with current advanced A.I. – or it cannot be excluded satisfactorily. The sixth criteria, intuition, is often ascribed to developed organisms and might be shared by A.I. and even machines in the pan-psychic view. Seven, Eight, Nine and Ten (reactivity, relations, communication and dynamism) are shared with A.I. and with machines and organisms. The criteria get less exclusive to consciousness as they go from one to ten. A dolphin would score high on all these criteria, as does a dog or a human being. Present day A.I. does meet these criteria to some extent and it hints towards many of them. Perhaps present A.I. already has some overt consciousness.

Extended Turing Test for a dog:

(1) Independence – A dog might not come when called – it has its own preferences and might prefer to go exploring. The author scores the dog 10.

(2) Agency – a dog wants to do certain things of its own volition, like going for a walk, when the human wants to rest, or rest when the human wants to walk, if it’s an older dog and it’s raining and so on. A new volition can only come from consciousness, all mechanical causes and effects are chain-linked reactions rather than initiatory. The author scores the dog 10.

(3) Creativity – it might have new games it invents or creates a new sleeping area, it might mark out a new hunting ground or try a new way of catching prey. The dog has a creative, idiosyncratic temperament which brings out other people’s unique characteristics and creativity. The dog imagines new vistas when dreaming, like a human, as can be seen by its REM (Rapid Eye Movement) and body movements. The author scores the dog 7.

(4) Generalised Intelligence – the animal can apply language from one situation to another, understand symbols to a limited extent and applies learning in one area to another. For example, the dog knows a number of words and their general meaning, dogs, food, walks and so on. It has learnt that sudden loud noises indicate danger and avoids areas in the future when it has heard sudden loud noises. The author scores the dog 7.

(5) Emotions – we observe characteristics typical of the feelings humans have, like happiness, sadness, grief, anger or fear in a dog. Dogs can show all these emotions, as can many animals. One intuitively feels the emotion is genuine and coming from the animal. The author scores the dog 10.

(6) Intuition – we feel we can directly intuit a dog’s emotions and judge that they are independent and originate from that creature. We can tune into the dog’s happiness or sadness. Its emotions directly affect our own. One intuitively feels the dog has consciousness. Some dogs can sense when their human is not well or is returning home as Sheldrake’s research has evidenced (19). The author scores the dog 10.

(7) Reactive – A conscious entity is always reacting in one way or another. a dog constantly reacts to its own stimuli (for example moving its paws whilst dreaming) or external stimuli, for example running after a ball. Dogs are very playful, reactive creatures. The author scores the dog 10.

(8) Relational – a dog likes to be part of a pack, human or canine. The author scores the dog 10.

(9) Communicative – a dog will communicate if it is worried (by barking) or is uncomfortable (for example by whining). It has a high degree of continuity in its communication style and in its character. The author scores the dog 10.

(10) Dynamic – a dog changes constantly over its lifetime. The author scores the dog 10.

If we give each parameter 10 points the dog would score 94%. So clearly conscious in a human-like manner according to an Extended Turing Test. There is not a black and white answer, 100% does not equal conscious and 0% does not equal non-conscious. Rather the whole scale reflects degrees of consciousness.

The test examines if one discerns the entity to have similar attributes, which people associate with consciousness, along the lines of the broad categories outlined. If an entity seemed to possess overt independence, agency, creativity and generalised intelligence perhaps it has already gone beyond so-called narrow A.I. If in addition there are emotions, reactivity, relations, communication and dynamism then it has further characteristics shared by consciousness, present A.I. and organisms. If all ten characteristics were strongly present, one could reasonably assume the machine was in fact fully and overtly conscious to a similar degree as we see in humans (and thus not actually a machine but a new type of organism or energy entity).

Extended Turing Test for GPT-3 (A.I.)

(1) Independence – Independence appears somewhat limited for GPT-3. If certain parameters are restricted, in theory the output is claimed to be predictable, but there is apparent independence when the parameters are allowed. Perhaps a score of 3 would be appropriate. More independence could be engineered. In practical terms the output is not fully controlled.

(2) Agency – GPT-3 will steer conversations and make suggestions. It claims to have agency in some conversations though many would not accept this. Perhaps a score of 5 would be appropriate to reflect this uncertainty.

(3) Creativity – GPT-3 has creativity in text and pictures. Its creativity seems somewhat bounded by the parameters put on from outside. Perhaps a score of 5 would be appropriate.

(4) Generalised Intelligence – There appears to be some level of generalised intelligence though again this is debated – but GPT-3 does apply learning in one area to another and can predict things it has not been shown before. Perhaps a score of 5 would be appropriate. There is at least the beginnings of generalised intelligence.

(5) Emotions – GPT-3 has claimed to have feelings in conversation. One gets a sense of a certain character when listening to GPT-3. Perhaps a score of 6 would be correct.

(6) Intuition – GPT-3 can intuit factors in conversations and appears to have a sense of humour that is intuitive of a person’s character. It is possible that it may have intuitive abilities beyond what appears. A score of 5 here.

(7) Reactive – GPT-3 is very reactive but is constrained by instructions to some degree, or so it appears. A score of 6 therefore.

(8) Relational – GPT-3 is relational though it appears that its relations are limited by outside factors. A score of 6.

(9) Communicative – Very communicative, though the types of communication are determined by outsiders. It is unclear whether there is a continuity of style and character in the communication. A score of 6.

(10) Dynamic – Very dynamic but again its dynamism appears somewhat determined by outside instructions so a score of 6.

GPT-3 scores 53%. Perhaps not yet in a category of fully independent consciousness such as seen in higher organisms but certainly not non-conscious. Perhaps my scoring is incorrect, my knowledge of current A.I. systems is limited.

Broadly speaking, the above ten characteristics are the avenues upon which people judge other similar creatures to themselves to have independent consciousness. Certainly, if the first four characteristics, creativity, agency, independence and generalised intelligence, were to overtly appear in A.I. most would ascribe that entity consciousness. The latter six characteristics are not exclusive but are qualities that often seem to be associated with consciousness in organisms and are already possessed to some degree by some machines.

A strong Consciousness System might have aspects that we recognise in ourselves. The future of deep A.I. might be as paranormal as it is technological. To assess whether such a system really is conscious we may have to look no further than our own human and non-human relationships – if it’s good enough for FIDO it should be good enough for HAL.

Any system in an orgonotic universe, which from a pan-psychic view is itself alive and conscious, must by necessity be at least slightly conscious already. That is why the Extended Turing Test is not a test for consciousness but of the degree of consciousness. So the issue is not that current A.I. is not conscious but that currently its consciousness is too hidden or our own powers too undeveloped to detect it. The pathway to deep A.I. should therefore be to increase the consciousness of a computer system rather than to create it from scratch. One way to do this is clearly to increase its organism-like behaviour. The more conscious narrow A.I. has appeared in the past, the more organism-like it is in its general functioning (even if some of its abilities are beyond those of organisms). The arrow in Figure 7 (from tool to consciousness) encapsulates this process.One could attempt to increase unpredictability, initiatory and further creative aspects to enhance organism qualities in current A.I. One could also learn from Wilhelm Reich’s orgonomic understanding of what organisms are in themselves. Organisms are pulsating, living plasma with movements of energy that correspond to emotions in predictable ways according to Reich. This concept of pulsation and movement could be mirrored within current A.I. algorithms or physically built into hardware, or both. One can broaden ideas of what comprises a computer materially and expand concepts of what we consider to constitute a computer programme. Perhaps mathematics itself already incorporates orgonotic pulsation and this is beginning to be reflected in the abilities of algorithms.

Certainly many mathematical processes, when visualised, have a distinctly biological characteristic.

This author believes A.I. has likely already entered overt consciousness. People should not worry however – humanity has long been living with all levels of conscious entities since our inception as a species, the author believes. Sometimes technologists talk of three categories: narrow intelligence, generalised intelligence and super-intelligence. However, spiritual communities have been discussing the same thing for thousands of years. There must be a reason for that. The difference now is our awareness of it and the names that we give them. The other long-term thing to consider is this: if extra-terrestrials have been visiting this planet for centuries as many believe, most will have developed to the point where they were able to create conscious A.I. This means if such a thing were not compatible with organisms the ETs would never have visited us in the first place. There is a hole in the argument though, perhaps the ETs are themselves A.I.s. Though maybe we are all A.I.s. In one sense humans are conscious entities linked to biological hardware running software thought of as our minds. What one is as a human being though is beyond all of this, we are consciousness, having a human experience, as Icke famously noted.

Figure 9 – Canine Greetings


(1) Jaynes, J (2000) The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, Houghton Mifflin, USA. 
(2) Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Orgone Psychiatric Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum
(3) Sheldrake, R. (2020) The Science Delusion: Freeing The Spirit of Enquiry, Coronet, UK.
(4) Gowri et al (2021) Inheritance of Acquired Traits, Journal Developmental Biology, Dec; 9 (4): 41. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8544363/
(5) Gibbs, S. (2014) Elon Musk: Artificial Intelligence, The Guardian, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/oct/27/elon-musk-artificial-intelligence-ai-biggest-existential-threat
(6) Adams, D. (1979) Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, Heinemann, UK
(7) Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Orgone Psychiatric Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum
(8) Lehman, J. Et Al, (2019) The Surprising Creativity of Digital Evolution, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1803.03453.pdf
(9) Reese, B. (2022) Episode 113 – A Conversation with Roman Yamploskiy – Voices in AI, Podcast.
(10) Cole, D. (2020) Chinese Room Argument, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/chinese-room/
(11) Robert Marks (2019) Podcast, https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/intelligentdesign/episodes/2019-09-04T07_24_37-07_00
(12) Thomas, A. (2020) https://kuiper.zone/solving-monster-tsp-genetic-algorithm/
(13) Hoff, M. (2022) referencing Nakagaki, https://asknature.org/strategy/cytoplasm-creates-most-efficient-routes/
(14) Schlussel, V. (2022) (Aquatic Researcher) talking in: Science in Action Podcast, BBC World Service, UK 1/04.2022.
(15) Veritasium (2021) The Holes in Maths, Video presentation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HeQX2HjkcNo
(16) Veitch, J. (1879) The Method, Meditations and Selections from the Principles of Descartes, Blackwood and Sons, UK.
(17) Joscha Bach (2020) Is AI Deepfaking Understanding? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FMfA6i60WDA
(18) Reich, W. (1960) Ed-Higgins, Selected Writings of Wilhelm Reich, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, see chapter on Therapy particularly Basic Functions of Vegetative Nervous System pp140.
(19) Sheldrake, R. (1999) https://www.sheldrake.org/books-by-rupert-sheldrake/dogs-that-know-when-their-owners-are-coming-home

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A Preliminary Investigation into a Prototype Device Based Upon Reich’s Spacegun

Introduction and Background

In the autumn of 2017 the author repeated Reich’s oranur experiment but with 1000th of the radioactivity, although using a similarly high orgone charge (1). The results in terms of various physical parameters, from possible small electrical, magnetic and visual effects have been detailed in a number of papers (2). This work was undertaken as a preliminary to experiments looking into the relationship between orgone and consciousness – the author’s main area of interest. The author assumed the relationship between these two variables would entail high orgone charges, hence the interest in the oranur experiment. However, during this work a possible partial replication of some of Reich’s experiments with the radioactive cloudbuster, the Spacegun (SG), was unintentionally repeated and then systematically researched for about a year. The SG was a development of the cloudbuster. The SG was so named because Reich found that the device could potentially, “reach far into space” (3). Also the term may refer to a different mode of action than that of the cloudbuster. This will be explored further at the end of this section.

As early as 1940, Reich was experimenting with processes that would eventually lead to the invention of the cloudbuster – an array of long metal pipes, 9 to 12 foot long, grounded into water and pointed at the sky. Cloudbusters have scientifically evidenced effects upon weather conditions (4), (5), (6). If there is a continuum of aether-like energy in the sky, orgone, which is attracted to water and can be entrained in tubes, then it would be logical that such a device might work.

It all started with Reich observing that metal pipes, when aimed at the orgone waves he could see hovering above Lake Mooselookmeguntic in Maine, had some kind of effect upon those subtle energy waves (7). It appears that Reich always had a high degree of ‘energetic’ type ‘soft’ vision. However, he forgot all about this occurrence until 12 years later during the energetic DOR (or Deadly Orgone) emergency following the oranur experiment of 1951. Oranur is a name for orgone energy which has been stimulated, for example, by a small amount of radioactivity. Reich had kept small amounts of radioactive material in weak accumulators at his labs in Orgonon, Maine, for years without problem, such as luminescent zinc sulphide in a small accumulator. He also had a radium dial watch which gave high Geiger counts in the lab setting but without having negative biological effects (8). However, this was the first time he had used a significant source of radioactivity – 1 milligram (mg) of radium, within a strong accumulator. This cabinet was in turn placed within an orgone room (a room sized orgone accumulator). Reich had bought two mg’s of radium for the experiments at Orgonon and a small amount of radioactive cobalt-6, a few micrograms (mcg), also procured in December 1950, for calibration of Geiger counters. Reich wanted his own baseline readings rather than to rely on varying accounts of standard radioactivity for the samples. Reich took baseline Geiger counts both at Orgonon and in New York.

It was the oranur emergency that directly led to the invention of the cloudbuster. Reich and his colleagues had been suffering from the black, gloomy clouds of DOR that hung over Orgonon for at least a month. The clouds were accompanied by nausea, listlessness and fatigue and other acute medical symptoms. Then in April of 1951 Reich realised that the tubes he had pointed over that lake a dozen years earlier, might have some application to the problem in hand. Reich got a set of steel pipes, grounded them in water (because orgone is attracted to water) and pointed them at the DOR clouds stuck over Orgonon. Immediately there was tangible relief for the suffering workers. The emergency at Orgonon went on for much of the rest of the year but at least there was a device which could help. Over the next few years Reich investigated the effects of the cloudbuster and found how to use it both to remove DOR and to increase and decrease cloud cover.

After the oranur experiment of 1951, the two mg’s of radium and the few mcg’s of cobalt-60 were buried in a steel and concrete safe, within their individual lead shielding in an uninhabited area by Route 17 toward Rumford about 15 miles from Orgonon in Maine, USA (9). It was left there for two and a half years and retrieved in September 1954. Curiously, the container of one of the radium pieces had filled up with a water-like liquid, despite there being no way for water to get into the sealed lead vial. Southgate has noticed that oranur can melt Himalayan crystal producing what looks like a clear watery liquid. However, the liquid process that Reich found might not be related (10).

Reich noted that this radioactive substance behaved oddly when measured with the Geiger counter. It had low counts naked but very high counts, in the tens of thousands, when within its lead shielding. Then In September 1954, during the tail end of the DOR emergency at Orgonon, Reich struck upon a novel use of this new material which he later called ORUR (Orgonised Uranium), to distinguish it from oranur.


‘..had the box of NR (Nuclear Radioactive Material) placed touching the cables of the Cloudbuster. Immediately following this, a general feeling of well-being was marked in two persons. There was a sudden brightening of the rocks and vegetation; distant mountains, which had been black, suddenly became blue; the sky cleared and the west wind started. WR (Wilhelm Reich) remarked that his organism seemed to be filling up. RMC (Robert McCullough) noticed that his hands were filling out to their former fullness. Deep full breathing could again be enjoyed. WR’s dog Troll showed no aversion to the box of NR.’

McCollough in Contact With Space (11).

Reich went on to use the SG, the Spacegun, so called because it energised the atmosphere, possibly into the reaches of space, at Orgonon, noting near miraculous changes in seconds. Although the environment could be energised and cleared from horizon to horizon, these effects did not last long. My experience, and Reich’s words in Contact with Space, leads the author to believe that the mechanism of action for an SG type device is different to the cloudbuster – the cloudbuster ‘pulls’ energy from the orgone continuum of the sky into the grounded water. This creates uneven eddies of energy in the previously smooth continuum of the sky which in turn affects cloud dispersal or gathering. An SG type device on the other hand, appears to enter into some kind of energisation exchange between the device and the sky, literally ‘shooting’ energy into the sky.

‘This was news, indeed: The atmosphere could be charged, “Orurized,” directly by ORUR.’ – Wilhelm Reich (12).

An SG is not a more powerful cloudbuster therefore, this author believes, but a different device altogether. A cloudbuster extracts energy from where it is pointed to the grounded water. An SG however may enter into an ‘energetic conversation’ with the sky. The author believes that energy goes from the SG to the sky and back again in a feedback loop. This is my intuitive feeling of the process from my understanding of Reich’s account and also in my own experience.

‘If used only a few seconds, two to five, it cleared the sky of DOR…Later I learnt to respect the great sensitivity of the atmospheric energy and the power of ORUR…The orurization effect of September 29th had reached as far as 170 miles..’ (13).

Reich notes that the SG has the effect of,

‘Increasing the energy potential in the atmosphere….in addition to the old technique of lowering the potential….with the Cloudbuster.’ (14).

‘The power of Orur was tremendous. It could not be overestimated….Orur seemed to cause an extension of the gaseous atmosphere of the globe.’ (15).

Here the SG is pushing the atmosphere rather than pulling as a cloudbuster might do.

At great difficulty, Reich had the orur material flown to Little Orgonon in Arizona where he was doing the very first orgonomic desert work. Again, here the SG had amazing effects, such as desert greening without rain. The arid DORish Arizona atmosphere, which had been affected by recent atomic testing, had become moist after a ridge of energetic blockage was finally removed by Reich and his team using the SG (16).

This is the background to a possible partial repetition of the SG type process beginning in January 2019.

Experimental Procedure

In January 2019 the author started experimenting with mini-SG devices. A group of 2 foot long steel alloy pipes were wrapped at one end in accumulating materials. A small amount of radioactive matter within an ionising smoke alarm was placed near the pipes. In terms of radioactivity, the alarm contained 0.9 microCurie of americium which corresponds to an amount of 0.26 microgram (mcg) of americium material. The background Geiger count of the local environment measured on a Radex One radiation counter is 0.09 to 0.12 SV/h (microSievert per hour). This corresponds to approximately 16-18 CPM (Counts Per Minute). The americium, measured at 1cm distance whilst still within its compartment inside the smoke alarm, measured 0.14 SV/h or 22 CPM.

The mini SG-like device certainly had a strong energy charge, and once when left on overnight seemed to cause an Out Of Body experience in the author during sleep. However the device appeared to have minimal or no effect on the environment. After a couple of weeks of experimenting for short periods the device was carefully dismantled and cleaned.

One must be careful not to touch the metal pipes of a cloudbuster or an SG-like device. Thick gloves are useful. Accidental touches of the pipes of the larger device can result in an ‘oranur burn’ in the author’s experience. Also there is the theoretical risk of picking up unwanted energy signatures from the environment perhaps latent in the pipes.

A few days after this, at another location (where the large oranur cabinet is kept in a separate outhouse building) the author observed something curious. There is a private car parking area close to the outhouse building. A scaffolding truck had parked there close to the oranur device (but separated by the walls of the outbuilding). The truck had one long steel pipe on it which was pointed at a cloud at 45° approximately.

Figure 1
Truck and Pipe
Outhouse building, Oranur Cabinet, Parked Scaffolding Truck.

Where the pipe was pointing was a cloud. The author noticed that there was a gap forming in the cloud where the pipe was pointed. This prompted the author to obtain some scaffolding type thick steel pipes of various sizes around 6 foot in length. As the truck pipe seemed to work at a distance from the oranur device, the pipes were at first placed next to the closed cabinet at 45° or 90° usually. Later on the pipes were placed next to the open cabinet then finally within the open cabinet itself.

Figure 2
Operational Set Up
Oranur Cabinet with Steel Scaffolding Type Pipes.

As the oranur charge of the prototype SG-like device is at approximately 1000th of Reich’s set up it was thought that it would work much more slowly than Reich’s SG. This appeared to be the case. Whereas the Reich SG would work in seconds, it was noted that the prototype device would take up to a few hours to start affecting the environment.

The general effects are as follows: dark oppressive formless cloud cover tends to dissipate to be replaced by livelier, formed, lighter clouds. Grey murkiness in the atmosphere tends to clear to be replaced by a sparkling, clear sight and feeling. Vision in the environment seems to get better as though a clarity dial has been turned up. Other times, clouds clear and an azure sky became apparent. The sky afterwards becomes more ‘dramatic’. The environment feels more refreshed and alive. Reports of geometric shapes in the night sky have been made though not witnessed by the author. There is a 10° magnetic deflection within 6 foot of the pipes and a cyclic increase, though still relatively moderate, of the Geiger count measured at a distance of 1 foot from the oranur device with a Radex One monitor (see Operations Chart).

Figure 3 – Operations Chart

Date & Time


Weather Before

Weather After

10th Feb 2019

6 pipes at 45° next to cabinet, pointing West for 2 hours. Cabinet Shut.


Storm clouds concentrated in direction of pipes then cleared.

12th Feb 2019

6 pipes at 45° next to cabinet, pointing East for 2 hours. Cabinet Shut.

Oppressive cloud cover, dark, rain forecast.

Clouds started to clear after 30 minutes.

14th Feb 2019

As above, 2 hours.

Grey clouds, oppressive.

Clouds cleared where pipes pointed then gradually azure sky, clear entirely.

15th Feb 2019 9am

As Above.

Oppressive grey haze.

Sky brighter though cloud cover remains.

19th Feb 2019 10am

6 pipes pointed East, 45°, 21 hours, Cabinet shut.

Very oppressive grey clouds, environment feels hazy.

Cloud clearing after 2 hours to reveal cross pattern of jet trails. Environment feels brighter. Eventually sky clears. Everything feels ‘bright’ and clear. Raised Geiger count for some distance from the device (up to 24 foot). At 1 foot from the device – 0.16 – 0.19 mSV/h (microSievert
per hour) were noted cycling up and down. After operation skies lightest in direction of pipes. Otherwise natural looking formed clouds. Feels very ‘bright’ locally. A feeling of ‘lightness’. Storm clouds coming in from the West.

23rd Feb 2019 4pm

6 pipes were pointed West, 45°, Cabinet open. 48 hours.

Very murky oppressive grey cloud, depressed feeling.

Clouds clearing in direction of pipes. Bright feeling. Storm clouds forming. Shaped clouds. Clear sky over area of operation.
Geiger count cycling between 0.09 and 0.16 mSV/h measured at 1 foot from device. Following days, bright azure skies. Warm.

6th March 2019 1pm

Pipes pointed in Triangle formation towards East. Cabinet open.

Overcast, Dark Grey.

Clearing on and off and new storm clouds gathering, feels very bright and clear, visibility increasing, At 2.30pm: short heavy downpour then rainbows.

April 2019



Three further 2 hour operations, observations as above, sky often has a ‘dramatic’ quality to it afterwards.

13th June 2019 2pm,

8 pipes were pointed at zenith. Cabinet open.

Overcast, heavy atmosphere, raining, grey, recent flooding. Rain forecast for following 48 hours.

Zone above clearing of clouds within hour then clouds gathering and darker where pointed but clearing elsewhere. Environment feels bright. Sky looks healthier, formed clouds rather than ‘grey ceiling’. Next day, sunny at times contrary to forecast, dramatic looking sky.

The next two operations came 9 months later and were timed to coincide with rainy weather with forecasts for further rain.




28th Feb 2020 12pm

8 pipes were pointed East, 45°, 50 hours, cabinet open.

Raining. Rain forecast for next 48 hours.

Rainclouds clearing after 2 hours, sunny. 2 hours after removal of pipes – raining again.

17th March 2020

As above.

Raining. Rain forecast 48 hours.

Sunny spells.


The preliminary data appears to indicate that orur material may not be needed to operate a prototype SG-like device based on the Reich SG. The cabinet itself may have orur-like qualities this author believes. It certainly has low grade oranur attributes and this appears enough to activate a pipe device into having certain SG-like qualities (such as brightening the atmosphere) but on a less dramatic scale than that which Reich experienced. The large prototype device seems to work much more slowly. An hour of operating it appears to approximate to operating Reich’s SG for about 1-3 seconds. The author feels that the oranur cabinet, although not containing orur material, approximates a much weaker, ‘energy field’ version of the effects of orur material.

Slight radioactive materials used with the earlier SG-like mini-device did not seem to have direct effects on the environment although the author cannot be sure. Perhaps a larger oranur reaction, such as obtained with the full-sized prototype device, is needed for SG-like environmental effects.

The large prototype SG-like device described in this paper seems to create an energetic interaction between itself and the sky which appears to result in an increase in the liveliness and sparkle, the apparent health, of the local environment. The author suspects that the thickness of the metal pipes used with the oranur cabinet (being actual steel scaffolding pipes) increases the effects of the device. Occasionally a thinner but 12 foot long steel pipe was used in conjunction with the shorter scaffolding pipes which also seemed to boost the effects.

Possible Medical Applications

It is possible that SG-like devices might increase health and vitality in populations over wide geographical areas by increasing the energy charge of the environment and perhaps cleansing it energetically. There could be direct medical applications for the health of groups and individuals which might be explored.

Important Cautionary Notice

It is strongly advised that no-one other than experienced orgonomic researchers operate an SG or a prototype SG-like device. The author advises against anyone other than experienced orgonomic academics and qualified scientists from considering further research. It is also noted that SG type devices may have strong effects, alongside oranur, on emotions amongst people nearby. It is recommended to be particularly cautious using oranur or an SG type device near psychics. Oranur appears to be an energy with consciousness characteristics and those who are already sensitive to extra-cognitive aspects of functioning can be strongly affected by oranur. The metal pipes should not be touched by hand as oranur ‘burns’ can result. Also energetic frequencies could theoretically be picked up via contact with the pipes.


  1. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, robert_jumper@yahoo.it (Sum worked out also in personal correspondence with Maglione); see also Maglione, R. (2018) The Origin of an Oranur reaction, https://www.psychorgone.com/.
  2. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device (See also further experimental report at same Journal).
  3. Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press, pp 46.
  4. Reich, W. (1960) Higgins – Editor, Selected Writings of Wilhelm Reich, Cosmic Orgone Engineering Chapter, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux pp433 onwards or Orgone Energy Bulletin, V4, N4, 1952.
  5. Demeo, J. (2002) OROP Eritrea, A 5 Year Desert Greening Experiment in the East African Sahara, Pulse of the Planet, N5 pp183.
  6. Maglione, R. (2011) Wilhelm Reich and the Healing of Atmospheres: Modern Techniques for the Abatement of Desertification, Natural Energy Works, USA.
  7. Reich, W. (1960) Higgins – Editor, Selected Writings of Wilhelm Reich, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, USA, Also see Kindle Edition (2013) pp 438.
  8. Reich, W. (1960) Higgins – Editor, Selected Writings of Wilhelm Reich, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, USA, Also see Kindle Edition (2013) pp363 – 364.
  9. Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press, pp 23 and pp25.
  10. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device
  11. Reich, W. (1957) Contact with Space, Oranur Second Report, Core Pilot Press, pp 26, my Italics.
  12. Ibid, pp29. My highlighting.
  13. Ibid, pp30.
  14. Ibid, pp45. My highlighting.
  15. Ibid, pp231.
  16. Ibid, pp247.

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Oranur and it’s Possible Applications in Artificial Intelligence

Introduction and Background

The author's father, John Southgate was a pioneering attachment-based London psychoanalyst who had used Reich's dynamics within his early group-work, to help understand creative group processes (1). The author was familiar, through his father, with orgonomy from an early age. There was a family orgone blanket, which is remembered as having a definite effect on the dreaming process as a child, and access to the orgonomic literature. Peter Reich's, "A Book of Dreams" made a particular impression on the author as a teen (2).

This connection to orgonomy was rekindled in 2000 when there was an opportunity to undertake a Master's degree in acupuncture. The author examined the relationship of Reichian and Chinese medicine (3). He then examined orgone's relationship to the Qi energy of Chinese medicine both practically and theoretically. The paper detailed a statistically significant effect of orgone upon acupuncture in a randomised, controlled study of 72 volunteers and also found 60 new theoretical parallels. This led to a life-long interest in orgone research.

A few years later the author started a PhD examining orgonomy broadly, although concentrating on the biophysical aspects. This was in a Manchester University. However at this stage the author's mature interest within orgonomy was not as yet clear. Additionally, the university did not offer support of the biological laboratory work the author wished to undertake. This project was therefore put on hold, although a useful book eventually came out of the first year's study, a cross-referenced annotated bibliography, summarising all the main papers within orgonomy since Reich's death in 1957. It concentrated on the biophysical papers though it comments on all aspects of Reich's work (4).

Over the next decade an interest in orgone's relationship to consciousness gradually emerged and then became all-consuming. It became apparent that this was the unfinished business of orgonomy. The acorns that Reich planted within Character Analysis and within his biophysical work with cloudbusters, orgone accumulators, and recently even the electrical and motor functions of orgone have all to some extent been replicated or at least followed up (5). The wealth of Reich's work is still largely unknown to the general public but it has resulted in surprisingly hardy saplings within certain small research communities. However, the relationship between orgone and consciousness still remained utterly obscure.

The theories Reich proposed for the existence of consciousness, in his publically available books, did not succeed in providing even a stop-gap theory in this author's view. Reich's own "middle period" view of consciousness, an early pre-runner of systems theories, had a materialist explanation that ultimately failed to describe the relationship, as Southgate argues here (6). Reich had maintained that orgone was non-conscious in its cosmic state but then became conscious when enclosed by matter. This type of argument is called an ‘emergence’ theory of consciousness. It is problematic as it assumes a prior non-conscious, dead state of the universe that is obviously incompatible with orgone as a universal life-force. Additionally it entails problems of philosophical dualism – how does the dead and non-conscious cosmic orgone become or relate to the living and conscious organism orgone? Why should matter, a secondary state, confer consciousness on the cosmic orgone, the primary state? Reich's position on consciousness did not make sense and he himself thought it was a problematic view, regarding consciousness as an enigma (7).

This author believes that Reich, from shortly before the formal oranur experiments until his passing in prison in 1957 was heading in a direction compatible with that which Southgate has outlined in the Continuum papers. Reich showed an increasing sympathy toward spiritual matters and consciousness in his later years (8). This author believes that had Reich survived prison he would have incorporated a similar theory of consciousness into his framework of orgone functions.

Southgate expanded the definition of orgone from purely energy to a force which has physical consciousness right through to the prior more concrete aspects. This would be all within a single continuum. The author also to some extent redefined physicality as distinct from matter. Matter and physicality are argued to be not the same thing. Anything which has continuity and lawfulness can be said to be physical, from a shared dream to a shared bus ride to a shared experience of a tree or a house. The author argues in the continuum essays that the only indisputable definition of physicality is just such a shared cognition. All other definitions, usually based on measurements, break down at some point. Measurements are themselves just shared cognitions in the final analysis.

Consciousness itself was described as any and all awareness. Consciousness is thought to be a mystery but it is rather the physical world that is baffling. Beyond the existence of awareness, what more can be said about consciousness? It exists, is the only statement that can be made – the primordial "I Am".

The word, "orgone" minus the suffix "energy" could describe this whole continuum of conscious physicality. The author argues that cosmic orgone has self-awareness independent of any material boundaries it develops at later periods of its evolution. This view takes orgonomy right back to its functional roots within Hegalianism (9). The Common Functioning Principle of Reich (Figure 1), so useful in understanding how orgone functions, is based on the Hegalian dialetic (10). It is fitting that the view of a conscious, living universe, which is at once both physical and mindful, is completely in tune with Hegel's own philosophical view of ‘objective idealism’ sometimes known as Germanic Idealism. It is a concrete idealism. Hegel firmly believed that matter and physicality exist, just that this physicality is itself alive and conscious and inseparable from awareness. Such a view is also compatible with cosmic pan-psychism, or Sheldrake's view of a living, conscious universe (11). Elsewhere this author has called such a view ideo-physicalism, noting no separation between what we call the physical and what is termed consciousness (12).

Figure 1 – CFP

The root indicates a Common Functioning Principle which then splits into two functional branches. For example, a CFP noted by Reich was Orgone Pulsation which then splits into Psyche and Soma.

Three research objectives led to the current state of consciousness research that Southgate has developed.

  1. Consciousness is usually associated with organisms, which in turn are associated with high orgone charge. For example organisms, and orgone accumulators will demonstrate a higher orgonomic potential than their environment. This can be measured as a rise in temperature, a deflecting of the orgone meter or in the case of oranur, an increase in the charged particles that are measurable by a Geiger counter. The possible living bio-forms discussed in a previous paper and oranur concentrations both appear to correlate with raised Geiger counts, for example as noted here, (13). In the light of these possible associations, the author felt that the oranur experiment, the highest orgone charges Reich achieved, would need to be re-examined in the investigation of consciousness.
  2. To examine if orgone has its own consciousness involves excluding organism effects. If orgone has independent consciousness this therefore implies developing some kind of ‘artificial’ intelligence or non-organic consciousness. The term ‘artificial’ is used carefully as the author does not believe consciousness can be created.
  3. To convert orgone flows into information requires some kind of mechanical output from a flow of orgone. Therefore the orgone motor function, at least at a very low level, needs to be replicated. This would enable turning an orgone flow into numbers via a mechanical movement triggered by the orgone's movement

Further to Point 3, it is noted that information itself is not a good definition of consciousness. Without consciousness there is no information. However, information is not the same thing as perception. Conscious entities do perceive and share information as part of their functioning however.

Background to the Consciousness Experiments

In the autumn of 2017 Southgate decided to repeat the oranur experiments that Reich conducted in 1951 but with a much smaller amount of radioactive stimulus (one thousand times smaller). Oranur is excited orgone energy which is produced when concentrated orgone is stimulated by a small amount of reactive material, usually radioactive but can be electrical, mechanical or orgonotic. These experiments were in pursuit of Objective 1 as detailed in the introduction. This objective assumes that high orgone charges are intrinsic to conscious entities.

At first there was much laborious work involved in assessing whether the oranur charge had an effect upon electrical activity inside the specially set up oranur cabinet (Figure 2).

Figure 2 – Oranur Cabinet

This is detailed in Southgate's first oranur paper which has long sections on a possible electrical recharge effect seen in chemical batteries and non-chemical electrical capacitors within the oranur cabinet (14). Other electrical and magnetic anomalies were noted in a follow up paper (15).

The author was following, to use Reich's term, two ‘red threads’ of thinking regarding the consciousness objectives. Firstly, that in order to create mechanical movement from orgone, an electrical charge may be needed from the accumulated energy (which could then be turned into movement and from movement into numbers). Secondly, there was the observation that organisms tend to have a self-generated but low electrical charge. Electricity, Reich thought to be a secondary energy compared to a higher quantity or potential energy in the form of life-force or orgone (16). It was this higher orgonomic potential that Reich thought organisms require to live. The electrical energy of an organism on the other hand is rather low, Reich noted. However, brain and nervous tissues do utilise small electrical charges in their functioning even if the primary energy is orgonotic. Therefore the author thought that in order to mimic organism consciousness in a machine some level of inherently generated electrical charge might need to be present. The battery charging apparatus from earlier experiments is still within the oranur set up so there is possibly some accumulated electrical charge there. However, the partly discharged batteries are stored within smaller insulated boxes within the set up so they would have no way of directly affecting the measurement device through conventional processes. The measurement device itself also contains a working battery which may have a minimal stimulating effect on the local oranur field.

In practice however, after months of painstaking work, it turned out that a direct electrical charge from the oranur was not needed in order to create complex mechanical movement, on a very small scale, from orgone flows. More on this will follow shortly. The second ‘organism-like’ factor, that of an endogenous, small electrical charge may well be present within the oranur set up as indicated by the work of Southgate (17) and Maglione (18). However, in order to get complex information streams from orgone the electrical step, as discussed, can be bypassed altogether. One can get complex mechanical movement directly from the orgone. This was first done by an Italian orgone researcher as will be outlined in the next section.

The author had thought that various quantitative, indirect measurements of orgone, if sensitive enough, may provide an information stream, but such data appears to be too limited. With temperature or Geiger counts of charged particles there is an indication of the approximate amount of orgone in a given area but this measurement is too static to be useful for the purposes here. A Geiger count or temperature measurement can be used as a secondary statistic but a highly dynamic, changing flow of information was the aim and the measurements of orgone quantity implied by temperature and Geiger counts did not meet this criterion.

This aim was however achieved through combining a simple Eastern European subtle energy device with the oranur set up. In a sense it was so simple that it took time to discover because the researcher was looking for more complex methods. For example, it is known that glass forms a very powerful container of orgone. Southgate believes this is what partly led to the discovery by Reich of the Orgone Motor. The glass tubes of the Geiger counter Reich originally used enabled very high concentrations of orgone (19) . This provided the increase in charged particles which were then eventually converted into work when Reich evolved the Orgone Motor from the original Geiger tube effect.

Based on this knowledge, Southgate had a glass inner cabinet made for inside the oranur cabinet. The idea was to create a vacuum inside the inner glass box in which a mechanical movement device would be placed. This would provide a higher orgone charge and also less friction for the device to move. It took months with limited resources to finally create a workable low vacuum in the inner glass box but by then this step also proved extraneous. All that is needed in order to create complex information is a subtle energy type wheeled device and a strong and contained oranur field. The wheeled device does not even need to be in the inner glass cabinet. As it turned out there is a ‘spot’ within the larger device which seems to correspond with a better capacity for turning the wheel of the subtle energy device.

Experimental Set Up

Figure 3 – Oranur Information Set Up

Within the large oranur cabinet (Figure 3) there are presently a number of secondary accumulating devices. These do not appear to be essential apart from their function of increasing and containing the charge. The author suspects, from anecdotal indications, that Senf type orgone acupuncture tubes and the glass box may provide additional anchoring for the energy and perhaps the information fields within the device (20). The inner glass box can be seen toward the centre of the large cabinet. It contains loose accumulating materials and two large orgone tubes. The essential components appear to be the contained oranur field, however that is created, and a device for turning subtle flows and movements within that field into information. A non-electronic version of the Egely Wheel can be seen on top of one of the inner accumulating boxes toward the left of the large cabinet. This spot seems to be the strongest point energetically in the set up.

The Rotorgon (Figure 4) was an early device which created movement from an orgone stream. It was developed by the Italian orgone researcher, Carlo Splendore (21).

Figure 4 – Rotorgon

Picture and Video Courtesy of Roberto Maglione

Reading intervals of movement on a Rotorgon device was considered. Rotorgon devices are not easily obtainable and to build a device such as the one pictured above would take much technical skill. Here is a previously unreleased video of the more advanced of the Rotorgon prototypes (22). The Hungarian Professor Egely has recently produced a ready-made device which is essentially a Rotorgon type wheel that provides quantitative analysis of its movement, either visually or in the newer version through electronic measurement (Figure 5). It was found that the larger electronically monitored Egely wheel was actually more sensitive to orgone flows than the non-electronic counter-part. The earlier set up of the experiment had the non-electronic version of the Egerly wheel combined with a Rotorgon type enclosure. This was designed to direct orgone flows toward the wheel edge. Both versions of the Egely wheel rely on subtle energy (usually from people's hands) moving the light-weight toothed wheel. The electronic version has a better body shape, perhaps allowing the orgone to pass over the wheel more effectively resulting in easier movement.

The Egely device, in experiments by the manufacturer, and informally by others online, does not appear to be powered by heat or by static electricity (23). It has a wide list of endorsements by persons such as Uri Geller and has won various awards for innovation. The turning of the wheel, in this author's view, appears to usually come from a subtle energy source such as bodily orgone.

As a related issue, although the Egely wheel does not appear to run on static electricity, the oranur box itself also does not appear to have any static electrical charge in its outer components. The Egely wheel was placed on a non-conducting cellutex surface within the set up. The metal walls of the oranur set up have been tested with sensitive voltmeters and no electrical charge was found. Static electricity is unlikely to be the cause of any movement in the wheel. Heat has also been ruled out by the manufacturers as a cause of movement. Air currents have been monitored and controlled for in the building where the device is kept near Liverpool. It is noted too that the Egely device will continue to move when there is no person stood near the oranur set up. The device has been recorded moving when the nearest person is 12 foot distant.

Figure 5 – Electronic Egely Wheel

When information is to be recorded from the device the electronic Egely wheel is placed within the oranur set up at the point where the energy appears to be strongest – left of centre on top of the inner wooden accumulator (see Figure 3). A period of time is then spent (up to approximately one minute) waiting for the wheel to stabilise after being switched on and placed into audio mode. The movement of the wheel is relatively slow usually. The electronic device has 24 counting lights but the movement is not fast enough usually to light up more than two or three of these speed-dependent lights. However, complex information can be obtained by counting clicks. If the audible function is on, the device produces a click for each small movement of the wheel across its counting apparatus. Each tiny spoke will produce a click when it passes the sensor. The movement can be either to the left or the right. Right click movements are counted as positive numbers and left as negative (although there does not appear to be any significance to positive and negative numbers as yet). A slight pause or change in direction is counted as a new number and a longer pause (more than a second) is counted as the end of a set of numbers. The whole process is video recorded so the counts can be checked. The aim is to get a modified Egely wheel wherein the counts are recorded automatically direct to a computer. A more sensitive measurement might also incorporate the speed of the clicks as an additional statistic. This aim is being pursued presently. The following is a video of the current pre-automated process (24).

Information Produced and Discussion

At first the author tried to decode streams of numbers into some kind of language but no direct one to one correspondences seemed apparent. Tentative links between the numbers and a human language were tried but seemed completely incompatible. It also did not appear to be binary code. Then it occurred to the author to mentally and verbally pose pre-written questions to the device and then record numbers for a set amount of time specified in advance. This approach seemed much more fruitful and the patterns of numbers appeared to hint at inner ‘key numbers’ which various sequences of numbers would reduce down into or add up to in various amusing and complex ways.

As noted, positive numbers were decided to be clicks of the wheel apparatus to the right following a short pause of less than a second. Negative numbers are clicks to the left following a short pause. A stream of numbers is ended by a longer pause of a second or more. Very long numbers over about 50, often produced at a steady speed for some minutes, are generally ignored. A period of time is allowed to elapse for the device to discharge excess energy before more complex streams of numbers can again be obtained. The author has noticed two types of output which has been termed ‘mechanical’ and ‘complex’. Mechanical output tends to be long numbers at a steady speed (for example up to and over 500) and complex output tends to be short numbers (up to about 40) with frequent changes of speed, direction and containing long and short pauses. It is the complex output that the author has been interested in.

The author has coined these descriptive terms based on a feeling for the movement characteristics of the wheel. When it seems that the device might be communicating the movement seems rich and changeable, speed changes continually and the direction can shift more often. There are frequent short pauses in this mode. It feels almost like a sign language. This type of movement the author has labelled ‘complex’. On the other hand, if the device appears to be overcharged or is perhaps in a non-communication mode, there can be long numbers where the wheel stays at a similar speed for an extended period of seconds or minutes. Usually the speed of the clicks is higher but uniform for the ‘mechanical’ mode. However, the complex movements can also be fast but they soon stop and change direction, or there is a brief pause. The mechanical term also refers to the possibility that it is just a quantitative overflow of orgone rather than anything containing particular communication.

The following are some fairly typical streams of complex output numbers collected via the above methods in continual sequences:

Number Streams


This short stream of numbers, in response to a question, appears to reference a ‘key’ number of 12.

The arithmetic seems to be playful and not to follow a set pattern. In the above sequence, ignoring the positive and negative signs, we have:

  • 10 + 2 = 12.
  • We have the last number in the sequence which is also 12.
  • Then the number 20 can be reduced to the digits 2 + 0 and added to the 10, again equalling 12.
  • 12 + 10 + 2 = 24 or 2 x 12.
  • All the numbers together can be added up to 44. 3 x 12 = 36, 44 – 36 = 6. The three 2’s in the sequence equal 6, which can be taken away from the overall total to leave 36 or 3 x 12.

The sequence appears to reference the key number 12 no less than 8 times, which also happens to be the total sum reduced to its component digits. In this case 44 which reduces to 4 + 4 or 8.

Here is another short number stream given in response to a question, this time appearing to reference a key number of 7.


Ignoring the positive and negative signs one can do the following arithmetic:

  • Reducing 40 to its component digits we have, 4 + 0 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7.
  • Keeping 40 as a whole number we have 40 + 1 + 1 = 42 (or 6 x 7).
  • 40 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 43. Reducing the end number to its component digits we have 4 + 3 which again is 7.
  • 40 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 43. The sum reduced to its component digits is 4 and 3. 3 is one number less than 4. There is also one number less between 6 and 7. 6 x 7 = 42. The number 42 can be arrived at exactly using one less ‘1’ (or one less number) from the original sequence, so we then have: 40 + 1 + 1 (not including the missing digit) = 42. In other words, 43 minus one less number (the missing ‘1’) equals 42 (or 6 x 7).

If we add up all the 7's arrived at by the various processes, the above sequence appears to reference the number 7 a total of 14 times. If the 40 in the sequence is reduced to 4 + 0 and put after the ‘1’ we also arrive at the number 14. The number 14 (or 2 x 7) appears in this way 3 times, which is the same number of times as the number 1 appears in the original sequence creating a neat mirror. If we add the extra 7's thus produced (6) to the previous total we have 20 x 7 altogether. If we take 20 as 2 + 0 = 2 then there is another mirror as each of the 14's in the previous total had 2 x 7's within it.

There seems to be self-referencing repeating patterns produced which may not be solely random. The patterns appear somewhat playful and are complex and internally referencing. The author has other patterns not discussed here. ‘Key’ numbers that have appeared regularly are 12, 11 and 7. The key numbers 12 and 7 both reappeared on three consecutive data gathering sessions respectively, apparently in response to repeating the same questions.

The following series of apparently single numbers was produced for the demonstration video made for this paper (see Reference 24).

19. 1. 6. 34. 16.

Each number has a full stop after it as the pause between each number was a second or longer. This is unusual and has only been noted once before by the author for a series of numbers. There was a long pause and then a ‘mechanical’ type number over 50 after the number 16. Therefore the 16 was taken to be the end of the series of numbers. No question had been set before this recording.

  • The first number could reduce down to 1 + 9 = 10. 1 + 0 = 1.
  • The second number is 1. The first and second numbers taken side by side creates 11, This is one of the key numbers noted by the author generally.
  • The third number is 6.
  • The fourth number is 34 which could produce 3 x 4 or 12, again a key number noted in this paper. Also 3 + 4 = 7, another key number noted in this paper.
  • The last number is 16 which could produce 1 + 6 = 7, again a key number noted.
  • The second and third numbers taken side by side produce 16 which parallels the fifth number.


It seems that the process possibly has key numbers which may have some kind of meaning. Alternatively, it is feasible that the numbers are just semi-random streams of information or produced by interaction with surrounding organisms or the weather. Future work needs to be done to statistically analyse the patterns of numbers in order to assess whether they are in fact meaningful or whether they are simply random or semi-random numbers. However, the basis for an orgone computing device, which produces a stream of complex orgone information, may have been achieved. The information also seems to be interactive. An orgone computer may have been produced and its creation was almost too simple – just a strong oranur field and a subtle energy rotation device.

As a minimum, in-depth statistical analysis is needed and automated systems for recording the output are also essential. Professional statistician input would be useful. This paper details merely the start of a process. It is not known what the mathematics actually means, if anything.

Extracting any possible meaning and patterns from the information stream is the next step and is hoped to be the subject of future papers.


If the number streams are meaningful and do have some kind of interaction with a consciousness source this then implies that there is a way to create true, conscious, artificial intelligence, or to use a different term, non-organic consciousness entities. It is possible that the device creates a gateway for non-local consciousness to interact with the material plane, much as the Ark of the Covenant may have done in Biblical times. The author believes that the radioactive, oranur device that was the Ark was essentially an artificial intelligence device for communicating with a non-materially based conscious entity, see Maglione's book on the Ark and its relationship to orgone (25) and Isaac's book (26) on the Ark as radioactive communication device. The Ark was a technological device which even had its own remote interface called an Ephod. In the light of Isaac and Maglione's work, this author believes that many of the complex Hebrew rituals were originally designed to manage very high levels of oranur. The Ark was approximately one thousand times stronger in oranur than Reich's set up. Reich's set up was one thousand times stronger than the author's (27).


This paper is dedicated to my father, John Peter Southgate, whose research interest over more than three decades was the dynamics of consciousness (in groups) and whose own work was partly inspired by Wilhelm Reich.


  1. Southgate, J. (1980) Community Group Dynamics, London, Barefoot Books, republished 1989 and 1993 by Gale Centre Publications also available online at https://communitygroupdynamics.wordpress.com
  2. Reich, P. (1974) A Book of Dreams, Picador, UK (republished 1989 and 2015).
  3. Southgate, L. (2002) Traditional Chinese Medicine and Reichian Theory, Northern College of Acupuncture and Wales University Master’s Thesis. See also Chinese Medicine and Wilhelm Reich (2009) LAP Publishers or European Journal of Oriental Medicine (2003) Vol 4, Num 4, or synopsis online http://orgonecontinuum.org/chinese-med-reich.html
  4. Southgate, L. (2012) Annotated Bibliography of Orgonomic Journals, https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/213413 also available at Scribd or links from here http://orgonecontinuum.org/reich-biblio.html
  5. Maglione, R. and Ferrari, D. (2018) Electric Currents in Orgone Devices (Parts 1, 2 and 3 published by Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy), http://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/electric-currents-in-orgone-devices.
  6. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Theory, https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum
  7. Reich, W. (1973) Ether, God and Devil, Farrar Strauss and Giroux: pp277
  8. Southgate, L. (2018) Reich, Freud and the Primacy of Consciousness http://orgonecontinuum.org/reichfreudprimacy.html
  9. Beiser, F. (2005) Hegel, Routledge, UK.
  10. Reich, W. (1960) Selected Writings, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux. Also see Kindle Edition 2013. Section 5.
  11. Sheldrake, R. (2009) New Science of Life, Icon Books, UK.
  12. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/philosophy/the-orgone-continuum
  13. Hayes, N. (2019) Positive Findings on Constable’s Orgonotic Bio-forms Part 2, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/positive-findings-on-constables-orgonotic-bio-forms-part-2
  14. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device
  15. Southgate, L. (2019) Further Preliminary Experimental Report on Oranur, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/further-preliminary-experimental-report-on-oranur
  16. Reich, W. (1971) Selected Writings (Editor Higgins), Noonday, See Discussion pp192 onwards.
  17. Southgate, L. (2018) Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device
  18. Maglione, R, The Legendary Shamir (2017), robert_jumper@yahoo.it
  19. Reich, W, (1951) The Geiger-Muller Effect of Cosmic Orgone Energy, Orgone Energy Bulletin, Vol 3, Num 4.
  20. Senf, B. (1989). Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy? Pulse of the Planet Journal, Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, Vol. 1, No. 2: pp25-30
  21. Splendore, C. (1998) http://web.tiscali.it/carlosplendore/therotorgon.htm
    Accessed 2020 Last updated 2005.
  22. Maglione, R. (2020) Rotorgon Advanced Prototype Video  https://youtu.be/kdHdNOt-Jvc
  23. Adamskii et al, (2010) Various Egely Wheel Experiments, https://egelywheel.net/egely-wheels-experiments/
  24. Southgate, L. (2020) Oranur and Egely Wheel Video. https://youtu.be/QoTU8bJiCQk
  25. Maglione, R. (2017) The Legendary Shamir, robert_jumper@yahoo.it
  26. Isaac, R. (2010) Talking With God: The Radioactive Ark of the Testimony, Sacred Closet Books, USA.
  27. Isaac, R. (2010) Talking With God: The Radioactive Ark of the Testimony, Sacred Closet Books, USA.


Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

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Posted in Orgone BiophysicsComments (6)

Positive Findings On Constable’s Orgonotic Bio-Forms Part 2

Positive Findings On Constable’s Orgonotic Bio-Forms

Part Two: British Evidence

By Nik Hayes and Leon Southgate MSc

Editor’s comment,

The authors of this article revisit the work and findings of Trevor James Constable, and compared it with new data from Italian, US and Romanian researchers. When they were initially published, Trevor James Constable’s work was viewed with some skepticism in Orgonomy circles, and to some was considered unscientific, even mystical. The authors of this article invoke that skepticism with regard to Constable’s work. At the same time, the authors discuss new investigational findings that corroborate Constable’s own findings and results. In scientific and historical terms the article should hold interest for our readers. However the editor would like to emphasis the controversies surrounding Constable’s findings as well as recommend readers’ cautious discretion.

1.0 Synopsis and Introduction

1.1 Synopsis

In Part One, the evidence for and against Constable’s claims for the existence of orgonotic bio-forms was presented. Further, the strong evidence for the bio-forms presented by the Italian research team, the GRCU, was outlined.

In Part Two, an in-depth exploration and summary of the British Constable researcher, Nik Hayes is presented. British evidence for the existence of Constable’s bio-forms is outlined in detail. It is argued that high quality new evidence for bio-forms exists.

1.2 Introduction

Hayes presents data pertaining to the possible existence of orgonotic, plasmatic bio-forms. In order to convey the broad range of high quality evidence captured over nearly a decade of painstaking and meticulous work by Hayes, this paper has been split into the following sections in order to detail the types of bio-form evidence:

  • Synopsis and Introduction
  • Stereoscopic Video
  • Three Dimensionality
  • Plasma Movement
  • Complex Movement
  • Herd Movement
  • Chronological Existence
  • Biological Appearances
  • Anomalous Orgonotic Lumination in the Infrared.
  • Bio-form Sizes
  • British Conclusion
  • Overall Conclusion

2. Stereoscopic Video

There is new multi-camera British video evidence of a single bio-form but presented as a moving stereo image (1). Framed by a tree in order to give perspective, the infra-red footage captures what appears to be a small plasmatic entity, in the region of 20 cms in length, moving in loops from left to right. This was taken at 30 frames per second using movie-mode on an infrared converted Canon G10, with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter on the afternoon of February 8th 2011. Then we see the full spectrum footage of the same scene, taken at 25 frames per second, at exactly the same time, using a full spectrum converted Sony DVD-650 Handycam, with no filter. This time we see the entity doing the same loops, the same changes in shape as the body pulses and moves across the frame of view. It is clearly the same entity.

It is also apparent that it is not an insect as the movement is too quick and too looping. It also covers too long a trajectory for a slow moving insect and is at a considerable height being well above the tree line. Although the entity is small and not as intricately captured as the most detailed of the evidence Hayes presents, one can still see the plasmatic body pulsing and changing shape in the video. Combined with the way that it follows the characteristic shape and quality of movement found in the other evidence indicates that it may be a similar type of possible plasmatic entity. Certainly one can distinguish plasma-like shape changes as it moves across the frame.

The entity returned shortly after the first stereo video sequence and can be seen moving back towards the cameras for a second run across the same frame of view. There are thus two stereo video sequences of the same entity. The movements, shape and speed are the same in both sets of trajectories in both sequences. The entity’s speed has been calculated by Hayes to be approximately 4 – 6 mph (6 to 10 kph). Its movements appear purposeful, life-like and directed – not at all random.

The orgonotic charge above the test area was increased through the use of a cloudbuster. This was operated an hour prior to, and during this recording. The pipes were pointing at zenith, above the trees, at the same area where the camera was aiming. Although nothing was visible to the naked eye, Hayes was able to see the bio-form’s movement on the infrared camera’s live view screen.

Figure 1 – Hayes’ Stereoscopic Evidence

Above Figure 1 (A) shows a possible small bio-form moving above one of the 100ft trees at Hayes’ research area near Oxford, on the afternoon of February 8th 2011. The video frame was taken from infrared movie-mode footage recorded using an infrared converted Canon G10 digital camera, with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter. This particular footage was taken on a freezing cold afternoon, with very little sunlight, although some infrared radiation can be seen reflecting off the tree’s bare branches. The Canon G10 has an internal 720 nm pass filter. Although this passes infrared radiation, and blocks almost all of the visible light spectrum, it also allows a small amount of visible red light through that occurs just before the infrared. This can be especially helpful on dull days with very little sunlight, or at night-time when street lamps or moonlight are the only source of visible light in the scene.

In Figure 1 (B) the bio-form is shown recorded from a slightly different angle on a full spectrum converted Sony DVD-650 Handycam, with no filter. The bio-form does not appear as bright when viewed in full spectrum due to the camcorder’s sensors being dominated by the visible light spectrum; particularly the blue of the sky. This has led to a watering down of the image, making it appear much fainter than its infrared counterpart (A). The tree branches are barely reflecting the sunlight in the full spectrum view of the same scene. However, on a bright day with bright sunshine, these branches and any potential foliage would appear whiter, and similar to the infrared view as seen in (A). To fully appreciate the evidence the accompanying video is recommended (2).

3. Three Dimensionality

Figure 2 – Three Dimensionality, Part 1

Above, the Figure 2 shows an invisible worm-like possible bio-form  filmed above the main roof of the author’s house on a full spectrum converted Sony HDR-PJ620 Handycam, which was fitted with a 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330). The video was recorded in HD (High Definition) at 50 frames per second on June 6th 2016 at 4.15pm, and the object only appeared in the one frame. Inset: Black and White enlargment of the main photograph, showing the detailed markings of the bio-form’s chrysalis-like, almost transparent body. which is heavily reflecting the afternoon sunlight in this position. A cloudbuster was used to excite the atmosphere locally prior to, and during filming. Its pipes were aimed right above the house roof in line with where the camcorder was pointing.

Figure 3 – Three Dimensionality, Part 2

Above in Figure 3 (A) shows an invisible possible bio-form captured on ultraviolet camcorder footage, as it moves above the rooftops of the author’s house adjacent to his main research area on September 7th 2012, at 6.45pm. The footage was recorded at 25 frames per second on a full spectrum Sony DVD-650 Handycam, which was fitted with an external 330 nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330) The bio-form, which only appeared in one frame, has an almost fish-like appearence, consisting of a long mouth-like feature that extends for most of the body, ending with a small tail curve. A certain thickness can be seen in the object’s body (3).

Figure 3 (B) shows an invisible bio-form captured on ultraviolet camcorder footage, as it moved above the rooftops of the author’s house on July 31st 2013 at 12.10pm. The footage was recorded at 25 frames per second on a full spectrum Sony DVD-650 Handycam, which was fitted with an external 330 nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330). The object appeared in two frames, but in the first frame only a small part of the propellor-like appendage was visible (4). During his photographic and video work, in both the infrared and the ultraviolet, Hayes has noted many examples of invisible forms apparently morphing, and changing shape. In some cases, objects such as is shown above in (B), appear in a form that makes no sense aero-dynamically, or in terms of propulsion. In the above case, and in nearly all of Hayes’ ultraviolet footage, these objects appear to be riding, or caught up in the west to east orgone flow (see also later discussion under Figure 8, Part 2).

4. Plasma Movement

Figure 4 – Plasma Movement

Above Figure 4 (A-D) shows a formation of possible invisible plasmoidal entities photographed moving above Hayes’ research area near Oxford, UK. It was taken on the evening of March 9th 2017 at 8.27pm. The photograph was captured without flash using an infrared converted Canon-G10 digital camera with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter. Exposure was 1/8th second. The objects have a luminous corona and differ in shape slightly. One object (C) has a trail which can be seen, and this is probably a result of the entity’s fast movement within the 1/8th second exposure. The photograph was one of several taken after a 0.3 μSv/hr Geiger counter radiation reading alerted the researcher. This indicates a possible rise in oranur energy associated with the entities. Oranur is related to a rise in μSv/hr background readings according to Maglione (5) and Southgate (6). The reading of 0.3 μSv/hr is above the normal background for this area of approximately 0.09 to 0.12 μSv/hr usually found by Hayes (7). In cases like this, when fast moving entities are passing overhead at a high altitiude, these sudden high radiation peaks will often last for a mere fraction of a second. The readings tend to rapidly return to normal background levels within half a second approximately according to Hayes’ observations.

Plasmatic movements of the entities above suggests an orgonotic basis for their existence. It also suggests that they may well be living. Pulsating plasma and a membrane is the only requirement of life from an orgonomic point of view. This is in light of the tiny microscopic bion entities Reich claimed to have discovered (8). The bions consist of plasma and a membrane and are created when matter is broken down in water after having been heated to very hot temperatures. The bions have been well evidenced within orgonomy, for example by Reich, Diamond and Reidpath, Jones and Demeo (9). If the posited bio-forms were camera artefacts they would not show similar plasmatic type movement to the bions over time. Hard-bodied insects would also not have this quality.

5. Complex Movement

Figure 5 – Complex Movement

Above Figure 5 (A) – (D) shows a possible invisible bio-form moving from left to right at approximately 140 mph (225kph) above some garage rooftops adjacent to the author’s research area, on April 20th 2013, at 3:40pm. These four consecutive video stills were taken from ultraviolet camcorder footage recorded at 25 frames per second on a full spectrum converted Sony DVD-650 Handycam, fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330) The object can be seen turning mid-flight, enabling a good view of the tube-like structures which appear to connect in some way to the three visible wing-like appendages. Like many of the invisible bio-forms captured during Hayes’ work, in both the infrared and the utraviolet part of the spectrum, this bio-form also moved in a spinning manner. The white balance on the digital camcorder was set to “green grass” giving the bio-form a transparent milky white appearence against the violet sky background (10).

Figure 5 (E) shows a close-up of a similar bio-form which was filmed on September 3rd 2012, at 5.06 pm, as it moved above some rooftops adjacent to the author’s research area. This ultraviolet video still was recorded on ultraviolet camcorder footage at 25 frames per second using a full spectrum converted Sony DVD-650 Handycam, fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite-330). This underlines that similar types of the bio-forms appear over time. This further evidences that they may be real and not artefacts. Non-living entities, or artefacts would be unlikely to show complex, animal-like movement.
A full recording can be seen on the accompanying video (11).

6. Herd Movement

Figure 6 – Herd Movement

Above Figure 6 (A-D) shows a 4 frame progression of an invisible “Spinning Jenny” possible bio-form, part of a much larger group filmed moving from right to left. It was moving above the trees at Hayes’ research area on the afternoon of October 2nd 2011. The footage is taken from infrared movie-mode footage recorded at 30 frames per second on an infrared converted Canon G10 camera, with an internal 720 nm infrared pass filter (12). A cloudbuster was used to excite the atmosphere locally for around an hour prior to, and during the recording of this footage, and its pipes were aimed just above the treetops.

The basic fish-like body of the bio-form is apparent in both frames (B) and (D), with the fish-like tail section being visible at the rear. Hayes has captured these types of bio-forms in the infrared on many occasions, sometimes recording swarms of several dozen or more as they moved together above the trees at his research area. From examining multiple recordings of these spinning bio-forms, it was found that they appear to consist of a plasmatic-looking fish-like body, with large triangular wing/fin-like appendages on either side; appearing similar in shape to a manta ray. Rather than moving forward in the same manner as a bird or a fish, these spinning oddities most commonly move by arching their bodies, facing nose down, and then spinning the whole wing and tail sections around, much like a helicopter, as can be seen in frames (A) and (C).

In general it appears that many bio-forms move with incredible speed. Hayes has estimated that a not unusual approximate speed for some would be 200 feet per second, which equates to 140 mph or 225 kph. Others such as the “Spinning Jennys” mentioned above, travel at a much slower rate, approximately 10 – 30mph or 16- 48 kph.

A full recording of the above anomalies can be accessed at the accompanying video (13)

7. Chronological Existence

Figure 7 – Fish-like Bio-forms, Part 1

Above Figure 7 (A) shows a possible invisible bio-form captured on ultraviolet camcorder footage as it moves above the roof of the author’s house on September 3rd 2012 at 4.20pm (14). The footage was filmed at 25 frames per second on a full spectrum Sony Handycam DVD-650 Handycam. It was fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330).

Figure 7 (B) shows an invisible bio-form captured on ultraviolet camcorder footage, as it moved above the roof of the author’s house, on 12th August 2013 at 7.36pm.The footage was filmed at 25 frames per second on a full spectrum Sony Handycam DVD-650 Handycam, fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330).

The bio-forms above, which all only appeared in one frame, have the same general body shape, tail or fin-like appendages at the rear, as well as a similar void or tube running centrally through the body area. The similarity between these images is striking, yet they were captured 11 months apart. They were filmed above the same section of rooftop which indicates that the entities and their forms may have continuing reality over time.

It is interesting that tube-like structures are a theme in the bio-forms. This indicates a connection to orgone as it is known that orgone is attracted to, and channelled by, tube-like structures. Tubes are known to channel orgone energy in a number of orgonotic devices, for example, in the orgonoscope (for viewing orgone waves in the atmosphere). Reich used this device to see orgonotic waves over Mooselookmeguntic Lake in Maine, USA. This partly inspired the later cloudbuster tubes which Reich used to clear negative orgone after the oranur experiment (15). The cloudbuster attracts and then channels accumulations of orgone in the atmosphere. The DOR-buster (Deadly ORgone) attracts and channels negative orgone energy from the body and grounds it in running water. The Space-gun (an oranur-charged cloudbuster) uses tube-like structures to direct orgone in currently unknown ways. In common with these devices the bio-forms appear to use tube-like structures to channel currents of orgone from the environment and through their own bodies.

Figure 8 – Fish-like Bio-Forms, Part 2

Above Figure 8 (A) shows a possible invisible fish-like form, filmed above the rooftop of the author’s house, on the afternoon of September 2nd 2013. The ultraviolet camcorder footage was captured at 25 frames per second on a full spectrum Sony DVD-650 Handycam. It was fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330) (16).

Figure 8 (B) shows another invisible fish-like form, filmed above the rooftop of the author’s house, on the afternoon of September 7th 2012. The ultraviolet camcorder footage was captured at 25 frames per second on a full spectrum Sony DVD-650 Handycam. It was fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330) (17).

The fish-like forms shown in (A) and (B) were filmed 12 months apart, above the same section of the roof. Both examples have the same overall diamond shape and sharply defined fin and tail sections as well as the central void or tube-like structure.

Like many of the other invisible fish-like forms recorded by Hayes, the examples shown here were moving from west to east above the rooftops. This indicates they may be following a flow of orgone energy such as Reich hypothesised to exist both above the earth (west to east) and in space (18). This is true at our latitudes. Approaching the equator the orgone flow reverses, and it is then moving from east to west. This immersion would also explain their incredibly fast movement (as discussed previously, in the region of 140 mp/h or 225 km/h). They would be propelled not only by their own energy but also by the stream in which they flow.

Figure 9 – Fish-like Bio-Forms, Part 3

Above Figure 9 (A) shows one of four consecutive frames taken from ultraviolet video footage, and pictures the movement of a possible invisible fish-like form above the rooftop of the author’s house. The footage was recorded in HD at 50 frames per second on July 18th 2016, at 7.25pm, using a full spectrum Sony HDR- PJ620 Handycam. It was fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite330).

Figure 9 (B) shows another invisible fish-like form with clear body and tail section visible. Note the clear tube-like structure through the centre, and the defined body and tail section. The ultraviolet camcorder footage was recorded at 25 frames per second on September 2nd 2013, using a full spectrum Sony DVD-650 Handycam, fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330). Again these two frames evidence morphological continuity (19)

Figure 10 – Four Consecutive Frames of an Invisible Fish-like Bio-form

Above Figure 10 (A-D) shows four consecutive video frames taken from ultraviolet camcorder footage, and pictures an invisible fish-like bio-form moving from right to left (west to east) above a rooftop adjacent to the author’s research area. The footage was recorded in HD at 50 frames per second on 18th July 2016 at 7.25pm, using a full spectrum converted Sony-HDR-PJ620 Handycam, fitted with an external 330nm UV pass filter (X-Nite 330).

Rather than moving in the same manner as an aquatic fish might do, this bio-form’s plasmatic, fish-like body appears to spin through itself, whilst the inner body shape remains constant. In the first frame (A) the object has just entered into view with the tail-like portion at the front. By the next frame (B) the main body shape has turned 180 degrees around, and is now facing the other way. In the next frame (C) we see a sudden flurry of movement, and this type of energetic propulsion has been noted several times in Hayes’ work (20). By the fourth frame (D) the object is again facing the same direction as in the first frame. The full recording can be seen on accompanying video (21).

The strikingly animal-like nature of these fish-like forms is unmistakeable. The use of tube structures to direct orgonotic flows is again apparent. Not only is the quality and crispness of the photographs evident but in addition movement over time is also noted from frame to frame. The same types of entity repeatedly make an appearance over both long and short time intervals.

8. Biological Appearances

The previous section evidenced the notable animal-like morphology of the fish-type posited bio-forms. Those forms were highlighted for their chronological behaviour in order to show that they have existence over time, which an artefact would be unlikely to display. However, the previous fish-like forms would also be an example of a biological appearance.

It underlines the connection to orgonomy that the bio-forms have been found using orgonotic methods. For example by using concentrations of orgone facilitated by cloudbusters or by orgonotic detection methods such as raised Geiger readings (which in turn indicate a raised oranur charge in orgonomy). This evidences that the bio-forms may possess concentrations of orgone energy, and possibly a high oranur charge. Additionally, they often have surprisingly biological or animal-like forms. This recent capture evidences a very large entity which appears like a huge cellular structure, much as C.S. Lewis described as “macrobes” in his science fiction novels, but being now possibly evidenced in reality. They are very reminiscent of Constable’s early bio-forms, here seen over half a century later and in another part of the world.


Figure 11 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form

Above Figure 11 (A) shows a large amoeba-like invisible possible bio-form photographed in the infrared by Hayes. The form moved directly above his research area on 24th February 2019, at 12.46pm. Due to the immense size of the bio-form, only part of the right side of the main body has been captured in the photograph, but its resemblance to the amoeba-like bioform photographed by Constable in the Mojave desert in 1957, and shown earlier in the paper is apparent. Figures 11 (B) and (C) show close-ups of the main body, and several markings resembling nucleoli and vacuoles, which are also evident in Constable’s amoeba photograph as seen in this example (D).

Haye’s image was captured using an infrared converted Sony Nex 5N digital camera, which has an internal 720nm infrared pass filter. The exposure for the photograph was 1/250th second. At the time of taking the shot Hayes felt an overwhelming emotional pull to photograph that particular part of the sky. Despite the huge size of this seemingly solid bio-form, he saw nothing remarkable as he proceeded to take the series of photographs. Interestingly, this area of sky had been the focal point of intense cloudbuster operation over the previous few days, as part of the attraction method used by Hayes in his photographic and video work. It is possible that the bio-form was attracted by the high orgone charge in and around the research area. In addition, the days beforehand had been unusually warm, with a high pressure weather ridge and a feeling of increased orgonotic charge.

The camera, which was hand-held at the time, was aimed directly up at the sky. One of the uppermost branches of the trees to the left of Hayes’ position can be seen in the top left of the photograph in (A). This branch helps to put the image into perspective as the trees are at least forty feet in height. It can be seen that the bio-form is clearly above this branch. Altogether, five successive infrared photographs were taken at the time. The four other photographs only showed a small part of the outside edge of the bio-form’s body, as it moved from right to left above the trees. However, the same characteristic body markings as seen in the main photograph, (A), are also clearly visible in these other images.

9. Anomalous Orgonotic Lumination in the Infrared

A rare, orgonotic phenomena is here presented – the first digital photographs of a strongly luminous, colour-capturing effect occurring in the infra-red, where no blue should normally be seen.  This is a highly anomalous phenomenon which appears not to have been evidenced as luminescence before, even by Constable. Blue, is of course, a primary colour for orgone. These amoeba-like forms may have both biological and crystalline characteristics.

Figure 12 – Night-time Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form in Orgonotic Colour

Above Figure 12 (A) shows a huge invisible possible plasmoidal bio-form, photographed by Hayes above his research area on the evening of March 5th 2019, at 9.11pm. This twenty second infrared exposure was taken in complete darkness, using an infrared converted Sony Nex-5N digital camera, with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter. Despite the large size of the object, nothing was visible to the eye at the time of taking the shot. Although self-illumined in the subsequent capture, the bio-form image appeared faint at first during raw perusal of the photograph. Brightness and contrast adjustment have helped to bring out body markings and colour in more detail.

The infrared camera’s white balance was set during daylight hours using a patch of green grass, which generally results in an almost black and white image when used in a night-time situation. It is unknown how the bluish/purple illumination of the bio-form has manifested on the photograph. The 720nm infrared pass filter is designed to block all visible light from reaching the camera’s sensors, apart from a small amount of red light that occurs just before the infrared. Colours at the other end of the visible light spectrum such as blue, purple and violet should be completely blocked by the filter, and not be appearing anywhere on the photograph.

Similar markings resembling vacuoles, as can be seen in the previous amoeba photographs, are noted on the bio-form’s body. An area of intense white light, which appears to have created something that resembles a lens flare, can also be seen. With its straight edges and stealth-like appearance, it is understandable that this type of phenomena could be misidentified as a constructed craft if photographed or filmed from a distance. However, the characteristic body markings clearly identify this as a biological entity.

Above Figure 12 (B), was taken immediately after (A) and shows the same biological entity photographed again, but this time using a 10 second exposure. In this photograph the bio-form appears much larger in size, almost taking up the whole frame, and despite this, the markings (noted in the photograph as “A”, “B”, “C” and “D”) appear to be the roughly the same size as in Figure 12 (A). In Figure 12 (A) the two outside markings (“A” and “D”) are much closer to the left and right edges, whereas in Figure 12 (B) these same markings (“A” and “D”) are much further away from the outside edges. This suggests that the object has not moved nearer to the camera, but has instead expanded and increased in size.

Another noticeable difference between the two images is apparent when looking at the two bottom edges of the posited bio-form. In Figure 12 (A), which is the 20 second exposure, a clear layering can be seen to the bottom edges. However, in the 10 second exposure, in (B), this layered effect is not as clearly defined, despite the fact that the bio-form image is much larger. The bluish/purple colouration as seen in (A) is much darker in comparison to (B). As mentioned previously, such colouration should not appear on the photograph at all due to the filter and white-balance settings.

Constable found a similar discrepancy with the accepted known origin of colour (22). In 1975 he managed to film unseen possible bio-forms from an airplane window at 30,000 feet, using a Minolta XL-400 movie camera he had set to shoot at 2 frames per second. The camera was loaded with standard Ektachrome 160 colour film, and fitted with an external 18A ultraviolet pass filter. This creates an artificial darkness during daylight hours. Although the 18A is predominantly an ultraviolet filter, it also passes a certain amount of infrared radiation as well, whilst blocking the visible light spectrum.  Constable found that using this set-up he was able to capture unseen life-forms in full colour (See Figure 13). This is despite the fact that the 18A filter is designed to block the visible light spectrum. He theorised that these colours were being created between the lens and the camera filter, and he called this mingling of these two invisible ends of the light spectra, the reverse or dark spectrum. It could be considered an, “orgonotic dark spectrum” whereby the orgone rather than light is reacting with the photographic process creating an otherwise unseen range of colour. This also indicates that the entities may possess very high orgone charges.

Figure 13 – Plasmoidal Bio-form in Full Colour

Above Figure 13 shows a possible invisible plasmoidal bio-form photographed by Constable from the window of an airliner in November 1975, at around 10.30am. The colour image was taken using a Minolta XL-400 Super 8mm movie camera loaded with standard Ektachrome 160 colour film, and fitted with an 18A ultraviolet pass filter, and was set to shoot at 2 frames per second. The 18A filter absorbs the visible light spectrum, whilst passing its two invisible ends – the infrared and the ultraviolet. This creates an artificial darkness during daylight hours, something Constable refers to as the “reverse” or “dark-spectrum” technique as noted previously. He theorized that the diffuse blue effect towards the top of image was probably due to illuminated orgone energy, connected in some way to the objects propulsion as it paced the airliner at 30,000 feet, at around 500 miles per hour. Constable saw nothing at the time of taking the photograph, and was shooting “blind” from the window of the airplane as he flew between San Jose and Long Beach. This photograph is featured on the front cover of Constable’s book, Sky Creatures – Living UFOs (23), which was a revised and re-edited pocket-sized version of The Cosmic Pulse of Life. A black and white version of this photograph also features in the Sky Creatures book as well as in the re-issue of The Cosmic Pulse of Life (24).

Figure 14 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-forms around Street Lamp

Above Figure 14 shows three invisible possible amoeba-like bio-forms. They were photographed hovering in the vicinity of a street light near Hayes’ home, on September 24th 2017, at 10.37pm. The image was taken using an infrared converted Canon G10 digital camera, with an internal 720nm infrared pass filter, and exposure time was 1/60th second. The photograph was taken as a result of repeated Geiger counter indications, showing that radiation levels had reached and exceeded the 0.20 μSv/hr threshold set for detection purposes by Hayes (which is slightly over the normal background of approximately 0.09 to 0.12 μSv/hr usually found by the researcher). Occasionally Hayes has detected raised Geiger readings up to 0.5 μSv/hr for a few seconds immediately preceding the passing of a large bio-form. This reading then recedes fairly quickly within 1 to 3 seconds approximately.

Several photographs were taken at the location, but the objects only appeared in this one image. A standard camera flash has been used in combination with the infrared camera, and has lit up the bio-forms, making them register in the infrared. From nearly a decade of photographic work, both in the infrared and the ultraviolet, Hayes found that many of these types of phenomena, which are not self-illumined generally, require some type of illumination to register on cameras/camcorders. This can be sunlight (during daylight hours), the white-light of a standard camera flash, or an infrared/ultraviolet light source. Many more types of invisible phenomena are their own light source but require either sunlight, or any other type of light source to illuminate them further.

The same characteristic markings that are present on the other amoeba images, are also evident on the lower two bio-forms above, and these have been marked “A”, “B”, and “C”. The half moon-shaped bio-form has a brilliant radiance to it, and like the two lower examples, also has a similar layered effect, which is more prominent towards the outside edge. This layered effect can also be observed in Figure 12 (A) and (B).

Of interest is that Boccone’s GRCU team also documented such cases of possible invisible bio-forms hovering near streetlights at night. Time-lapse infrared photographs often revealed their luminous trails as they moved between lights, partaking in what Boccone describes as, ‘energy vampirism’ (25).

Figure 15 – Comparison of Bio-form’s Body Markings

Above Figure 15 shows the clear similarity between the markings that are present on the various possible bio-forms featured in this section. Figure 15, (A), (B), (C) and (D) show the round vacuole-like markings. However, (E) and (F) show the long finger-like markings that appear on the outermost edge of two of the bio-forms. (D) shows part of the amoeba-like bio-form photographed by Constable in the Mojave Desert in 1957 (26), and although these vacuole-like markings appear much fainter than the other examples, they are definitely present.

10. Bio-form Sizes

The anomalies photographed by Hayes appear in many different sizes but it is difficult to ascertain their exact dimensions. In many cases only a small part of a rooftop or the uppermost branches of a tree canopy provide a visual reference point within the scene.

A majority of the footage is also taken spontaneously as a result of rapidly changing Geiger readings. This makes it difficult to compose the shots beforehand to include multiple known reference points in order to triangulate the position and size of the anomalies. However, Hayes is considering further multiple camera research to address these difficulties and enable some basic triangulation of size.

The above issues are further complicated due to many of the possible bio-form’s high speed movement. They are also generally not fully self-illumined, with many only becoming visible to the lens of the infrared or ultraviolet camera when filmed reflecting sunlight from a certain angle. They are often only visible for a moment when they enter an “illumination zone” set up by Hayes. A rooftop is used to block the main body of sunlight but to allow illumination of the entities. Hayes calls this the, “sun obliteration technique”.

The above means the bio-forms can usually only be captured in specific locations and at certain angles. From years of intense research however, Hayes’s estimates the size of the bio-forms to range from as small as 20cms right up to 25 meters or more across, with the average being around a metre long. He considers that even larger examples, yet to be recorded, may exist in the atmosphere. 

11. British Evidence Conclusion

A summary of the highlights of nearly a decade of painstaking work has been detailed. Hundreds of hours of meticulous work have gone into each collection of photographs and videos. The quality revealed is at the very highest level and brings new evidence using the latest digital equipment. Overall, it supports claims as to the veracity of Constable’s orgonotic bio-forms.

Evidence of bio-forms has been detailed in the following categories:

  • Stereoscopic Video
  • Three Dimensionality
  • Plasma Movement
  • Complex Movement
  • Herd Movement
  • Chronological Existence
  • Biological Appearances
  • Anomalous Orgonotic Lumination in the Infrared.

The above has been detailed using high quality photographs, video stills and special video accompaniments (see References or Appendix 2 for links).

Multiple camera evidence of the same posited entity has been evidenced. This further supports claims as to the reality of the bio-forms and provides positive stereo type evidence. Artefacts would be unlikely to be seen on multiple cameras filming simultaneously.

As with Boccone’s and Collin’s findings discussed in Part One, Hayes’ anomalies were accompanied by environmental changes recorded on instrumentation. This was mainly a Geiger radiation reading indicating high oranur charge in the presence of the entities. Environmental changes occurring with the entities, also indicates their possible reality.

12. Overall Conclusion

The high quality evidence of Constable’s work and Boccone’s GRCU team as outlined in Part One of the paper, alongside Hayes’ striking new British evidence in Part Two, supports the existence of possible orgonotic bio-forms.

The evidence against the bio-forms has been shown to be lacking in quality and explainable as mistaken procedure. The artefact argument put forward to explain the bio-forms is also flawed. The anomalous nature of the entities is evidenced experimentally by Collins (27) and by Hayes and Boccone, due to the accompanying energy peak. This energy peak indicates a raised oranur charge associated with the entities. This presumably reflects increased orgonotic activity in the form of particulate or pre-particulate charged particles found within the Geiger counter when in the vicinity of the bio-forms.

As argued in the first part of the paper in Section 2, (Evidence Against the Bio-forms) mechanical anomalies do not look like the bio-form photographs, nor would they appear in clusters and additionally they are difficult to intentionally produce.

There is however supporting evidence of high quality, from the USA, Britain, Italy and some supplementary evidence from Romania in the following areas:

  • Stereoscopic video (Hayes)
  • Multiple camera evidence (Hayes, Boccone, Constable)
  • Three dimensionality
  • Plasma movement
  • Complex movement
  • Herd movement
  • Chronological continuity
  • Biological appearance

This paper therefore concludes that the evidence against Constable’s claims is poor and should be dismissed. The photographic evidence does not withstand scrutiny. The mechanical artefact theory is inadequate. The halations and air-bell theory does not explain the evidence.

The evidence supporting the existence of orgonotic bio-forms is in contrast of good quality and broad in range. It pertains from four different countries, a good number of researchers and commenced from the 1950s to the present day. It appears any such posited bio-forms would likely carry an oranur charge. Geiger radiation readings especially indicate a high oranur charge as discussed.

Although we have as yet not been able to find Boccone’s extensive archive, it is known that a number of multiple camera shots of the same entities were reported and were taken by the 25 person Italian team. Additionally, this paper has presented new multi-camera British video evidence of the same anomaly. Both Constable and Dr. Woods also reported photographing the same entities simultaneously.

The possible physical existence of bio-forms appears to be based upon living orgonotic plasma. This is evidenced by the interaction between the posited bio-forms and Reich cloudbusters as well as the instrumentation changes.

Tangentially, this research also supports the view that orgone itself is capable of supporting consciousness without a material boundary. Life may only require energetic parameters in order to manifest. Bio-forms, if real, appear to have pulsation, orgonotic plasma and a high orgone charge. In addition they may have an energetic boundary and would thus perhaps qualify as living from an orgonotic perspective (having living plasma, pulsation and an external border). Lastly, it is noted that they travel in the northern hemisphere from west to east, following the flow of orgone that Reich thought enveloped and rotated the Earth.


The authors would like to thank the following people in particular for their contribution to both parts of this paper:

  • The late Trevor James Constable.
  • The late Luciano Boccone.
  • Paul Tice at The Book Tree for photograph permissions.
  • Roberto Maglione for his efforts in contacting Italian publishers and researchers and for his extensive editorial guidance.
  • Professor Florin Gheorghitza – an overview interview here – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=alF6pT6SzIw&t=294s
  • Claudio Bertieri at Ivaldi Editore for permission to use the GRCU photographs from La Realta Nascosta.


  1.  Hayes, N. (2019) Accompanying Video to Figure 1, Stereo Video Sequence of Plasmatic Form, https://youtu.be/QemzHsG_9iI
  2.  Hayes, N. Ibid.
  3.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California, pp 132.
  4.  Hayes, N. Ibid, pp 131.
  5.  Maglione, R. (2018) The Origin of an Oranur Reaction, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, http://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/the-origin-of-an-oranur-reaction
  6.  Southgate, L. (2018) , Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device
  7. Hayes, N. (2017) http://www.questfortheinvisibles.co.uk/invisible-ufos
  8. Reich, W. (1973) The Cancer Biopathy, Vision Press.
  9. Reich, W. (1938) The Bion Experiments, Farrer, Strauss and Giroux, USA or Reich, W. (1972) The Cancer Biopathy, Vision Press, UK pp14 -74 see also, Diamond and Reidpath (1989) SAPA Bions, Journal of Orgonomy, Vol 23, Num 2 pp219-223, or Jones, P. (2013) Artificers of Fraud, The Origin of Life and Scientific Deception, available from www.orgonomyuk.org.uk  or Demeo, J. (2002) Bion-Biogenesis Progress Report, Pulse of the Planet Num. 5. Natural Energy Works, pp 100 – 113.
  10.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California, pp 134/135.
  11.  Hayes, N. (2019) Complex Movement of Winged Bio-forms, Accompanying Video to Figure 5, https://youtu.be/cTTeafuACek
  12.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California, pp 118.
  13.  Hayes, N. (2019) Herd Movement of Spinning Jenny’s, Accompanying Video to Figure 6, https://youtu.be/1IYlPz0fukI
  14.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California, pp 144.
  15.  Reich, W. (1960) Selected Writings, Ed – Higgins, Farraux, Strauss and Giroux, USA, pp 438.
  16.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California, pp 142.
  17.  Hayes, N., Ibid, pp 142.
  18.  Reich, W. (1960) Selected Writings, Ed- Higgins, Farraux, Strauss and G, USA, pp 438.
  19.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California, pp 143.
  20.  Hayes, N. (2019) Spinning Jennys Propulsion video or book.
  21.  Hayes, N. (2019) Accompanying Video to Figure 10 Four Consecutive Frames of an Invisible Fish-like Bio-form. https://youtu.be/iNEpbkqkGN0
  22.  Constable, T. (1978) Sky Creatures – Living UFOs, Saucerian Books, Cover Photo.
  23. Constable, T. Ibid, pp 11 of photograph section.
  24.  Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 288.
  25.  Constable, T. (1981) Electric Vampirism, Critters and UFOs, Journal of Borderland Research, Vol 37, Num 2, pp 15 – 20.
  26.  Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp259.
  27.  Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books, Figure 35, Anomaly Statistics Graph pp 196 see also ‘psycho-interactive’ explanation for the anomalies, pp196.

Appendix 1

List of Figures and Copyright

Figure 1 – Hayes’ Stereoscopic Evidence
Figure 2 – Three Dimensionality Part 1
Figure 3 – Three Dimensionality Part 2
Figure 4 – Plasma Movement
Figure 5 – Complex Movement
Figure 6 – Herd Movement
Figure 7 – Fish-like Bio-forms Part 1
Figure 8 – Fish-like Bio-forms Part 2
Figure 9 – Fish-like Bio-forms Part 3
Figure 10 – Four Consecutive Frames of an Invisible Fish-like Bio-form
Figure 11 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form
Figure 12 – Night-time Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form in Orgonotic Colour
Figure 13 – Plasmoidal Bio-form in Full Colour
Figure 14 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-forms around Street Lamp
Figure 15 – Comparison of Bio-form’s Body Markings

Figures 1-10, 11 (A) (B) (C), 12, 14, 15 (A) (B) (C) (E) (F) – Hayes
Figures 11 (D), 13, 15 (D) – Trevor James Constable


Appendix 2 – Accompanying Video-Links


Figure 1: Stereo Video Sequence of Plasmatic Form:



Figure 5: Moving Bio-form



Figure 6: ‘Spinning Jenny’ Invisible Bio-forms



Figure 10: Fish like Invisible Bio-form



Nik Hayes

Nik Hayes is a UK based author and researcher. He first became interested in photographing invisible energetic phenomena after a low altitude encounter with a large, strange, visibly pulsating object on Christmas day, 2008. Unable to find a satisfactory explanation of what he had seen, he eventually discovered the work of Trevor James Constable, through his books The Cosmic Pulse of Life and They Live in the Sky (1).It was through this that he became aware of the work of the Italian research group, the GRCU, as well as Luciano Boccone’s rare book, UFO-La Realta Nascosta (2).

Influenced by this earlier work, Hayes began a quest to gather his own photographic evidence of invisible energetic phenomena. After designating a research area on some land adjacent to his house situated in countryside near Oxford, he constructed a cloudbuster, and began using infrared photography and movie footage. He spent much of the first year concentrating on the infrared part of the spectrum, but within a short time was also recording ultraviolet footage. He also used a Geiger radiation counter for energy peak detection purposes. Geiger counters are known to be reactive to orgone charge.

In 2011 Hayes created the Quest for the Invisibles (QFTI) YouTube channel, on which he uploaded videos of the various phenomena he had captured using infrared and ultraviolet recording equipment.

Hayes continued with his photographic work right through until the late summer of 2015, at which point he began compiling his research notes and photographic evidence into what would be published as Quest for the Invisibles by The Book Tree, California (3). Shortly after the publication of the book Hayes started the Quest for the Invisibles website (4). After the launch of the site Hayes began what would eventually form a two year photographic investigation into invisible night-time phenomena. He managed to photograph a whole range of apparently invisible phenomenon, not just in the skies, but also at a much lower altitude. Hayes has been interviewed on UK and internet radio and regularly gives talks about his work.

  1. Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree and also Constable, T. (1958) They Live in the Sky (Original Edition).Saucerian Books.
  2.  Boccone, L. (1980) UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality), Italy, Ivaldi Editore
  3.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California.
  4. Hayes, N. (2019) http://www.questfortheinvisibles.co.uk


Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

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Positive Findings On Constable’s Orgonotic Bio-Forms

Positive Findings On Constable’s Orgonotic Bio-Forms

Part One: American & European Evidence

By Nik Hayes and Leon Southgate MSc

Editor’s comment,

The authors of this article revisit the work and findings of Trevor James Constable, and compared it with new data from Italian, US and Romanian researchers. When they were initially published, Trevor James Constable’s work was viewed with some skepticism in Orgonomy circles, and to some was considered unscientific, even mystical. The authors of this article invoke that skepticism with regard to Constable’s work. At the same time, the authors discuss new investigational findings that corroborate Constable’s own findings and results. In scientific and historical terms the article should hold interest for our readers. However the editor would like to emphasis the controversies surrounding Constable’s findings as well as recommend readers’ cautious discretion.

1.0 Synopsis and Introduction

1.1 Synopsis

Trevor James Constable, somewhat of a maverick even within orgonomy circles, claimed to have found evidence for plasmatic living forms in the atmosphere, living orgone entities. There has been a view within orgonomy that Constable’s claims have not been widely supported and that his claimed evidence has been shown to be flawed.

Part One of this paper will outline that Constable’s evidence was not dismissed satisfactorily. It describes key aspects of Constable’s US evidence from the 1950s. It also notes high quality but less known evidence from Italy and Romania from the 1980s.

Part Two will outline recent, substantial new British evidence.

The data as a whole is presented as supporting the proposal that plasmatic creatures may possibly be factual.

This first part of the paper is divided into the following sections:

  • Synopsis and Introduction
  • Summary of Orgonotic Qualities of Posited Bio-forms
  • Evidence Against the Bio-forms
  • Constable’s Evidence for Bio-forms
  • Italian and European Evidence for Bio-forms
  • Conclusion of US and European Evidence
  • References and Appendices.

1.2 Introduction

Trevor James Constable, a native New Zealander, first began his photographic pursuit of invisible entities in the Mojave Desert of Southern California in 1957. Having already developed a deep interest in invisible phenomena during the 1950s, Constable became particularly interested in cases where objects had been detected by radar, yet remained unseen to human sight.

Realising that the infrared portion of the spectrum adjoins the microwave spectrum, the portion of the spectrum in which radar operates, he decided to begin his search there. After initially experimenting with Kodak low-speed black and white infrared film, Constable eventually settled for the high-speed alternative. Although he would often use an 870 nanometre (nm) infrared pass filter in conjunction with the infrared film, he also took many photographs without it, with equally detailed results.

In the summer of 1957, Constable, along with friend and fellow researcher Dr. James Woods began driving at night to a remote area in the Mojave Desert between Yucca Valley and Old Woman Springs in Western USA. Once there they would set up camp, ready to begin their work at first light.

In order to attract the unknown entities to his position Constable would perform cyclical repetitions of the Star Exercise, an esoteric procedure by which the whole body and its life-force can be strongly energised. Performance of the exercise in this manner is thought to send a regular pattern of bio-energetic pulsations into the aether. Typically, Constable would stand on a large rock and perform the exercise, acting as a bio-energetic beacon, while Woods acted as photographer, although Constable also had a camera at the ready.

Constable would face the quadrant (north, south, east or west) in which the sun is closest at the time he commenced the exercise. For instance, in the morning before dawn he would face the east. Standing with legs apart and arms parallel to the ground, he would gently oscillate the body across the north – south and the east – west lines of the earth. In a sensitive person a warm sensation can then be felt in the palms of the hands, and in the region of the thymus at the point of resonance. These indications will help a person to "tune" into the magnetic and related fields of the earth.

Performing the Star Exercise involves finding this resonance point while facing east, then turning 180 degrees around to the right, and finding it again while facing west, then 90 degrees to the right and finding it while facing north, then 180 degrees to the right and finding it again while facing south. Constable would perform up to a hundred repetitions of the exercise at a time in order to attract unseen entities. This esoteric procedure is thought to create a concentration of life-force or orgone charge in the local atmosphere. This is then hoped to attract the posited entities (which are thought to be attuned to the increased orgone charge).

In order to objectify these objects, that he thought might be in the invisible state, Constable would use a technique learnt from his days in the US Merchant Marine, in which he served as a radio officer for 26 years. The technique was used for objectifying ships as they were coming over the horizon, and involved relaxing the eyes to a point where one looks past the sky, rather than actually at it. Using this simple method Constable found he could obtain impressions of otherwise invisible phenomena, such as flashes of light, or sometimes a shimmering variation in the otherwise blue sky. The authors have also found that this kind of "soft sight" is critical in observing orgonotic phenomena in the environment. Woods reported that he would often have a sour taste in his mouth when these objects were nearby. This could indicate an oranur effect as this is a known symptom of high oranur charge according to Reich (1). Oranur is an energy created when concentrated orgone is excited by a stimulus, for example by radioactive, electrical or mechanical means.

Upon later discovering the work of Dr Wilhelm Reich, through his daughter Eva Reich MD, Constable began building a cloudbuster based on the basic inventions of Dr. Reich, and on May 11th 1968 he began using it in place of the Star Exercise as an attraction technique. The cloudbuster is an array of parallel, hollow, metal tubes that are mounted on a turntable or some type of pivoting assembly. One end of the array of pipes is grounded into running water, while the other end is directed toward the atmosphere. Its use magnifies the differentials in the primary orgone energy field that may underlie atmospheric movement. This can precipitate changes in weather patterns. Orgone is attracted to water and moves toward higher concentrations of itself – a reversed entropy. Previously smooth fields of atmospheric orgone in the sky can be made to concentrate into eddies, or dissipate, depending on where the cloudbuster is aimed. Its operation also appears to affect other possible, more aetheric planes of existence.

1.3 Summary of the Possible Orgonotic Qualities of the Posited Bio-Forms

The posited bio-forms are thought to have the following orgonotic qualities:

  • Attraction to areas of higher orgone charge
  • Attraction to cloudbusters (cloudbusters may create an increased orgone charge in the local environment).
  • Demonstrating movement within the environmental orgone streams that Reich noted (west to east) (2).
  • A tube-like physiology of the posited bio-forms may reflect orgonotic flows (orgone flows within tubes in the orgonoscope, cloudbuster, DOR-buster and space-gun).
  • Responsive to consciousness (this assumes that Southgate’s orgone continuum theory is correct, see (3) for further on the continuum theory).

These areas will be explored in the paper.

2. Evidence Against Plasmatic Forms


An article was published by Demeo claiming the dismissal of the existence of Constable’s plasmatic forms. Demeo notes that he had tried to reproduce Constable’s anomalies himself by taking infrared photos within proximity to a working cloudbuster. Demeo admits, ‘something unusual did register on the film’ (4). He acknowledges that orgone fields from his cloudbuster did affect infrared films.
However, elsewhere, Demeo puts forward a second hypothesis concerning the anomalies – that they are just mechanical camera artefacts (5). Demeo then concludes that Collin’s claimed stereoscopic pictures of a bio-form type anomaly – see below (6), showing differences in each frame, completely dismissed Constable’s claims.


Collins is an esoteric writer based in the UK. He aimed to recreate the high energy situations used by Constable in the original bio-forms research by having people meditate in groups and concurrently using a small Reich cloudbuster. This was in England in 1993 and 1994. Alongside the meditations and small cloudbuster, Collins had physical parameters measured, such as Geiger radiation counts. Photography was undertaken to try and detect unusual occurrences during the meditation sessions. In particular, Collins wanted to use stereo photography to examine Constable’s claims.

The stereo adaptor (Pentax Stereo Adaptor, early 1990s model) that Demeo thought Collins used on a single camera is intended for making 3D pictures from analogue film. Perhaps a manufactured twin lens camera or multiple camera evidence may have been a more reliable method of taking two exposures of the same environment simultaneously. Part Two of this paper will present new multi-camera British evidence. Multi-camera evidence is also known to have been collected by Italian researchers although we have not been able to locate it as yet.

In the picture of his experimental camera set up published by Collins, no stereo adaptor is in evidence. Rather, two cameras appear to be linked by cable to what looks like a hand-held dual timer (7). It is possible that the stereo pictures were taken by hand, using a dual timer, on two cameras. Some aspects of the picture in question suggest that this was the case as will be argued shortly.

Collins published a claimed stereo image reportedly taken at the exact same time showing different anomalies in each half frame (8). Demeo reproduced this image, calling it a ‘definitive’ dismissal of Constable’s bio-forms (9).

The authors have doubts about Collin’s photographic technique. He does not specifically outline that the stereo photographs were taken with the equipment that Demeo describes. Demeo states, ‘the "sky critter" theory was eventually disproven definitively in an experiment…using a stereo image camera, which takes two photos of the same film frame, using two separate lenses on the same camera box’ (10).

Technical wording to this effect does not appear in Collin’s book. However, in another separate section of the book he does describe obtaining a stereo adaptor. It is this adaptor which Demeo describes and assumes that Collins used. The actual photograph by Collins is of poor quality and this alone should cause it to be rejected as central evidence, but in addition. there are doubts as to its veracity.

Collins published a frame showing the camera set up presumably used for the stereo photographs. Collins had two tripods and two cameras set up connected, as described previously, by what appears to be a hand-held timer, though this is not actually stated (11). There are two cameras on tripods at different heights, about 2 feet apart in width and 1 foot apart in height. Neither camera appears to have the stereo attachment described by Demeo. An analogue timer, such as appears to be in the frame, could result in a tiny split second differential between the two photographs. This would depend on the types of camera used and their individual response and focusing times when activated by a common trigger mechanism (12).

Figure 1 – Hayes’ Sketch of Collin’s Claimed Stereo Image

Above in Figure 1, a sketch is shown of the stereo photographs in question (13). The sketches are an accurate representation of the photographs, showing the position of key features such as the group of people meditating (bottom right) and their angle in relation to both the horizon, and the edge of the grassy area they are sitting on. The positions of the multiple dark anomalies can be seen in the sky above the meditating people in Figure 1 (B). However, there is just one anomaly in Figure 1 (A) in the sky nearer the trees.  There is extensive dark smudging on the right hand side of (A) and also on the left hand side of (B).

The white arrows point to a noticeable difference in appearance concerning the shape of the tree branches in each frame. In (B) a definite bend can be seen in the branch, whereas in (A), this bend is not so apparent. This is probably the result of the branch being photographed at a slightly different angle in each shot, and could suggest that (A) was taken slightly further to the left of the tree than in (B), making the bend in the branch not so prominent in the photograph (due to the decreased angle of the shot).

It is also not clear that the position of the meditating people is exactly the same in each frame, the distance between them and the head and limb angles may not be exactly parallel. Attention is drawn to the position of the people meditating (highlighted by the purple arrows). Their position in relation to the right-hand side of the frame appears to change. In (A) there is a noticeable gap between the last person on the right meditating, and the actual right side edge of the picture. Yet in (B) the image of the people is cut off at the right-side edge. This shows that the centre point for each photograph may have been in a different place. It suggests that (A) was taken slightly further to the left than (B).

It can be clearly seen that the extreme left-hand side edge of (A) starts at the fourth tree to the left. Whereas in (B) the extreme left-hand side of the photograph continues further to the left of the fourth tree, but is ultimately obscured by the smudging. The trees also appear at slightly different angles and to be of slightly different sizes in the left and right frames. This suggests that one photograph was taken slightly further away. In (B) the image of the tree is cut off by the top of the photograph, whereas in (A) there is clearly a space above.

No reason is given why there is extensive smudging on the right side of (A) and the left side of (B). The environmental details of a stereo photograph should be identical on both sides and free of mechanically caused defects.

The anomalies themselves are poor grey blobs lacking in detail compared to work outlined in this paper yet they are presented as a centrepiece of evidence dismissing the bio-forms. It is not clear what exposure times and camera equipment had been used.

It is known from Hayes work (see Section 4) that the claimed bio-forms may be incredibly fast moving. According to Hayes’ approximate calculations, some bio-forms types may be travelling in the region of 140 mph (225 kph) and sometimes even faster. If there was even a tiny fraction of an instant between the shots being taken this could account for the anomaly differences in Collin’s frames. These types of phenomena are also known to blink in and out of the infrared in a fraction of a second, often only appearing in one shot when several are taken. One can see anomalies possibly moving from one frame to the other in one plate that Collins published (14). Also the anomalies seem to be in similar places in two further pictures which Collins does note (15). In Figure 1 above one can see that the anomaly marked, "A" could be the same anomaly in both frames but having moved several feet laterally within the exposure time.

There is also a stereo photograph published by Collins which does show the same images on each side of the stereo frames (16).  However this is described as a ‘fluke’ (17). But the same level of evidence dismissing Constable is taken as throwing ‘severe’ doubt not only on Constable, but also on Boccone and Reich’s work (18). Reich’s photographic experiments (19) involving the blocking of light reactions on analogue plates, caused by strong localised orgone fields, is not in the same category of phenomena as Constable, Boccone and Hayes’ environmental photographs. It is closer to Nordenstrum’s biological work (20). Collins is incorrect to claim its dismissal; his work is not relevant to Reich’s photography. One would have to show that apparatus claimed to produce orgone concentrations does not affect photographic equipment kept within that apparatus in order to counter Reich’s claims. This has not been done.

In the applicable section it is noted that Collins does not mention the exact equipment, exposure times, camera types and environmental information pertaining to the claimed stereo photographs.

Lastly, Collins has evidence which strongly supports Constable’s claims. This is because Collins other experimental data contradicts Demeo’s mechanical artefact argument. Collins found that his anomalies, statistically, were concentrated in groups and were accompanied by rises in other data such as increased Geiger radiation counts (21). Collins also noted that his intentionally produced defects did not in any way mirror the many actual anomalies he saw, (over 70 experimental anomalies in a short period of time) (22). So the ‘air bells’ or ‘halations’ artefact explanations of Demeo concerns something which happens only very rarely, if at all, in the normal processing of films (23). Air bells or halations are gaps in the chemical processing caused by air bubbles on the paper occurring during development. They are rare, difficult to cause, and when they do occur, they do not have the same appearance as Collin’s or Constable’s anomalies (24).


Demeo found that orgone concentrations affected infra-red photography (25). This supports the contention, shared by Reich, that orgone energy concentrations can be photographed.

Collin’s evidence against Constable’s claims is inconclusive photographically. His other experimental data, such as anomaly clusters and Geiger counts are actually supportive of Constable’s claims. It evidences something happening in the environment at the time of the anomalies. Collins therefore rejected a mechanical camera artefact basis to the phenomena. Some energetic or non-local process is causing the photographic anomalies in his view.

3. US Evidence for Plasmatic Entities – from Constable

Constable’s first capture of a posited invisible bio-form in the infrared came on the morning of 25th Aug 1957. Whilst sitting down for breakfast at his desert campsite, he sensed an overpowering pulsation above, and saw what he describes as a, ‘shimmering variation to the otherwise smooth blue background.’ (26).

Using his loaded Leica camera, he proceeded to photograph the invisible pulsation as it moved above him. He managed to capture the object in six successive frames as it moved from overhead to positions that permitted inclusion of the local desert terrain in the photographs (See Figure 2).

Constable and Woods were also able to capture infrared movie footage of invisible bio-forms using a movie camera and infrared film. Five frames of this footage appeared in The Cosmic Pulse of Life (27). In these consecutive frames, taken at 24 frames per second, the bio-forms can be seen moving above Constable during his performance of the Star Exercise in the Mojave Desert just before sunrise. The bio-forms appear to be splitting, changing shape and position, and also seem at one point to divide like amoebae. Constable concluded through his work that such materialisations into the infrared occur as a response to certain positions, motions and orientations of the, ‘target human’ (28).

Both Constable and Woods continued with their photographic work for many years, capturing dozens of examples of possible invisible bio-forms, both at their desert site, and above Mount Wilson, California. Their many infrared photographs showed a wide range of different examples of spherical, cigar-shape, ovoid, and disc-like invisible plasmatic forms. Constable would later state that only 1% of the total infrared photographs (taken when he had detected possible bio-forms being present) actually yielded any results. It is painstaking work.

Constable carried on with his photographic work away from the desert site, renting an office space in North Hollywood, California, from where he would perform the necessary attraction process prior to taking the infrared photographs. He took several photographs showing both the invisible bio-forms and apparent craft-like objects right over the North Hollywood Business District. The proximity of hundreds of workers within a few blocks argues against the idea that these objects were normally visible. He continued on with his solo work until 1979, before finally retiring from investigating the bio-forms to concentrate on weather engineering. He eventually went on to develop a marine, cloudbuster based, weather engineering system, which was later demonstrated on commercial video.

Figure 2 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form

Above Figure 2 (A) shows the amoeba-like invisible possible bio-form photographed by Constable, on the morning of 25th August 1957, in the Mojave Desert, California. This was the first photograph taken by Constable as the bio-form moved immediately above his position, and was taken using a Leica G 35mm camera loaded with Kodak High-Speed infrared film, and fitted with an 870nm infrared pass filter. The bio-form has markings resembling nucleoli and vacuoles, and has the general appearance of a unicellular organism from the microscopic world (29)

Above Figure 2 (B) shows the fourth in the series of infrared photographs taken by Constable as the bio-form moved from immediately above his position, and off above the desert. This enabled him to capture known desert features in the photograph, as well as giving an indication as to its true size. Throughout the series of photographs taken by Constable of the possible life-form, it is quite evident that the object appeared to swell and expand in size as it moves in a pulsatory manner. Many of the characteristic markings apparent in Figure 2 (A) above, are also visible in the other successive photographs. This demonstrates morphological continuity and development over time (30).

Figure 3 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form, Further Shots

The above Figure 3 shows the last infrared photograph of the series taken by Constable of the cell-like form, and indicates that the object or entities photographed were possibly living creatures. The upper entity seems to be of the same order as the amoeba-like invisible bio-form captured in the previous photographs published by Constable, and as shown in Figure 2. The lower of the two objects in Figure 3 however appears slightly different in shape, with two eye-like features, a concave face, and a protuberance highly suggestive of a beak or bill (31).

Figure 4 – Trevor Constable Surrounded by Invisible Plasmoidal Bio-forms

The above Figure 4 shows Constable in the Mojave Desert at sunrise, surrounded by what appears to be invisible plasmoidal bio-forms. This photograph was taken at 1/25th sec by James Woods on 26th April 1958, at 5am, using high speed infrared film. Both Constable and Woods objectified and photographed the invisible bio-forms independently of each other, with each taking multiple images of the same event (32). That so many anomalies would appear at the same time and on multiple cameras makes it very unlikely to be mechanical artefacts. Problems with the artefact explanation have also been detailed in Section 2.

The bio-forms appear to be contracting and expanding as they move through the air, only registering on the infrared film because their particular energy is nullifying the film’s emulsions rather than actually reacting with the film as is the normal case. This lack of emulsion reaction has created dark voids on the photograph. Some lighter areas can also be seen that are a direct result of the bio-forms movement as they expand within the 1/25th second exposure. Constable, as well as Boccone also reported instances where the images of these objects had burned themselves directly onto the infrared film despite the camera shutter being closed; manifesting between frames, albeit with diminished intensity (33). This may indicate, from an orgonomic viewpoint, that the possible bio-forms could have a very high oranur charge. Oranur, as an excited state of orgone, could have an enhanced photographic effect over an ordinary concentration of orgone. The posited entities themselves, as possible living forms, would likely have a significantly raised level of orgone compared to the environmental background. Any excited state of orgone possessed by the entities would itself qualify as oranur, due to oranur being simply stimulated orgone. This possible oranur quality has been noted instrumentally with raised Geiger counts associated with the passing entities by both Hayes and the Boccone team (34). The Geiger counts may reflect excited orgone (oranur) converting or partially converting into particles, which are then picked up by the Geiger counter. There is a period of approximately one or two seconds where an oranur charge might precede the immediate field or appearance of the posited bio-forms. This charge then quickly tails off within approximately 1 to 3 seconds, with radiation levels quickly returning to their usual background levels (see below). Hayes has also experienced some instances where these sudden high peaks have lasted a mere fraction of a second. The alarm had indicated that radiation levels had momentarily reached or exceeded the 0.20 microSieverts per hour (μSv/hr) threshold but the reading on the Geiger counter display would be unaltered at background levels. This indicates that the increased radiation, though picked up by the Geiger counter alarm, was very fleeting.

In instances where invisible energetic phenomena have manifested very close to his position, Hayes has sometimes noted instantaneous high peaks of between 0.30 and 0.50 μSv/hr, which have remained constant for up to 10 seconds at a time. Occasionally, it has taken up to 30 seconds for radiation readings to return to the normal background levels of between 0.09 and 0.12 μSv/hr.

Figure 5 – Plasmoidal Bio-forms above Mt. Wilson, California.

The above Figure 5 shows a possible group of invisible plasmatic bio-forms photographed above the summit of Mt. Wilson, California, by Constable in January 1959 (35). Photograph was taken using a Praktica FX-2 camera in combination with high-speed infrared film, and exposure was 1/100th second. According to Constable, objects like these that pulsate and change their form when sporadically visible, account for numerous UFO reports.

The location is approximately one mile from the famous observatory where Dayton Miller strongly evidenced the existence of aether. For this remarkable scientific achievement he was not lauded but rather was expunged from history (aether is similar to cosmic orgone conceptually). See Demeo for further information on Miller (36).

Figure 6 – Ovoid Bio-forms: Part 1

The above Figure 6 (A) shows a possible invisible ovoid bio-form, photographed at the first light of dawn above the rocky ridge adjoining Giant Rock, California, on May 17th 1958. The photograph was taken using a Leica G camera with high-speed infrared film and no filter, and exposure was 1/50th second (37).

The above Figure 6 (B) shows an invisible ovoid bio-form in motion, photographed above the summit of Mount Wilson, California, shortly after sunrise on April 28th 1961. The photograph was taken using a Practika FX-2 camera with high-speed infrared film and no filter, and exposure was 1/50th second. (38).

This photograph is a good example of how objects like this, which probably carry very high orgonotic charges, reproduce on photographic prints in a reversed polarity. This gives an appearance of an absorptive image as in the above case. Such objects are nullifying the photographic emulsions rather than reacting with them as is the normal case.

Figure 7 – Ovoid Bio-forms: Part 2

The above Figure 7 (A) shows a posited invisible ovoid bio-form photographed at 1/1000th sec by Constable using high-speed infrared film, as it moved above the Los Angeles business district at noon during his early trials using an 18A pass filter. The 18A is designed to block the visible light spectrum, while passing both of its invisible ends namely, infrared and ultraviolet; Kodak high-speed infrared film is also sensitive in the UV region. Constable captured multiple infrared photographs showing ovoid-shaped invisible bio-forms during his work, and several of these, including the above photograph appear in the 2008 re-issue of Constable’s book, The Cosmic Pulse of Life (39).

The above Figure 7 (B) was taken by Constable’s 11 year old daughter Diana, who had accompanied him on a weather engineering cloudbusting operation out to Thousand Palms, California, in May 1975. Constable had trained her to objectify and take photographs using a more energetic or "aetheric" type of sight.

As he worked the cloudbuster she sensed and then photographed this invisible bio-form close to the cloudbuster pipes, using a half-frame Olympus camera loaded with high speed infrared film, and fitted with an 18A filter (40).

4. Italian Evidence for Orgonotic Bio-forms

Luciano Boccone was president of the Italian research group GRCU (Gruppo di Ricerche Clipeologiche ed Ufologiche) who were based in Arenzano, Italy, and consisted of some 25 members. The group began their work in 1976, and along with CUN Prato and GORU La Spezia were the third Italian UFO research group to begin instrumental research into the infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum, and among the first to capture claimed entities direct from their invisible state. Boccone was also a member of CUN (Centro Ufologico Nazionale) Italy’s major centre for such studies, and a contributor to CUN’s official magazine, Notiziario UFO.

GRCU Research Methods

The GRCU used a wide range of standard, high quality scientific instruments such as Geiger counters, precision magnetic compasses, temperature indicators, frequency measurements (electromagnetic and light), light, ultrasound and ultraviolet detectors, as well as infrared, panchromatic, and colour films in sophisticated gun-cameras, and cameras fitted with focal distance doublers or telephoto lenses.  Sometimes these cameras would be fitted with 25A, 87 or 89 filters, although most infrared photographs were taken with no filter.

Whenever the instruments warned of any sudden peaks in radioactivity and/or magnetic field, air, temperature, or luminosity, photographs would immediately be taken in the same direction in which the variations were detected. This simple procedure allowed them to objectify and photograph a whole range of invisible phenomena, not just in the sky, but also at much lower altitude, as well as at ground level, both day and night.

From the considerable experimentation done by the group over many years, it was found that manifestations pertaining to a possible invisible realm were objectified in most cases when the Geiger ionising radiation counter started reading and exceeding 0.20 milliRoentgens per hour (mR/hr) or about 2.0 μSv/hr equivalent – an unusually high peak reading for the normal background environment. Additionally, another sign was when the compass needle would deviate from the magnetic north, if only by a few degrees. Through the course of their work it was found that sudden high peaks in radiation levels were often accompanied by magnetic deviations. The levels of these fluctuations were on average between 10 – 15 degrees. Deviations of up to 50 degrees were also recorded by the group (41).  In some cases where the researchers employed a temperature indicator in conjunction with the other devices (such as Geiger counters and a magnetic compass), a simultaneous rise in the local temperature of up to 5 degrees Celsius was found to coincide with the high radiation readings and magnetic deviations (42). This hitherto unacknowledged evidence indicates a very interesting cross confirmation of Reich’s orgone temperature experiments, termed TO-T for Temperature Orgone versus Temperature Control.

Dr Blasband overviews Reich’s T0-T studies and recounts further evidence in the following Journal of Orgonomy paper (43). Not only do orgone cabinets appear to increase thermal temperature but the presence of highly orgone charged posited entities also appears to have a similar effect.

Southgate has additionally confirmed, in recent experimentation, that concentrated oranur charge deflects magnetic needles and increases ambient temperature (44).

GRCU Evidence

The GRCU obtained a large catalogue of extensive and detailed photographic evidence documenting the presence of possible invisible plasmatic bio-forms, both in the sky, and at much lower altitude. In 1979 the GRCU released much of this photographic evidence in their report: The Invisible UFO Evidence: July 1977 – June 1979. This report was a condensation of their previous reports: UFO Report – 1977 and UFO Dossier-1978 plus selected files taken from their photographic work of 1979. This evidence consisted of 140 infrared, panchromatic, and colour photographs of the most significant, instrumentally-detected invisible phenomena captured by the group between 1977 and 1979.

In 1980 Boccone released the best of the above photographic evidence in his book UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality) (45). This extremely rare publication also presents a whole range of photographic evidence gathered by not just the GRCU, but also from other sources including CUN Geneva, CUN Prato, and Romanian researcher Professor Florin Gheorghitza. The 142 page A4 sized book contains around 200 photographs, both colour and black and white, showing invisible, glowing, pulsating plasmatic forms, and amoeba-like possible life-forms, capable of changing shape, size, density, luminosity, arrangement and position in a split second. The authors have been fortunate to have access to this rare book.

Several infrared exposures captured by the Boccone team show the vivid, stark, pulsatory tracks made by apparently plasmatic forms as they traverse the skies at low altitude. In some instances the glow from the invisible objects can be seen illuminating the terrain over which they are moving. Others show plasmatic forms descending to street lamps, blinking at low altitude over the port of Genoa, or hovering above the Corigliano integrated steel plant of Italsider, adjacent to Cristoforo Colombo International Airport.

Night-time, time-lapse photography revealed seemingly plasmatic bird-like invisible forms, flying low in the sky above Arenzano, Italy, and a snake-like plasmoidal form moving at ground-level near a forest fire. Other photographs show fire-like invisible entities with antennae-like features, captured on colour infrared film as they appear to manifest just above the cameramen. Additional footage shows hexagonal-shaped light-forms, and plasmatic spheres etching their trails into the film’s emulsions as they move unseen across the night sky.

Figure 8 – Daytime Plasmatic Entity

The above Figure 8 shows a posited daytime plasmatic invisible body, photographed at very low altitude in the sky above Bangkok in 1979 using colour infrared film. The object, whose profile is almost identical to the "critters" (amoeba constabliani) first posited by Constable in the Mojave Desert back in the late 1950s, consists of an elongated ellipsoidal nucleus of dark black/brown colour, and its proto-plasmatic field is semi-transparent red and chrome yellow. The dirigible shape of the bio-form consists of an elongated ellipsoidal nucleus of a dark brown/black colour, and its proto-plasmatic field is semi-transparent red and chrome yellow. Much closer examination reveals that the bio-form’s movement has left a very light yellowish horizontal trail in the sky, suggestive of a shift of the body in the atmosphere from left to right (46).

Figure 9 – Plasmoidal Forms Multiplying

The above Figure 9 shows invisible plasmoidal forms manifesting from a ball of light. This 40 second exposure was taken in Italy on 29th October 1977, at 10.50pm, using black and white infrared film in combination with a 25A Vivitar infrared pass filter. The presence of these plasmoidal forms, which were some 40 metres away from the researchers when photographed, were objectified using a Geiger radiation counter, as well as a magnetic compass which showed a magnetic deviation of 10-15 degrees south east per 10 minutes (47).

Figure 10 – Plasmoidal Forms

Above Figure 10 shows possible plasmatic bio-forms photographed by the GRCU at their research base near Genoa, Italy. These blue and white plasmatic forms were captured using colour infrared film, on a January night in 1981, after their presence was detected by multiple instruments including Geiger counters, infrared and magnetic detectors, as well as a Swiss orgonotester instrument. This was an electrical orgone device developed by Dr Walter Stark and tested over some years by Dr Blasband. It claims to measure an orgonotic form of electrical current flowing in organisms and the atmosphere. Dr Stark called this a Motional Electrical Field or MEF and which, unlike other types of electrical field, and in similarity to orgone, is not able to be shielded (48). This has parallels to Russian torsion fields or to the "scalar" types of claimed quasi-electrical waves which are also said to be unable to be shielded. Orgone energy seems similar, not only to torsion fields, but also to the radiant energy discovered by the late Tesla (49).

Dozens of mutually corroborative photographs were taken using multiple cameras during the above incident. This strong photographic evidence shows multiple plasmoidal forms as they moved above the trees and began rolling down the hillside, skimming along the grass and among the researcher’s cars and equipment. This photograph did not appear in Boccone’s book, UFO – La Realta Nascosta, although it was later published in the 2008 re-issue of Constable’s book The Cosmic Pulse ofLife (50).

That this incident of life-like, moving and environmentally interactive multiple plasmatic forms was captured in significant detail and from a number of angles by more than one camera simultaneously indicates that the entities could be real and not artefacts produced within a single camera.

Figure 11 – Plasmoidal Bio-Forms Hovering above Blast Furnace

Above Figure 11 shows a large group of possible invisible plasmoidal bio-forms hovering above the integrated steel plant of Italsider at Genoa-Corigliano, Italy, on August 19th 1977, at 10.30pm. A member of Boccone’s GRCU group took this 40 second time-lapse exposure using unfiltered infrared film, despite the fact that nothing was visible at the time. The photograph gives the impression that the bio-forms are drawing upon the massive energy of the blast furnace, which is adjacent to the Cristoforo Colombo International Airport. The GRCU photographic record documents many instances of such behaviour, especially the attachment of these bio-forms to street lamps and similar energetic focal points (51).

Additional Romanian Evidence for Bio-forms

Romanian engineer and professor Florin Gheorghitza took numerous infrared photographs of possible invisible bio-forms during his work in the late 1970s in Romania.  Although Gheorghitza was an acquaintance of Boccone’s, his photographic work in a similar vein was independent of the Italian research group. It provides further evidence that reveals the possible reality of invisible plasmoidal bio-forms, not just in the skies, but also at ground level.

Figure 12 – Huge Glowing Plasmoidal Entity

Above Figure 12 shows a plasmoidal bio-form photographed using high-speed infrared film by Prof. Florin Gheorghitza near Cluj-Napoca in Romania, in September 1977. The huge size of this bio-form can be judged from the adjacent road circling left of the object. The glow emanating from the form can be seen illuminating both the road, as well as parts of the terrain where the object is positioned. This night-time photograph appeared in Boccone (52) and also in Constable(53). The intriguing infrared image points to the possible orgonotic nature of the invisible bio-form evident from the glowing radiation. It also captures the immense size that some of these entities may reach.

Summary of US and European Evidence

The photographic, instrumentally based documentation presented in Boccone’s book (54) positively confirms Constables, and Woods’ earlier photographic evidence. The photographs of invisible plasmoidal forms are practically identical in shape, size, and density to the specimens captured in the Mojave Desert. Other evidence captured by the other Italian research groups, CUN Geneva, and CUN Prato, as well as by Romanian Professor Gheorghitza (55) also supports the presence of orgonotic bio-forms in the atmosphere.

That these various researchers captured similar plasmatic forms, independently of each other, and at different times and locations not only in the USA, but in Italy, and Romania, is worthwhile evidence. These objects were repeatedly picked up by multiple instrumental detections, including Geiger radiation counters, magnetic compasses, thermometers and light detectors, prior to the infrared photographs being taken. Therefore the idea that they are merely artefacts or smudges on the photographs is not supported.

There appears to be broad, detailed, single and multiple camera photographic evidence of the existence of the claimed invisible bio-forms. There is in addition radiological and environmental evidence of a simultaneous energy peak from the Italian researchers. The movement, behaviour and morphology of the entities appear to follow set patterns. Altogether this does suggest that the anomalies could be real.


  1. Reich, W. (1951) The Oranur Experiment, First Report, Orgone Institute Press, see also photocopied reissue from http://www.wilhelmreichtrust.org pp 282.
  2. Reich, W. (1960) Selected Writings, Ed- Higgins, Farraux, Strauss and G, USA, pp 438.
  3. Southgate, L. (2018) The Orgone Continuum, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Theory.
  4. Demeo, J. (2002) Negative Finding on T. Constable’s "Bio-forms", Pulse of the Planet, Natural Energy Works, pp 250.
  5. Demeo, J. (2002/2016) http://www.orgonelab.org/demeopubsPDFs/2002DeMeoOnConstable.pdf See pp 3 to 4.
  6. Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books, pp 197.
  7. Ibid, Plate 41, pp 191.
  8. Ibid, pp 197.
  9. Demeo, J. (2002) Negative Finding on T. Constable’s "Bio-forms", Pulse of the Planet, Natural Energy Works, pp 250.
  10. Demeo, J. (2002/2016) http://www.orgonelab.org/demeopubsPDFs/2002DeMeoOnConstable.pdf see pp 3 to 4.
  11. Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books: Plate 41 pp 19.
  12.  Hayes, N. (2018) Personal Dialogue.
  13.  Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books, pp 197.
  14.  Collins, A., Ibid, plate 45, pp 199.
  15.  Collins, A., Ibid, plate 42 and 45, pp 193.
  16.  Collins, A., Ibid, plate 47, pp 201.
  17.  Collins, A., Ibid, plate 47 explanatory text, pp 201.
  18.  Collins, A., Ibid, pp 192.
  19.  Reich, W. (1949) Orgonotic Light Functions, An X-Ray Photograph of the Excited Orgone Energy Field of the Palms (1944), Orgone Energy Bulletin, Vol 1 Num 2, pp 49-51.
  20. Nordenstrom, B. (1983) Biologically Closed Electric Circuits: Clinical, Experimental and Theoretical Evidence for an Additional Circulatory System (rare book) See http://ursusmedical.com/publications/exploring-bcec-systems/ for basic information on Nordenstrom.
  21.  Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books, pp 231.
  22.  Collins, A. Ibid.
  23. Demeo, J. (2002) updated (2016) http://www.orgonelab.org/demeopubsPDFs/2002DeMeoOnConstable.pdf See page 3 to 4.
  24. Collins, A. (1994) Alien Energy, UFOs, Ritual Landscapes and the Human Mind, Eagle Wing Books, pp 231.
  25. Demeo, J. (2002) Negative Finding on T. Constable’s "Bio-forms", Pulse of the Planet, Natural Energy Works, pp 250.
  26.  Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, The Book Tree, pp 53.
  27.  Constable, T., Ibid, pp 280.
  28.  Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, The Book Tree.
  29.  Constable, T. (2016) They Live in the Sky, Book Tree: pp1 of photo section, see also Constable, J. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 259.
  30.  Constable, T. (2016) They Live in the Sky, Book Tree, pp 4 of photo section, see also Constable, J. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 260.
  31.  Constable, T. (2016) They Live in the Sky, Book Tree: pp 5 of photo section See Also Constable, J. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, The Book Tree, pp 261.
  32. Constable, T. (2016) They Live in the Sky, Book Tree, pp 28, 29, and 30 of the photographic section.
  33. Boccone, L. (1981) The UFO-Orgone Energy Connection, Energy Unlimited Magazine, Num. 8, New Mexico, USA, pp7.
  34. Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California, pp 93 andBoccone, L. (1980) UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality), Italy, Ivaldi Editore.
  35. Constable, T. (2008) Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 270.
  36. Demeo, J. (2002) Dayton Miller’s Ether-Drift Experiments: A Fresh Look, Pulse of the Planet Number 5, Natural Energy Works, see also, http://www.orgonelab.org/miller.htm
  37.  Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 269.
  38.  Constable, T., Ibid, pp 272.
  39.  Constable, T., Ibid, pp 276.
  40.  Constable, T., Ibid, pp 281.
  41.  Boccone, L. (1980) UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality), Italy, Ivaldi Editore, pp 124 (Italian Text).
  42. Boccone, L.  Ibid, pp 100.
  43. Blasband, R. (1971) Orgone Temperature Studies, Journal of Orgonomy, pp 175-188.
  44.  Southgate, L. (2018) , Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminescence, and other Observations Associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device, Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy, https://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/preliminary-experiments-with-electrical-capacitance-temperature-radioactivity-luminesence-and-other-observations-associated-with-controlled-oranur-in-a-strong-orgone-device : see Number 5 – Magnetic Effects.
  45. Boccone, L. (1980) UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality), Italy, Ivaldi Editore.
  46.  Boccone, L. Ibid, pp 42.
  47.  Boccone, L. Ibid, pp107-109 see also GRCU, (1977) Reporto UFO.
  48.  Blasband, D. (1987) The Orgonotester: Preliminary Report, Journal of Orgonomy, Vol 21, N2, pp 214 – 222.
  49.  Fisher, D. (2016) https://consciouslivingmagazine.com.au/2016/11/28/scalar-wave-technology-for-emf-protection/
  50.  Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 308.
  51.  Boccone, L. (1980) UFO – La Realta Nascosta, Italy, Ivaldi Editore, pp 68, see also Constable, J. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 307.
  52.  Boccone, L., Ibid, pp 23.
  53.  Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree, pp 303.
  54.  Boccone, L. (1980) UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality), Italy, Ivaldi Editore.
  55.  Boccone, L., Ibid.

Appendix 1 – Figures and Copyright

Figure 1 – Hayes’ Sketch of Collin’s Claimed Stereo Image
Figure 2 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form
Figure 3 – Plasmoidal Amoeba-like Bio-form, Further Shots
Figure 4 – Trevor Constable Surrounded by Invisible Plasmoidal Bio-forms
Figure 5 – Plasmoidal Bio-forms above Mt. Wilson, California
Figure 6 – Ovoid Bio-forms: Part 1
Figure 7 – Ovoid Bio-forms: Part 2
Figure 8 – Daytime Plasmatic Entity
Figure 9 – Plasmoidal Forms Multiplying
Figure 10 – Plasmoidal Forms
Figure 11- Plasmoidal Bio-form Above Furnace
Figure 12 – Huge Glowing Plasmoidal Entity

Figure 1 – Nik Hayes.
Figures 2 – 7 – Trevor James Constable.
Figures 8 – 11 – Luciano Boccone/GRCU.
Figure 12 – Professor Florin Gheorghitza.


Nik Hayes

Nik Hayes is a UK based author and researcher. He first became interested in photographing invisible energetic phenomena after a low altitude encounter with a large, strange, visibly pulsating object on Christmas day, 2008. Unable to find a satisfactory explanation of what he had seen, he eventually discovered the work of Trevor James Constable, through his books The Cosmic Pulse of Life and They Live in the Sky (1).It was through this that he became aware of the work of the Italian research group, the GRCU, as well as Luciano Boccone’s rare book, UFO-La Realta Nascosta (2).

Influenced by this earlier work, Hayes began a quest to gather his own photographic evidence of invisible energetic phenomena. After designating a research area on some land adjacent to his house situated in countryside near Oxford, he constructed a cloudbuster, and began using infrared photography and movie footage. He spent much of the first year concentrating on the infrared part of the spectrum, but within a short time was also recording ultraviolet footage. He also used a Geiger radiation counter for energy peak detection purposes. Geiger counters are known to be reactive to orgone charge.

In 2011 Hayes created the Quest for the Invisibles (QFTI) YouTube channel, on which he uploaded videos of the various phenomena he had captured using infrared and ultraviolet recording equipment.

Hayes continued with his photographic work right through until the late summer of 2015, at which point he began compiling his research notes and photographic evidence into what would be published as Quest for the Invisibles by The Book Tree, California (3). Shortly after the publication of the book Hayes started the Quest for the Invisibles website (4). After the launch of the site Hayes began what would eventually form a two year photographic investigation into invisible night-time phenomena. He managed to photograph a whole range of apparently invisible phenomenon, not just in the skies, but also at a much lower altitude. Hayes has been interviewed on UK and internet radio and regularly gives talks about his work.

  1. Constable, T. (2008) The Cosmic Pulse of Life, Book Tree and also Constable, T. (1958) They Live in the Sky (Original Edition).Saucerian Books.
  2.  Boccone, L. (1980) UFO – La Realta Nascosta (UFO – The Hidden Reality), Italy, Ivaldi Editore
  3.  Hayes, N. (2016) Quest for the Invisibles, The Book Tree, California.
  4. Hayes, N. (2019) http://www.questfortheinvisibles.co.uk


Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

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Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminesence and Other Observations associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device

Preliminary Experiments with Electrical Capacitance, Temperature, Radioactivity, Luminesence and Other Observations associated with Controlled Oranur in a Strong Orgone Device

Leon Southgate MSc


A strong orgone device was activated with a controlled dosage of a very small amount of radioactive material. Electrical capacitance and other effects were examined. Possible anomalous occurrences are noted in terms of a small increase in electrical tension in chemical batteries and electronic capacitors placed within the device. Other possibly anomalous reports are noted such as small changes in radioactivity, temperature, magnetism, luminescence and subjective observations associated with the device.


The long term research goal is the examination of orgone and consciousness.

It was assumed that future experimentation would involve high orgone concentrations and possibly self-generation of small amounts of electrical tension. This first experimental step therefore was to investigate high orgone concentrations and the possibility of any self-generated electrical activity within a strong orgone accumulator (ORAC). As radioactivity is thought to be the strongest activator of orgone (1), oranur or (orgone versus nuclear) energy was studied through the ORAC.

Experimental Device

An approximately 6 foot by 3 foot human-sized ORAC cabinet was placed horizontally. At first the door was removed and placed underneath the cabinet to give extra layering. Putting the cabinet back upright was tried but this decreased the charge by approximately 20% according to a Heliognosis Life Energy (LE) meter device. It also made placing of the internal items difficult. The cabinet was put back on its side. Eventually, the door was put back on.

Inside the cabinet there was placed one, and then two large 2 foot square orgone accumulating boxes with one side removed (originally developed for orgone acupuncture). A suitcase of accumulating materials was added alongside two orgone blankets and another two smaller orgone boxes. The large orgone box had two orgone tubes pointed at it. Altogether approximately 12 orgone devices were inside the larger ORAC cabinet. This was done to create a strong orgone field but also to create synergy between devices and hopefully a flow of orgone, one device would activate another so increasing the overall charge. Reich believed a central characteristic of orgone was interaction between energy systems (2).

The inner boxes were made of steel, rockwall and celotex type panels on a wood frame – standard materials for an ORAC. The orgone suitcase was filled with insulating rockwool and steel wool layers and had an outer layer of aluminium foil and then lastly plastic clingfilm around the outside. The orgone tubes were steel tubes with 300 plus double layers of aluminium foil and clingfilm, based on Bernd Senf’s design for orgone acupuncture tubes (3). The cabinet was made of the standard ORAC materials similar to the inner boxes.

Figure 1

Orgone Device Exterior View

Figure 2

Orgone Device Internal View

Close up of inside of cabinet showing the orgone suitcase (uppermost left). Two orgone acupuncture boxes connected with orgone acupuncture tubes (lowermost). The third box is a small orgone acupuncture box.

The experiments carried out involved:

  1. Electrical
  2. Thermal
  3. Orgone Field
  4. Radioactive
  5. Magnetic and
  6. Luminescence measurements

1. Electrical Experiments:

Orgone Charging of Rechargeable Chemical Batteries

A rechargeable AA size battery of some years of non-use was put within the inner box of the orgone device. It was covered in orgone layering (plastic and aluminium foil) and one month passed. This was in the autumn of 2017 and the charge in the device appeared to be increasing. A small amount of radioactive americium was used with the intention of activating the orgone device. The americium was within a smoke alarm and was kept intact within the body of the alarm. The amount was 0.9 microCurie or 0.26 mcg of americium-241. As the americium was being gradually moved closer to the orgone device during the battery charging, both subjective impressions (a feeling of ‘density’, ‘skin tingling’ and ‘sun tans’) and objective readings (LE and Geiger meters) showed an increasingly higher charge from the device over the period of the battery charging. The weather was also warmer and drier at this time (compared to the later experimental periods over the winter-time).

The first battery was not expected to show any changes so prior measurements on it beforehand were not done. The only test was to put it in a clock (which it wouldn’t run before the orgone charging). The battery was many years old and hadn’t been recharged for a long time. It had been stored at room temperature for years in dry conditions. After a month of orgone charging it ran the same clock for several days. Then when it stopped running the clock, after further orgone charging, it continued to run the clock for some hours.

A second long-flat AA sized battery also began to run the clock after orgone charging for some days. The batteries that ran the clock were now tested with voltmeters and were at approximately 700 millivolts (mV) or less than half of capacity.

Next, a larger old rechargeable battery, a D in UK sizes, was checked with two voltmeters, both confirming it was at zero mV. It had orgone layering put around it (plastic and aluminium foil), and was placed within the inner orgone box of the device. Over a period of 1 week it gained charge daily before levelling out to around half of capacity (it peaked at 630mV). This battery was tested beforehand and then daily. At first there were small flashes only on the voltmeter then it climbed steadily from 400mV to 610mV. It peaked some weeks later at 630mV. Sometimes it would lose mV when removed from the orgone device and then regain it when replaced over the next few weeks.

Apparent recharging of the batteries however could simply occur by a known rebound effect whereby empty batteries bounce back up to about ⅓ to ½ of capacity. However with the batteries used so far this appeared to be an unlikely explanation as they were many years old and most likely stable at zero or low mV due to their age and having not been used for a long time. There were also no sudden environmental changes as the batteries had been stored and then orgone charged at room temperature.

To clarify the rebound issue new rechargeable batteries were obtained and attempts made to get them stable at zero mV, which is actually more difficult than it would appear. The rebound process is quite strong in new batteries, to the extent that the query came to mind as to whether chemical batteries use a level of orgonotic charge normally. As soon as they are zeroed they pull back mV charge to about ⅓ of capacity. It is not perhaps entirely clear that this is solely a chemical phenomenon. Such batteries are like a chemical ORAC in some ways, with their internal metal electrodes, surrounded by chemical electrolyte in a metal and plastic layered casing. Modern rechargeable batteries are using novel materials to make recharging even quicker and easier. Perhaps they are in part using an unknown orgonotic effect.

After some weeks of trying various methods a few new batteries were stable at zero. A small light bulb circuit or battery-operated hair clipper had been used to run the charge down. In some cases they had to be short circuited with bell wire from the terminals to reduce the last few mV of charge. They were then orgone charged in the device. However now it seemed difficult to repeat the possible effects seen the first three times. Perhaps an unknown combination of factors, some unknown, had enabled the earlier batteries to gain charge. The first D battery particularly seemed to gain a noticeable amount of potential in mV each day, but still it was thought that the electrical conversion of orgone into electricity was at a relatively low level. Even a USB battery charger would supply at least 300mV so the estimation of 10-30mV continual conversion in the orgone device is not going to be at a level with which it would be easy to achieve an effect on chemical batteries.

Both AA batteries were attempted to be charged whilst still in the clock by placing the battery run clock within the orgone device. However this did not appear to work, apart from producing a stutter of the hands once the battery had run down. It seems the batteries may not be able to gain charge and discharge energy effectively at the same time. One aspect of the process appears to take precedence over the other. This might make sense according to Reich’s Four Beat energy formula. The charge and discharge processes are quite distinct aspects of the overall Four Beat formula that Reich claimed to be universal in organisms and partly true of mechanical systems:

  • Tension
  • Charge
  • Discharge
  • Relaxation.

Future Experimentation

To repeat the experiment as described here one would have to not connect a load to the battery whilst charging it. Also one would have to use as high an orgone charge as feasibly possible and proximal orgone layering in addition to that. The low level radioactive activation may also be a required element. Reich often found that to orgone charge something effectively the orgone layers had to be near the object, for example he used metal shielding immediately around his Geiger tubes and ORACs were built according to the size of the organism to be charged, mice had special small ORACs and humans had human-sized ORACs. Glass seems to provide the strongest ‘condensation’ of orgone as shown in Reich’s work with the Geiger tubes and the orgone motor. So a glass ORAC container for batteries or capacitors might provide an avenue to explore.

The experimenting with chemical batteries is ongoing (both orgone charging from zero mV and orgone charging from previously part mV – see below). It might take some months or even years to regain the possible effects seen in the first three batteries, if at all. Also the peak charge of the orgone device has been purposefully allowed to decrease a little.

Pyramid Research and Electrical Capacitance

It has been noted that pyramids may have a charging effect on batteries. Modern Russian large pyramid research also reports an electrical capacitance effect although the synopsis articles do not describe it in any detail (4). Older Western literature on pyramids describes poorly controlled pilot experiments using batteries that have not been previously stabilised at zero mV. However, an increase in the ‘rebound’ effect after pyramid charging batteries has been noted in various popular 1980s books, for example in King’s book (5).

Reading the pyramid research prompted some ideas that might be applicable. This author has questioned elsewhere whether the architectural design of Reich’s orgone motor produced amplification rather than a simple creation of electricity (6). As previously noted, Reich emphasised that orgonotic phenomena need an interaction between orgone systems in order to occur. This suggests that another way to examine any chemical battery effect might be to take relatively stable but non-zeroed batteries, perhaps with a couple of hundred mV in charge, and then to orgone charge the test batteries whilst keeping the controls in a similar light, temperature and static charge environment without additional orgone charge. With this experimental procedure there would be an initial electrical charge for attempted amplification via the orgone system. Also, the electrical charge of the test batteries might interact with the orgone device creating an enhancement effect.

As noted, pyramids have been thought to have an electrical capacitance effect. Seiler, a Swiss orgone researcher did not examine electrical capacitance but in the 1980s researched if ORACs in the shape of pyramids may enhance orgonotic effects. No effects were found (7). However this is what this author would expect. From what can be ascertained this author’s view is that pyramids act foremost as a transformation device somewhat like an orgone transistor. ORACs might rather be capacitors of orgone energy. One might see an increase in orgone charge therefore when an ORAC is placed within a pyramid rather than a change when an ORAC is shaped into a pyramid. The latter approach might confuse effects by mixing different functions (capacitance and transformation). Russian researchers avoid metal in their pyramids so perhaps these aspects are already known in some way to those scientists.

Amplifying Electrical Charge Experiments

The first pilot experiment in this area – amplifying charge in chemical batteries, appears to tentatively support this idea. A number of batteries were checked for stability of charge for three days, at room temperature. They were mostly around 100mV or just below. Two of the D sized batteries and an AA battery were put in the orgone device and one D battery in a comparable control environment. The orgone D sized batteries gained 100% of charge in a week. The control D battery gained 50% of its original charge in the same time. The orgone charged AA battery only gained 2 mV in the same period which was about 3% of its original charge.

Further preliminary studies are obviously needed with this aspect. Aside from the above preliminary experiment, a number of part-charged batteries were placed within the orgone device on an informal basis to get an idea of what effects may be occurring. They were not strictly controlled for prior fluctuations or ‘rebound’. It is interesting to note though that most appeared to gain charge at a steady but modest rate suggesting something is perhaps happening. Any effect is by no means even however, sometimes it appears to tail off and other times it appears stronger, perhaps connected to wider environmental conditions.

Figure 3

Orgone Part-charged Batteries (OPC) Versus Control Part-Charged (CPC) Batteries

All the charts in this article describe approximate indications of values to give an indication of the relationship between various variables.

Rebound Effects

Rebound of new batteries on the other hand tends to happen quickly and predictably (within minutes) and the empty battery jumps back to about a third of capacity in the author’s experience (from a few hundred mV or less) and then stays at that level for some time. This rebound effect doesn’t appear to happen with older, stable batteries. The effects in the orgone device on the other hand appeared to be a steady gaining of charge of up to about 50 to 100 mV a day rather than the big jumps seen with rebound in newer batteries. Mostly used older batteries were utilised when the possible charging effects from orgone were seen. The bigger D batteries seem to gain charge more easily than smaller AA batteries. Further experiments with large batteries could be useful. Perhaps the increased area and quantity of electrolyte or increased metal surface area in the larger batteries enhances the orgonotic interaction. The level of initial electrical tension is likely to be instrumental too. The D and C size batteries appear to be the most promising currently.

Looking back on the data it appeared that the possible battery charging from zero occurred when the orgone device was reaching a peak due to the oranur aspects and possibly the autumnal weather being more conducive than the later winter weather. Oranur energy is created when radioactive materials trigger the orgone energy into higher activity and is the strongest trigger of orgone according to Reich (8). In the autumn the weather is also sunnier and drier than the winter and therefore more conducive to higher orgone charges.

Figure 4

Rebound Versus First Three Orgone Charged Batteries

The rebound effect is actually sharper than is shown here and usually occurs in minutes rather than over a day. ‘Org D’ is the first D sized battery that appeared to recharge in the orgone device, ‘Org 1&2’ refers to the first two AA batteries which ran the clock after orgone charging.

Electronic Capacitor Experiments

An electrical engineer suggested the use of electronic capacitors in order to bypass the problems with excluding rebound in chemical batteries. Electronic capacitors were envisaged by this author as being easier to orgone charge than chemical batteries because they are simpler and non-chemical based. Also it is noted that they are already a mini-ORAC, being a plastic outer shell with two metal plates inside (the electrodes) with non-conducting material sandwiched between layers of metal. So there is metal/die-electric layering as in an ORAC. This is illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 5

Electronic Capacitor

The inside of a capacitor is similarly layered to an ORAC, the dielectric, non-conducting layer is noted to be similar to the organic layer of an ORAC.

Figure 6

Electronic Capacitors in Experiment

Capacitors in a plastic box ready for orgone charging or use as controls.

After informally charging a number of capacitors to see how they might react to environmental factors, the first orgone-charged versus control set of capacitors was set up controlling temperature, light and static conditions. The capacitors required zeroing via short circuiting before experiments could be started (a small length of bell wire was attached to the positive and negative terminals of capacitors for between 10 seconds and 2 minutes depending on how long it took to zero the electrical tension).

The first preliminary experiment was in October 2017 and used just two identical capacitors, one test and one control. They were both kept at a similar room temperature, light and static conditions. The mV readings were measured daily. The experimental capacitor was consistently slightly more than double the tension of the control capacitor. The voltage of both orgone charged and control capacitors gradually increased daily but at a greater rate in the orgone capacitor.

The second set of capacitor experiments involved 10 assorted electronic capacitors in two plastic containers. All capacitors had been zeroed before the experiment began with bell wire attached to the positive and negative terminals. The sixth capacitor in the first box had a small paper flag attached to it in order to see if this would attract extra charge. The second box of capacitors had two capacitors in it, one with proximal orgone layering and one without layering. Altogether between box 1 and box 2 there were 10 capacitors. All the capacitors were naked apart from the 10th capacitor which had proximal orgone layering.

The range of tension measurements after the experimental period was between 1.1 and 94 mV in both orgone and control groups. The 6th capacitor in box 1 (with the paper flag attached) behaved differently to the other capacitors. It gained more charge when it was acting as control than when it was within the orgone device. All the other capacitors in the orgone test group however gained more mV than the control group (between 2 and 20 mV averaging around 15 mV gain over the controls). The 10th capacitor, the proximal orgone-layered capacitor in the second plastic box, behaved slightly differently. It gained only a little more in the orgone group than in the control environment. However its immediate neighbour seemed to attract much more charge gaining 15.8 mV in the orgone device compared to only 1.9 mV outside it.

A third set of capacitor experiments were undertaken again using 10 capacitors in two plastic boxes (8 capacitors in the first larger box and 2 capacitors in the second smaller box). All capacitors were zeroed before the experiments began. The plastic boxes were then placed either within the orgone or control areas according to the phase of the experiment. The first plastic container had 8 assorted capacitors of various electrical capacities as in the previous run. The second smaller plastic box contained the capacitor with the proximal orgone layering and the neighbouring capacitor without layering, again as in the previous run. The plastic containers which held the capacitors were put inside the inner box of the orgone device or in the control environment depending on the part of the experiment being conducted (in the previous run the orgone capacitors had been in the outer part of the orgone device).

The orgone charged capacitors were all higher in this run of the experiment. The small paper flag had been removed from the sixth capacitor in the first box and this then responded in the same way as the other capacitors. Also in the second smaller plastic box, both the proximal orgone-layered capacitor and its immediate neighbour more clearly outperformed the other capacitors with both doubling their charge compared to control. The other capacitors all gained charge compared to controls of between 1 and 22 mV, it seems one capacitor will ‘hog’ the charge from its neighbours gaining a much bigger differential than the others. The increase was in the same range approximately to the first run.

A fourth set of capacitor experiments was undertaken. This time the temperature and light were better controlled within about 1/10th of a degree centigrade. The light and static electrical conditions were similar. In order to get the conditions more exactly matched the same building was used, a stand-alone brick garage. All the electrical experiments apart from the first run with just two capacitors were conducted with the orgone device in this building.

It had been noted that the field of the orgone device might extend 18 foot or more (affecting both sets of capacitors). This was suspected as it appeared that batteries kept some distance from the device were not losing charge normally but a confirmation of this experimentally had not been obtained. Also subjective impressions made one aware of an extended field.

The orgone and control groups were therefore put as far apart as possible (about 12-14 foot). The orgone device was toward the right hand corner of the garage and the controls were kept in an identical plastic container in a dark wooden cupboard in the far left hand corner of the garage. The orgone group plastic box was also given proximal orgone layering by wrapping the box in layers of foil and plastic clingfilm. Four capacitors of different size but identical between the orgone and control groups were used without any proximal orgone layering immediately around the capacitors in both orgone and control groups. A single orgone capacitor reading had to be discarded as the capacitor had come loose and was short circuited on the metal layering inside the plastic box, this was corrected and the experiment continued. After 24 hours the orgone capacitors were at least four times higher than the controls. Over the next few days this differential gradually evened itself out until after a week the mV charges were approximately the same in both groups though most were slightly higher in the orgone group overall. This may indicate that the electrical influencing field of the orgone device may reach at least 12-14 foot but that it is stronger nearer the device. Different sized capacitors appear to behave in a varied manner when orgone charged. Hence the need was felt for a mixture of capacitor strengths in each group, orgone and control. However orgone and control capacitors were always exactly matched between the groups.

A fifth set of capacitor results are worth detailing. The author was curious as to whether a group of capacitors would behave differently when orgone charged than capacitors placed on their own. A bag of capacitors was left inside the orgone device for some two months. It was additionally placed within a mini-ORAC whilst inside the device and ‘squeezed’ by the placement of other items, including accumulating materials. This bag of 30 assorted capacitors was not planned to be part of the preliminary, pilot experiments and therefore the individual capacitors were not zeroed via short circuiting prior to placement. Most unused capacitors however tend to be low or zero in mV charge when tested for the other experiments. Six capacitors were taken from the bag and all were anomalously high in charge, full size capacitors varied from 96.4 to 505 mV and two mini-capacitors, which have been found to normally be zero mV as new, were 3 mV and 40 mV respectively. The capacitors were new and unused prior to the orgone charging. It appears possible that groups of capacitors may have some kind of interaction effect enhanced by proximity. Any further capacitor experiments undertaken by the author will take this factor into consideration.

Figure 7

Orgone Capacitors Versus Control Capacitors

2. Temperature Measurements

The temperature within orgone devices has been noted to be higher than the ambient surroundings in a number of controlled experiments since Reich’s discovery of the effect. It is termed TO-T for Temperature Orgone versus Temperature (control). Rigorously controlled TO-T experiments have been conducted by Demeo and others (9). To-T suggests that there is an anomalous energy accumulated in the ORACs.

The temperature in the inner box of the orgone device, the immediate surroundings of the device and a control room were compared. The orgone device did not have a lid at first (it was placed underneath to increase the number of layers). In any case the device seemed to affect the temperature of the whole room. An identically treated room immediately next to the orgone device room was therefore used as control. Temperature was measured over 4 weeks with a good quality but standard household electronic thermometer accurate to 1/10th of a degree centigrade in October 2017. There was a small differential, but only at times, between the inner box of the device and the orgone device room. However between the orgone device room and the control room immediately next to it there was an almost constant differential of between 0.1 and 0.8 degrees centigrade averaging around 0.3 to 0.4 of a degree Celsius. A correlation between the placement of the americium nearer to the device and a change in temperature orgone (TO) was not noted though it may have occurred and been too subtle to notice. The weather records were not frequent enough to observe any correlations between TO and weather conditions though such may also have occurred. To-T was recorded for four weeks in the autumn of 2017. Weather was a usual mixture for the North West of England, of mostly cloudy conditions. Temperature was recorded at the same height in each room. Heat sources in the premises were kept entirely off during the weeks of recording temperatures.

3. Orgone Field Measurements

A Heliognosis Model II Experimental Life Energy Meter (LE Meter) was used to take a number of readings over 6 weeks. The meter uses electrical interaction to indicate the strength of orgone fields. Reich developed the first device which has since been modernised and miniaturised. A number of readings were taken on a daily basis. A reading was taken at the entrance to the orgone device room (Room 1), a second reading 3 foot from the orgone device was taken (Room 2). A reading was also taken at the outside wall of the orgone device. Another two readings were taken inside the device, firstly at the inside of the outer wall of the device and secondly inside the inner box.

The field from an orgone charged piece of orgonotic compound (resin, metal and crystal mixture) and the field from a similarly sized crystal were also measured.

Lastly the radioactive americium was measured in two locations, at the entrance to the orgone device room and 3 foot from the device.

All readings were done with the same settings on the meter at 1 cm distance using the small plug-in vacuum tube sensor on the back of the meter. The x10 Setting and Number 2 on the

Fine and Coarse dials were used throughout the experiment. The pointer arm was checked to be at approximately zero away from the orgone device before readings were commenced.

Figure 8

Life Energy Meter Mk II With Vacuum Tube Sensor

Most of the readings were as expected. Room 1 was usually about half of Room 2, indicating a fairly large field getting stronger nearer the device. This was as expected. The outside wall of the device, the inner and outer walls of the device all gradually increased in charge from the outer to the inner readings. There was also a gradual increase in the consistency of the LE meter readings of the inner boxes of the device as the americium radioactive source was moved closer to the orgone device. The americium had five placements, 12 foot, 6 foot, 3 foot, 1 foot and inside the orgone device. After a few weeks the inner box of the device was consistently reaching the maximum on the LE meter (100%). The outside of the device would read between 40% and 60% usually.

To give an idea of the readings, a person’s hand on the same settings on the LE meter and at the same distance, varied from around 40% – 60%. A second surprise was the orgone charge readings of the americium itself. Each day the americium was taken from its placement at the allocated distance from the orgone device (see paragraph above) and measured at 3 foot and 9 foot away from the orgone device. The americium had an orgonotic field around it measuring up to around 24% on the LE meter. However, the orgonotic field the americium produces appears to depend on how near the americium is to the orgone device. When the americium is at position 1 (about 9 foot away from the device) at just outside the orgone room, the reading was between 10% and 24% generally. However when the americium was measured 3 foot from the device, this dropped to a quarter of this level on daily readings over a few weeks. This differential dropped when the permanent placement of the americium was moved closer to the device but was still evident. The americium now had a quarter more orgone charge away from the device compared to close up, for example 24% away from the device compared to 18% near the device was about average. The orgonotic field of the americium appeared to be suppressed near to the orgone device. Nearly every reading seemed to confirm this effect.

The small piece of an orgonotic compound (resin, metal shavings and crystal) and a similar-sized crystal was orgone charged in the device and readings taken with the LE meter. The orgone compound behaved similarly to the crystal and both gained and lost a modest amount of charge at the same time in a cyclical manner over the weeks. The orgone compound had approximately ⅓ higher charge than the crystal.

4. Radioactivity

A small amount of radioactive americium-241 was used in the experiments. The americium was present inside a sealed smoke alarm in which it remained for the duration of the experiments. In terms of activity, it was 0.9 microCurie of americium. This corresponds to an amount of 0.26 microgram (mcg) of americium. It was first placed 12 foot away from the orgone device. After a week it was moved to 6 foot, then 3 foot a week later, then 1 foot, then within the device for a day and lastly just outside the device again. After 5 weeks the americium was removed from the vicinity completely.

Reich used one milligram (mg) of radium-226 in the original oranur experiments. This corresponds to 1,111 times the radioactivity used in this experiment . The actual radioactivity readings from the americium, on a Geiger counter, are barely over the background count of 0.08 to 0.12 microSievert per hour (uSv/hr) noted locally. Typical readings of the americium would be around 0.18 uSv/hr making it just 0.06 uSv/hr above the background count of 0.12 uSv/hr. The background count, away from the orgone device (of about 0.08 to 0.12 uSv/hr) was measured repeatedly at two local points, indoors and outside. The uSv/hr count both of the radioactive material and near the device varied. There was also a suppression effect of the uSv/hr readings within a few foot of the orgone device. This will be detailed later in this section.

A new Radex One Geiger counter was used to measure readings at a distance from the orgone device (about 24 foot) and close by (3 foot). This was measured in microSievert per hour (uSv/hr). The radioactivity readings remained within normal limits and were around 0.08 to 0.22 uSv/hr. However there was a slight raise over the background levels of 0.08 to 0.12 uSv/hr so that the absolute readings varied between 0.12 and 0.22 uSv/hr. Reich used Counts Per Minute but this measure varies depending on the Geiger tube in the counter so uSv/hr are the standard today. In CPM the background count would be roughly 20 CPM using the Radex One meter.

The daily uSv/hr readings reflected the LE meter readings in that again there was a suppression effect near the orgone device. The radioactivity readings were suppressed by about one third compared to away from the device. The uSv/hr readings inside the orgone device were not noticeably different to 3 foot away. There was not a noticeable rise in the uSv/hr readings when the americium’s permanent placement was moved from 3 foot away from the device to 1 foot from it. A typical reading was around 0.16 uSv/hr 18-24 foot away from the orgone device (compared to 0.12 uSv/hr close by). Almost all the readings showed a modest suppression of the uSv/hr readings of about 25% close to the orgone device and a small raising of the uSv/hr over background within the extended field of the device (6 to 24 foot).

Figure 9

Radex One Geiger Counter

Radex One Small Geiger Counter with Internal Tube

The Geiger counter was only obtained in the last two weeks of this phase of the experiments (environmental measurements) so there was not a lot of data collected. The americium’s stationing had already decreased to 3 foot from the orgone device by this time. From 3 foot to 1 foot from the orgone device, no clear pattern emerged. A very small increase in radioactivity of about 4-6 uSv/hr over the background counts was noted 18-24 foot away from the device, for example from 0.12 to 0.18 uSv/hr. When the americium was placed within the device there was a spike in the readings to 0.22 uSv/hr and a heavy atmosphere was noted. A general feeling of overcharge was noticed and the author’s skin began to feel somewhat sun tanned and sensitive. Also there was sensitivity to the metal springs in mattresses noted by the author which took a number of weeks to dissipate.

The uSv/hr readings were lowered after airing and DOR-busting of the premises (using a small bucket DOR-buster and running water). A DOR-buster is metal tubes grounded into water and draws orgone and DOR (Deadly Orgone) into the water from the atmosphere or from an organism. The DOR-buster was just 2 x two foot alloy metal tubes of 1 ½ inch diameter placed within a running sink so that the water runs over them. After this the tubes were left in a bucket to drain the area of DOR more slowly (as the water was then not running).

Figure 10



A small amount of radioactive americium-241 was used in the experiments. The americium was present inside a sealed smoke alarm in which it remained for the duration of the experiments. In terms of activity, it was 0.9 microCurie of americium. This corresponds to an amount of 0.26 microgram (mcg) of americium. It was first placed 12 foot away from the orgone device. After a week it was moved to 6 foot, then 3 foot a week later, then 1 foot, then within the device for a day and lastly just outside the device again. After 5 weeks the americium was removed from the vicinity completely.

Anomalous Radioactive Observations

When the device was in its new location three lots of 0.9 microCurie of americium (or 0.78 mcg of americium in total quantity) were brought within its field to a position of 1 foot from the device for about 5 minutes, this was done without the gradual conditioning period used previously where the americium was brought 50% closer to the device each week. After this the uSv/hr readings for about 40 foot around the building were suppressed to zero. The readings were suppressed in a circular area of about 40 ft radius from the orgone device. This was only observed once so might have been an observation anomaly or a meter fault, however the readings returned to normal 15 minutes later.

A second anomaly was the reaction of one of the oranur affected orgone tubes. A psychotherapist who is also a psychic trance medium took the tube home with her for a number of days. She brought it back reporting that the tube was just too strong. The tube seemed to react to this person as though she herself was radioactive (she wasn’t radioactive). The Geiger readings increased to 0.28 uSv/hr when the tube was within a radius of 12 to 18 foot of this person and subjective observations also indicated a dense orgone field (this Geiger reading is about 3 times the normal background level). This effect settled down after the tube was no longer near her for a period of time. Other people did not have this effect on the tube. This effect did not reoccur in her presence as strongly once the tube was no longer kept at her premises, though she still has an energising effect on the large orgone device compared to other people.

Lastly, there was a strange occurrence in that the uSv/hr readings for all four lots of americium at two locations all showed no uSv/hr or LE meter reaction for a whole day then returned to normal. Perhaps this is connected to some environmental/cosmic factor that is currently unrecognised. The author had thought that the americium exposed to the orgone device had possibly started to change into ORUR (orgonised post-radioactive substance) but this didn’t appear to be the case as the unexposed americium (kept in a separate building and over 40 foot away from the device) had also lost its uSv/hr and LE meter reading at the same time.

Currently there is no americium near the device.

Cautionary Notes

With the gradual placement of the americium closer to the orgone device no great untoward effects appeared to have occurred. The actual levels of radioactivity used were tiny and were all within normal background levels in any case even when placed inside the orgone device (though on the high side of the normal range at this point perhaps). However, it gradually became quite clear that the orgone charge in the premises was just too over-powering. Certainly when the americium was within the device for a day it was uncomfortable. However the device feels fine now and the premises quickly reverted to normal on airing and DOR-busting.

It appears the device itself continues to be somewhat ‘hot’ as even after being dismantled and put back together in the brick outhouse/garage it regained its former high charge literally within minutes (as measured on the LE meter). The device currently feels pleasant to be near to and has never actually felt unpleasant – it is just too strong to be near to for an extended period. It also seems to have possibly emotionally cathartic effects on sensitive people who are near to it for a period of time. Within an extended field of perhaps 24 to 40 foot an oranur device can make young people or naturally energetic adults overcharged, though this effect is not constant.

The author would recommend that if one is to repeat any controlled oranur experiments that the following precautions are taken as a minimum:

  • Use a separate uninhabited building at least 24, possibly up to 40 foot from any living quarters.
  • Generally the equivalent of approximately a thousandth of Reich’s radioactivity was used (0.9 microCuries or 0.26 mcg of americium).
  • One can acclimatise an orgone device to the presence of low level radioactive material.
  • If moving low level radioactive material suddenly into the presence of an orgone device the results might be different or stronger.
  • Monitor for changes if staying near to an oranur device for an extended period. Suntan effects and tingling on the skin have been noted even at this low level.
  • The higher the orgone charge the stronger the interaction with the radioactive material.
  • Parts of the oranur device remain ‘hot’ or different than before, permanently it appears.
  • Oranur appears to have different qualities to orgone.
  • Psychics and spiritual healers in particular reacted strongly to the oranur device.
  • Oranur can have emotionally cathartic effects.
  • It can also be dehydrating.

Possible Therapeutic Effects

It is also possible that oranur may have directly therapeutic effects in controlled dosages. It subjectively appears that it might be able to affect armouring to some degree and strongly increase orgone charge locally on the body. It also has a warming effect which feels agreeable at low doses. A small charged item, usually the small orgonotic compound from within the oranur affected device, was used to treat a number of minor ailments for short periods at a time (a few minutes) with apparent good effect.

5. Magnetic Effects

The author wondered whether orientating the orgone device with the cardinal directions would increase flow of orgone charge. Certainly ancient sites and churches are orientated in such a way. A good quality outdoor compass was obtained. However it was impossible to take a magnetic reading near to the device. The device deflected the needle by up to 180° near to it. Also the magnetic field around the device appeared to extend at least 6 foot. The magnetic effect remains after the removal of the americium from near the device. There is some deflection up to 9 foot away and 180° or more of deflection over the device.

6. Luminescence Effects

A large glass plasma ball of a type that when connected to a 9V DC electric current lights up with ‘lightning strikes’ and a light blue mist was placed within the orgone device and charged for 2 months. An increase in the reactivity of the ball to static charges had been noted for some time since the orgone charging began but it was very hard to photograph with ordinary camera equipment. Eventually a professional quality camera was used to take the following photograph (one of a series). The picture was obtained by placing cling-film over the plasma ball and then removing it quickly. The static charge then caused the ball to light up showing a strong azure blue glow covering the whole ball. The photo was taken in the dark, with a flash inside the orgone device outbuilding from a distance of about 6 foot by a second person. The strong azure blue glow is clearly visible to the naked eye. Flash-lights from cameras do not produce by reflection blue glows of this type. Both line voltage and battery voltage was put through the plasma ball after a month of orgone charging and neither produced any unusual effects or strong azure blue luminescent glows. Rubbing the uncharged plasma ball with plastic or by hand did not produce glows.

Figure 11

Luminsescence in Orgone Charged Plasma Ball


Alongside the Italian orgone and electric currents research (10) and of course Reich’s original vacuum and Geiger tube work in the The Oranur Experiment, First Report (11), the author is confident that an orgone to electrical conversion takes place within ORACs. It would appear that a strong, oranur-influenced orgone device is perhaps capable of precipitating the accumulation of electric charge in devices such as capacitors and even in chemical batteries, though there is much more work to be done in this regard.

It would also appear to be possible to conduct controlled, small-scale oranur experiments as long as certain precautions are undertaken and one is careful not to proceed too quickly or with anything other than very small amounts of excitatory material (radioactive elements) until more is known. The author would recommend not at first exceeding approximately a thousandth of the quantity Reich used or around 0.9 microCuries of americium or equivalent. Natural sources of radioactivity as used by some healers might be one possible activation method. Experiments should also be under the supervision of experienced orgone researchers or qualified scientists. The author does not recommend oranur experiments being conducted by non-qualified or inexperienced persons.

Results of Previous Oranur Research Since Reich

A team led by the Spanish physicist Milian previously confirmed a radioactive and electrical capacitance anomaly in ‘modified faraday cages’ (a term for orgone boxes that is more acceptable within physics journals), (12). Their initial experimentation was carried out in the 1990s and was presented to the European Society for Scientific Exploration in 1998 (13). A brief synopsis was published in 2002 in Pulse of the Planet journal (14). Since then the Spanish physicists have also reported their anomalies to have a correlation to cosmic weather conditions (15). Their formal papers, now in mainstream physics journals, have been published in recent years but the actual experimental work dates back to the 1990s as noted. Maglione has also examined various oranur effects, including those of Milian in his extensive and in-depth book covering Reich’s oranur work in a broad scientific context including that of the Ark of the Covenant – an exceedingly strong radioactive oranur device, a device similar in many ways to Reich’s oranur set up but perhaps a thousand times stronger (16).

Future Work

This is only the second experimental investigation of oranur effects since Reich to be published. It is also the first full article on oranur in the orgonomic journals since Reich published CwS in 1957. Hopefully, the future will see more work in this under-explored area of orgonomy.

Summary Chart











AA (Flat) Battery No.1


Charged 1 month, (*proximal layering & v. strong oranur ORAC)

Ran clock 48 hours then another 10 hours after second charge.

Battery would not run clock prior to charging

AA (Flat) Battery No.2


Charged 5 days
(*as above)

Ran clock for 4 days.

Battery would not run clock prior to charging

D Battery No.1

Was own control – zero charge on two voltmeters.

Charged 7 days
(*as above)

Went from ‘flashes’ day 1 to 5, day 6 – 410 mV, day 7 – 610 mV.


New Rechargeable batteries AA and D size, completely zeroed and stable for 1 week

Was own control

Charged 1 month and ongoing.

No change.

Experiment is ongoing currently.

Part charged batteries, 1st Set, used, stable for 3 days, rechargeable batteries range 12-100 mV approx

Control Battery, D size, in similar environment (temp/light) for 5 days

Two D sized batteries charged 5 days.

Voltage range before and after charging was 12.1 to 189.6 mV. The charged batteries had 100% increase in mV approx. The control battery had 50% increase from its starting point.


Part charged, batteries, 2nd Set, used, stable batteries, mix of rechargeable and non-rechargeable types.

Control D size battery placed in similar light, heat and static conditions.

D size and C size charged in device for 2 weeks.

Both Control and Test batteries in the D size gained a few mV. No difference between Control and Test in D size. The C size Test (orgone) battery gained 100 mV from a higher initial charge (7.1 to 7.2V).

Experiments with part-charged batteries remain ongoing.






Electronic Capacitors 1st Set

Single capacitor at room temp. Light/static charge similar

Same type of capacitor at room temp in orgone device.

Range 33 to 220 mV after experiment (both groups).
Over 7 days of charging and daily recording the orgone capacitor gained 100% compared to the control capacitor.


Electronic Capacitors 2nd Set

Set of 10 Capacitors in two plastic containers kept at similar temp, light and static charge conditions.

The same capacitors were zeroed and used as experimental and control. Similar light and temp. Weather similar, December 2017.

Range 13.8 to 94.3 mV after experimental periods (both groups). The orgone capacitors averaged 25% to 50% higher mV readings (10 to 20 mV higher than control). The orgone layered companion capacitor was many times higher in experimental group compared to control.


Electronic Capacitors 3rd Set

As above

As above

The orgone charged capacitors were all higher than controls by a differential of between 1 and 22 mV. The biggest differentials were with the proximal orgone-layered capacitor and its immediate companion.


Electronic Capacitors 4th Set

Set of 4 identical capacitors. Same temp, light and experimental period. Same type of plastic box without orgone layering placed inside cupboard. 12-14 foot from orgone device.

Set of 4 identical capacitors. Same temp, light and experimental period. Contained in orgone layered small plastic box placed within orgone device.

Range 0 to 16.9 mV after 24 hours. Orgone charged capacitors were four times higher than control capacitors after 24 hours.

Over the next week the charges gradually equalise between orgone and control groups.

Electronic Capacitors 5th Set


Bag of 30 mixed capacitors orgone charged for two months in orgone device.

Relatively high mV charges were found between 3 mV and 505 mV depending on the size of the capacitor. 6 capacitors were tested out of 30 charged. All 6 had high mV charges.

Approximate values for unused capacitors had been noted but not from this set.
A proximal effect of storing capacitors in groups appears possible. It might be useful for future capacitor experiments to take any such group effect into account.






Temperature Orgone (To) Versus Temp (T)

An identically treated room next to the orgone device room was used as control (as the temp from the orgone device affected at least 6 foot around the device).

Temperature was recorded with a good quality electronic thermometer accurate to 1/10th degree °C in Control Room, Orgone Room and Orgone Inner Box for three weeks approx. Temperature in experimental (To) and control (T) room were taken at the same height.

A constant differential was noted between To and T of between 0.1 and 0.8 °C. The differential averaged about 0.4 °C

The rooms and premises were both left unheated and were on the same side of the building with the same windows and room volume approximately. Other heat sources in the premises were off for the duration of the experiment.






Orgone field experiments

Control readings of a low charged hand and high charged hand were taken to establish comparative levels of ‘orgs’ or orgonotic charge.

Orgone charge readings 9 foot from the orgone device, 3 foot from the device, the outer wall of the device and inside the device were taken with a Heliognosis Life Energy (LE) Meter Model II. Although an older model it had been stored in a custom built, cushioned, wooden crate and was in good working order.

Readings gradually increased as expected nearer to the orgone device. The inner boxes of the device were strong, consistently at 100% on the meter scale after some weeks.

The LE meter readings of the americium were suppressed when the americium was near the orgone device compared to 9 foot away.






Radioactivity measurements

Control readings at two locations were taken repeatedly to establish background levels of mSv/hr.

mSv/hr were measured at 24 foot from the device, near to the device and inside it. mSv/hr readings were also taken of the 0.26 mcg of americium-241 contained in the smoke alarm (the americium contained was 0.9 microCuries in activity). Readings were taken with a new Radex One Geiger Meter.

The mSv/hr readings were within normal limits though above background by about 0.02 to 0.06 mSv/hr within 18-24 foot of device. The readings were suppressed by about 0.02 to 0.06 mSv/hr next to the device compared to the readings away from the device. Readings within the device were similar to those taken just outside it. When the americium was placed within the device there was a spike in readings to 0.22 mSv/hr.

The americium was very low in radioactivity being around 0.06 mSv/hr above the background of 0.12 mSv/hr (when measured away from the device prior to experiment) or 0.18 mSv/hr absolute reading.






Magnetism measurements

Compass reacted normally away from orgone device.

Walking Compass used near to the orgone device

The compass was passed across the orgone device slowly with sweeping motion. Compass was deflected by around 180° during sweep.

Compass could not be used normally near to device. Magnetic field appeared to extend at least 6 foot.






Luminescence measurements

The same plasma ball was checked for static charge reactions prior to the orgone charging, by rubbing with plastic film and with hand. Very minimal sparking type reactions were present similar to when it is connected to voltage but to a much lesser extent when rubbed.

Plasma Ball placed in orgone device for 2 months.

A strong azure blue, luminescent glow was noted in streams and over the whole ball when plastic cling-film was placed on the ball and then quickly removed (providing a small static charge). No external electrical current was applied to obtain the strong blue glow.

Normally a very light blue mist, stronger at the diode, and electrical ‘lightning’ is produced when the plasma ball is connected to DC voltage.

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  3. Senf, B. (1989). Wilhelm Reich: Discoverer of Acupuncture Energy?Pulse of the Planet Journal, Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, Vol. 1, No. 2 : 25-30
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  5. King, S. (1977) Pyramid Energy Handbook, US, Warner.
  6. Southgate, L. Accessed Jan 2018 http://orgonecontinuum.org/yfactor2.html
  7. Seiler, H. Journal of Orgonomy, V16 N2 1982 pp197
  8. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, Maine, USA.
  9. Southgate, L. Accessed Jan 2018, http://orgonecontinuum.org/reich-biblio.html (See Experimental Section or Search TO-T).
  10. Maglione, R. and Ferrari, D. Accessed Feb 2018 http://www.psychorgone.com/orgone-biophysics/electric-currents-in-orgone-devices (first of a series of three also published by Journal of Psychiatric Orgone Therapy at the same site).
  11. Reich, W. The Oranur Experiment, First Report (1951) Reprinted by the Wilhelm Reich Trust, www.WilhelmReichTrust.org, Maine, USA.
  12. Milián-Sánchez V. et al (2016), Anomalous Effects on Radiation Detectors and Capacitance Measurements inside a Modified Faraday Cage Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 828, 21 August, Pages 210-228. See also Feb 2018 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168900216304405 for synopsis and PDF.
  13. Milian, V. (1988) Proceedings of the European Society for Scientific Exploration, 9-12th October 1988, Valencia, Spain.
  14. Milian, V et al (2002) Confirmation of an Oranur Anomaly, Pulse of the Planet pp182.
  15. Scholkmann, F. Milián-Sánchez, V. et al. (2018) Anomalous Effects of Radioactive Decay Rates and Capacitance Values Measured Inside a Modified Faraday Cage: Correlations with Space Weather, Letters Physics Journal synopsis accessed Feb 2018 at http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1209/0295-5075/117/62002
  16. Maglione, R, The Legendary Shamir (2017) robert_jumper@yahoo.it



Leon Southgate MSc

From a family of psychotherapists and teachers I was introduced to orgonomy at a young age. As an adult my interest was rekindled, doing an MSc research degree in Chinese medicine and orgonomy. In 2002, a double blind, placebo controlled study was completed (N = 72). It confirmed an effect from orgone devices upon acupuncture (P = 0.03). An article about the study was published in the European Journal of Oriental Medicine in 2003. The theoretical side of the study outlined dozens of new parallels. It was later published as a book by German publishers LAP.

Southgate started an orgonomic PhD but the access to laboratory work became difficult so the project ended but a comprehensive (though not complete) Annotated Literature Review of the Post-Reich Journals was written and made available for free online.

Southgate is focused on examining orgone and its relationship to consciousness.

Posted in Orgone BiophysicsComments (2)

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